Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño

Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño
University of Alcalá | UAH · Department of History and Philosophy (Area of Prehistory)

PhD in Prehistory

About

55
Publications
26,146
Reads
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423
Citations
Citations since 2016
32 Research Items
362 Citations
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
20162017201820192020202120220102030405060
Additional affiliations
January 2017 - January 2021
University of Alcalá
Position
  • Post-Doctoral Research Fellow (Talento-CAM)
January 2015 - December 2016
Neanderthal Museum
Neanderthal Museum
Position
  • Marie Curie Postdoc Fellow
April 2007 - December 2014
University of Alcalá
Position
  • FPU (pre-doc) researcher

Publications

Publications (55)
Article
Full-text available
We report a new site with Schematic rock art in the Sorbe River Valley, next to the town of Muriel (Tamajón, Guadalajara, Spain). It is located inside a vaulted cave next to a larger cavity and contains a single panel bearing 6 graphic units: four anthropomorphic figures and a sign in red paint around two partially superimposed cup-marks. In the ce...
Article
Full-text available
As the south-westernmost region of Europe, the Iberian Peninsula stands as a key area for understanding the process of modern human dispersal into Eurasia. However, the precise timing, ecological setting and cultural context of this process remains controversial concerning its spatiotemporal distribution within the different regions of the peninsul...
Article
The interior of the Iberian Peninsula has orographic conditions that make this territory especially vulnerable to Quaternary climate oscillations and which actually could have made it decisive for Paleolithic human populations at critical points. For this reason, the information provided by paleon-tological sites is important for reconstructing cli...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this article we present a research project focused on the reevaluation and study of the archaeological record of Los Casares Cave (inland Iberia). This project started in 2014 and is aimed at the systemic recording of the archaeological site and prehistoric graphic expressions found in the cave interior. We have adopted an interdisciplinary appr...
Article
Full-text available
The central Meseta is a high plateau located in the heart of the Iberian Peninsula. Abundant evidence of Lower and Middle Palaeolithic occupations of the region contrasts with scarce evidence of a human presence during the early Upper Palaeolithic. On this basis, it has been suggested that climatic downturns triggered the temporary abandonment, or...
Article
The Iberian Peninsula is considered one of the most well-suited regions in Europe to develop studies on the relationship between environmental changes and human adaptations across the Late Pleistocene. Due to its southwesternmost cul-de-sac position and eco-geographical diversity, Paleolithic Iberia was the stage of cyclical cultural/technological...
Article
Full-text available
El autor presenta una reflexión y valoración, acaso preliminar e inocente, planteada desde una perspectiva racional, científica y honesta, sobre las implicaciones que presenta para la ciencia y su divulgación la participación de investigadores reconocidos en programas televisivos con contenidos pseudocientíficos. Para ello se centra en el campo cie...
Chapter
Full-text available
Classic models on population dynamics in inland Iberia during Marine Isotope Stage 2 have depicted this area, dominated by the Spanish plateau, as nearly unpopulated until Magdalenian times. In recent years, some researchers have questioned these models, mainly based on new field data. Preliminary evidence coming from the Peña Capón rock shelter ha...
Article
Full-text available
We present an updated synthesis on the archaeological context of the graphic expressions found at the Tito Bustillo Cave. The integrative study of industrial, spatial and topographic evidence, together with rock and mobile graphic expressions, enable us to propose a complex and hierarchized model of human settlement in the cave during the Middle-Up...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a chronicle of the discovery of two archaeological sites yielding Palaeolithic human occupations in two rock shelters located in the Sorbe River valley (Muriel, Guadalajara, Spain). Both sites, named Peña Cabra and Peña Capón, were discovered by a speleological team in the late 1960’s and the early 1970’s. Furthermore, we h...
Article
Full-text available
Time and circumstances for the disappearance of Neanderthals and its relationship with the advent of Modern Humans are not yet sufficiently resolved, especially in case of the Iberian Peninsula. Reconstructing palaeoenvironmental conditions during the last glacial period is crucial to clarifying whether climate deteriorations or competition and con...
Presentation
Full-text available
Propuesta de póster y/o demostración práctica. Algunas piezas de industria ósea del magdaleniense cantábrico y suroeste de Francia cuyas formas son aplanadas y de silueta ahusada han sido propuestas como posibles bramaderas, zumbadores o rombos (Barandiarán, 2012). A pesar de que en el citado trabajo se desarrolla una profunda reflexión sobre la fu...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction and objectives: Although the Iberian Peninsula is a key area for understanding the Middle to Upper Paleolithic transition and the demise of the Neandertals, valuable evidence for these debates remains scarce and problematic in its interior regions. Sparse data supporting a late Neandertal persistence in the Iberian interior have been...
Data
Supporting tables on micromorphology and archeozoology and taphonomy. (PDF)
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Archaeological sequences require accurate and precise numerical chronologies. Mostly, these sediments are strati-graphically complex and challenging to date. Post-depositional mixing, contamination from a collapsing cave roof, microdosimetry or insufficient bleaching prior to burial may influence the luminescence dating results. Careful sample sele...
Article
Full-text available
The recent excavations (2008–2009) conducted at the open-air site of Las Delicias, located in the Manzanares River valley (Madrid), have revealed new important data for the understanding of the human settlement of Central Iberia during Solutrean times. In this paper, we present a geomorphological and taphonomic study of the Pleistocene deposits of...
Article
Full-text available
We present partial results obtained in an interdisciplinary research project focused on the human settlement of the Guadalajara province (Spain) during the Middle and Upper Palaeolithic. The excavation of the Peña Capón, Peña Cabra and Los Casares sites have shown outstanding evidence for investigating population dynamics and human-environment inte...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we use the characterization of scientific experiment put forward by the philosopher of science Mario Bunge to present a series of four experiments in the field of lithic technology. We pay especial attention to how these experiments deal with control of variables and we present them in order from the lowest to the highest level of con...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Solutrean settlement of the Manzanares River valley (Madrid basin) has been a controversial topic over the history of the discipline. Despite the large number of bifacial assemblages, often considered Solutrean, known in the valley since the beginnings of the 20th century, their lack of stratigraphic references, chronometric dates and environme...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A new project has restarted research at Los Casares Cave, in Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara. The study of the Pleistocene deposits still preserved in the Seno A of the cave seeks to establish relationships between the dynamics of settlement of Neanderthals and ecological changes in the central region of the Iberian Peninsula during the Late Pleistoc...
Article
Full-text available
