Marc Foggin

Marc Foggin
University of British Columbia - Vancouver | UBC · Institute of Asian Research | School of Public Policy and Global Affairs

PhD

About

83
Publications
29,955
Reads
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1,405
Citations
Introduction
Conservation biologist with over 20 years of experience in high mountain ecosystems of China and Central Asia. Special interest in the integration of conservation and community development, with focus on pastoral societies. Honorary Research Associate at the Institute of Asian Research (IAR), School of Public Policy and Global Affairs (SPPGA), University of British Columbia (UBC). Formerly, Associate/Acting Director of the Mountain Societies Research Institute (MSRI), University of Central Asia (UCA). International Director of Plateau Perspectives.
Additional affiliations
November 2015 - present
University of British Columbia - Vancouver
Position
  • Honorary Research Associate
November 2011 - October 2014
University of Kent
Position
  • Researcher
Education
August 1994 - December 2000
Arizona State University
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (83)
Article
Full-text available
Building on a review of current mainstream paradigms of nature conservation, the essence of transformations necessary for effective and lasting change are presented—namely, convivial solutions (or ‘living with others’), in which relationality and an appreciation of our interdependencies are central, in contrast to life-diminishing models of individ...
Article
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Until recently, China's Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) has overlooked many of the social and environmental dimensions of its projects and actions in favor of more immediate economic and sociopolitical considerations. The main focus of investments under BRI has largely been to improve transport, telecommunication, and energy infrastructures. However...
Technical Report
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This paper was prepared to support the work of the IUCN-WCPA Mountain Specialist Group through the development of a decision-support tool for the identification of global priorities for new mountain protected and conserved areas.
Article
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Environmental conservation has developed significantly in China over the past 20 years, including more collaborative approaches and recent advances in establishing a national parks system. This study reviews the development of protected areas in the headwaters of the Yangtze River, drawing lessons from experiences of community development and co-ma...
Article
Mountain ecosystems cover around a quarter of the world's land area and encompass a large portion of global biodiversity as well as cultural diversity. Situated upstream from other habitats by virtue of their altitude, these rugged landscapes contribute numerous essential ecological services not only for 13% of the global population (or 915 million...
Article
The body mass of small mammals is widely regarded as an indicator of habitat quality, with trade‐offs between anti‐predator and energy‐building behaviors noted across many species and habitat conditions as suggested by optimal foraging theory. In this study, however, grazing by domestic yak was noted to mediate this effect, affecting both the body...
Article
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The imperative of project sustainability has become explicit policy within development. This is especially true for technology transfer: 'development objects' are to be used by prospective beneficiaries long after the project's closure. We argue that the link between project sustainability, technology and 'success' requires deeper scrutiny. We inve...
Preprint
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Environmental protection in China has progressed significantly in the past decades, including introduction of more collaborative approaches in the management of protected areas and the establishment of a new national park system. Many milestones have been achieved. While such developments are driven largely by national and global goals, the people...
Chapter
Full-text available
Section in book chapter "Life: Biodiversity of the region" Full book citation: “Pangare, Ganesh; Nishat, Bushra; Liao, Xiawei; Qaddumi, Halla Maher. 2021. The Restless River : Yarlung Tsangpo-Siang-Brahmaputra-Jamuna. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/36258 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
Chapter
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Section in book chapter "People: One river, many cultures" Full book citation: “Pangare, Ganesh; Nishat, Bushra; Liao, Xiawei; Qaddumi, Halla Maher. 2021. The Restless River : Yarlung Tsangpo-Siang-Brahmaputra-Jamuna. World Bank, Washington, DC. © World Bank. https://openknowledge.worldbank.org/handle/10986/36258 License: CC BY 3.0 IGO.”
Article
Emilia Sulek offers unique, first-hand insights into recent modern life and local perspec- tives on sociocultural, economic, and environmental matters in the heart of the Tibetan Plateau. Although the core material in her book comes from field work in the Golok area in Qinghai Province, China, undertaken between 2007 and 2010, ensuing descriptions...
