Manuel Vaquero

Manuel Vaquero
Universitat Rovira i Virgili | URV · Department of History and Art History

PhD

About

213
Publications
49,318
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4,226
Citations
Citations since 2016
71 Research Items
2518 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
20162017201820192020202120220100200300400500
Additional affiliations
January 2000 - January 2014
Universitat Rovira i Virgili
Position
  • Researcher

Publications

Publications (213)
Chapter
El Mirador cave (Sierra de Atapuerca, Burgos) is one of the most significant sites for understanding the evolution of agricultural and livestock farming groups on the Iberian Peninsula. Its long sequence spans from the Early Neolithic (second half of the 6th millennium cal BCE) to the Bronze Age (second half of the 2nd millennium cal BCE). During t...
Article
Full-text available
Testing Neanderthal behavioural hypotheses requires a spatial–temporal resolution to the level of a human single occupation episode. Yet, most of the behavioural data on Neanderthals has been obtained from coarsely dated, time-averaged contexts affected by the archaeological palimpsest effect and a diversity of postdepositional processes. This impl...
Preprint
Testing Neanderthal behavioural hypotheses requires a spatial-temporal resolution to the level of a single human occupation episode. Yet, most of the behavioural data on Neanderthals has been obtained from coarsely dated, time-averaged contexts affected by the archaeological palimpsest effect and a diversity of postdepositional processes. This impl...
Article
Full-text available
Lateral Gallery 1 (GL1) in Cova del Gegant is a Middle Palaeolithic assemblage yielding diagnostic Neanderthal remains, together with Mousterian tools and faunal remains. It is a good archive for evaluating the environmental conditions of the coastal areas during MIS 4 and MIS 3 in the NE of the Iberian Peninsula, and also the Neanderthals’ behavio...
Chapter
The aim of this chapter is to provide a general overview of the currently available data on the spatial patterns of Neanderthal campsites. Similarly to other behavioural domains, the spatial strategies of Neanderthals have often been defined as simple and repetitive, far from the complexity characteristic of modern humans. However, before addressin...
Chapter
The ability to make and use fire can be considered as a behavioural threshold in human evolution. The aim of this chapter is to present an overview of the research on fire among Neanderthals. We compiled and reviewed the archaeological evidence and scientific studies on the topic, including different methodological approaches, theoretical considera...
Presentation
Full-text available
Initial slide and abstract for the presentation "In between methods: a Machine Learning approach to Levallois, Discoid and intermediate systems" of session 11. KNAPPING TOOLS AND TECHNIQUES FOR COMPARATIVE STUDIES
Article
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This paper presents the limestone reduction sequences documented in levels M and Ob at Abric Romaní from a technological point of view. At level M, a recurrent knapping system has been identified, resulting in the frequency of pseudo-Levallois blanks. At archaeolevel Ob, the presence of Levallois methods are observed in association with this knappi...
Article
Full-text available
This study aims to provide anthracological data on forest transformations on the north-eastern Iberian Peninsula during the transition from the last glacial GS-2a to the last isotopic event of interstadial GI-1. We present a complete anthracological sequence from Molí del Salt (Vimbodí i Poblet, Tarragona, NE Iberian Peninsula), a site assigned to...
Article
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This paper focuses on the study of some Middle Palaeolithic assemblages from Mediterranean Iberia to examine Neanderthal occupation patterns and territory management strategies, paying special attention to raw material procurement and technological behaviours, zooarchaeological data and microspatial patterning. The site occupation types are variabl...
Article
A cursory glance at the technical behaviors of Paleolithic hunter-gatherers suggests that disparate investment in tool production played a role in the variability of lithic assemblages. Expedient technologies, aimed at minimizing the time and energy invested in lithic production, are particularly common in the Lower and Middle Paleolithic, but thei...
Article
This study represents the first integrated approach to the lithic raw materials exploited by the Neanderthals that occupied the Abric Romaní site (NE Iberia). Focusing on chert as the most abundant raw material (>80% of the assemblages), we determine the potential procurement areas and the mobility patterns. Geo-archaeological surveys within a radi...
Article
Full-text available
The phenomenon of microlithism continues to be one of the most interesting topics in the prehistoric archaeology of the Middle Palaeolithic period because it is key to understanding the technology and cultural and economic organisation of Neanderthal societies. The aim of this research is to characterise small-flake industries based on two archaeol...
Article
Studies on spatial settlement patterns have shed important light on Neanderthal intra-site behavior. Spatial analysis of the human occupations through bone and lithic refitting has contributed to the reconstruction of their settlements, offering temporal interpretations and reconstructions of their activities. Often archaeological units are a conse...
Article
Full-text available
