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Marc J. R. Perez

Marc J. R. Perez
Clean Power Research · Research

Doctor of Philosophy

About

52
Publications
23,540
Reads
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811
Citations
Citations since 2016
37 Research Items
719 Citations
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Introduction
My current focal areas are (1) High-penetration renewables and cost-effective grid integration thereof. (2) Solar Potential (cadastres) (3) Forecasting and value thereof. (4) Firm power generation
Additional affiliations
June 2016 - November 2018
Clean Power Research
Position
  • Senior Researcher
Education
August 2013 - May 2014
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Earth & Environmental Engineering
July 2010 - August 2013
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Earth & Environmental Engineering
August 2009 - May 2010
Columbia University
Field of study
  • Earth & Environmental Engineering

Publications

Publications (52)
Thesis
Full-text available
With extraordinary recent growth of the solar photovoltaic industry, it is paramount to address the biggest barrier to its high-penetration across global electrical grids: the inherent variability of the solar resource. This resource variability arises from largely unpredictable meteorological phenomena and from the predictable rotation of the eart...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The Minnesota Solar Pathways (Pathways) initiative, sponsored by the U.S. Department of Energy Solar Energy Technologies Office, is a three-year project designed to explore least-risk, best-value strategies for meeting the State of Minnesota’s solar goals. As part of this aim, the Pathways Team is modeling renewable generation costs, examining ways...
Article
Full-text available
A recent article published in the influential journal, Nature Communications, outlines a hypothetical evaporation engine that could harness the energy of lake water evaporation while simultaneously conserving the water resource. Its authors suggest that evaporation engines deployed across all US lakes and reservoirs could, collectively, yield up to...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This study modeled the generation costs of high penetrations of renewables across the Midcontinent Independent System Operator (MISO) region. The project team optimized capacity expansion and dispatch of renewables on a Levelized Cost of Electricity (LCOE) basis across 13 distinct geographic regions (10 Load Resource Zones and 3 Regions) that subdi...
Article
Full-text available
Achieving the EU RES penetration 2030 targets requires an increase in flexible resources to compensate for the variability/intermittency of solar and wind generation to ensure system safety and balancing. In this paper we propose two readily deployable flexibility solutions to balance demand/supply as an alternative to building additional thermoele...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The increasing penetration of grid-connected solar photovoltaics has challenged the existing method of planning and operating the distribution grid. Electric utilities require visibility into the PV installations within their territories. They are interested in knowing the physical characteristics of the installed PV systems. This paper provides a...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Small-scale variabilities of solar irradiance are important for many applications. Downscaling approaches need to be developed where only the averaged state of solar irradiance is known. In this study, we investigate the use of copula for temporally downscaling GHI clear-sky indices. With the correlation structure and distribution information deriv...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Satellite-derived solar irradiance data are known to underestimate temporal variability compared to point measurements because of their pixel-averaging nature. In this study, we apply an algorithm imposing random noise to enhance the temporal variability of 5-minute satellite-derived solar irradiance data. We show that the resulting product, termed...
Technical Report
Full-text available
We investigate whether photovoltaics (PV) can effectively and economically contribute to a massively renewable energy (RE) power generation future for Switzerland. Taking advantage of the country’s flex-ible hydropower resources, we determine the optimum PV/battery configurations that can meet the country’s growing electrical demand firmly 24x365 a...
Article
Full-text available
The ability to forecast solar irradiance plays an indispensable role in solar power forecasting, which constitutes an essential step in planning and operating power systems under high penetration of solar power generation. Since solar radiation is an atmospheric process, solar irradiance forecasting, and thus solar power forecasting, can benefit fr...
Article
Full-text available
Energy on our planet is central to the functioning of our ecosystem and modern human society. This work attempts to put the various renewable and non-renewable energy sources at our disposition into context with extant and future human energy consumption. The 79,000 TWyr of solar energy hitting the earth's surface annually constitutes the largest r...
