Marc Aubry

Marc Aubry
Université de Rennes 1 | UR1 · Genomics

PhD

About

118
Publications
6,901
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1,377
Citations
Additional affiliations
October 2003 - January 2017
Université de Rennes 1
Position
  • Levrette

Publications

Publications (118)
Article
Full-text available
Objective: Alterations in the methylation state of pseudogenes may serve as clinically useful biomarkers of glioblastomas (GBMs) that do not have glioma-CpG island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP). Methods: Non-G-CIMP GBM datasets were included for evaluation, and a RISK-score signature was determined from the methylation state of pseudogene loci....
Preprint
Introduction Circulating Tumor Cells (CTC) have been studied in various solid tumors. However, clinical utility of CTC in Small Cell Lung Cancer (SCLC) remains to be demonstrated. Most published studies are based on Cellsearch® isolation methods that did not capture CTC undergoing epithelial-mesenchymal transition. The aim of the CTC-CPC study was...
Preprint
Uveal melanoma (UM), the most common primary intraocular tumor in adults, has been extensively characterized by omics technologies during the last 5 years. Despite the discovery of gene signatures, the molecular actors driving the cancer aggressiveness are not fully understood and UM is still associated to a dismal overall survival at metastatic st...
Article
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Raman spectroscopy is an imaging technique that has been applied to assess molecular compositions of living cells to characterize cell types and states. However, owing to the diverse molecular species in cells and challenges of assigning peaks to specific molecules, it has not been clear how to interpret cellular Raman spectra. Here, we provide fir...
Article
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Microorganisms associated with plants are determinant for their fitness, but also in the case of vine grapes, for the quality and quantity of the wine. Plant microbiota is, however highly variable in space despite deterministic recruitment from the soil reservoir. Therefore, understanding the drivers that shape this microbiota is a key issue. Most...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Dysregulation and dysfunction of DNA damage response (DDR) have prognostic and predictive implications for glioblastomas (GBMs) without glioma-CpGs island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP); mathematical modeling based on DNA methylation abnormality in DDR genes may serve as clinically useful biomarkers. Methods Independent cohorts of non-G-...
Article
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The clinical and molecular implications of DNA methylation alterations remain unclear among the majority of glioblastomas (GBMs) without glioma-CpGs island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP); integrative multi-level molecular profiling may provide useful information. Independent cohorts of non-G-CIMP GBMs or IDH wild type (wt) lower-grade gliomas (LGGs)...
Article
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Most genetic alterations that drive melanoma development and resistance to targeted therapy have been uncovered. In contrast, and despite their increasingly recognized contribution, little is known about the non-genetic mechanisms that drive these processes. Here, we performed in vivo gain-of-function CRISPR screens and identified SMAD3, BIRC3, and...
Article
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The role of Epigenetics in Epithelial Mesenchymal Transition (EMT) has recently emerged. Two epigenetic enzymes with paradoxical roles have previously been associated to EMT, EZH2 (Enhancer of Zeste 2 Polycomb Repressive Complex 2 (PRC2) Subunit), a lysine methyltranserase able to add the H3K27me3 mark, and the histone demethylase KDM6B (Lysine Dem...
Article
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most severe primary brain cancer. Despite an aggressive treatment comprising surgical resection and radio/chemotherapy, patient's survival post diagnosis remains short. A limitation for success in finding novel improved therapeutic options for such dismal disease partly lies in the lack of a relevant animal mode...
Preprint
Most genetic alterations that drive melanoma development and resistance to targeted therapy have been uncovered. In contrast, and despite their increasingly recognized contribution, little is known about the non-genetic mechanisms that drive these processes. Here, we performed in vivo gain-of-function CRISPR screens and identified SMAD3, BIRC3 and...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolic images from Positron Emission Tomography (PET) are used routinely for diagnosis, follow-up or treatment planning purposes of cancer patients. In this study we aimed at determining if radiomic features extracted from 18F-Fluoro Deoxy Glucose (FDG) PET images could mirror tumor transcriptomics. In this study we analyzed 45 patients with loc...
Article
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Background: Literature reports that mature microRNA (miRNA) can be methylated at adenosine, guanosine and cytosine. However, the molecular mechanisms involved in cytosine methylation of miRNAs have not yet been fully elucidated. Here we investigated the biological role and underlying mechanism of cytosine methylation in miRNAs in glioblastoma mult...
Preprint
Glioblastoma multiforme (GBM) is the most severe primary brain cancer. Despite an aggressive treatment comprising surgical resection and radio/chemotherapy patients survival post diagnosis remains short. A limitation for success in finding novel improved therapeutic options for such dismal disease partly lies in the lack of a relevant animal model...
Article
Full-text available
Objective To identify novel epigenetic signatures that could provide predictive information that is complementary to promoter methylation status of the O-6-methylguanine-DNA methyltransferase (MGMT) gene for predicting temozolomide (TMZ) response, among glioblastomas (GBMs) without glioma-CpGs island methylator phenotype (G-CIMP)Methods Different c...
Article
