Marc A. Rosen

Marc A. Rosen
Ontario Tech University | UOIT · Faculty of Engineering and Applied Science

About

1,086
Publications
357,749
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
38,856
Citations

Publications

Publications (1,086)
Article
Two supercritical CO2 (sCO2) Brayton cycles for waste heat recovery in a solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC)-based plant are assessed and compared from thermodynamic and economic perspectives. One cycle considered is a simple sCO2 cycle with recuperation, while the other is the supercritical recompression CO2 (srCO2) cycle. To provide a fair comparison be...
Article
The urgency of mitigating climate change comes with opportunities to transition society towards a more sustainable future. Numerous options exist for immediate, deep, and sustained efforts to realise a 43% reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. Beyond the recent reports of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, this editorial extend...
Article
Full-text available
Food is usually recognized as a limited resource in sustainability, recognized by the United Nations (UN) Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2, which aims to achieve zero hunger. It is expected that the circular economy (CE) can improve processes related to food production. The objective of the present study was to apply a bibliometric approach usi...
Article
This research presents an innovative approach for optimization based on a Genetic Algorithm optimization method. The system is configured by the integration of a gas turbine cycle, a dual-pressure heat recovery steam generator, a multi-effect desalination unit, a refrigeration organic Rankine cycle with an ejector, and a proton-exchange membrane el...
Article
A novel integration of a proton exchange membrane (PEM) fuel cell with lithium ion batteries is presented for a hydrogen electric vehicle. The performance of the PEM fuel cell is affected by the temperature of input air that is drawn from the environment for electrochemical reaction with the hydrogen. Preheating the input air before it enters the P...
Article
Full-text available
Energy, exergy, economic, exergoenvironmental, and environmental analyses are reported for a novel polygeneration system consisting of a geothermal cycle, a CO2 cycle, a reverse osmosis unit, an electrodialysis unit, a lithium bromide absorption chiller, and a liquefaction unit for natural gas. The proposed system is able to produce electricity, co...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aims to validate and apply an instrument to assess the relationship between institutional support, technological literacy, and self-efficacy on the intention to participate in the Facebook Metaverse using social cognitive theory. We performed a cross-sectional, analytical study of 410 citizens in Peru to assess the influence of in...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding heat delivery in a multifaceted and vital engine component, such as the turbocharger, is important for improving engine performance and efficiency, but it is challenging to determine. In this paper, the temperature distribution in a turbocharger body was measured experimentally using a thermal camera, and a one-dimensional simulation...
Article
This paper proposes and examines a highly integrated microgrid based on a reversible solid oxide cell, aimed at satisfying electrical and thermal loads of a 20-unit residential complex as well as the demands of electric and fuel cell vehicles. Such a system has been conceived as a profitable ready-made solution to be embedded into existing plants a...
Article
This modeling study explores and optimizes the performance of the gasification of a rice husk and low-density polyethylene waste composite utilizing an orthogonal array design of a Taguchi technique. This modeling study uses a signal to noise ratio analysis to optimize the gasification of rice husk and low-density polyethylene waste composite and u...
Article
The net-zero energy concept has attracted increasing attention to facilitate the development of sustainable built environments. Despite promising progress, there is no comprehensive approach that simultaneously considers all technical, economic, environmental, and social parameters. The present study uses the extended exergy accounting concept in t...
Article
Full-text available
The use of the organic Rankine cycle (ORC), organic flash cycle (OFC) and Kalina cycle (KC) is proposed to enhance the electricity generated by a supercritical CO2 recompression Brayton (SCRB) cycle. Novel comparisons of the SCRB/ORC, SCRB/OFC and SCRB/KC integrated plants from thermodynamic, exergoeconomic and sustainability perspectives are perfo...
Preprint
This article presents new hexagonal and pentagonal PEM fuel cell models. The models have been optimized after achieving improved cell performance. The input parameters of the multi-objective optimization algorithm were pressure and temperature at the inlet, and consumption and output powers were the objective parameters. The output data of the nume...
Article
To mitigate global warming and fossil fuel shortages a novel oxy-fuel combustion power plant integrated with a power to gas system is proposed. A net-zero emission MATIANT cycle with inherent CO2 capture ability is selected as the power cycle also providing the CO2 and power demand of the power to gas system, which comprises a proton exchange membr...
Article
Full-text available
New concepts and strategies are continually being investigated to meet fuel efficiency targets for new generations of internal combustion engines. Thermal management methods can reduce fuel consumption by up to 4%. One approach for thermal management is a map-controlled thermostat. In the current work, this concept is investigated through a benchma...