Over the last years, the knowledge of the children’s diet is a topic of growing interest in dental anthropology. Our aim seeks to establish patterns of interpopulation and intrapopulation variability in dietary microwear among children from four Iberian sites dated to the Neolithic through Bronze Age. Buccal and occlusal surfaces are compared to as...
Article
Isolating the various occupational events in the Palaeolithic record is hard work, because the remains from different occupations commonly overlap, creating archaeological palimpsests. We can differentiate two different types of palimpsest: vertical and horizontal ones. These two types are very important for identifying and defining short-or long-t...
Article
Full-text available
A use-wear analysis was carried out on a specific mobile toolkit belonging to level M of the Middle Paleolithic site of Abric Romaní (Barcelona, Spain), which is dated to MIS 3, between 51 and 55 Ka BP. In an environment rich in local and regional chert sources and in a technological context marked by expedient behavior, a set of flakes, which also...
Chapter
After deconstructing the palimpsest of level O, we present a cross-disciplinary study on a short occupation of the Abric Romaní rock shelter conducted by means of an analysis of the record of archaeo-level Oa, a Middle Palaeolithic assemblage dated to ca. 54 Ka BP by U/Th series. In this study, we present the steps we took to puzzle out the palimps...
Article
Full-text available
Este artículo presenta un análisis holístico de los restos dentales pertenecientes a tres individuos infantiles del yacimiento de la Edad del Bronce de la Cueva de Valdavara (Becerréa, Lugo), mediante diferentes aproximaciones metodológicas, como es el microdesgaste dental, el estudio anatómico externo e interno, y el análisis de patologías. El obj...
Presentation
Full-text available
El análisis de la malacofauna recuperada en el yacimiento del Molí del Salt (Vimbodí i Poblet, Tarragona) ofrece datos relevantes para evaluar la importancia de la explotación de recursos malacofaunísticos durante el Paleolítico superior final en un yacimiento no costero. Este abrigo se encuentra a 490m de altitud, en un medio de transición entre l...
Article
Full-text available
RESUMEN En este trabajo presentamos los datos más relevantes obtenidos sobre el Paleolítico superior a lo largo del primer decenio del nuevo siglo por los distintos grupos de investigación que trabajan en Catalunya. Las novedades nacen por un lado de la continuación de los trabajos de excavación ya iniciados anterior-mente, y por otro lado, del des...
Article
Full-text available
The intrasite mobility of lithic artifacts is one of the most relevant issues that can be approached from the spatial study of refitting. In many sites, researchers have determined that some artifacts were abandoned at a considerable distance from the place where they were produced. Once natural causes of a post-depositional nature are ruled out, t...
Book
https://link.springer.com/journal/12520/11/9 Archaeological & Anthropological Sciences, Volume 11, Issue 9, September 2019
Article
The task is certainly not complete if we wish to create a single volume covering all of the most recent refitting studies, and we regret the lack of eminent colleagues who have contributed to the improvement of refitting analysis in Palaeolithic study. However, the case studies that are presented here and the discussions that these data have genera...
Article
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Being at the western fringe of Europe, Iberia had a peculiar prehistory and a complex pattern of Neolithization. A few studies, all based on modern populations, reported the presence of DNA of likely African origin in this region, generally concluding it was the result of recent gene flow, probably during the Islamic period. Here, we provide eviden...
Article
Full-text available
El Esquilleu cave provides one of the most interesting Mousterian sequences in recent decades. The upper part of its stratigraphic sequence has provided significant lithic materials with preliminary dating that places human occupation during the Last Glacial Maximum (LGM). Both the regional chronological context and the dating question preliminary...
Article
Small game seems to have increased during the Upper Palaeolithic to the detriment of large game on the Iberian Peninsula. The economical and socio-cultural factors associated with this ecological shift represent a widely discussed topic. The present work attempts to elucidate the subsistence strategies occurring through the Late Pleistocene in Iber...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The study of the occupation strategies developed during Middle Paleolithic, is a fundamental aspect to decipher the cognitive, behavioral and socialization abilities of the human groups inhabiting the territory in these chronologies. The organizational guidelines of these groups have been widely discussed by different authors, from different approa...
Conference Paper
The intra-site spatial patterns of lithic artefacts and their density are traditionally used in Prehistory as proxies for activity areas and social organisation of past human groups. This approach allows identifying domestic units, inferring number of co-resident, understanding site function and duration of occupation. These topics are especially i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the last decades, we have witnessed crucial advances to describe and explain the variability of Mousterian lithic productions across Europe. This variability has important implications in terms of adaptive responses at the environmental and cultural changes that Neanderthals faced between ca. 250-30 kyr BP. The production of small tools is part...
