Marc A Branham

Marc A Branham
University of Florida | UF · Department of Entomology and Nematology

PhD

About

182
Publications
39,825
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,440
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2006 - December 2012
University of Florida
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2003 - present
The Ohio State University

Publications

Publications (182)
Article
We understand very little about the timing and origins of bioluminescence, particularly as a predator avoidance strategy. Understanding the timing of its origins, however, can help elucidate the evolution of this ecologically important signal. Using fireflies, a prevalent bioluminescent group where bioluminescence primarily functions as aposematic...
Article
Full-text available
Oxygen is an important and often limiting reagent of a firefly’s bioluminescent chemical reaction. Therefore, the development of the tracheal system and its subsequent modification to support the function of firefly light organs are key to understanding this process. We employ micro-CT scanning, 3D rendering, and confocal microscopy to assess the a...
Article
Full-text available
Petalacmis Olivier, 1908 is a poorly known genus of firefly endemic to South America and is currently the only member of the subfamily Lampyrinae, tribe Lampyrini known to occur on the continent. Here, we describe a new species, Petalacmis triplehorni sp. nov. from Bolivia and compare it to the two other described species in the genus. A key to Pet...
Preprint
Full-text available
Bioluminescence is found across life and has many functions. Yet we understand very little about its timing and origins, particularly as a predator avoidance strategy. Understanding the timing between bioluminescence and predator origins has yet to be examined and can help elucidate the evolution of the ecologically important signal aposematism. Us...
Article
Full-text available
Seventeen new species of Anastrepha, primarily from Suriname, French Guiana and Pará, Brazil, are described and illustrated: A. aithogaster Norrbom from Brazil (Pará), French Guiana, and Suriname; A. aliesae Norrbom from Suriname; A. brownsbergiensis Norrbom from Suriname; A. crassaculeus Norrbom & Rodriguez Clavijo from Colombia (Magdalena, Norte...
Article
The West Indies represents one of the world's hotspots for beetles in the family Lampyridae and includes many endemic taxa. Nine out of 19 genera and 181 out of 186 species of the currently described firefly taxa present in the West Indies are endemic to the region. The objective of this catalog and bibliography is to generate an exhaustive list of...
Article
We describe and illustrate for the first time the third instars of Anastrepha amplidentata Norrbom and Anastrepha durantae Norrbom from Peru. Morphological structures such as the facial mask, cephaloskeleton, and spiracles are described using optical and scanning electron microscopy. A summary of comparative measurements of larvae of the eleven pre...
Article
Melanaphis sacchari (Zehntner) is a major pest of sorghum, Sorghum bicolor (L.) Moench, in the United States and neighboring Caribbean countries including Haiti. Laboratory, greenhouse, and field experiments were conducted to determine the effects of biological insecticides on M. sacchari infesting sorghum. Azadirachtin, pyrethrins, Beauveria bassi...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, we describe a new Lampyridae subfamily, Chespiritoinae new subfamily, its sole genus Chespiritonew genus, and three new species: Chespirito zaragozainew species, Chespirito lloydinew species, and Chespirito ballantyneaenew species from the Neotropical portions of Mexico. Chespirito can be readily separated from all other known Lampyr...
Article
Alecton discoidalis Laporte, 1833 is the most widespread species of the only firefly genus endemic to Cuba. It is commonly found in limestone landscapes across the western half of the country. Larvae of A. discoidalis were collected at Pan de Matanzas and reared through the adult stage under laboratory conditions. Larvae were fed mainly terrestrial...
Article
The speciose genus Cyclocephala Dejean (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Cyclocephalini) has attracted research attention due to their diversity, agroeconomic importance, and floral visitation habits. Uniquely among Cyclocephala species, C. mafaffa Burmeister and C. deceptor (Casey), two nearly identical species, are diagnosed by a pronotal ch...
Article
Despite the many substantial advances and progress in understanding the internal evolutionary relations of several Lycidae groups, the divergence time estimation of the family within Elateroidea remains subject of debate, with estimates to as early as the early to mid-Jurassic. Herein we describe Prototrichalus gen. nov., and three new species: Pro...
Research
Fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are a cosmopolitan group of ~ 2,500 beetle species with rampant misclassification (Martin et al. 2019). This is in part due to morphological variation within genera and between genders. The problem arises when authors base classification on these variable morphologies. Based on this (Martin et al. 2019) recent rec...
Article
Full-text available
Since the description of the genus Cheguevaria as incertae sedis (Lampyridae), the placement of these beetles has been uncertain. This study is the first to address the placement of this genus based on a molecular phylogenetic analysis. We used three genes (18S rRNA, rrnl mitochondrial DNA and cox1 mitochondrial DNA) and a maximum likelihood approa...
Article
Full-text available
Fireflies (Lampyridae Rafinesque) are a diverse family of beetles which exhibit an array of morphologies including varying antennal and photic organ features. Due in part to their morphological diversity, the classification within the Lampyridae has long been in flux. Here we use an anchored hybrid enrichment approach to reconstruct the most extens...
Article