Chapter
Waste production is a significant problem affecting territories worldwide due to human activities linked to economic development and resource consumption, both in developed and developing countries. Approximately 7–10 billion tons of waste per year are produced worldwide, and large quantities of resources are expended on managing this waste. In the...
Chapter
Organizations have been transforming their operations under the circularity scheme, leading to a series of changes to make the supply chain sustainable. In this chapter, various components of circularity in processes are described. Detailed information is presented on companies making efforts to develop or implement supply chains based on the circu...
Chapter
When energy is considered, the circular economy seeks ways to reduce the environmental impact of energy systems by reducing energy use and waste generation. Design facets related to energy, especially energy selection and energy efficiency, are essential considerations in the circular economy and are described in this chapter. The descriptions are...
Chapter
The circular economy is based on waste management and the generation of new inputs that are alternatives to the current materials in use. For the current status of the world, greenhouse gases are emitted that are a main cause of climate change and that are caused by the increasingly widespread extractive economy based on the concept of “extract-pro...
Chapter
The COVID-19 pandemic has changed the entire global dynamic, causing numerous rapid adaptation processes by companies to survive. The positive impact caused by quarantine via reducing NO2 contamination is examined in this chapter. Perhaps, once countries resume their usual activities, atmospheric NO2 concentrations will rise again. Plans made in Eu...
Article
Fuel cell and hydrogen energy technologies have been investigated by academia, industry, and government to reduce air pollution and mitigate global warming. The transition of heavy‐duty trucks (HDTs) from diesel to hydrogen fuel cells (HFCs) could maintain the contribution of HDTs to freight transport at nearly zero carbon dioxide emission. This pa...
Article
Full-text available
A novel cogeneration system consisting of an absorption heat transformer and refrigeration system integrated with a water desalination system is proposed, analyzed, and optimized. The cogeneration and desalination systems interacted thermally. The proposed system is flexible in producing cooling and distilled water with variable fractions. Influenc...
Article
Gasification, as one of the most effective thermochemical methods for treatment of various types of waste, has been well studied for biomass, municipal solid waste, and plastic waste. However, polymeric foam waste gasification has not been addressed well and needs to be developed, particularly because of the large volume of such waste produced espe...
Article
Full-text available
An experimental thermal survey of a turbocharger was performed in an engine test cell using IR thermography. The emissivity coefficients of housings were specified using a furnace and camera. It was shown that the emissivity of the turbine, compressor, and bearing housings are 0.92, 0.65, and 0.74, respectively. In addition, thermocouples were moun...
Article
Full-text available
Biomass gasification technology is a promising process to produce a stable gas with a wide range of applications, from direct use to the synthesis of value-added biochemicals and biofuels. Due to the high capital/operating costs of the technology and the necessity for prudent management of thermal energy exchanges in the biomass gasification proces...
Preprint
This article presents new hexagonal and pentagonal PEM fuel cell models. The models have been optimized after achieving improved cell performance. The input parameters of the multi-objective optimization algorithm were pressure and temperature at the inlet, and consumption and output powers were the objective parameters. The output data of the nume...
Article
Three geothermal systems, including single-flash, double-flash, and double-flash connected turbine flash geothermal power plants, are compared in terms of electrical power production and exergy efficiency. In the double-flash connected turbine (double-T) geothermal electrical power production systems, the outlet stream from the first steam turbine...
Article
A novel hybrid renewable-energy-based system for generating multiple commodities is investigated in this study. The heat gained from geothermal and solar energy sources is converted into useful products such as electricity, domestic hot water, cooling load, and hydrogen via an integrated energy system including parabolic trough collectors, a Kalina...
Article
Full-text available
Investigating the constructions of borehole heat exchangers with high efficiency (unit heat transfer between the heat carrier and ground) is important. One of the means to improve efficiency is the use of the most efficient construction of the borehole heat exchanger. The paper describes research on borehole heat exchangers’ thermal efficiency, whi...
Article
Full-text available
An analysis is reported of a geothermal-based electricity-freshwater system in which an organic Rankine cycle is integrated with a multi-effect distillation desalination unit. The system is driven by geothermal hot water extracted from the production well. Mass, energy, entropy, and exergy rate balances are written for all system components, as are...
Chapter
To address energy and water issues as well as concerns about environmental impacts, especially climate change, practices for employing sustainable energy technologies, particularly those based on renewable energy, are growing in importance. The utilization of sustainable energy technologies with water desalination systems is of interest to many. Th...