Article
Full-text available
A quick glance at the evolution of lithic assemblages throughout prehistory highlights a great variability in the time and effort invested in technological activities. This variability has been related to differences in the technological organization of human groups, giving rise to the distinction proposed by Binford between curated and expedient t...
Article
Valdavara 3 is a new early late Pleistocene paleontological and archeological cave site in northwestern Iberia. Over 1400 fossils have been collected, representing about 40 species. The fauna is of interglacial aspect and is in accordance with the OSL dates from the fossiliferous layer, which indicate an age of 103–113 ka. The great taxonomical div...
Article
The Abric Romaní site (Capellades, Barcelona, Spain) constitutes a key site for understanding the latest Neanderthal occupations in Western Europe. Here we present a comprehensive systematic and taphonomic analysis of a small-mammal assemblage from Level O of the Abric Romaní site, with the aim of reconstructing the paleoecological context in which...
Article
Full-text available
Los estudios de industria lítica en la Prehistoria gallega se han focalizado en la carac-terización crono-cultural de los conjuntos dejando a un lado el estudio de las materias primas y estrategias de abastecimiento. Por otro lado, el predominio de materias primas locales, como cuarzos y cuarcitas, ha colocado en un segundo plano el estudio de ma-t...
Article
Ramification is the term used to classify branched productive sequences in which a functional item (the flake) was exploited as a productive item (the core). This technological behaviour was present in Europe and the Levant beginning in the Lower and Early Middle Palaeolithic, but ramified productions were intensely developed in the Late Middle Pal...
Book
https://www.sciencedirect.com/journal/quaternary-international/vol/474/part/PB This collection of papers shows how innovative analytical techniques and original scientific questions shed new light on archaeological traditional issues and significantly contribute to understand past human behaviours in a more all-inclusive way. The ever-continuing me...
Article
The end of the Pleistocene is characterized by a succession of climatic oscillations from the onset of MIS 2. These oscillations were associated with important environmental transformations that culminated in the Pleistocene to the Holocene transition, with latter climate amelioration. However, the changes during this period are not only restricted...
Article
Full-text available
Practically all archeological assemblages are palimpsests. In spite of the high temporal resolution of Abric Romaní site, level O, dated to around 55 ka, is not an exception. This paper focuses on a zooarcheological and taphonomic analysis of this level, paying special attention to spatial and temporal approaches. The main goal is to unravel the pa...
Article
L’explotació de petites preses és un fenomen que sembla desenvolupar-se de manera sistemàtica a partir del Paleolític Superior. Això suposa un canvi en les estratègies de subsistència humanes, que pot deure’s a mútiples factors (econòmics, soco-culturals o ecològics, entre altres) i segueix sent encara avui dia un tema de debat. L’estudi que aquí e...
Article
The refitting of both lithic and faunal remains is a basic field of research in Paleolithic archeology. In particular, the spatial dimension of lithic and faunal refitting is essential for resolving questions related to site formation processes and the organization strategies of hunter-gatherer bands. Unfortunately, although important insights can...
Article
Marine isotope stage 3 (MIS 3) was characterised by marked oscillations of extreme cold episodes with very short warm events during the stadial, and several regional differences have been recorded in the ice cores and marine deposits. The aim of this study is to reconstruct this period by evaluating both terrestrial and regional responses. Cova del...
Article
Full-text available
Analysis of intra-site spatial patterns helps to characterise the social organisation of the human group that lived at the site. Variability in stone tool intensity and spatial distribution on the living floor reflects variability within each activity area in number of individuals, duration of occupation, and number of superimposed events. Specifyi...
Article
Full-text available
Technological changes have been identified in several European Middle Palaeolithic sites. Specifically, the turnover in discoid and Levallois knapping methods has traditionally been explained by raw material constraints that are usually related to foraging areas and mobility strategies of Neanderthal groups. While Levallois production requires high...
Article
Full-text available
Technological changes have been identified in several European Middle Palaeolithic sites. Specifically, the turnover in discoid and Levallois knapping methods has traditionally been explained by raw material constraints that are usually related to foraging areas and mobility strategies of Neanderthal groups. While Levallois production requires high...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents a synthesis of the chronological results obtained in the "Investigación cronoestratigráfica de los soportes y recubrimientos de las pinturas rupestres de la Sierra de la Pietat o Godall (Montsià, Tarragona)", performed during the project "Estudio cronoestratigráfico de los soportes del Arte Rupestre del Levante Español” (2008-20...