Manjola Banja

Manjola Banja
Joint Research Centre, European Commission · Air and Climate Unit Directorate C- Energy Transport and Climate

PhD - Atmospheric Physic

About

85
Publications
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Introduction
Experienced Scientific Officer with a demonstrated history of working in the environmental and energy services to support policy. Strong research professional skills in Air Pollution, Renewable Energy, Data Analysis, Data Visualisation, Environmental Impact Assessment and Sustainable Development. https://manjolabanja.com

Publications

Publications (85)
Book
Full-text available
To improve the estimates of air pollutant and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities we need transparent and harmonised emission inventories; also, we need to know how these estimates from such activities are performed and reported. This is important not only in relation to the direct impact of these activities, but also to und...
Presentation
Full-text available
Handle abatement measures to reduce ammonia emissions from agricultural activities in the Agricultural Emission Estimation (AgrEE) tool
Book
Full-text available
The Emissions Database for Global Atmospheric Research provides emission time series from 1970 until 2020 for fossil CO2 and until 2018 for non-CO2 GHGs for all countries, and covers the emissions and removals from land use and forestry for the years 2000 to 2015. This report is contributing to the Paris Agreement process with an independent and...
Presentation
Full-text available
Developing a tool for the calculation of air pollutant and GHG emissions from agricultural activities. The aim is to provide to the user/inventory compiler the possibility to implement higher Tier methodologies of the EMEP/EEA Guidebook for their reporting following the template referred to under the Annex I of the National Emission reduction Commi...
Article
This is a corrigendum or addendum to the earlier published article "How can solid biomass contribute to the EU’s renewable energy targets 2020, 2030 and what are the GHG drivers and safeguards in energy- and forestry sectors?" in March 2021 in Renewable Energy journal
Article
Full-text available
Corrigendum Addendum to "How can solid biomass contribute to the EU's renewable energy targets 2020, 2030 and what are the GHG drivers and safeguards in energy-and forestry sectors?" [Renew. Energy 165 (2021) 758e772]
Article
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European Union set an ambitious 20% target of its energy consumption from renewable resources 20% by 2020. The aim of this paper is to assess the contribution of solid biomass to renewables use in the EU. During 2010e2018 the share of solid biomass increased from 6.1% to 8.0% of total GFEC, an increase of almost 300 PJ. The paper identifies leading...
Book
Full-text available
This publication is a report by the Joint Research Centre (JRC), the European Commission's science and knowledge service. It aims to provide evidence-based scientific support to the European policymaking process. The scientific output expressed does not imply a policy position of the European Commission. Neither the European Commission nor any pers...
Book
Full-text available
Improving the estimates of air pollutant and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from agricultural activities is important not only in relation to the magnitude of the impact of these activities on air quality and climate change, but also to understand their contribution in relation to other activities such as energy, industrial processes, waste etc. Th...
Conference Paper
The European Union has increased its ambitious targets by raising the share of EU energy consumption produced from renewable resources from 20% by 2020 to 32% by 2030. For the aim of the analysis carried out in this paper the EU countries are divided into three groups having as main criteria the share that the use of solid biomass used for electric...
Book
Full-text available
The adoption, implementation and enforcement of Chapter 27 of the EU acquis on Environment is an obligation for accessing countries. Reducing the emissions of air pollutants and greenhouse gases (GHG) is a priority which is strongly interlinked with energy, transport and health policies, among others. This report summarises the current status of ai...
Book
Full-text available
This study presents an overview of the situation in Ukraine’s market related to the current market and future demand for heat pumps and commercial refrigeration appliances. Both sectors, are cases where significant greenhouse gas savings can be achieved through the transition to low GWP, natural refrigerants and highly energy efficient equipment. T...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to present a comparative analysis of biogas electricity deployment in EU countries over the period of 2010-2017. The analysis shows that the deployment of biogas electricity is mainly linked to the moment of the shift in the support framework, the maturity of tenders and the feasibility of long-term objectives. With 200 incentives i...
Presentation
Full-text available
Cascading use of biomass is a recognized strategy contributing to an efficient development of the bioeconomy and for mitigating climate change. This study aims at assessing the potential of cascading use of woody biomass for reducing GHG (greenhouse gas) emissions and increasing the overall wood flow efficiency in the European Union’s forest and bi...
Poster
Full-text available
As part of the energy transition efforts, most bioenergy policies are strongly driven by the ambition to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and substitute fossil fuels. The challenge is to properly select the fossil fuel “baseline” comparators for each form of bioenergy for any given national context. Based on existing literature as well as data...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As part of the energy transition efforts, most bioenergy policies are strongly driven by the ambition to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and substitute fossil fuels. The challenge is to properly select the fossil fuel "baseline" comparators for each form of bioenergy for any given national context. Based on existing literature as well as data...
Article
Full-text available
This paper aims to produce a quantitative approach on the overall measures and on public support framework for biomass for energy, based on the EU countries reports under RED and existing literature. The way in which the support for biomass is implemented in the EU energy sector is not similar across EU countries. Feed-in tariffs and feed-in-premiu...
Article
Full-text available
