Manuela Verissimo

Manuela Verissimo
ISPA Instituto Universitário | ISPA · William James Center for Research

PhD

About

179
Publications
48,416
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
1,514
Citations
Education
January 2000
Université du Québec à Montréal
Field of study
  • Developmental Psychology

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
Full-text available
Relations between fathers' and mothers' representations of attachment (independently assessed using an attachment script representation task) and children's secure base behavior (assessed using the Attachment Q-sort; AQS) were studied in 56 Portuguese families (mean age of child = 31.9 months). Each parent's secure base script representation score...
Article
Background Oxytocin (OXT) has attracted research interest for its potential involvement in many of the behavioural problems observed in childhood. Due to its logistical advantages, saliva is an attractive fluid to quantify neuropeptides in children. Salivary OXT has been suggested as a potential biomarker for psychopathology during childhood. Howev...
Article
Full-text available
Sleep is a biological process that impacts nearly every domain of a child's life. Sleep-wake regulation influences and it is highly influenced by developmental variables related to parent-child relationships, such as attachment. The main goal of the present systematic review is to analyze and integrate the findings of empirical studies investigatin...
Article
Full-text available
1) Background: One key assumption of attachment theory is the relationship between security and the development of prosocial behavior. A secure child is more likely to feel and show concern for another individual, resulting in higher levels of prosocial behaviors (defined as voluntary behavior intended to benefit others-e.g., helping, sharing, comf...
Article
Full-text available
La théorie et les recherches sur l’attachement sont utilisées dans de nombreux cadres d’application, y compris dans les tribunaux compétents en matière familiale [1], mais les incompréhensions sont fréquentes et sources d’erreurs lorsqu’il s’agit de les mettre en pratique. L’objectif de cet article de consensus est donc d’accroître la compréhension...
Article
La teoría y la investigación sobre el apego se utilizan en muchos contextos aplicados, incluidos los juzgados de familia, pero hay malentendidos muy extendidos y que a veces dan lugar a aplicaciones erróneas. El objetivo de este documento de consenso es, por lo tanto, mejorar la comprensión, contrarrestar la desinformación y dirigir el uso de la te...
Article
Full-text available
The pandemic situation of COVID-19 has introduced new challenges on family routines, affecting interpersonal relationships, which may have detrimental consequences to child well-being. The current study aimed to examine the direct effects of marital adjustment on child socioemotional adjustment and to test if parental self-efficacy mediated this as...
Article
Full-text available
Parental attitudes toward child socialization influence their child-rearing practices, the quality of parent-child relationships, and children’s developmental outcomes. The Modified Child Rearing Practices Questionnaire (CRPR-Q) has been widely used to assess parenting practices across children’s development. However, the few studies investigating...
Article
Full-text available
In recent years, the development of social and moral emotions (often associated to pro-social behaviors) has become the subject of increased research interest. However, the relation between these emotions and attachment is less studied. The present systematic literature review (PROSPERO: CRD42021247210) was designed to synthesize current empirical...
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence suggests that attachment plays an important role in obesity. However, few studies examined this relationship in preschool children. This study aimed to systematically examine the empirical, peer-reviewed evidence regarding the relationship between attachment quality and obesity in the preschool years. Using established guideline...
Article
Full-text available
Behavioral inhibition (BI) during the preschool years can be defined as a biologically-based wariness when exposed to novel people, situations and activities, and has been associated with an increased risk of developing anxiety symptoms. Although BI is not a unitary concept, to date, few studies aimed to characterize different subgroups of children...
Article
Full-text available
Social and emotional learning programs have shown benefits for children who display hyperactivity disorder and attention deficit. However, few available programs are specifically targeted at children who display this type of neurodevelopmental disorder. To answer current limitations in this intervention area, this study aimed to explore the percept...
Conference Paper
Several studies suggest that attachment security promotes positive social perspectives, enabling children to be active, positive, and to display initiative in social interactions. These findings support attachment theory assumptions by evidencing that attachment security emerges as a precursor to popularity and the ability to build high-quality fri...
