Manja Marz

Manja Marz
Friedrich Schiller University Jena | FSU · Department of Bioinformatics

Dr. rer. nat

About

237
Publications
39,979
Reads
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9,751
Citations
Additional affiliations
April 2012 - present
Friedrich Schiller University Jena
Position
  • Professor for Bioinformatics
January 2010 - April 2012
Philipps University of Marburg
Position
  • Group Leader
August 2006 - November 2009
University of Leipzig
Position
  • PhD

Publications

Publications (237)
Article
Taxonomic classification, that is, the assignment to biological clades with shared ancestry, is a common task in genetics, mainly based on a genome similarity search of large genome databases. The classification quality depends heavily on the database, since representative relatives must be present. Many genomic sequences cannot be classified at al...
Preprint
Full-text available
The study of viral communities has revealed the enormous diversity and impact these biological entities have on a range of different ecosystems. These observations have sparked widespread interest in developing computational strategies that support the comprehensive characterization of viral communities based on sequencing data. Here we introduce V...
Preprint
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Most plant-pathogenic Xanthomonas bacteria harbor transcription activator-like effector (TALE) genes, which function as transcriptional activators of host plant genes and support infection. The entire repertoire of up to 29 TALE genes of a Xanthomonas strain is also referred to as TALome. The DNA-binding domain of TALEs is comprised of highly conse...
Article
Full-text available
Background Fruits are the seed-bearing structures of flowering plants and are highly diverse in terms of morphology, texture and maturation. Dehiscent fruits split open upon maturation to discharge their seeds while indehiscent fruits are dispersed as a whole. Indehiscent fruits evolved from dehiscent fruits several times independently in the cruci...
Article
Full-text available
Viruses are the cause of a considerable burden to human, animal and plant health, while on the other hand playing an important role in regulating entire ecosystems. The power of new sequencing technologies combined with new tools for processing “Big Data” offers unprecedented opportunities to answer fundamental questions in virology. Virologists ha...
Article
Full-text available
The terrestrial subsurface contains nearly all of Earth’s freshwater reserves and harbours the majority of our planet’s total prokaryotic biomass. Although genetic surveys suggest these organisms rely on in situ carbon fixation, rather than the photosynthetically derived organic carbon transported from surface environments, direct measurements of c...
Article
Full-text available
During the last decades, antimicrobial resistance (AMR) has become a global public health concern. Nowadays multi-drug resistance is commonly observed in strains of Vibrio cholerae, the etiological agent of cholera. In order to limit the spread of pathogenic drug-resistant bacteria and to maintain treatment options the analysis of clinical samples...
Article
Full-text available
Non-coding RNAs (ncRNAs) play a central and regulatory role in almost all cells, organs, and species, which has been broadly recognized since the human ENCODE project and several other genome projects. Nevertheless, a small fraction of ncRNAs have been identified, and in the placenta they have been investigated very marginally. To date, most exampl...
Article
Full-text available
The International Virus Bioinformatics Meeting 2022 took place online, on 23–25 March 2022, and has attracted about 380 participants from all over the world. The goal of the meeting was to provide a meaningful and interactive scientific environment to promote discussion and collaboration and to inspire and suggest new research directions and questi...
Article
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While previous research on zoonotic transmission of community‐acquired Clostridioides difficile infection (CA‐CDI) focused on food‐producing animals, the present study aimed to investigate whether dogs are carriers of resistant and/or virulent C. difficile strains. Rectal swabs were collected from 323 dogs and 38 C. difficile isolates (11.8%) were...
Article
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is often diagnosed at an advanced stage and is, therefore, treated with systemic drugs, such as tyrosine-kinase inhibitors (TKIs). These drugs, however, offer only modest survival benefits due to the rapid development of drug resistance. To identify genes implicated in TKI resistance, a cluster of regularly interspace...
Article
Full-text available
Extracellular vesicles (EVs), including small EVs (sEVs), are involved in neuroinflammation and neurodegenerative diseases, including Alzheimer’s disease, Parkinson’s disease, and amyotrophic lateral sclerosis. Yet, increased neuroinflammation can also be detected in the aging brain, and it is associated with increased glial activation. Changes in...
