Marc Ducousso

Marc Ducousso
Cirad - La recherche agronomique pour le développement | CIRAD · Centre de Coopération Internationale en Recherche Agronomique pour le Développement (CIRAD)

Dr HDR

About

129
Publications
27,730
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1,539
Citations
Citations since 2016
25 Research Items
824 Citations
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120

Publications

Publications (129)
Article
In the context of global warming, environmental forcing of wildfires on continental ecosystems is on a growing trend. Among other environmental impacts, wildfires can enhance trace metals concentration in freshwater systems. In this regard, chromium is of particular environmental and health concern because the temperature-induced oxidation of the l...
Article
Full-text available
Acacia spirorbis subsp. spirorbis Labill. is a widespread tree legume in New Caledonia that establishes mutual symbioses with both N2-fixing rhizobia and ectomycorrhizal (ECM) fungi. Moreover, A. spirorbis is able to naturally grow on ultramafic soils, characterized by a lack of nutrients but containing toxic concentrations of metals. In this study...
Article
Nowadays, ecological restoration is considered the best solution for the rehabilitation of mining-degraded areas, particularly when it concerns valuable ecosystems. This is the case in New Caledonia, a hot spot of biodiversity, with 82% of endemic plant species in ultramafic soils. The use of topsoil to restore mined areas is an important practice....
Article
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We investigated the suitability of Acacia spirorbis Labill., a tropical ectomycorrhizal (ECM) tree, as a nurse plant to improve the growth of Tristaniopsis calobuxus Brongn. & Gris seedlings for the restoration of nickel mines in New Caledonia. Rehabilitation of nickel mines in New Caledonia is a major concern. In such harsh soil conditions, ectomy...
Article
The OCBIL theory comprises a set of hypotheses to comprehend the biota of old, climatically buffered, infertile landscapes (OCBILs). Here, we review evidence from the literature to evaluate the extent to which this theory could apply to the biodiversity hotspot of New Caledonia. We present geological, pedological and climatic evidence suggesting ho...
Article
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Acacia spirorbis is an endemic leguminous tree from New Caledonia which is naturally found on a wide range of soils (calcareous, ultramafic and volcano-sedimentary) and able to establish symbioses with soil microorganisms, including nitrogen-fixing bacteria called rhizobia. The contribution of this symbiosis to plant adaptation to sometimes extreme...
Article
Acacia spirorbis subsp. spirorbis Labill. is a widespread tree legume endemic to New Caledonia that grows in ultramafic (UF) and volcano-sedimentary (VS) soils. The aim of this study was to assess the symbiotic promiscuity of A. spirorbis with nodulating and nitrogen-fixing rhizobia in harsh edaphic conditions. Forty bacterial strains were isolated...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to characterize the ectomycorrhizal (ECM) communities associated with Acacia spirorbis, a legume tree widely spread in New Caledonia that spontaneously grows on contrasted edaphic constraints, i.e. calcareous, ferralitic and volcano-sedimentary soils. Soil geochemical parameters and diversity of ECM communities were assessed in 12 s...
Article
Aquilaria is a tree species belonging to the Thymeleaceae family. When Aquilaria sp. is injured, it can produce agarwood. Agarwood is characterized by a darker wood colour than the healthy one and by a strong perfume that is much esteemed by perfumers and some oriental religious communities. The production of agarwood is presumed to depend on envir...
Poster
Full-text available
The challenge is to contribute to the sustainable production of high quality Agarwood in French Guiana through the understanding of microbial factors involved in Agarwood formation.
Preprint
Island biogeography theory is one of the most influential paradigms in ecology. That island characteristics, including remoteness, can profoundly modulate biological diversity has been borne out by studies of animals and plants. By contrast, the processes influencing microbial diversity in island systems remain largely undetermined. We sequenced ar...
Article
Island biogeography theory is one of the most influential paradigms in ecology. That island characteristics, including remoteness, can profoundly modulate biological diversity has been borne out by studies of animals and plants. By contrast, the processes influencing microbial diversity in island systems remain largely undetermined. We sequenced ar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aquilaria is a tree species belonging to the Thymeleaceae family. When Aquilaria sp. is injured, it produce agarwood. Agarwood is characterized by a darker wood colour than the healthy one and by a strong perfume that is much esteemed by perfumers and some oriental religious communities. The production of agarwood is presumed to depend of environme...