Chapter
Energy and exergy methods are described and illustrated, with an emphasis on the powerful tool exergy analysis. A procedure for exergy analysis is given, and key facets of exergy methods are described. To provide a suitable foundation, theoretical and practical aspects of thermodynamics most relevant to energy and exergy methods are reviewed as nec...
Chapter
Seawater desalination technologies are generally driven by electricity, heat, fuel, or some combination thereof. Assessing the energy requirements of desalination systems becomes more complex when they are combined with other energy systems such as power plants and cogeneration systems. To characterize the performance of desalination systems and to...
Chapter
Second law or exergy analysis is a powerful thermodynamic assessment tool. Applying exergy methods to desalination systems is useful, as there are notable differences between the theoretical and practical minimum energy requirements for a desalting process due to the irreversibilities in real systems. The use of exergy methods in desalination syste...
Chapter
The models presented for different desalination techniques help to develop an understanding of desalination technologies and their operation, as well as means for improving them. A proper model accounts for the design and operating parameters when analyzing a desalination system. In this chapter, the modeling of commonly used desalination technolog...
Chapter
Optimization is a powerful tool through which one or more chosen quantities, known as objective functions, can be minimized or maximized to determine optimal values of design parameters. In recent years, the development and growth of the desalination industry has been highly dependent on the optimization of systems, processes, and designs. Optimiza...
Chapter
Freshwater production costs generally depend on site-specific conditions such as local energy costs, level of freshwater quality required, and concentration of constituents in feed water. The latter is a particularly important factor in desalination system design and cost. A competitive cost for freshwater production using renewable energy–driven s...
Chapter
Sustainable energy is a significant and focal aspect of sustainability, an important consideration for human development and activity. Sustainable energy is of importance because of the broad and growing nature of energy use, there are numerous environmental impacts associated with energy systems and the significance of energy to living standards a...
Chapter
In this chapter, the main desalination technologies and their working principles are described. Each technology is described in detail showing how the process works. Various arrangements and designs for these techniques are presented and compared in terms of specific energy consumption, cost, freshwater production capacity, and energy efficiency. E...
Chapter
Although water is the one of the most abundant substances on the planet, only 0.5% of natural water resources are freshwater. The global need for freshwater is increasing dramatically, while natural readily available freshwater resources, such as rivers, lakes and aquifers, are diminishing. Numerous freshwater supply options have been employed in t...
Article
A novel geothermal desalination system is proposed and optimized in terms of maximizing the exergy efficiency and minimizing the total cost rate of the system. The system includes a geothermal steam turbine with a flash chamber, a reverse osmosis unit and a multi-effect distillation system. First, exergy and economic analyses of the system are perf...
Article
An innovative energy optimization algorithm is employed for an existing office building. This optimization is done to decrease energy usage and increase the building's energy efficiency. Apart from this optimization, an efficient solar thermal system is used for reducing building CO2 emissions. In addition, to achieve more significant CO2 reduction...
Article
Full-text available
High-energy demand with rapid industrialization and mechanization combined with environmental pollution due to the burning of fossil fuels has driven a shift toward renewable energy. Biogas derived from biomass is a potential renewable energy source that can be used in different sectors such as transportation sector, electricity generation, heat pr...
Article
Full-text available
Energy, exergy, and exergoeconomic evaluations of various geothermal configurations are reported. The main operational and economic parameters of the cycles are evaluated and compared. Multi-objective optimization of the cycles is conducted using the artificial bee colony algorithm. A sensitivity assessment is carried out on the effect of productio...
Article
A new polygeneration system utilizing biomass and composed of a biomass combustor, a Rankine power cycle, a biofuel production plant to produce bioethanol and biogas, and a district heating system for production of hot water, is proposed and investigated. Energy and thermodynamic analyses are conducted on the proposed system. Furthermore, a paramet...
Article
Full-text available
The optimal equipment arrangement for a system for cogeneration of thermal and electrical energy for a total site is determined with exergoeconomic analysis. A steam power plant can operate concurrently in a dual-use mode producing steam and electricity. It is important to know the potential for cogeneration before designing and optimizing a centra...
Article
The purpose of this paper is to optimally and economically schedule residential building energy system, considering renewable energy resources uncertainties and battery energy storage system (BESS) application under different operation modes. The power exchange of this system with the grid, named as building to grid (B2G) or grid to building (G2B)...