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Aims DNA methylation has been found to regulate microRNAs (miRNAs) expression, but the prognostic value of miRNA‐related DNA methylation aberration remained largely elusive in cancers including glioblastomas (GBMs). This study aimed to investigate the clinical and biological feature of miRNA methylation in GBMs of non‐glioma‐CpG island methylator p...
Article
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Treatment with antibiotics leads to the selection of isolates with increased resistance. We investigated if evolution towards resistance was associated with virulence changes, in the context of P. aeruginosa ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP). Four patients were selected because they had multiple VAP episodes during short periods (12 days to 5 w...
Article
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Type III epithelial–mesenchymal transition (EMT) has been previously associated with increased cell migration, invasion, metastasis, and therefore cancer aggressiveness. This reversible process is associated with an important gene expression reprogramming mainly due to epigenetic plasticity. Nevertheless, most of the studies describing the central...
Article
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Background Glioblastoma (GB) is a highly invasive primary brain tumor that nearly always systematically recurs at the site of resection despite aggressive radio-chemotherapy. Previously, we reported a gene expression signature related to tumor infiltration. Within this signature, the EMX2 gene encodes a homeodomain transcription factor that we foun...
Article
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Background: Glioblastoma (GB) is the most common and aggressive tumor of the brain. Genotype-based approaches and independent analyses of the transcriptome or the proteome have led to progress in understanding the underlying biology of GB. Joint transcriptome and proteome profiling may reveal new biological insights, and identify pathogenic mechan...
Article
Aims: We aimed to identify a clinically useful biomarker using DNA methylation-based information to optimize individual treatment of patients with glioblastoma (GBM). Methods: A six-CpG panel was identified by incorporating genome-wide DNA methylation data and clinical information of three distinct discovery sets and was combined using a risk-sc...
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Molecular and clinical heterogeneity critically hinders better treatment outcome for glioblastomas (GBMs); integrative analysis of genomic and epigenomic data may provide useful information for improving personalized medicine. By applying training-validation approach, we identified a novel hypomethylation signature comprising of three CpGs at non-C...
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At the time of diagnosis, 60% of patients with head and neck squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC) present tumors in an advanced stage (III-IV) of disease and 80% will relapse within the first two years post-treatment, due to their frequent radio(chemo)resistance. To identify new molecular targets and companion biomarkers, we have investigated the miRNom...
Article
Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate changes in the contraceptive profile of women seeking termination of pregnancy following the debate on 3rd and 4th generation pills in France in 2012. Materials and methods: Single-center case-control study comparing the attitude to contraception before (between 02/15/2012 and 07/16/2012) and a...
Article
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Glioblastoma (GB) is a highly invasive primary brain tumor that almost systematically recurs despite aggressive therapies. One of the most challenging problems in therapy of GB is its extremely complex and heterogeneous molecular biology. To explore this heterogeneity, we performed a genome-wide integrative screening of three molecular levels: geno...
Article
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Glioblastoma (GB) is the most frequent and aggressive type of primary brain tumor. Recurrences are mostly located at the margin of the resection cavity in the peritumoral brain zone (PBZ). Although it is widely believed that infiltrative tumor cells in this zone are responsible for GB recurrence, few studies have examined this zone. In this study,...
Article
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Radiofrequency radiations constitute a new form of environmental pollution. Among them, millimeter waves (MMW) will be widely used in the near future for high speed communication systems. This study aimed therefore to evaluate the biocompatibility of MMW at 60 GHz. For this purpose, we used a whole gene expression approach to assess the effect of a...
Article
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Background Consistently reported prognostic factors for glioblastoma (GBM) are age, extent of surgery, performance status, IDH1 mutational status, and MGMT promoter methylation status. We aimed to integrate biological and clinical prognostic factors into a nomogram intended to predict the survival time of an individual GBM patient treated with a st...
Article
Unlabelled: Primary cell lines derived as neurospheres, enriched in cancer stem cells, are currently the focus of interest in glioblastoma to test new drugs, because of their tumor initiating abilities and resistance to conventional therapies. However, not all glioblastoma samples are propagatable under neurosphere culture and not all neurosphere...
Article
Full-text available
It is widely accepted that most colorectal cancers (CRCs) arise from colorectal adenomas (CRAs), but transcriptomic data characterizing the progression from colorectal normal mucosa to adenoma, and then to adenocarcinoma are scarce. These transition steps were investigated using microarrays, both at the level of gene expression and alternative pre-...
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Recent studies have highlighted the heterogeneity of gliomas and demonstrated that molecular and genetic analysis could help in their classification and in the design of treatment protocols. In a previous study we have identified a 4-gene signature highly correlated with survival of glioma patients. The aim of this study is to confirm and extend th...