Article
Full-text available
Mycorrhizal symbiosis is extremely important for tree growth, survival and resistance after transplantation particularly in Madagascar where deforestation is a major concern. The importance of mycorrhizal symbiosis is further increased when soil conditions at the planting site are limiting. To identify technical itineraries capable of improving eco...
Article
Full-text available
New Caledonian serpentine (ultramafic) soils contain high levels of toxic heavy metals, in particular nickel, (up to 20 g kg⁻¹) and are deficient in essential elements like carbon, nitrogen and phosphorus while having a high magnesium/calcium ratio. Although previous studies showed that ectomycorrhizal symbioses could play an important role in the...
Article
Forest ecosystem disturbances generate changes including soil changes, generally with loss of topsoil and loss of much of the diversity of microorganisms, which are usually replaced by others that are more adapted to the new conditions. We describe the effect of rainforest clear-cutting in Madagascar, with stripping of surface soil horizons among e...
Article
Full-text available
Microbial species richness and assemblages across ultramafic ecosystems were investigated to assess the relationship between their distributional patterns and environmental traits. The structure of microorganism communities in the Koniambo massif, New Caledonia, was investigated using a metagenetic approach correlated with edaphic and floristic fac...
Article
Full-text available
Little is known regarding how the increased diversity of nitrogen-fixing bacteria contributes to the productivity and diversity of plants in complex communities. However, some authors have shown that the presence of a diverse group of nodulating bacteria is required for different plant species to coexist. A better understanding of the plant symbiot...
Poster
Full-text available
La restauration écologique des sols miniers de Nouvelle Calédonie, HotSpot de biodiversité, est actuellement un challenge. Dans ce projet développé par KNS, le CIRAD et l’IAC, nous explorons l’utilisation du système plante nurse avec l’espèce triple symbiotique Acacia spirorbis afin de faciliter la réimplantation d’espèces endémiques du maquis mini...
Article
Full-text available
Ecological restoration in severely disturbed environments can fail because of lack of knowledge of the functioning of the original ecosystem. Nevertheless, facilitating establishment between plant species can help accelerate ecological succession, especially in stressful environments. Mycorrhizal symbiosis plays a key role in plant growth, particul...
Article
Full-text available
Intraspecific polymorphism exists for many fungus species, making their macroscopic identification difficult. Easily usable molecular markers providing access to information about variability have boosted the development of fungus diversity analyses. For this study, on wood-decaying Aphyllophorales, the main problem to be solved consisted in detect...
Chapter
Metal-rich soils, especially heavy metal-polluted soils and ultramafic soils, are generally toxic to non-adapted plants and microorganisms. The role of mycorrhizal fungi in the metal tolerance of adapted plant species has become clear in the last decade. This review aims to synthesize the findings of representative studies of the effects of mycorrh...
Poster
Full-text available
Introduction New Caledonia is a Hot Spot of biodiversity with an endemism of 74.4% for vascular plants (1). This diversity is highly caused by the strong diversity of soil, where the ultramafic soils constitute the main nickel ore. The after mining ecological restoration of sites remains challenging. In a new project jointly developed by KONIAMBO N...
Article
Full-text available
Arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF) are obligatory biotrophs that have a symbiotic evolutionary relationship with about 80% of all terrestrial plant species. The fungus mainly supplies water and nutrients to the plant and receives photoassimilates. The AMF diversity affects both the competition among species and floristic composition of an area. Flu...
Article
Full-text available
Nickel-tolerant ectomycorrhizal Pisolithus albus was isolated from extreme ultramafic soils that are naturally rich in heavy metals. This study aimed to identify the specific molecular mechanisms associated with the response of P. albus to nickel. In presence of high concentration of Ni, P. albus Ni-tolerant isolate showed a low basal accumulation...
Article
Full-text available
Rhizosphere bacteria were isolated from Costularia spp., pioneer sedges from ultramafic soils in New Caledonia, which is a hotspot of biodiversity in the South Pacific. Genus identification, ability to tolerate edaphic constraints, and plant-growth-promoting (PGP) properties were analysed. We found that 10(5) colony-forming units per gram of root w...