Article
Emergy analysis is an effective technique to scrutinize the sustainability of energy systems. In this study, the renewability, sustainability, environmental impacts, and economic aspect of three common hydrogen production systems are studied applying emergy analysis. Hydrogen is produced by (a) biomass gasification and membrane-assisted hydrogen se...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this empirical study is to determine: (a) the underlying variables of the travel motivations related to a coastal city; and (b) the motivational dimensions that predict return, recommendation, and saying positive things about a coastal city as loyalty variables. This project utilized an in situ investigation carried out in Lima, a...
Article
Integrated approaches across energy, water and environment systems can accelerate the process of mitigating climate change through urgent action. New scientific advances that extend multiple opportunities in this direction have emanated from the 2nd Latin American, 1st Asia Pacific, 4th South East European and 15th Conferences on Sustainable Develo...
Article
Due to continuous growth in population and sharp increases in energy and food demand, research into alternative energy sources independent of fossil fuels has increased over the last decade. Moreover, limitations on greenhouse gas emissions by developed and developing countries are placing much pressure on the energy sector worldwide to use renewab...
Article
Due to continuous growth in population and sharp increase in energy and food demand, research on alternative energy sources independent of fossil fuels has increased over the last decade. Moreover, limitations on greenhouse gas emissions by developed and developing countries are imposing much pressure on the energy sector worldwide to use renewable...
Article
The circular economy can contribute to the eco-efficient use of resources. Firms can obtain relevant benefits if they implement a circular economy. In Peru, the circular economy would create benefits, but it is not fully clear what factors explain the acceptance of firms of implementing a circular economy. Following the theory of planned behavior,...
Article
Phase Change Materials (PCMs) have being used in different solar energy systems for thermal energy storage and performance enhancement. Improving heat transfer from PCMs leads to reductions in charge and discharge durations, which makes them more favorable as storage units. Dispersion of conductive solid materials with nano dimensions is a practica...
Article
Full-text available
Energy, exergy, exergoenvironmental, and exergoeconomic analyses of a natural gas boosting station are presented using a real‐gas model and actual operational data. The effect of varies performance parameters on the thermodynamic efficiencies, specific fuel consumption (SFC), gas‐phase emissions, and cost rates are assessed. The results show that,...
Article
Although energy is conventionally examined when studying thermodynamic flows and balances for the Earth and its systems, the planet does not consume energy as its energy inflows and outflows are in balance. Similarly, energy is conserved for systems on the Earth. The Earth does, however, consume exergy and generate entropy, and it is insightful to...
Article
Full-text available
The current study aims to validate and apply an instrument to assess the relationship between communication overload, social overload, technostress, exhaustion and academic performance. We performed a cross-sectional, analytical study of 2286 university medical students to assess the influence of technostress as a mediator of social media overload,...
Article
The Propane thermal cracking reactor process is investigated in an industrial furnace with an alternative wall burner arrangement. Temperature and heat distribution of the furnace is obtained by three‐dimensional computational fluid dynamics (CFD) simulation technique using Ansys Fluent software. Ten calculation domains are adopted to decrease calc...
Chapter
Diversifying energy supplies by employing renewable energy sources and integrating them with appropriate energy storage options can assist in shifting toward energy sustainability. Solar, wind, biomass, geothermal, and ocean sources are used commonly for providing electricity and heat. Energy storage technologies have become increasingly necessary...
Chapter
This chapter describes how energy and exergy analyses of thermal energy storage (TES) systems are performed, and to demonstrate the usefulness of such analyses in providing insights into TES behavior and performance. Exergy analysis is a thermodynamic analysis technique based on the Second Law of Thermodynamics which provides an alternative and ill...
Chapter
Energy demands in the commercial, industrial, and utility sectors vary on daily, weekly, and seasonal bases. These demands can be matched with the help of thermal energy storage (TES) systems that operate synergistically. Many types of energy storage play an important role in energy conservation. Thermal energy quantities differ in temperature. As...
Chapter
Thermal management systems are essential for ensuring the safety and protection against failure of electronic devices and circuits due to their excess heat generation. Phase change materials (PCMs) are often used for thermal management systems. A PCM is a substance that absorbs/releases sufficient energy upon undergoing phase transition for providi...
Chapter
This chapter describes and illustrates various numerical approaches and methods for the modeling, simulation, and analysis of sensible and latent thermal energy storage (TES) systems. It provides a brief overview of several techniques used in typical analyses of TES applications, with an emphasis on numerical simulation. Although the field of TES i...
Chapter
Thermal energy storage (TES) is one of the key technologies for energy conservation, and therefore, it is of great practical importance. One of its main advantages is that it is best suited for heating and cooling thermal applications. TES via latent heat has received a great deal of interest. Perhaps, the most obvious example of latent TES is the...