Article
Full-text available
Children acquire and develop emotional regulatory skills in the context of parent-child attachment relationships, nonetheless empirical studies have focused mainly on mother and less information is available regarding the role of both parent-child attachment relationships. Furthermore, despite its importance, there is no information regarding presc...
Article
Full-text available
Although there is a large body of research connecting emotion to eating behaviors, little is known about the role of caregivers’ responses to children’s emotions in the context of child feeding. The purpose of this study was to analyze the relation between caregivers’ emotional responsiveness and feeding responsiveness. The mothers of 137 children...
Article
High and stable behavioral inhibition during early childhood is a risk factor for later anxiety disorders. The few available interventions targeted at behav-ioral inhibition have not yet been implemented in European countries. Evaluating intervention acceptability is essential when introducing interventions in new cultures. This study aimed to expl...
Article
During recent years, fathers' involvement has been addressed as a key source of family well‐being and positive child development. However, the pathways to father involvement and its consequences for child development are varied, influenced by social, cultural, and ecological variables, and lack a systematic integration. This paper aims to bridge th...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Oxytocin (OXT) has attracted research interest for its potential involvement in many of the behavioural problems observed in childhood. Due to its logistical advantages, saliva is an attractive fluid to quantify neuropeptides in children. Salivary OXT has been suggested as a potential biomarker for psychopathology during childhood. Howe...
Article
Full-text available
The increase in women’s labor market participation emphasizes the importance of understanding maternal separation anxiety, that is, the unpleasant maternal emotional state, due to the actual or anticipated short-term separation from the child. Drawing on the insights of the attachment and psychoanalytic perspectives, the Maternal Separation Anxiety...
Article
Full-text available
Attachment theory and research are drawn upon in many applied settings, including family courts, but misunderstandings are widespread and sometimes result in misapplications. The aim of this consensus statement is, therefore, to enhance understanding, counter misinformation, and steer family-court utilisation of attachment theory in a supportive, e...
Article
The main goal of this study was to explore the contributions of early father–child and mother–child attachment relationships to children’s later social competence with their preschool peers; possible unique and shared contributions were tested. Using a multi-method design and focusing on direct observation, attachment was assessed at home at age 3...
Article
Full-text available
Correlated trait-correlated method minus one was used to evaluate convergent and discriminant validity of Social Competence Behavior Evaluation questionnaire (Social Competence, Anger-Aggression, Anxiety-Withdrawal) between multiple raters. A total of 369 children (173 boys and 196 girls; M age = 55.85, SD age = 11.54) were rated by their mothers,...
Article
Full-text available
Given the impact of sleep in several domains of a child's development, the comparison between actigraphy and parental questionnaires is of great importance in preschool-aged children, an understudied group. While parental reports tend to overestimate sleep duration, actigraphy boosts the frequency of night-waking's. Our primary goal was to compare...
Article
Given the high prevalence of anxiety disorders, there has been an increasing need to intervene on the early risk factors for their development, namely behavioral inhibition and social withdrawal (BI/SW) during early childhood. However, the participation rates in preventive evidence-based interventions targeted at BI/SW have been modest, due to the...
Article
Full-text available
O presente estudo teve como objetivo analisar a concordância entre os dados antropométricos das crianças (peso, altura, respetivos IMC e z-score de IMC calculados) reportados pelos pais e medidos objetivamente pelos investigadores, bem como a sua relação com as práticas parentais alimentares. Participaram no estudo 71 famílias, com crianças entre o...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMO: Embora a qualidade das relações de vinculação seja importante para um desenvolvimento saudável, os seus efeitos são ainda pouco explorados no que se refere à saúde e à aceitação social. Este estudo teve como objetivo analisar se a aceitação entre os pares se associa a comportamentos de saúde adaptativos de forma diferenciada para indivíduos...
Article
We examine the factorial structure of the Security Scale Questionnaire (SSQ), exploring measurement invariance across mother-father-child attachment relationships, child sex, and country. We used the new 21-item SSQ version that integrates both safe haven and secure base behaviors in a two factors structure. Participants were 457 children (224 girl...