The energy policy in France that focuses on energy transition and reduction of greenhouse gases, has provided favourable conditions for the deployment of solar photovoltaics. In September 2018 more than 80% of the expected plan of solar photovoltaics capacity for this year was reached. After 2010 the support for solar photovoltaics in France took t...
Article
Full-text available
This brief on biomass for energy is one out of a series of briefs from the EC's Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy which intend to provide independent evidence for EU policy in this field. The following are the key results: 1. Biomass for energy (bioenergy) continues to be the main source of renewable energy in the EU3, with a share of almost 60%. The...
Article
France promoted the deployment of solar photovoltaic through the use of the most widespread type of support among EU countries, the feed-in tariff, combined with feed-in premium and tendering system. This paper overviewed the French historic framework of the support for this technology as well as the way in which this support changed quantitatively...
Presentation
Full-text available
This presentation provides an overview of the French historic framework to support the deployment of solar photovoltaic technology since 2005. The presentation shows how feed-in tariff scheme gave the real uptake for solar photovoltaic in France, which had the intended effect of the policies that were introduced to promote it. The analysis showed t...
Book
Full-text available
The development of renewable energy sources (RES) is a priority for the EU. This report provides a compilation of the different support schemes and measures implemented by he EU countries since the 2009 Renewable Energy Directive (RED) came into force. It focuses to a large extent on the information provided under RED's formal reporting process, co...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation aims to produce an outlook on the (i) bioenergy progress in the EU over 2005-2016; (ii) some considerations for sustainability and conversion efficiency; (iii) overall measures related to the biomass use for energy in the EU; (iv) the support framework for biomass in electricity, heating/cooling and transport in the EU;
Technical Report
Full-text available
Mitigating the big challenges of access to clean water, energy and poverty in Africa requires integrated solutions. The analysis of issues related to the water, energy, food and the ecosystem through a nexus approach, has attracted the interest of scientists, policy-makers and the private sector. The present Technical Report examines the potential...
Book
Full-text available
The need to integrate higher shares of renewables in the EU energy sector brings into discussion the way the renewable technologies/sources have been supported to date. Support schemes are currently the major drivers for investment in the EU electricity sector, while investments in grid assets are driven mainly by regulation that guarantees investo...
Presentation
Full-text available
The development of renewable energy sources (RES) is a priority for the EU. EU Member States are free to decide how they support RES, so long as they comply with the rules of the EU energy market. The most common support mechanisms for renewable electricity have been feed-in tariffs and feed-in premiums, but recently competitive auctions are becomi...
Book
Full-text available
With the ratification of the COP 21 Paris climate agreement, EU climate change policy entered a new phase with more ambitious climate and energy goals for 2030. The EU electricity sector is witnessing its greatest transformation to date because of the rapid deployment of renewables in the form of wind power and solar photovoltaic (PV). Wind and sol...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation is related to the JRC Report 28677EN that represent an integrated analysis on the role of renewables in mitigating climate change over period 2009-2014 as well as a proxy estimated for greenhouse gas emission savings through the use of renewables in 2015.
Data
The NREAPs collection is sourced from national renewable energy action plans submitted in year 2010 by each EU Member State as an obligation under Article 4 of the Directive 2009/28/EC. The collection provides information on the expected development of renewable energy in three main sectors: Electricity, Heating/Cooling and Transport. https://dat...
Book
Full-text available
The energy sector accounts for the lion’s share (55 %) of greenhouse gas emissions in the European Union (EU). While EU emissions had fallen by 22.1 % in 2015 compared with 1990, and continue to fall, the bloc’s economy grew by 27 % over that period. Since the Renewable Energy Directive (RED) entered into force, use of renewables has continued to g...
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation is related to the JRC Report 28512 EN presenting an overview of renewable energy deployment and progress expected by 2020 as forecatsed by EU countries reporting under Renewable Energy Directive and projected in the EU Reference 2016 and EUCO27 scenarios.
Presentation
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This Policy Brief is related to the publication - Renewable Energy Deployment in the European union
Book
Full-text available
The Sankey biomass diagram is a representation of harmonised data from the various Joint Research Centre (JRC) units contributing to the BIOMASS project. It represents the flows of biomass for each sector of the bioeconomy, from supply to uses including trade. This diagram enables deeper analysis and comparison of the different countries and sector...
Book
Full-text available
This report presents a snapshot of renewable energy development and progress expected by 2020, as forecasted in the EU Member States’ reporting under the Renewable Energy Directive and projected in the EU Reference 2016 and EUCO27 scenarios. The report compares the progress achieved between 2005 and 2015, as reported by EU Member States in their pr...
Presentation
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The presentation is related to the bioenergy policy framework in the EU further to Renewable Energy Directive and related issues with sustainability criteria.
Presentation
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The presentation gives an overview of renewable energy deployment in the EU further to Renewable Energy Directive. The presentation covers the deployment of renewable energy until 2016.
Presentation
Full-text available
The presentation illustrates the use of Tableau software in discovering significant and meaningful patterns in data; revealing data at several levels of details; giving more dimensions of information; putting data on multi perspective levels; comparison of data sets; multivariate analysis; quantitative information; categorical information; data con...