Article
Thogotoviruses are tick-borne arboviruses that comprise a unique genus within the Orthomyxoviridae family. Infections with thogotoviruses primarily cause disease in livestock with occasional reports of human infections suggesting a zoonotic potential. In the past, multiple genetically distinct thogotoviruses were isolated mostly from collected tick...
Article
The circadian clock system influences the biology of life by establishing circadian rhythms in organisms, tissues, and cells, thus regulating essential biological processes based on the day/night cycle. Circadian rhythms change over a lifetime due to maturation and aging, and disturbances in the control of the circadian system are associated with s...
Article
Full-text available
Background The highly diverse Cand . Patescibacteria are predicted to have minimal biosynthetic and metabolic pathways, which hinders understanding of how their populations differentiate in response to environmental drivers or host organisms. Their mechanisms employed to cope with oxidative stress are largely unknown. Here, we utilized genome-resol...
Preprint
Background Fruits are the seed-bearing structures of flowering plants and are highly diverse in terms of morphology, texture and maturation. Dehiscent fruits split open upon maturation to discharge their seeds while indehiscent fruits are dispersed as a whole. Indehiscent fruits evolved from dehiscent fruits several times independently in the cruci...
Article
Full-text available
Liver resection causes marked perfusion alterations in the liver remnant both on the organ scale (vascular anatomy) and on the microscale (sinusoidal blood flow on tissue level). These changes in perfusion affect hepatic functions via direct alterations in blood supply and drainage, followed by indirect changes of biomechanical tissue properties an...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Fruits are the seed-bearing structures of flowering plants and are highly diverse in terms of morphology, texture and maturation. Dehiscent fruits split open upon maturation to discharge their seeds while indehiscent fruits are dispersed as a whole. Indehiscent fruits evolved from dehiscent fruits several times independently in the cruc...
Preprint
Full-text available
The terrestrial subsurface contains nearly all of Earth’s freshwater reserves ¹ and harbors upwards of 60% of our planet’s total prokaryotic biomass 2,3 . While genetic surveys suggest these organisms rely on in situ carbon fixation, rather than the translocation of photosynthetically derived organic carbon 4–6 , corroborating measurements of carbo...
Poster
Placenta accreta spectrum (PAS) is a condition of placental growth inside the wall of the uterus, and occasionally outside invading into surrounding organs. PAS involves placenta accreta, increta and percreta correlating with the invasion depth of the uterine wall. It has been demonstrated that human placenta produces a specific set of miRNAs, whic...
Preprint
Full-text available
The highly diverse Cand . Patescibacteria are predicted to have minimal biosynthetic and metabolic pathways, which hinders understanding of how their populations differentiate to environmental drivers or host organisms. Their metabolic traits to cope with oxidative stress are largely unknown. Here, we utilized genome-resolved metagenomics to invest...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Diapause is a key adaptation that enabled the colonization of ephemeral habitats subject to the alternation of dry and wet seasons by annual killifishes. Upon desiccation of the ponds, killifish embryos remain vital but quiescent in the clay, where they can survive months or even years. Diapause can occur at three different developmental...
Preprint
Full-text available
Taxonomic classification, i.e., the identification and assignment to groups of biological organisms with the same origin and characteristics, is a common task in genetics. Nowadays, taxonomic classification is mainly based on genome similarity search to large genome databases. In this process, the classification quality depends heavily on the datab...
Article
Full-text available
The SARS-CoV-2 virus is the causative agent of the global COVID-19 infectious disease outbreak, which can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS). However, it is still unclear how the virus interferes with immune cell and metabolic functions in the human body. In this study, we investigated the immune response in acute or convalescent CO...
Article
Full-text available
Many recent studies highlight the fundamental importance of viruses. Besides their important role as human and animal pathogens, their beneficial, commensal or harmful functions are poorly understood. By developing and applying tailored bioinformatical tools in important virological models, the Marie Skłodowska-Curie Initiative International Traini...
Article
Full-text available
The International Virus Bioinformatics Meeting 2020 was originally planned to take place in Bern, Switzerland, in March 2020. However, the COVID-19 pandemic put a spoke in the wheel of almost all conferences to be held in 2020. After moving the conference to 8–9 October 2020, we got hit by the second wave and finally decided at short notice to go f...
