Marc Böhlen

Marc Böhlen
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York | SUNY Buffalo · Department of Art

About

56
Publications
29,206
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262
Citations
Introduction
RealTechSupport - the kind of support technology really needs. Active since 1999. realtechsupport.org
Additional affiliations
July 2012 - present
University at Buffalo, The State University of New York
Position
  • Professor (Full)

Publications

Publications (56)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Typically, the animal world has been used conceptually by roboticists as a source of inspiration for finding new approaches to efficient locomotion, perception and intelligent control [Brooks, 1991], [Hallam and Walker, 1993], [Aloimonos, 1997]. This paper explores the question of designing a robot to share a space with a simple animal. A series of...
Book
Full-text available
n response to two strong global vectors: the rise of pervasive information technologies and the privatization of the public sphere, Marc Böhlen and Hans Frei propose hybrid architectural programs called Micro Public Places (MMPs). MPPs combine insights from ambient intelligence, human computing, architecture, social engineering and urbanism to init...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Novel computational methods and platforms have opened a new front in psychometrics, the search for measurable personal traits in artefacts created by humans. In particular, texts produced on social media channels have been queried for insights into behavior patterns and sentiment. This text describes an experiment in querying computing platforms th...
Article
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This paper follows the recent history of automated beauty competitions to discuss how machine learning techniques, in particular neural networks, alter the way attractiveness is handled and how this impacts the cultural landscape. We describe experiments performed to probe the behavior of two different convolutional neural network architectures in...
Conference Paper
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We describe new opportunities created by bring A.I. to the field of ethnobotany. In particular we describe a novel approach to ethnobotany documentation that harnesses machine learning opportunities, specifically for the documentation of traditional ecological knowledge with mobile phones in emerging economies. Using a case study on the island of B...
Chapter
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This text discusses how innovation in technology and continuity in human desires brought voice synthesis to a state in which it can be deployed at an industrial scale and reproduce almost any human voice. The text considers the difference between perfect mimesis and machinic speech production, describing how this difference can be deployed as a too...
Article
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Kampung, as a form of Indonesia’s informal urbanism, requires special attention in terms of urban development. Efforts to manage the quality of kampung space have become very important, including planning and development through smart system applications. However, the culture of the community living in kampung in accepting a new system has not been...
Preprint
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Image classifiers work effectively when applied on structured images, yet they often fail when applied on images with very high visual complexity. This paper describes experiments applying state-of-the-art object classifiers toward a unique set of images in the wild with high visual complexity collected on the island of Bali. The text describes dif...
Conference Paper
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This text argues for the potential of machine learning infused classification systems as vectors for a technically-engaged and constructive technology critique. The text describes this potential with several experiments in image data creation and neural network based classification. The text considers varying aspects of slippage in classification a...
Conference Paper
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This paper gives an overview of the project Return to Bali that seeks to create a living dataset of ethnobotanically significant flora on the island of Bali and new methods through which underrepresented forms of knowledge can be documented, shared and made compatible within the logics of machine learning while considering practical approaches to b...
Chapter
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Artificial Intelligence (A.I) is the science of making machines act in a way human beings might call intelligent. Ethics of A.I. seek to make A.I. behave responsibly. A recent surge in national and international initiatives in support of A.I and A.I ethics speaks to both the significance of as well as anxieties surrounding the project. This short t...
Article
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This paper highlights selected grand challenges that concern especially the social and the design dimensions of research and development in Ambient Intelligence (AmI) and Smart Environments (SmE). Due to the increasing deployment and usage of 'smart' technologies determining a wide range of everyday life activities, there is an urgent need to recon...
Article
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WaterBank - a meeting place and water improvement system in the Terban district of Yogyakarta Indonesia-is an experiment in creating an Internet of Things like the system in an emerging economy. WaterBank is situated in a unique context that shapes its opportunities, ambitions and limitations. Placed in the contested space between government contro...
Article
WaterBank - a meeting place and water improvement system in the Terban district of Yogyakarta Indonesia - is an experiment in creating an Internet of Things like the system in an emerging economy. WaterBank is situated in a unique context that shapes its opportunities, ambitions and limitations. Placed in the contested space between government cont...