Article
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Podoserpula miranda sp. nov. (Amylocorticiales) is described from an old Arillastrum gummifera stand in New Caledonia.
Article
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Use of the Australian genus Eucalyptus in short rotation plantations in Africa and Madagascar has developed over the last century to such an extent that it is becoming the most frequently planted genus in Africa. In order to find ecologically well-adapted eucalypts, foresters have tested different species of various origins and the number of tested...
Poster
Full-text available
Aim of the communication is to report on methods to study host- symbiont relationship, as mycelia of truffles are not systematically associated with the production of ascocarps.
Article
Full-text available
Rhizobia are soil bacteria able to develop a nitrogen-fixing symbiosis with legumes. They are taxonomically spread among the alpha and beta subclasses of the Proteobacteria. Mimosa pudica, a tropical invasive weed, has been found to have an affinity for beta-rhizobia, including species within the Burkholderia and Cupriavidus genera. In this study,...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The New Caledonian endemic tree species Acacia spirorbis is able to grow and to present invasive traits on a wide range of soils (e.g.: ultramafic, calcareous coral, siliceous, aluminium enriched) in a large range of pH. Acacia spirorbis is also adapted to poly-metallic toxicity, especially Ni, to an unbalanced Ca/Mg ratio in strong favour of Mg an...
Article
Full-text available
The fungus Pisolithus albus forms ectomycorrhizal (ECM) associations with plants growing on extreme ultramafic soils, which are naturally rich in heavy metals such as nickel. Both nickel-tolerant and nickel-sensitive isolates of P. albus are found in ultramafic soils in New Caledonia, a biodiversity hotspot in the Southwest Pacific. The aim of this...
Article
Rhizobia are soil bacteria able to develop a nitrogen‐fixing symbiosis with legumes. They are taxonomically spread among the alpha and beta subclasses of the Proteobacteria. Mimosa pudica, a tropical invasive weed, has been found to have an affinity for beta‐rhizobia, including species within the Burkholderia and Cupriavidus genera. In this study,...
Article
Soil characteristics may be an important factor in structuring fungal communities. We relate the above- and below-ground distribution of the ectomycorrhizal fungi (EMF) Pisolithus spp. to changes in soil chemistry in a Quercus suber plantation located in the Maâmora forest (Morocco). Intrageneric variability of 115 fruit bodies was studied, using m...
Article
Full-text available
In New Caledonia, a hot spot of biodiversity, plants from the Cyperaceae family are mostly endemic and considered pioneers of the nickel-rich natural serpentine ecosystem. The aim of the study was to highlight the mycorrhizal status of these Cyperaceae and to bring new insights into the role of this symbiosis in plant tolerance to ultramafic soils....
Article
Full-text available
Ectomycorrhizal (ECM) Pisolithus albus (Cooke & Massee), belonging to the ultramafic ecotype isolated in nickel-rich serpentine soils from New Caledonia (a tropical hotspot of biodiversity) and showing in vitro adaptive nickel tolerance, were inoculated to Eucalyptus globulus Labill used as a Myrtaceae plant-host model to study ectomycorrhizal symb...
Article
Full-text available
Isolates of ectomycorrhizal Pisolithus albus were sampled from both ultramafic and volcano-sedimentary soils in New Caledonia, a tropical hotspot of biodiversity, to investigate the relationships between genetic diversity and edaphic constraint through tolerance to nickel (Ni). Carpophore description, spore morphology and phylogenetic analysis base...
Article
Full-text available
The phylogenetic relationships among 200 Pisolithus basidiomata collected from pine, oak, and eucalypt forests and rockrose scrubs in Morocco were investigated. Using PCR-RFLP analysis of the internal transcribed spacer (ITS) of ribosomal DNA, this collection could be divided into 5 groups, by using PCR-RFLP analysis of the internal transcribed spa...
Article
The authors describe and illustrate Cortinarius meleagris, known from New Zealand, the endemic Paxillus chalybaeus, and Pluteus bressollensis sp. nov., a new Pluteus with dotted pileus, closely related to P. pantherinus.
Article
Full-text available
La Nouvelle-Calédonie est une île du Pacifique sud reconnue comme un " hotspot " de biodiversité. Toutefois, l'inventaire des champignons de ce territoire de 17 000 km2 est encore très fragmentaire ; à peine 1 % des espèces auraient été décrites à ce jour ! Le récent développement d'un programme de recherche sur le rôle des microorganismes symbioti...