Full-text available
Since the description of the genus Cheguevaria as incertae sedis (Lampyridae), the placement of these beetles has been uncertain. This study is the first to address the placement of this genus based on a molecular phylogenetic analysis. We used three genes (18S rRNA, rrnl mitochondrial DNA and cox1 mitochondrial DNA) and a maximum likelihood approa...
Article
Full-text available
Assembling and curating specimen collections is a valuable educational exercise that integrates subject-specific skills such as field collection, curation, identification, organization, and interpretation of relationships. Collection projects have been used primarily in face-to-face classes, but they can be readily adapted for distance education. T...
Article
The family Phengodidae are uncommonly encountered beetles that have bioluminescent females that appear to be larvaiform (or larger versions of the immature stage.) These adult females are able to produce light from paired photic organs located on each body segment (one glowing spot on each side) and sometimes also from luminous bands that extend ac...
Article
FIREFLY FLASHING ACTIVITY DURING THE TOTALITY PHASE OF A SOLAR ECLIPSE1 Marc A. Branham2 and Lynn F. Faust3 ABSTRACT: During the August 21, 2017 total solar eclipse across the United States, males of the dusk active firefly species Photinus pyralis (L.) were observed flashing at sites experiencing the totality portion of the eclipse which formed a...
Article
Full-text available
The following nomenclatural changes for several firefly taxa (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are proposed and herein implemented. Correction of authorship is proposed for Lampyroidea lucifer (Reiche and de Saulcy, 1857). Spelling corrections are proposed for Photinus coroicosus Pic, 1941 and Macrolampis flavithorax Pic, 1940. Dates of publication are corr...
Article
The subfamily Erebinae (Lepidoptera, Erebidae) includes approximately 10,000 species with many still undescribed. It is one of the most diverse clades within the moth superfamily Noctuoidea and encompasses a diversity of ecological habits. Erebine caterpillars feed on a broad range of host plants including several economically important crops. Adul...
Article
Full-text available
Nomenclatural changes are proposed and herein implemented for several firefly taxa in the family Lampyridae (Coleoptera). Dates of publication are corrected for Lampyris brutia Costa, 1882, Diaphanes costulatus (Kolbe, 1897), Diaphanes fraternus (Kolbe, 1897), Diaphanes kilimanus (Kolbe, 1897), Diaphanes breviusculus (Kolbe, 1897) (a junior synonym...
Article
Full-text available
Many defended animals prevent attacks by displaying warning signals that are highly conspicuous to their predators. We hypothesized that bioluminescing fireflies, widely known for their vibrant courtship signals, also advertise their noxiousness to echolocating bats. To test this postulate, we pit naïve big brown bats (Eptesicus fuscus) against che...
Article
Full-text available
The Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) commits its 196 nation parties to conserve biological diversity, use its components sustainably, and share fairly and equitably the benefits from the utilization of genetic resources. The last of these objectives was further codified in the Convention's Nagoya Protocol (NP), which came into effect in 201...
Article
Full-text available
Nomenclatural changes are proposed and herein implemented for several beetles in the family Lampyridae (Coleoptera). Corrections of authorship are proposed for Psilocladus marginatus (Lewis), Psilocladus ruficollis (Kiesenwetter), and Dryptelytra fulvipennis E. Olivier. Dates of publication are corrected for Magnoculus marginatus (Guérin-Méneville)...
Article
Full-text available
Cyclocephaline scarab beetles represent the second largest tribe of the subfamily Dynastinae, and the group includes the most speciose genus of dynastines, Cyclocephala . The period following publication of Sebő Endrődi’s The Dynastinae of the World has seen a huge increase in research interest on cyclocephalines, and much of this research has not...
Article
Full-text available
The cyclocephaline scarabs (Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Cyclocephalini) are a speciose tribe of beetles that include species that are ecologically and economically important as pollinators and pests of agriculture and turf. We provide an overview and synopsis of the 14 genera of Cyclocephalini that includes information on: 1) the taxonomic and nomenc...
Article
Full-text available
The third instar and pupa of Phileurus truncatus (Palisot de Beauvois, 1806) (Coleoptera: Scarabaeidae: Dynastinae: Phileurini) is described for the first time based on specimens from Florida, United States of America. An identification key to the third instars of New World Phileurini is also provided.
Article
Fireflies are some of the most captivating organisms on the planet. They have a rich history as subjects of scientific study, especially in relation to their bioluminescent behavior. Yet, the phylogenetic relationships of fireflies are still poorly understood. Here, we present the first total evidence approach to reconstruct lampyrid phylogeny usin...
Article
Full-text available
Among insects, opsin copy number variation has been shown to be quite diverse. However, within the beetles, very little work on opsins has been conducted. Here, we look at the visual system of fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae), which offer an elegant system in which to study visual evolution as it relates to their behavior and broader ecology. The...
Conference Paper
Using multiple lines of evidence to compare Western and Eastern populations of Pyractomena dispersa (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) Yelena M. Pacheco1, Gavin J. Martin1, Marc A. Branham2, Michael F. Whiting1, Seth M. Bybee1 1Department of Biology, Brigham Young University, Provo, UT, USA 2Department of Entomology and Nematology, University of Florid...