Article
Full-text available
The health industry is investing in robotics because it has the potential to optimize workflows and reduce the workloads of healthcare professionals. However, these optimizations come at a cost. By looking at three different robot systems and their underlying control architectures, this paper will describe some of the dynamics generated by the migr...
Article
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In October 2012 a group of non-governmental organizations formed a Campaign to Stop Killer Robots. The aim of this campaign was to preemptively ban fully autonomous weapons capable of selecting and engaging targets without human intervention. The campaign gained momentum swiftly, leading to different legal and political discussions and decision-mak...
Conference Paper
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The rise of 'cloud' data platforms brings computing services to all parts of the planet. While the reach of this global network allows for new uses of data in the public realm and the commons, the infrastructure on which it is transported, managed and stored is in the hands of private industry. Furthermore, there is a new divide between areas of th...
Conference Paper
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Although many observations in the hydrologic sciences are easy to obtain, requiring very little training or equipment, spatial and temporally-distributed data collection is hindered by associated personnel and telemetry costs. Lack of data increases the uncertainty and can limit applications of both field and modeling studies. However, modern socie...
Conference Paper
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Conference Paper
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We present a new approach to monitoring public recreational beach waters and describe a prototype system that collects data from sensors and from people and combines those to create a novel metric of water resource quality and appreciation. We present an evaluation of the system and consider some consequences for IT-enabled smart environments that...
Conference Paper
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Biosensing technologies, under development since the 1960s, are now moving into the mainstream IT domain. It is only a matter of time before biosensors become as ubiquitous as mobile phones. While biosensing is inherently a technical domain, the acceptance of biosensing technologies into everyday life will more likely be determined by social and cu...
Conference Paper
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We describe an experimental public resource monitoring system that combines sensor data and human input to create a new descriptor of ambient water conditions. We call this new metric the swimming pleasure measure. We give an overview of how it is composed, how it relates to existing public water health monitoring efforts and how it is shared with...
Chapter
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Ambient intelligence has the potential for improving urban life specifically and the commonwealth in general. As artists and architects working in and with ambient intelligence, our hopes and anxieties towards ambient intelligence are not primarily in the technical domain. Our interest lies in re-making urbanity with pervasive technologies as a mea...
Article
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This text attempts to describe an imagined future of ambient intelligence. It assumes that one day most of the current issues within ambient intelligence will be solved and that a second order ambient intelligence will be formulated, one with new research agendas. It describes several topics and ideas that might be part of this agenda and surmises...
Conference Paper
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Significant work has been done in the areas of Pervcomp/Ubicomp/Smart Environments with advances on making proactive systems, but those advances have not made these type of systems accurately proactive. On the other hand a great deal is needed to make systems more sensible/sensitive and trustable (both in terms of reliability and privacy). We put f...
Article
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Synthetic speech technologies have a profound impact on how we think about and interact with computers. This text discusses parts I and II of the "Make Language Project," a trilogy on the cultural fallout of machine generated speech as a conduit for reconsidering prejudices in synthetic speech production and humanoid robot design.
Article
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Media Arts have acquired informal expertise in the design of spaces and events shared by sentient systems and people. Because of this, Media Arts should be of interest to investigators as they begin to seriously consider social interactions as an integral part of the Ambient Intelligence research agenda.
Conference Paper
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The design philosophy of humanoid robots implies that the mimesis of human appearance and behavior will be appreciated as a satisfying experience by human beings. This paper discusses conceptual problems in the creation of synthetic beings with superficial human features. The paper also attempts to show that the inclusion of human imperfection such...
Article
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This text describes a series of experiments performed with a machine capable of synthesizing human whistles and canary song. We call this device The Universal Whistling Machine (U.W.M.). It senses the presence of living creatures in its vicinity and attracts them with a signa-ture whistle. Given a response whistle, U.W.M. counters with its own comp...
Article