Article
Full-text available
Aging is a complex process that can be characterized by functional and cognitive decline in an individual. Aging can be assessed based on the functional capacity of vital organs and their intricate interactions with one another. Thus, the nature of aging can be described by focusing on a specific organ and an individual itself. However, to fully un...
Article
Full-text available
Rfam is a database of RNA families where each of the 3444 families is represented by a multiple sequence alignment of known RNA sequences and a covariance model that can be used to search for additional members of the family. Recent developments have involved expert collaborations to improve the quality and coverage of Rfam data, focusing on microR...
Article
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is a novel virus of the family Coronaviridae. The virus causes the infectious disease COVID-19. The biology of coronaviruses has been studied for many years. However, bioinformatics tools designed explicitly for SARS-CoV-2 have only recently been developed as a rapid reaction to the need...
Article
Full-text available
To identify genome-based features characteristic of the avian and human pathogen Chlamydia (C.) psittaci and related chlamydiae, we analyzed whole-genome sequences of 33 strains belonging to 12 species. Using a novel genome analysis tool termed Roary ILP Bacterial Annotation Pipeline (RIBAP), this panel of strains was shown to share a large core ge...
Chapter
Since the discovery of computers, bioinformatics and computational biology have been instrumental in a wide range of discoveries in virology. These include early mathematical models of virus-host interaction, and more recently the analysis of viral nucleotide and protein sequences to track their function, epidemiology, and evolution. The genomics r...
Article
Full-text available
The freshwater microalga Chlamydomonas reinhardtii, which lives in wet soil, has served for decades as a model for numerous biological processes and many tools have been introduced for this organism. Here, we have established a stable nuclear transformation for its marine counterpart, Chlamydomonas sp. SAG25.89, by fusing specific cis‐acting elemen...
Article
Full-text available
Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infects liver cells and often causes chronic infection, also leading to liver cirrhosis and cancer. In the cytoplasm, the viral structural and non-structural (NS) proteins are directly translated from the plus strand HCV RNA genome. The viral proteins NS3 to NS5B proteins constitute the replication complex that is required f...
Article
Motivation: By binding to specific structures on antigenic proteins, the so-called epitopes, B-cell antibodies can neutralize pathogens. The identification of B-cell epitopes is of great value for the development of specific serodiagnostic assays and the optimization of medical therapy. However, identifying diagnostically or therapeutically releva...
Article
Full-text available
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an arthropod-borne emerging pathogen causing febrile illness. ZIKV is associated with the Guillain–Barré syndrome and other neurological complications. The vertical transmission of ZIKV can cause fetus demise, stillbirths or severe congenital abnormalities and neurological complications. There is still no vaccine or specific tr...
Article
Synonymous substitutions can influence virus phenotype, replication capacity, and virulence. In this study, we explored how synonymous codon mutations impacted HIV-1 Env protein expression and virus replication capacity. We changed a single codon, AGG to CGU, which was located in the gp41 coding region ( env nucleotide residues 2125 to 2127) and wa...
Article
Motivation: Zoonosis, the natural transmission of infections from animals to humans, is a far-reaching global problem. The recent outbreaks of Zikavirus, Ebolavirus, and Coronavirus are examples of viral zoonosis, which occur more frequently due to globalization. In case of a virus outbreak, it is helpful to know which host organism was the origin...
Article
Full-text available
Assembling microbial and viral genomes from metagenomes is a powerful and appealing method to understand structure‐function relationships in complex environments. To compare the recovery of genomes from microorganisms and their viruses from groundwater, we generated shotgun metagenomes with Illumina sequencing accompanied by long reads derived from...
Article
PoSeiDon is an easy-to-use pipeline that helps researchers to find recombination events and sites under positive selection in protein-coding sequences. By entering homologous sequences, PoSeiDon builds an alignment, estimates a best-fitting substitution model, and performs a recombination analysis followed by the construction of all corresponding p...
Preprint
Full-text available
SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2) is a novel virus of the family Coronaviridae. The virus causes the infectious disease COVID-19. The biology of coronaviruses has been studied for many years. However, bioinformatics tools designed explicitly for SARS-CoV-2 have only recently been developed as a rapid reaction to the need...