Conference Paper
Fireflies are one of the most captivating groups of organisms due to their bioluminescence. However, this behavior although well studied behaviorally, is not well understood from an evolutionary perspective (e.g., How many origins does bioluminescence have?). A total evidence phylogenetic study (morphology and molecules combined) of the family is l...
Conference Paper
The lichen moth tribe Lithosiini (Lepidoptera: Erebidae: Arctiinae) is composed of 3,150 species that are cosmopolitan in distribution. The tribe is best known for the host choice of the larvae: lichens. Lichen moth larvae have been found to be capable of sequestering lichen phenolics. However, it is unknown how widespread this behavior is within t...
Conference Paper
The New World genus Hetaerina Hagen, is composed of 37 species distributed from southern Canada to central South America. During copulation, male damselflies interact with and attach to females to form a “mating wheel”, which acts as a lock-and-key, thereby reducing the risk of heterospecific matings and increasing the male’s likelihood of paternit...
Conference Paper
Fireflies are famous for their adult and larval bioluminescence. The main purpose of this luminescence is its use in mate recognition, thus the evolution of their visual systems is also of great interest. Fireflies have been well studied phylogenetically using morphological data, yet a major limitation of the few molecular studies for the group has...
Article
Ingley, S.J., Bybee, S.M., Tennessen, K.J., Whiting, M.F. & Branham, M.A. (2012). Life on the fly: phylogenetics and evolution of the helicopter damselflies (Odonata, Pseudostigmatidae). —Zoologica Scripta, 41, 637–650. Helicopter damselflies (Odonata: Pseudostigmatidae) form a relatively small, yet highly specialized group of odonates, including t...
Article
A phylogeny of the lichen moth tribe Lithosiini has been constructed based on adult morphological characters. Specimens of 76 species representing 49 genera and each of the seven subtribes that have been proposed, as well as genera that have yet to be placed within a subtribe, were examined. When possible the type species of each genus was included...
Conference Paper
Lycomorpha is a lichen moth genus comprised of eleven species whose adults are aposematically colored. This coloration has led to taxonomic confusion within the genus. Furthermore, no phylogenetic work has yet been completed on the genus. The goal of this study is to build a phylogeny of Lycomorpha using molecular data. Specific questions to be add...
Conference Paper
Fireflies (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are known for their various colors of bioluminescence and species specific flash patterns, which they use during courtship behavior. Previous studies have quantified the photic emissions of various firefly taxa to accurately determine the specific color of these spectral emissions. The North American species Phaus...
Conference Paper
The lichen moth tribe Lithosiini is composed of an estimated 4000 to 5000 species. Two phylogenetic analyses have recovered the tribe as monophyletic, but no work has been completed to examine the evolutionary relationships among the genera. Currently, seven subtribes have been proposed to occur within Lithosiini based on shared morphological chara...
Article
Full-text available
Light production by organisms, or bioluminescence, has fascinated not only scientists but also ordinary people all over the world, and it has been especially so in Japan. Here we review the biological information available to date for all luminous terrestrial animals known from Japan, particularly focusing on their diversity and systematics, their...
Article
Functional feeding categories for adult species of Calpinae are described. Structures associated with the proboscis were examined using exemplar species in fruit-piercing, blood-feeding, and tear-feeding species using both light microscopy and SEM methods. At least three genera currently placed in Calpini, and several others in related groups lack...
Article
Full-text available
Four different types of organic mulches were evaluated for their effects on soil surface insects and related arthropods. Field experiments were conducted in fall 2007 and 2008 near Citra, Florida. In both the years, five treatments were compared: cowpea (Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.) mulch, sunn hemp (Crotalaria juncea L.) mulch, sorghum-sudangrass...
Article
Full-text available
A second species of the enigmatic lampyrid genus Oculogryphus is described and figured as Oculogryphus bicolorsp. n. from Vietnam. The definition of the genus is slightly modified with consideration of newly detected morphological variation from this species. According to a comprehensive phylogenetic analysis including nearly 80% of documented lamp...
Conference Paper
Soil solarization is a hydrothermal method for managing soil-borne plant insects, weeds, nematodes, and fungi. Mulching is a method to control weeds along with providing shelter for predatory insects. The integrated impact of soil solarization and mulching on weeds, nematodes, insect pests and plant performance was evaluated in field grown Potomac...
Conference Paper
Species in the North American firefly genus Phausis (Coleoptera: Lampyridae) are not commonly encountered in the field and can be rare in museum collections. Most firefly genera represent species where all adult males are either luminous or non-luminous. There are some cases where genera contain both luminous and non-luminous males. In this instanc...
Conference Paper
Cisthenina is one of seven subtribes that have been proposed within the lichen moth tribe Lithosiini. The morphological characters used to define genera in this or any of the other six subtribes have never been analyzed within a phylogenetic context. The goals of this study are to identify morphological characters that are phylogenetically informat...
Chapter