The article presents an updated state-of-the-art on the problem of the pre-Magdalenian Upper Paleolithic settlement of the central area of the Iberian Peninsula. A review of the last published data suggests that classic models depicting an unpopulated Spanish plateau during the Late Pleniglacial must be reassessed. We also offer the first impressio...
Article
Full-text available
During the execution of the two preliminary surveys required in the permit action undertaken in the plot of the Antonio Lopez street, number 241, several pieces of flint were found. These findings were primarily documented in the lower levels of polling 1. After presenting the respective communication of our findings to the competent authority, and...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we analyze cave and portable graphic expressions of Tito Bustillo cave (Asturias, Spain) in relation to their archaeological context. We use an integrative approach that considers graphic expressions, archaeological objects and organized underground spaces as integrative parts of the Upper Palaeolithic human behaviors in the caves. We...
Chapter
Full-text available
The Palaeolithic art of the Iberian interior territories is quantitatively scarce, spatially dispersed and relatively poor in archaeological context. This state-of-the-art is not only a reflection of the Palaeolithic reality, but is also due to a prolonged lack of investigation in the area, which has been only started to be corrected in recent year...
Article
Full-text available
The currently most widely accepted model of population dynamics in Southwest Europe during the Last Glacial Maximum depicts the Iberian Peninsula as a human refugium. However, this refugium was generally thought to be limited to the coastal areas of Iberia, while the interior lands of the Spanish plateau were explicitly excluded as areas of signifi...
Article
Full-text available
This study presents the first geochronological data from several research projects focused on the chronostratigraphy of the Tagus fluvial terraces in the environs of Toledo city (Central Spain). The research is centered on Middle to Late Pleistocene fluvial terraces with palaeontological and Acheulean sites of similar Palaeolithic technology than t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
(Preliminary geoarchaeological study of the +8m terrace fluvial deposits of the Manzanares River and Pradolongo stream in the final stage of the middle Manzanares valley (Madrid)): During the execution of the two preliminary surveys required in the permit action undertaken in the plot of the Antonio Lopez street, number 241, several pieces of flint...
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we present a new interdisciplinary project focused on the investigation of the Late Pleisto-cene deposits still preserved in the Room A of Los Casares cave (Riba de Saelices, Guadalajara, Spain). We first make a historical reconstruction of the research carried out in the cave, then we present our objectives, working hypotheses and me...
Conference Paper
(Late Pleistocene population dynamics in Central Iberia: a new geoarchaeological project): We present a new research project aimed at investigating population dynamics and human-environment interactions during the second half of the Late Pleistocene in Central Iberia. In this communication we discuss the state-of-the-art on the Middle and Upper Pal...
Poster
Full-text available
Poster presented at the 57th Annual Meeting of the Hugo Obermaier-Gessellschaft. 7-11 of April, 2015. Heidenheim, Germany.
Article
Full-text available
In this paper we study the development of Formal Recycling and Formal Maintenance processes in three lithic assemblages coming from the Mousterian sequence of El Esquilleu Cave (Cantabria, Spain). Each of these assemblages is dominated by a different knapping method (Discoid, Levallois and Quina), and shows a different strategy of resource exploita...
Article
Full-text available
The open-air Palaeolithic site of Las Delicias, located in the Manzanares river valley (Madrid, Spain), has been the object of recent archaeological excavations during 2008 and 2009. Field data gathered at the site has been processed through Geographic Information Systems software, and results have been represented in 3D. We have achieved a topogra...
Thesis
Full-text available
In this Ph.D. dissertation we conduct a historiographical analysis of one of the most discussed topics in the Palaeolithic field during the last five decades: the Middle to Upper Palaeolithic transition. Our methodology combines the epistemological analysis of the discipline’s history –as the base of our study– together with an externalist line of...
Article
Full-text available
In the summer of 2011 several test pits were made in the Higueral-Guardia Cave (Málaga, Spain). The sondages have determined the existence of an important Upper and Middle Paleolithic archaeological sequence, still under study. However, the illegal digging activity in the cave have significantly limited the possibilities of interpretation of the So...
Article
Full-text available
Durante la primera reunión de campo del Grupo Madrileño de Cuaternario (GQM-AEQUA) se localizaron restos fragmentarios de dentición de caballos fósiles en los antiguos areneros de Pantoja de La Sagra (Toledo), actualmente en proceso de desmantelamiento y relleno. Ante la posibilidad de deterioro y pérdida los restos fueron recolectados y trasladado...
Article
Full-text available
El yacimiento de Las Delicias (Madrid), conocido desde la excavaci?n practicada en el sitio por H. Obermaier y P. Wernert a finales de 1917, ha sido desde entonces uno de los referentes cl?sicos del Paleol?tico del valle del Manzanares, a pesar de las variadas interpretaciones que ha originado su problem?tica colecci?n industrial. Tras un an?lisis...
Article
Full-text available
The Peña Capón rockshelter contains an archaeological deposit known since 1970 that was the object of a preliminary study in the late 1990’s. In this paper we present a revision of the archaeological material from level 3 that includes the technological and typological study of the lithics and bone tools, the zooarchaeological and taphonomic analys...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Peña Capón rock shelter contains an archaeological deposit known since the 1970’s that was the object of a preliminary study in the late 1990’s. We have recently conducted a new analysis of the known materials, that includes the technological and typological study of the lithics, the taphonomic and archaeozoological analysis of the faunal remai...
Chapter
Full-text available
La utilización de la Historia como vehículo legitimador de los regímenes totalitarios ha sido un tema ampliamente estudiado en las últimas décadas. En el caso de la dictadura franquista, cuestiones como la unificación territorial y religiosa tras la llamada Reconquista, o el pasado imperial español, han sido extensamente investigados como formas de...
Article
Full-text available
The archaeological excavation of the Puente de los Tres Ojos site, next to Cerro Negro Street (Madrid), has provided new data that has allowed us to go in depth into the human settlement and the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the old Abroñigal stream valley, whose fluvial course worked as a tributary of the Manzanares River probably from bef...
Article
The archaeological excavation of the Puente de los Tres Ojos site, next to Cerro Negro Street (Madrid), has provided new data that has allowed us to go in depth into the human settlement and the palaeoenvironmental reconstruction of the old Abroñigal stream valley, whose fluvial course worked as a tributary of the Manzanares River probably from bef...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 19th century Madrid region has been well known for its Lower and Middle Palaeolithic sites.Fluvial terraces from the main rivers of the region have allowed us to detect a great number of sites. Duringthe past few years, heritage conservation initiatives undertaken by the administration of Madrid’s regionalgovernment have also facilitated...
Article
Full-text available
We present a state of the question on the North African Aterian, examining different hypotheses that posit some kind of relationship of this technocomplex with the Solutrean of the Iberian Peninsula, via the Strait of Gibraltar. Despite the fact that palaeoenvironmental conditions of the Strait area during the last glaciation would have allowed the...