Chapter
This chapter presents a wide range of case studies are presented to illustrate the benefits, as well as drawbacks, of thermal energy storage (TES). The cases consider applications from the commercial and institutional building sector, industry, and groups within the utility sector representing electricity generation and district heating and cooling...
Chapter
Energy storage (ES) is critically important to the success of any intermittent energy source in meeting demand. ES systems can contribute significantly to meeting society's needs for more efficient, environmentally benign energy use in building heating and cooling, transportation, and utility applications. Mechanical and hydraulic ES systems usuall...
Article
A novel system was developed by combining the alkali metal thermal to electric converter (AMTEC) and biomass gasification. The primary purpose of this study was to examine the feasibility of utilizing the emitted gas caused by biomass gasification as the heat source of the AMTEC device. Key features were studied at constant temperatures under the i...
Article
Hydrogen is produced by an externally fired combined cycle. Hydrogen can be consumed in different ways. For the present study, we use both common and realistic thermodynamic and exergoeconomic analyses. With the realistic method, the results are not necessarily in accordance with common analyses. The compressor pressure ratio (rp) and the gas turbi...
Article
Full-text available
Based on the benefits of integrated gasification combined cycles (IGCCs), a cogeneration plant for providing electricity and freshwater is proposed. The main novelties of the devised system are the integration of biomass gasification and a regenerative gas turbine with intercooling and a syngas combustor, where the syngas produced in the gasifier i...
Article
Full-text available
This research assesses the influence of education development support, conceptual development support, and country support through entrepreneurial self-efficacy over green entrepreneurial intentions. A total of 532 business students in Ecuador participated in an online survey. Eight questions were focused on demographic information, and twenty-seve...
Article
In this paper, a multigeneration system is proposed, which utilizes geothermal energy and a lithium-bromide absorption cooling cycle. The proposed system is capable of providing electricity, heating, cooling, and domestic hot water to a small residential community in Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada. The performance of the system's heating and c...
Article
In this research paper, a multi-objective optimization for sizing a stand-alone photovoltaic system for a Conex in remote areas is developed based on a mixed integer linear programming (MILP) technique. The stand-alone system is composed of a photovoltaic array, a cooling/heating system, battery banks, an inverter, and a charge controller. The MILP...
Article
Since rural systems often have no connections to backup electrical supplies, determining the optimal location and the optimal size of a stand-alone system is an important challenge. In this paper an efficient framework based on a hybrid heuristic approach is proposed to find the appropriate capacity and location for stand-alone, remote photovoltaic...
Article
Meeting the emission norms specified by governing bodies is one of the major challenges faced by engine manufacturers, especially without sacrificing engine performance and fuel economy. Several methods and techniques are being used globally to reduce engine emissions. Even though emissions can be reduced, doing so usually entails a deterioration i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Due to climate change phenomena, the transition of intercontinental energy supply provides opportunities and challenges for the economy. One salient factor in the economy often is the tourism industry. The scarcity of studies of the relationship between the tourism industry and renewable energy exhorts more studies to inquire about their relationsh...
Article
Full-text available
Transportation sector is one of the core parts of modern civilization. Proper utiliza�tion of energy and exergy in this sector is necessary to ensure energy loss and envi�ronmental sustainability. Increasing exergy efficiency will reduce carbon emissions from this sector. Since 1970, Reistad estimates have been widely used to determine the energy...
Article
Switching from fossil fuels to biofuels is an effective option for small-scale power production and cogeneration systems. The target of the current study is to propose and investigate a novel seasonal combined cycle driven by a biogas-fueled gas turbine from thermodynamic and economic viewpoints. Regarding the high-temperature of the turbine's exha...
Article
In this paper, the advantages of using insulation on building external walls are investigated via a dynamic simulation-optimization technique. The insulation layers are assumed to vary continuously in the external walls in order to cover infinite placement scenarios, for moderate and dry regions. First, the best insulation placement and thickness i...
Article
Space heating and cooling account for major portions of the energy consumption in various types of buildings. Energy use that relies heavily on fossil fuels results in greenhouse gas emissions and ultimately contributes to climate change via global warming. As such, it is important to utilize clean and renewable technologies to meet building energy...
Article
No one can disagree the growing attention to developing and utilizing high temperature fuel cells partly due to their potential for multi-service applications. Recently, much focus can be observed on examination of the integration of solid oxide fuel cell (SOFC) or molten carbonate fuel cell (MCFC) systems with other subsystems to propose polygener...