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The four entries in this month's Works in Progress department span different aspects of prototype building for pervasive computing.PERVASIVE COMPUTING FOR ROAD TRIPS Marc Böhlen, Jesse Fabian, Dirk Pfeifer, and JT Rinker This entry discusses ongoing student projects exploring pervasive computing in automotive environments.D.TOOLS: INTEGRATED PROTOT...
Conference Paper
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Easier-Travel is a web based robotic messaging system that mimics online travel services in style and appearance. Visitors opting to use Easier-Travel.com receive electronically transmitted travel documents synched with the itinerary of a trip they would like to embark on. Once the trip, which never physically takes place, is over, visitors receive...
Article
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Unseen, a knowledge-sharing experience machine for outdoor public spaces, continuously collects real-time data on plants, insects, and animals through a multicamera vision system. Unseen's interpretation and sharing of this data invites visitors to reconsider and question their preconceptions about wildlife. We describe the conception, implementati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Universal Whistling Machine (U.W.M) senses the presence of people in its vicinity and attracts them with a signature whistle. Given a response whistle, U.W.M. counters with its own composition, based on a time-frequency analysis of the original.
Article
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This paper describes the outdoor installation "UNSEEEN", in the Reford Gardens of Eastern Québec. It emphasizes issues of autonomous self-modifying behavior during its three-month period of continuous operation. The system collected real time data on plants, insects and animals through a multi-camera vision system, interpreted this data, and shared...
Conference Paper
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This paper presents an argument for including concepts from the social sciences and the arts in the design of robots for intimate social environments. An example of a robot designed as an interactive dining table situated in a restaurant is described and certain aspects of the particular design approach are explained. It is shown how this can help...
Conference Paper
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A prototype device is described that allows a user to understand and contemplate the inner workings of a common home applicance, the refrigerator. The device monitors select physical properties of its host and displays scheduled graphic presentations on the host's principles of operation. Fridge Companion is a device designed to make domestic life...
Article
This paper presents an argument for including concepts from the social sciences and the arts in the design of robots for intimate social environments. An example of a robot designed as an interactive dining table situated in a restaurant is described and certain aspects of the particular design approach are explained. It is shown how this can help...
Article
Full-text available
The Eighth Annual Mobile Robot Competition and Exhibition was held as part of the Sixteenth National Conference on Artificial Intelligence in Orlando, Florida, 18 to 22 July. The goals of these robot events are to foster the sharing of research and technology, allow research groups to showcase their achievements, encourage students to enter robotic...
Article
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Introduction Walking into a typical, high tech office environment one is likely to see, among the snaking network wires, glowing monitors, and clicking keyboards, a plant. What a sad creature it is. Domesticated yet ill adapted to its artificial niche of human design, this generic plant sits on a desk corner under artificial illumination, serving a...
Article
Full-text available
Typically, roboticists have invoked the animal world conceptually as a source of inspiration for finding new approaches to efficient locomotion, perception and intelligent control (Brooks 91), (Hallam, Walker 93), (Aloimonos 97). The first part of this paper summarizes previous work on designing a robot to share a space with a simple animal. A seri...
Article
Full-text available
Walk into a typical high-tech office environment and among the snaking network wires, glowing monitors, and clicking keyboards, and one is likely to see a plant. Unfortunately, this plant is often dying; it is not well-adapted to the office environment. Here the authors discuss their work "Office Plant #1," an exploration of a technological object...
Article
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We propose a panel discussion on surveillance versus sousveillance and critiques of both of these opposing view-points by artists, scientists, theoreticians and inventors in the wake of global terrorism, media frenzy and gov-ernment witch-hunting. We propose elucidating both the reality of terror as well as the fabrication of its reality and all te...
Article
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In this paper I describe a rational and an experimental framework for aggressive synthetic agents.
Article
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Abstract Typically, the animal world has been used conceptually,by roboticists ,as a ,source ,of inspiration for finding new approaches ,to efficient locomotion, perception and intelligent control [Brooks91], [Hallam, Walker93], [Aloimonos97]. This paper explores the question of designing ,a robot to share ,a space ,with a simple ,animal. A series...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper, we describe a situated machine that allows us to explore the idea of the language remainder from an unusual perspective.
Article
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This paper proposes an alternate reading of the Creative Robotics agenda. It attempts to formulate a rational for robotics research in the arts that hold promise for delivering contributions to the broader question of coexistence between advanced information processing machines and human beings.

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