Research
Full-text available
Sustainable energy in the Danube region as an integral part of the EU 2020 strategy - Analysis of NREAPs, NEEAPs and renewable energy progress reports of Danube region countries. 2016 EUR 27730 EN
Technical Report
Full-text available
Renewable energy technologies/sources (hydropower, wind power, solar power, marine-energy, geothermal energy, heat pumps, biomass and biofuels) are alternatives to fossil fuels contributing to the improvement of environment, enhancement of energy security and diversification of energy supply. In line with Article 4 and Article 22 of the Directive 2...
Presentation
Full-text available
The current status and the perspective of biomass for energy and bioeconomy in Albania is presented
Presentation
The current status and the perspective of biomass for energy is presented.
Article
Full-text available
The use of renewable energy is projected to increase substantially in the European Union to reach a share of 20% in final energy consumption and 10% renewable energy in transport by 2020. The renewable energy contribution is further expected to increase to 55%–75% of gross final energy consumption in 2050. According to the latest reports, the Europ...
Presentation
Full-text available
The current and expected developments up to 2020 of renewable energy and in particular of bioenergy in 13 Danube region countries was the main subject of the presentation. The presentation covered the recent and expected developments in three main sectors in the above mentioned Danube countries: heating/cooling, electricity and transport as well as...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the frame of its activities in supporting the EXPO 2015 and on the behalf of DG ENER, JRC has recently published a report [1] aimed at discussing the current state of play for food-related energy consumption and opportunities for improvement in the European Union. Detailed estimates for energy consumed in each production step for a basket of mos...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report provides an overview of greenhouse gas emission savings in the European Union due to the use of renewable energy in three sectors: electricity, heating/cooling and transport. The assessment is based on data reported by EU Member States in their 2011 and 2013 bi-annual progress reports, as required under Article 22(1)(k) of Directive 2009...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents a snapshot of the current state of renewable energy development in the European Union and the progress expected by 2020, as forecasted in the Member States’ national renewable energy action plans. The report compares the progress achieved between 2005 and 2012 as that reported by EU Member States in their bi- annual progress re...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The amount of energy necessary to cultivate, process, pack and bring the food to European citizens’ tables accounts for 17 % of the EU's gross energy consumption, equivalent to about 26 % of the EU's final energy consumption in 2013. Challenges and solutions for decreasing energy consumption and increasing the use of renewable energy in the Euro...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The possibility to coordinate marketing tactics with business strategic decisions is demonstrated by the Stratics Model developed by Medarac (2014). The model was initially developed to improve this relation on company level. Nevertheless since there are similarities between competitiveness of a certain company on its market and competitiveness of...
Presentation
Full-text available
The possibility to coordinate marketing tactics with business strategic decisions is demonstrated by the Stratics Model developed by Medarac (2014). The model was initially developed to improve this relation on company level. Nevertheless since there are similarities between competitiveness of a certain company on its market and competitiveness of...
Poster
Full-text available
The term ”Business strategy” generally represents the main direction to where a certain product, company or industry is positioned while the term ”marketing tactics” is related to defining the ways to reach strategic aims through the approach to the market. Although it is logical and expected for marketing tactics to follow business strategy, for t...
Technical Report
Full-text available
The report aims to present a comprehensive analysis of current and expected deployment up to 2020 of bioenergy in 16 countries of Danube region: nine European Member States ( Austria, Bulgaria, Croatia, Czech Republic, Germany, Hungary, Slovakia and Slovenia) and seven non-European countries ( Ukraine, Republic of Moldova, Serbia, Bosnia and Herzeg...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The usage of renewable energy sources in European Union is regulated by Directive 2009/28/EC . In the electricity sector, the total installed capacity of electricity power plants possible to be fed with raw material of renewable origin (including municipal solid waste) reached 31.3 GW in 2011 and is still increasing. PV technology has become compet...
Technical Report
Full-text available
This report presents a snapshot of the use of renewable energy in the European Union, the status in 2010, the progress and the deviations from the targets set in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans. The report describe the developments in the overall contribution of renewable energy in each Member State since 2005 according to their first Pr...
Book
Full-text available
Bioenergy is the production of renewable energy from organic material. It corresponds to three main feedstock categories (agriculture, forestry & waste) for three main uses (transport, heat & electricity). The development of bioenergy is often retained as a positive option due to its contribution to the mitigation of climate change, agricultural an...
Book
Full-text available
The European Council endorsed at its Meeting in Brussels on 8/9 March 2007 a binding target of a 20% share of renewable energies in the overall EU energy consumption by 2020 and a 10% binding minimum target to be achieved by all Member States for the share of biofuels in overall EU transport petrol and diesel consumption. The 2009 Directive on the...
Technical Report
Full-text available
In the present Report data contained in the National Renewable Energy Action Plans and already presented in the previous EU 24926 EN reference report (2011) have been updated considering the final NREAPs versions submitted in early 2012. Differences with the previously reported data are put into evidence in the Review Highlights, while Annex I and...