Article
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Mountains are dynamic landscapes that are home to rich natural and human heritage. However, climatic variability, globalisation and increasing ecomomic integration are making these landscapes more fragile with implications for present and future development. Using a pathways lens, we examine development trajectories in mountains and relate these to...
Article
In their article “China’s ecological conservation red- line”, Gao et al. (2020) properly diagnose loss of biodiversity as one of the most significant challenges to development. They highlight limitations of prior uncoordinated or unsupervised responses, and point to benefits of large-scale, transboundary and network-oriented approaches. From China’...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Based on the authors’ first-hand experience in the development of tourism in the heart of the Tibetan plateau (and more broadly in sustainable mountain development), this report highlights emerging successes in community-based ecotourism ventures as well as challenges they have encountered along the way. Key lessons are extrapolated, along with a b...
Technical Report
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Globalisation and sustainable development: Development by whom? and for whom? -- We must recognize and respect local communities and indigenous peoples for creating the future we want. Sustainable development is described as development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own ne...
Article
Hermann, L., DeKastle, A., and Foggin, M. (2020). The Rock Art of the Karakol Region (Tchouï and Naryn Oblast) in Kyrgyzstan. International Newsletter On Rock Art (INORA), 86: 17-25. The Karakol Region of Kyrgyzstan is between thirty and fifty kilometers south of Bishkek, at between 1,800m and 4,800m altitude in the Tien Shan mountain zone. Even t...
Article
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The Belt and Road Initiative (BRI) represents the largest infrastructure and development project in human history, and presents risks and opportunities for ecosystems, economies, and communities. Some risks (habitat fragmentation, roadkill) are obvious, however, many of the BRI’s largest challenges for development and conservation are not obvious a...
Preprint
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Saiga (Saiga tatarica) was extirpated in China. Since Mid-1980s, attempts have been made for revival the species in the country, however, only a breeding herd of Saiga was successfully established at Wuwei, Gansu, China. The reintroduced Saiga population experienced a bumpy growth. Then, the population collapsed following the catastrophe die-off in...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Development Issues, No. 2 (February 2020) Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic: Plateau Perspectives See http://plateauperspectives.org/en/project/policy-briefs/
Technical Report
Full-text available
Plateau Perspectives Development Issues, No. 1 (January 2020). Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic: Plateau Perspectives See http://plateauperspectives.org/en/project/policy-briefs/
Article
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Consensus on the state of rangelands is often elusive. This is especially true in the primarily agropastoral former Soviet republic of Kyrgyzstan. Some argue Kyrgyz rangeland is being rapidly degraded by overgrazing. However, poor data and climatic changes confound this assessment. Thus there is contention amongst researchers, state officials, and...
Conference Paper
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Community ecotourism is not simply a form of tourism that occurs in beautiful natural environments, but rather an endeavor that jointly promotes environmental awareness and education, conservation action, and community development. In short, ecotourism can and should be leveraged to advance sustainable mountain development. The authors’ cumulative...
Conference Paper
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This document is the first outcome of the Cansiglio gathering of academics, environmental experts and practitioners, under the BRI Sustainability Network. The idea for this meeting originated from or anticipated risks posed by the Belt & Road Initiative (BRI) for socio-ecological communities around the world. Considered to be the world’s largest in...
Article
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Mountain societies in developing and low-income countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which can severely threaten their livelihoods. The situation of mountain communities in the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains in Central Asia is exacerbated by remote location, difficult access, and poorly maintained infrastructure as well...
Chapter
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Key Findings 1. Looming challenges characterize the HKH as environmental, sociocultural, and economic changes are dynamically impacting livelihoods, environmental conditions, and ultimately sustain- ability. Many challenges for sustainability are related to weak governance, natural resource overexploitation, environmental degradation, certain aspec...