Article
Full-text available
Este estudo teve como principal objetivo explorar as relações entre as representações de vinculação (script de base segura) do pai, e o seu envolvimento em atividades práticas (relacionadas com a gestão e cuidados à criança) e em atividades com características lúdicas (brincadeira/lazer). Participaram 62 famílias nucleares, com crianças entre os 2...
Article
Important changes wittin the traditional family structure and in concerning the beliefs about women’s and men’s parental roles have contributed to an increasing number of studies about focusing on fathers and his their involvement in the family, and especially with the child. However, research is still scarce among divorced families. The main objec...
Article
Full-text available
Níveis elevados e estáveis de inibição comportamental em idade pré-escolar associam-se a um risco acrescido de desenvolver perturbações de ansiedade e dificuldades com os pares. O desenvolvimento de intervenções baseadas na evidência para prevenir estas trajetórias inadaptativas têm merecido um interesse crescente. Todavia, estas intervenções ainda...
Article
The papers in this special issue of Attachment & Human Development address questions concerning relations between attachment representations and social competence during early childhood in samples from five different countries. All studies examined these questions using the concept of the “secure base script” that has been widely studied in samples...
Article
Full-text available
The links between attachment security and multiple aspects of emotional development have been studied for several decades. Although these studies are valuable insofar some answers related to representations of attachment and emotion knowledge are still open. Preschool aged children (N=40) participated in this study. We used the Attachment Story Com...
Article
Associations between attachment security, assessed as a secure base script (SBS), and teachers’ social competence ratings were examined in two samples (one from the Midwest region and the other from the Southern region of the United States). Consistent with previous reports, significant associations between domains were obtained in both samples and...
Article
Full-text available
There has been an increasing interest in the development of evidence-based parent interventions aimed at reducing the early risk factors for the development of anxiety disorders, namely behavioral inhibition (BI) during the preschool years. However, these interventions are not yet available in European countries with a high prevalence of anxiety di...
Article
Building on aframework presented by Bretherton and associates, Waters and associates argued that interaction sequences relevant to children’s access to and use of asecure base for exploration during infancy/toddlerhood become internalized as script-like representations. For adults, these scripted representations are readily assessed using word-prom...
Article
Recent meta-analyses have reported significant effects of attachment quality on social competence, mostly using observational assessments of attachment behavior to assess security. We analyze the associations between attachment security – assessed as a secure base script, and social competence with peers – measured by teachers’ ratings on two self-...
Poster
Full-text available
SCBE-30 questionnaire (LaFrenière & Dumas, 1996) analyses affective quality of the children's relationships with adults and peers, providing a standardized description of affect and behavior in context, discriminating behavioral-emotional problems and children's social adjustment. Knowing that parents and teachers have different access to the same...
Article
This study investigated the prospective relationship between preschoolers’ theory of mind (ToM) skills and academic school readiness, while exploring the possible moderator role played by child gender. The participants were 75 children who were assessed at two time points: when enrolled in the second preschool year (T1) and again 4 months before sc...
Article
Full-text available
Peer victimization is one of the most prominent problems during adolescence. Research has distinguished aggressive and non-aggressive victims; however, there are still significant drawbacks in understanding the social and family functioning of these different groups of victimized adolescents. This study aimed to compare social behavior and perceive...
Article
The hypothalamic nonapeptides oxytocin and vasopressin are important modulators of socio-affective behaviours in a wide variety of animal species, including humans. Nevertheless, there is little research addressing their possible roles on socio-affective dimensions of human behaviour across development, during which considerable behavioural and phy...
Article
Full-text available
A capacidade das crianças para compreender as emoções e as intenções sociais dos outros relaciona--se com a qualidade das interações com os pares. Os comportamentos de brincadeira não-social durante o pré-escolar poderão estar associados a dificuldades no desenvolvimento do conhecimento emocional. O presente estudo teve como objetivos: (1) identifi...