Article
Full-text available
This paper exposes the many flaws in the article “Through the Eye of a Needle: An Ecoheterodox Perspective on the Renewable Energy Transition, authored by Siebert and Rees and recently published in Energies as a Review. Our intention in submitting this critique is to expose and rectify the original article’s non-scientific approach to the review pr...
Article
Large share of solar energy imposes a higher system flexibility to resolve the increased demand/supply imbalance due to the inherent intermittency and variability of the resource. In this work, we demonstrate that the additional solar-induced flexibility requirement can be fully provided by a special kind of solar farms, namely flexible PV. These p...
Article
While it is widely known that the solar resource is sufficient to meet the world’s energy demand many times over, the questions of where and how much to deploy in a realistic context do not have such clear-cut answers. The objective of this paper is to address and inform these questions in a context where solar (embodied by PV) would be applied loc...
Article
This work describes a progressive strategy to achieve 100% penetration of intermittent renewables at minimal cost. The strategy works to optimally transform variable renewable energy (RE) into firm, effectively dispatchable generation. This functional dispatchability enables large-scale displacement of conventional generation at equal or lower prod...
Article
Full-text available
We introduce firm solar forecasts as a strategy to operate optimally overbuilt solar power plants in conjunction with optimally sized storage systems so as to make up for any power prediction errors, and hence entirely remove load balancing uncertainty emanating from grid-connected solar fleets. A central part of this strategy is the plant overbuil...
Preprint
We introduce firm solar forecasts as a strategy to operate optimally overbuilt solar power plants in conjunction with optimally sized storage systems so as to make up for any power prediction errors, hence entirely remove load balancing uncertainty emanating from grid-connected solar fleets. A central part of this strategy is plant overbuilding tha...
Article
This article proposes two strategies for the mitigation of power imbalances and related costs resulting from increasing PV penetration onto the Italian grid. New “state of the art” solar and netload day ahead forecast models were developed and applied to real data. These strategies consist of: (1) Improving the accuracy of PV and net load power for...
Article
In Italia, la percentuale di energia elettrica prodotta da fonti energetiche rinnovabili (FER) è passata dal 20% al 35% in circa 25 anni 1 (Figura 1). In particolare, il fotovoltaico (FV) in soli 15 anni è diventato la seconda fonte rinnovabile dopo l'idroelettrico, fornendo nel 2016 il 7.2% del fabbisogno elettrico italiano. Nel 2016, l'Italia con...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The variability of and correlations between large-scale, distributed wind and PV generation across a northern US state is evaluated and contrasted. We analyze three years of hourly-interval, time-synchronous data from the State's wind fleet and distributed PV production simulated with SolarAnywhereTM. Despite a significantly higher capacity factor...
Conference Paper
This study deals with the increase of power imbalance and its related cost due to the growth of solar penetration. We applied state-of-the-art day-ahead solar and load forecast models to predict residual load of Italy. Using these models and real data provided by the Italian TSO, we suggest and test different imbalance mitigation strategies and we...
Conference Paper
The SUNY solar irradiance forecast model is implemented in the SolarAnywhere® platform. In this article, we evaluate its latest version and present a fully independent validation for climatically distinct individual US locations as well as one extended region. In addition to standard performance metrics such as mean absolute error or forecast skill...
Conference Paper
In this paper, the geographical dispersion of PV installations and Energy Storage System (ESS) are studied to smooth PV production on Reunion Island. Despite the small area of the Island, the results show that with dispersion at the total grid scale, the variability driven by weather conditions (unpredictable variability) is almost removed. Then a...
Chapter
This chapter aims at characterizing and modeling solar resource variability. It is shown that understanding solar energy variability requires a definition of the temporal and spatial context for which variability is assessed. This research describes a predictable, quantifiable variability-smoothing space–time continuum from a single point to thousa...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the 2009 document was to put in perspective the potential of often-cited nuclear and renewable alternatives to Green House Gas (GHG)-emitting fossil energy sources. Its main conclusion was that, although a mix of alternatives including hydropower, biomass/biofuels, geothermal, ocean thermal energy conversion, waves, tides, wind, an...