Conference Paper
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Suggested citation: Hergarten, C., Foggin, M., Adler, C., Arguello, M., Huggel, C., Kanyamibwa, S., Nanchen, E., Salzmann, N., Wester, P., Wymann, S., Kaufmann, M. (eds). 2018. A Call for Mountains; from the participants of the World Mountain Forum 2018. Published on World Mountain Day, 11 December 2018. Prepared in context of the program Sustaina...
Article
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There are widely divergent views of what ‘conservation’ is and should be and, likewise, by and for whom it should be undertaken. The term ‘inclusive conservation’ has recently been adopted by the Global Environment Facility (GEF) in its 2018-2020 programme for biodiversity financing. In this context, the ICCA Consortium proposes here a definition o...
Technical Report
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The Silk Roads Conference in Bishkek, Kyrgyz Republic brought together around 40 academics and development practitioners on October 26, 2018, with the aim to discuss emerging social and environmental impacts associated with China’s Belt & Road Initiative in partner countries. Following on from the inaugural workshop Silk Roads in the Mountains of C...
Technical Report
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KEY MESSAGES • China’s BRI is potentially the most significant infrastructure development programme this century, spanning over 70 countries with investments estimated at over US$3 trillion. Since its commencement in 2013, US$200 billion has already been invested in over 200 BRI projects • Development in BRI partner countries (including Central A...
Article
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The Mountain Societies Research Institute (MSRI) operates at the interface of science and society in Central Asia. As part of the University of Central Asia and the wider Aga Khan Development Network, MSRI engages in transdisciplinary research for development and regularly seeks to strengthen regional capacities, to inform policy and practice, and...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Mountain societies in developing and low-income countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which may severely threaten their livelihoods and wellbeing. The situation of mountain communities in the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains in Central Asia (CA) is exacerbated by their remote location along with outdated infrastructure, poo...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Ancient and modern ways, diverse cultures, and a host of ideas and perspectives meet daily in Central Asia. Through these encounters, visions of the future are now being defined and refined as globalization brings people and opportunities together at a scale unprecedented in the history of the world. In the mountains of Central Asia, the ancient Si...
Chapter
Tibetan pastoralists have long been the primary stewards of the vast Tibetan plateau. This region comprises around one-quarter of China’s land area and includes the headwaters of several major Asian rivers including the Yellow, Yangtze, Mekong, Salween and Brahmaputra rivers. Extraordinary wildlife populations can still be seen in this unique lands...
Poster
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Embedded in AKDN and UCA’s long-term presence and commitment to the region, the Learning Landscapes Initiative aims to support regional socioeconomic development in UCA’s focal regions. UCA’s Naryn Campus in Kyrgyzstan will be an anchor for development oriented research and social and ecological monitoring in the Tianshan Mountains, while the Khoro...
Presentation
Full-text available
Climate Vulnerability and Adaptive Capacity of Mountain Societies in Central Asia
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Mountain societies in developing and low-income countries are highly vulnerable to the impacts of climate change, which may severely threaten their livelihoods. The situation of mountain communities in the Pamir and Tien Shan mountains in Central Asia (CA) is exacerbated by their often remote location with outdated infrastructure and poor access an...
Presentation
Full-text available
SDGs implementation in Central Asia
Article
(Full paper now available to view here: http://rdcu.be/GVA4) Despite internationally recognized definitions, there remains debate over what constitutes ‘actual’ degradation in various agro-pastoral contexts. This contention is especially pronounced in post-Soviet Central Asia. In this paper, we report on new interview data from the post- Soviet K...
Article
Chapter "Tajikistan" in the SAGE International Encyclopedia of Travel and Tourism http://sk.sagepub.com/Reference/the-sage-international-encyclopedia-of-travel-and-tourism/i10952.xml
Article
Full-text available
In 2010, the Kegawa Herders Cooperative was established in a Tibetan pastoral region of Qinghai Province, China. Following decades of centrally-planned development, this was the first time in many years that local community members had come together for a common purpose on a purely voluntary basis.