Article
Recent empirical studies reporting sex differences in attachment relationships have prompted investigators to consider why and under what conditions such results might be observed. This study was designed to explore possibilities of identifying sex differences in the organization of attachment-relevant behavior during early childhood. Observations...
Article
Full-text available
This study was designed to explore whether children's representations of attachment contribute to the co-construction of positive teacher–child relationships. An assessment of verbal intelligence was included as a predictor on the assumption that teachers might perceive themselves as having better relationships with more verbally competent children...
Article
The first year of motherhood is a period of growth and adaptation in women's lives with several challenges such as identifying the baby's needs and giving appropriate answers, so that mother and baby get to know each other and form a strong bond. Infant massage is one of the approaches that make an important contribution to the psychological and ph...
Poster
The study aimed to examine the relation between attachment representations at age 5, and children’s sense of self-concept at age 9.
Poster
Full-text available
Social Withdrawal, Attachment and Depression in Portuguese Adolescents.
Poster
Full-text available
Our aim is to investigate links between attachment representations and teachers-rated social adjustment (specifically, anger, anxiety, and responsiveness to peers). The sample included 99 preschool children’s (49 boys and 50 girls) between 49 – 76 months-of-age. Mental representations of attachment were assessed using the Attachment Story Completio...
Poster
This study examined the relations between preadolescents’ perceptions of parent-child attachment, the number of reciprocal friendships and preadolescent’s sense of self-worth.
Article
Research shows that executive function and social–behavioral adjustment during the preschool years are both associated with the successful acquisition of academic readiness abilities. However, studies bringing these constructs together in one investigation are lacking. This study addresses this gap by testing the extent to which social and behavior...
Article
Full-text available
In the last decades, research in the area of adult-child reminiscence has addressed essentially the way mothers talk about past events with their children. However, more recently, researchers have sought to understand the importance of fathers in the development of child communication. This study explores the differences of reminiscing style of mot...
Poster
Full-text available
The first year of motherhood involves growth and adaptation in women’s lives. Several transformations occur at many levels, so that mother and baby learn to know each other and fit together. The relationship is, therefore, dependent on mother, baby and the environment in which they interact. Infant massage is an important approach that contributes...
Chapter
L’étude des représentations est au cœur de la théorie de l’attachement. Le concept de «modèle interne opérant» (MOI) a permis de nombreux développements théoriques et cliniques, inscrivant la théorie de l’attachement au cœur des théories psychodynamiques. Dans ce chapitre, nous décrirons les MOI e aborderons les questions de la stabilité et de la p...
Article
Soi and self-esteem in children : a systematic review of the literature This study aims to : a) analyze the different types of methodologies used to study the Self in children, in terms of their quality and potential and b) synthesize results in terms of the self/ self-esteem/self-concept in children. After establishing a strict inclusion and exclu...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated the relationship between diurnal adrenocortical activity and attachment quality (children’s secure base behaviours and mothers’ attachment representations). Forty-two children ranging in age from 18 to 26 months of age and their mothers participated in this study. Children and mothers’ saliva samples were collected on two co...
Article
Full-text available
The present study aims to test Bowlby's suggestions concerning relations between the child's attachment quality with parents and subsequently constructed models of self-worth during early childhood. In most research on this question, attachment with mothers is considered in relation to self-worth but the child's attachment with fathers is not. Neit...
Article
Full-text available
In the preschool years, the relationships between children and their caregivers as well as with their peers have a crucial importance for children’s social-emotional development. However, few studies have analyzed the relation between the preschoolers’ quality of attachment and their quality of interactive play with peers. The main objective of the...
Article
Full-text available
Poucas são as investigações sobre o autoconceito realizadas com crianças de idade pré-escolar. Neste estudo procuramos contribuir para uma melhor compreensão do desenvolvimento normativo do autoconceito, no período pré-escolar, nomeadamente, através da análise dos efeitos que o sexo e a idade têm no mesmo. Tratando-se de um estudo longitudinal, a a...