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the spatial and temporal characteristics of solar resource variability is important because it helps inform the discussion surrounding the merits of geographic dispersion and subsequent electrical interconnection of photovoltaics as part of a portfolio of future solutions for coping with this variability. Unpredictable resource variab...
Book
Full-text available
It is already known that the world’s very large deserts present a substantial amount of energy-supplying potential. Given the demands on world energy in the 21st century, and when considering global environmental issues, the potential for harnessing this energy is of huge import and has formed the backbone and motive for our work. The work on very...
Article
New markets for photovoltaics are being created in emerging economies where rich solar resources can produce solar electricity at affordable costs. A case in point is Chile, a country with great solar resources planning renewable energy deployment to address the needs of an expanding mining industry and a growing economy, while preserving the envir...
Conference Paper
As governments worldwide look to increase the capacity of PV and other variable generation sources in their generation portfolios, dealing with resource intermittency begins to take center stage in the debate over how to achieve ambitious renewable energy targets. Variability o f the solar resource occurs across many different temporal scales: from...
Article
Full-text available
The Solaire Building has the first façade building‐integrated photovoltaic (BIPV) array in New York City. This paper presents the life cycle impacts of the Solaire BIPV and extrapolates its performance to other façade systems. Engineering diagrams, detailed material inventories and 5 years of irradiation and actual performance data in 15‐min interv...
Conference Paper
Quantification and mitigation of solar resource variability's impacts at short timescales (minutes to hours) have been examined extensively. This is because resource and subsequent solar generation variability as a result of short-term weather and diurnal effects poses the clearest link to utility planning timeframes: regulation markets, load follo...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The actual performance of the first BIPV building in New York City is assessed and its environmental footprint is extrapolated to other facade systems by means of performance ratio (PR), and avoided building materials. Engineering diagrams and bill of materials sourced directly from the building's architects, engineers and supply chain offer insigh...
Article
The value of Building Integrated Photovoltaics (in facade applications) lies in the fact that these systems entirely replace fagade-cladding systems that do not have the added benefit of generating power that offsets expensive, non- renewable and polluting sources from the surrounding electrical grid. This study quantitatively demonstrates this val...
Article
This paper presents a methodology to quantify the cost of energy storage required to provide firm capacity on a utility power grid using a combination of energy produced by a specific generation source and storage. Firm capacity is defined to mean that all demand above a given threshold load is satisfied exclusively by the considered generation sou...
Article
Full-text available
Global warming, fossil fuel depletion, the growth of large new economies, and the latent risks of terrorism and international conflict are weaving an uncomfortable stranglehold on the world's energy outlook. This is reflected by an extreme volatility in energy commodity prices and associated economic disruptions, superimposed over long-term environ...
Article
This paper provides an update on the U.S. distribution of effective load-carrying capability (ELLC) for photovoltaics by analyzing recent load data from 39 U.S. utilities and time-coincident output of PV installations simulated from high-resolution, time/site-specific satellite data. Results show that overall regional trends identified in the early...
Article
Full-text available
In the urban environment, space is a premium. In terms of real estate, no space can go unused and rooftops are fair game particularly in the realm of energy efficiency. Both PV and green roofs are widely employed strategies for effectively using a building's roof space to reduce energy loads, but they have largely been studied independently of each...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Archived project
La problématique principale de projet PEPS Réunion est la suivante : Quelles solutions permettraient de développer massivement le photovoltaïque dans le mix électrique de la Réunion tout en préservant l’équilibre offre/demande du réseau électrique ? Pour répondre à cette problématique, plusieurs sous-études ont été définies et réparties en trois tâches : • Tâche 1 : Limitation des variations du photovoltaïque grâce à la dispersion spatiale des installations PV, autrement dit l’étude du foisonnement spatial. • Tâche 2 : Utilisation du stockage d’énergie pour la limitation des variations du photovoltaïque, comparaison entre stockage centralisé et stockage diffus. • Tâche 3 : Garantis de la production à l’aide du stockage et de l’écrêtement d’un parc PV surdimensionné.