Research
Full-text available
Developing responsible tourism in support of biodiversity conservation, poverty reduction, and cultural continuity - a framework and recommendations for the promotion of tourism, with a focus on Ecotourism and Community Tourism in the Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province, China. A long-term project of Plateau Perspectives, in colla...
Article
Full-text available
The Mountain Societies Research Institute (MSRI) conducts transdisciplinary research for development, with the goal of improving the livelihoods and well-being of mountain societies in Central Asia and building their resilience in a rapidly changing socioeconomic, political, and biophysical environment. MSRI is a core institute of the Graduate Scho...
Chapter
Peatlands provide globally important ecosystem services through climate and water regulation or biodiversity conservation. While covering only 3% of the earth's surface, degrading peatlands are responsible for nearly a quarter of carbon emissions from the land use sector. Bringing together world-class experts from science, policy and practice to hi...
Conference Paper
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In the vast high altitude rangelands of the Tibetan plateau, and of the surrounding mountain regions of Central Asia – from Tajikistan and Kyrgyzstan in the far west, to Mongolia and Bhutan in the east – yak husbandry has for millennia contributed to the sustenance and cultures of people living in these challenging, often marginal lands. Today, of...
Presentation
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Review of community-based snow leopard conservation in the Yangtze River headwaters, with special focus on community co-management in the Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve.
Presentation
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An overview of the founding and development of the Kegawa Herders’ Cooperative, and its role in enhancing community resilience and environmental conservation in the Yangtze River headwaters
Article
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Agropastoral systems in Kyrgyzstan have undergone dramatic change in recent decades. In large part, change has resulted from the introduction of legislation that devolves authority and responsibility for the management of common-pool agropastoral resources to community-level pasture users associations. By applying Ostrom's principles of common reso...
Conference Paper
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Building collaborative partnerships for conservation or sustainable development presents challenges in any socio-political context, but has proven to be particularly difficult with pastoralist societies. This could be the result of preconceived notions about traditional practices by government or other development extension workers, or could be due...
Article
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The participation of the general public in the research design, data collection and interpretation process together with scientists is often referred to as citizen science. While citizen science itself has existed since the start of scientific practice, developments in sensing technology, data processing and visualisation, and communication of idea...
Article
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In the second half of the twentieth century, industrial agriculture together with the integration and globalisation of the food chain successfully increased the quantity of food and reduced unit prices to the consumer in Western society. Many policy-makers now advocate expansion of this industrial model into the developing regions as the only feasi...
Chapter
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The stated goals of 'ecological migration' in the Tibetan plateau region of China are to protect the fragile ecology of grassland ecosystems and to improve the well-being (quality of life) of Tibetan herders. According to an official government document entitled Settlement Project for Tibetan Nomads in Qinghai Province, all Tibetan herders in Qingh...
Chapter
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Drawing on current international health policy literature, with special focus on the social determinants of health (Blas & Sivasankara 2010, Raphael 2008, WHO 2008) and the critical role played by culture in health (Schech & Haggis 2000, Hawkes 2001, Gesler & Kearns 2002, Chandler & Lalonde 2008, Lalonde 2005), it has become increasingly clear in r...
Article
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The relocation of rural people away from marginal or fragile lands is an increasingly common approach used in China to achieve environmental protection and development objectives. However at present few studies have been made of the social impacts of such resettlement projects in China. Several key social dimensions of a significant resettlement pr...
Article
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Background Pastoralists have long inhabited vast areas of western China, including the Tibetan Plateau region. Their traditional land use practices and cultural conservation ethic have helped to protect the natural resource base upon which they depend and the wildlife that co-exist with them in the grassland landscapes. However, in a rapidly changi...
Conference Paper
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Excerpts: Conservation is as much a social science as it is a natural science... Several important nature reserves have already been established to help protect the unique biodiversity found in this part of NE Asia. However it would be wise still to further develop more a landscape-oriented approach to PA management, incorporating clusters of PAs a...
Article
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Tibetan herders have lived for centuries in the high grasslands of Central Asia, yet many development programs are currently transforming their lives. One of the main assumptions of government policy, in China and around the world, is that the provision of social services is best provided in settled, urban environments. Such drastic changes from tr...