Preprint
Full-text available
PoSeiDon is an easy-to-use pipeline that helps researchers to find recombination events and sites under positive selection in protein-coding sequences. By entering homologous sequences, PoSeiDon builds an alignment, estimates a best-fitting substitution model, and performs a recombination analysis followed by the construction of all corresponding p...
Preprint
Full-text available
By binding to specific structures on antigenic proteins, the so-called epitopes, B-cell antibodies can neutralize pathogens. The identification of B-cell epitopes is of great value for the development of specific serodiagnostic assays and the optimization of medical therapy. However, identifying diagnostically or therapeutically relevant epitopes i...
Article
Full-text available
Data is central in almost all scientific disciplines nowadays. Furthermore, intelligent systems have developed rapidly in recent years, so that in many disciplines the expectation is emerging that with the help of intelligent systems, significant challenges can be overcome and science can be done in completely new ways. In order for this to succeed...
Article
Full-text available
Although bats are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific studies due to their unique properties, these exceptional animals are still among the least studied mammals. Assembly quality and completeness of bat genomes vary a lot and especially non-coding RNA (ncRNA) annotations are incomplete or simply missing. Accordingly, standard bioinformat...
Preprint
Full-text available
Assembling microbial and phage genomes from metagenomes is a powerful and appealing method to understand structure-function relationships in complex environments. In order to compare the recovery of genomes from microorganisms and their phages from groundwater, we generated shotgun metagenomes with Illumina sequencing accompanied by long reads deri...
Article
Full-text available
Following the publication of this article [1], the authors reported that the images of Figs. 1, 2 and 3 were published in the incorrect order, whereby they mismatch with their captions.
Article
Full-text available
Increasing evidence indicates that chronic inflammation and senescence are the cause of many severe age-related diseases, with both biological processes highly upregulated during aging. However, until now, it has remained unknown whether specific inflammation- or senescence-related genes exist that are common between different species or tissues. T...
Article
Introduction: Leukemia Inhibitory Factor (LIF) regulates behavior of trophoblast cells and their interaction with immune and endothelial cells. In vitro, trophoblast cell response to LIF may vary depending on the cell model. Reported differences in the miRNA profile of trophoblastic cells may be responsible for these observations. Therefore, miRNA...
Article
Full-text available
Sequence analyses of RNA virus genomes remain challenging owing to the exceptional genetic plasticity of these viruses. Because of high mutation and recombination rates, genome replication by viral RNA-dependent RNA polymerases leads to populations of closely related viruses, so-called "quasispecies." Standard (short-read) sequencing technologies a...
Preprint
Although bats are increasingly becoming the focus of scientific studies due to their unique properties, these exceptional animals are still among the least studied mammals. Assembly quality and completeness of bat genomes vary a lot and especially non-coding RNA (ncRNA) annotations are incomplete or simply missing. Accordingly, standard bioinformat...
Article
Full-text available
Antiviral interferons (IFN-alpha/beta) are possibly responsible for the high tolerance of bats to zoonotic viruses. Previous studies focused on the IFN system of megabats (suborder Yinpterochiroptera). We present statistically robust RNA sequencing (RNA-seq) data on transcriptomes of cells from the "microbat" Myotis daubentonii (suborder Yangochiro...
Article
Zika virus (ZIKV) is an emerging vector-borne pathogen causing a febrile disease. ZIKV infection might also trigger Guillain-Barré syndrome, neuropathy, and myelitis. Vertical transmission of ZIKV can cause fetus demise, stillbirth, or severe congenital abnormalities and neurological complications. There is no vaccine or specific antiviral treatmen...
Article
Full-text available
Viral ecology of terrestrial habitats is yet-to be extensively explored, in particular the terrestrial subsurface. One problem in obtaining viral sequences from groundwater aquifer samples is the relatively low amount of virus particles. As a result, the amount of extracted DNA may not be sufficient for direct sequencing of such samples. Here we co...
Article
Full-text available
Influenza A virus is recognized today as one of the most challenging viruses that threatens both human and animal health worldwide. Understanding the control mechanisms of influenza infection and dynamics is crucial and could result in effective future treatment strategies. Many kinetic models based on differential equations have been developed in...