Questions

Questions (2)
Question
I´m looking for Middle Palaeolithic sites (either residence, symbolic or other activity-related) which have been found in the deep cave interior, or at least in zones lacking natural light, and thus far away from the entrance. An outstanding example of this would be the stalagmite structures of Bruniquel cave, but other not so deep and not so spectacular sites are welcome.
Many thanks in advance.
Question
Historiographical analyses based on epistemologial, externalist and contextual approaches published later than 2012 would be very much appreciated. Focus of research could be also Archaeology or Prehistory as a whole, but the Palaeolithic field should be addressed in detail.
Many thanks in advance.
Manuel Alcaraz-Castaño.

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Projects

Projects (7)
Project
Our main goal is to investigate population dynamics and human-environment interactions of the last Neandertals and first modern humans in interior Iberia based on unprecedented evidence gathered by means of a macro-regional, interdisciplinary and collaborative research project. This involves the participation of a wide network of scholars and methods, including field surveys, geoarchaeological excavations and chronometric, paleoecological, zooarchaeological, techno-economic and symbolic studies applied to Middle and Upper Palaeolithic contexts.
Project
Our project is focused on bringing into light new field data from a number of Middle and Upper Palaeolithic sites in the Upper Jarama and Sorbe River valleys (Guadalajara province, Spain), located within the southeastern foothills of the Central System mountain range (Iberian Peninsula). Our main goal revolves around human-environment interactions during the Late Pleistocene, and ultimately on population dynamics of the last Neandertals and first modern humans of inland Iberia.