Conference Paper
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Collaborative management is a relatively new approach to resource management and conservation in the Tibetan grasslands of China. Such community co-management has been trialed in at least two Tibetan herder communities, with two different emphases, over the past decade in Yushu Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture, Qinghai Province. In essence, co-managem...
Article
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The recent rapid increase of human-wildlife conflict (HWC) on the Qinghai-Tibetan Plateau – particularly between local herders and Tibetan brown bear, Ursus arctos pruinosus – already has been reported by Foggin (2002), Tsering (2008), Willms et al. (2006), Worthy & Foggin (2008) and others. According to local herders, one of the most likely reason...
Article
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The last twenty years have brought immense changes to nomadic peoples worldwide, including Kham Tibetan nomads (mobile pastoralists) of Yushu in Qinghai province, China. In efforts to improve people's standard of living and to prevent serious ecological degradation, government has recently enacted at least 14 different policies that have had, and a...
Chapter
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According to China’s 2000 census, there are 5,416,021 Tibetan people in China, most of whom live in the Tibetan plateau region (which includes a large portion of Qinghai Province, the geographic focus of this chapter). The Tibetan plateau region covers 25 per cent of China’s total land area, i.e. around 2.5 million square kilometres. Approximately...
Article
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Tibetan grasslands constitute one of the most important grazing ecosystems in the world. Distributed widely across the high plains and mountains of the Tibetan plateau, these grasslands encompass the source areas of many major Asian rivers. Around 40 percent of the world's population depends on, or is influenced by, these rivers. Tibetan grasslands...
Article
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Tibetan brown bears (Ursus arctos pruinosus) are rare across most of the Tibetan Plateau (Schaller 1998, Harris 2008). Yet, contacts between bears and local herders are increasing. Unlike other countries where nuisance bears may be shot or relocated (Peine 2001, Gunther et al. 2004), China forbids these practices, and most hunting is forbidden. In...
Article
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The Altai Weasel Mustela altaica has a fairly wide world range, occurring in India (across the Himalayas from Kashmir to Sikkim), Nepal, Bhutan, west and north China, east Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mongolia, and small parts of Russia (south and south-east Siberia, Primorski Krai), with possible extension to northern Korea (Allen 1938, Wan...
Article
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The health status of Tibetan herders in the Sanjiangyuan region of the Tibetan Plateau, in southwest Qinghai Province, is assessed in this paper. The field study was conducted in 2002 in the context of a broader community development and research framework, the ultimate goal of which is to achieve an effective region-specific programme of preventat...
Research
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Proceedings of a conservation planning meeting co-hosted by Plateau Perspectives, Upper Yangtze Organization, Government of Zhiduo County and the Sanjiangyuan National Nature Reserve Management Bureau. Held in Yushu, Qinghai, China, Sep 30 - Oct 13, 2005. Published by Plateau Perspectives.
Article
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Summary Yak (Bos grunniens) are members of the Artiodactyla, family Bovidae, genus Bos. Wild yak are first observed at Pleistocene levels of the fossil record. We believed that they, together with the closely related species of Bos taurus, B. indicus and Bison bison, resulted from a rapid radiation of the genus towards the end of the Miocene. Today...
Article
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Old world vultures are thought to partition or compete for several types of resources. In spite of the potential for competition, patterns in resource availability and population density can sometimes allow species that might otherwise compete to have considerable overlap in resource use. On the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) plateau, China, we observed...
Article
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Thesis (Ph. D.)--Arizona State University, 2000. Bibliography: leaves [304]-349. Photocopy.
Article
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It is necessary to look at the big picture when managing biological resources on the Qinghai-Xizang (Tibetan) plateau. Plateau pikas (Ochotona curzoniae) are poisoned widely across the plateau. Putative reasons for these control measures are that pika populations may reach high densities and correspondingly reduce forage for domestic livestock (yak...