Manel Juan Otero

Manel Juan Otero
Hospital Clínic de Barcelona · Servicio de Inmunología

MD, PhD

About

297
Publications
24,430
Reads
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8,524
Citations
Introduction
Current research interests: CANCER CELL IMMUNOTHERAPY. Methods: Chimeric Antigen Receptor Working on CART19, CARTBCMA
Additional affiliations
September 2007 - present
Institut d’Investigacions Biomèdiques August Pi i Sunyer
September 2007 - present
July 2001 - September 2007
Banc de Sang i Teixits
Position
  • Head of Suprocess
Education
September 1982 - July 1988
University of Barcelona
Field of study
  • Medicine

Publications

Publications (297)
Article
Full-text available
We evaluated outcomes of 18 patients with isolated extramedullary disease (iEMD) relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) treated with the CD19-directed CAR T cells ARI-0001 in two centers (adult and pediatric), including patients treated in the CART19-BE-01 trial and the consecutive compassionate use program. iEMD was...
Chapter
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) is probably one of the most successful proposals for cancer treatment, especially hematological diseases for which several Advanced Therapies Medicinal Products (ATMP) have been approved worldwide by drug agencies. But, despite this unprecedented success in the oncology and cell/gene therapy fields, there are a lot o...
Article
Full-text available
Anti-CD19 CAR-T cells have achieved impressive outcomes for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B-lineage neoplasms. However, important limitations still remain due to severe adverse events (i.e. cytokine release syndrome and neuroinflammation) and relapse of 40-50% of the treated patients. Most CAR-T cells are generated using retroviral vectors w...
Article
CD19-directed immunotherapies have revolutionized the treatment of advanced B-ALL. Despite initial impressive rates of complete remission (CR) many patients ultimately relapse. B-ALL patients successfully treated with CD19-directed T-cells eventually relapse, which coupled with the early onset of CD22 expression during B-cell development suggests t...
Article
Full-text available
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)–modified T cells have revolutionized the treatment of CD19-positive hematologic malignancies. Although anti-CD19 CAR-engineered autologous T cells can induce remission in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a large subset relapse, most of them with CD19-positive disease. Therefore, new therapeutic stra...
Article
Full-text available
Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-modified T cells have revolutionized the treatment of CD19-positive hematologic malignancies. Although anti-CD19 CAR-engineered autologous T cells can induce remission in patients with B cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia, a large subset relapse, most of them with CD19-positive disease. Therefore, new therapeutic strat...
Article
Full-text available
The advent of immunotherapy has revolutionized cancer treatment. Unfortunately, this has not been the case for metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer (mCRPC), likely due to the heterogeneous and immune-suppressive microenvironment present in prostate cancer. The identification of molecular biomarkers that could predict response to immunoth...
Article
Full-text available
A specific T-cell response persists in the majority of COVID-19 patients 6 months after hospital discharge. This response is more prominent in those who required critical care during the acute COVID-19 episode but is reduced in patients with lung sequelae. https://bit.ly/3fBuVA4.
Article
Full-text available
CART19 cells are emerging as an alternative therapy for patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL). Here we report the outcome of nine consecutive patients with CLL treated with ARI-0001 CART19 cells, six of them with Richter’s transformation (RT). One patient with RT never received therapy. The cytokine release syndrome rate was 87.5% (12.5%...
Preprint
Identification of new markers associated with long-term efficacy in patients treated with CAR T cells is a current medical need, particularly in diseases such as multiple myeloma. In this study we address the impact of CAR density on the functionality of BCMA-CAR T cells. Functional and transcriptional studies demonstrate that CAR T cells with high...
Article
Full-text available
In February 2021, the ‘Advanced Therapy Medicinal Product’ (ATMP) ARI-0001 (CART19-BE-01), developed at Hospital Clínic de Barcelona (Spain), received authorization from the Spanish Agency of Medicines and Medical Devices (AEMPS) under the ‘hospital exemption’ (HE) approval pathway for the treatment of patients aged >25 years with relapsed/refracto...
Article
Full-text available
Multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable despite the number of novel therapies that have become available in recent years. Occasionally, a patient with MM will develop an amyloid light-chain (AL) amyloidosis with organ dysfunction. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CART) therapy has become a promising approach in treating hematological malignancies....
Article
Background: ARI0002h is an academic lentiviral autologous second-generation CAR T-cell product with a 4-1BB co-stimulatory domain and a humanized single chain variable fragment targeting BCMA. In pre-clinical studies, ARI0002h has demonstrated potent in vitro and in vivo activity. Here, we report the first safety and efficacy results of the CARTBCM...
Article
Introduction The outcome of patients with Acute Myeloid Leukemia (AML) is still dismal, especially in patients with a relapsed or refractory (R/R) disease. In these patients, innovative treatment strategies must be considered in order to improve survival. Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell (CART) immunotherapy has demonstrated its efficacy and safety...
Article
Background: Chimeric Antigen Receptor-modified T cell (CAR-T) therapies have revolutionized cancer immunotherapy, especially in hematological malignancies. Although great results have been achieved during the last years, long-term efficacy is still compromised in some cases and factors behind CAR-T cell disfunction are not fully understood. Recent...
Article
B ackground: ARI0002h is an academic autologous CAR T-cell product with a 4-1BB co-stimulatory domain and a humanized single chain variable fragment targeting BCMA, which is being tested in the CARTBCMA-HCB-01 clinical trial for patients (pts) with RRMM (NCT04309981). A fractionated infusion of 3x10 6 CAR+ cells (ARI0002h)/kg (10/30/60%) was admini...
Article
Full-text available
Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL) and Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) are the most common leukemias in children and elderly people, respectively. Standard therapies, such as chemotherapy, are only effective in 40% of ALL adult patients with a five-year survival rate and therefore new alternatives need to be used, such as immunotherapy targeting...
Article
Cancer remains among the most common causes of death globally, and more effective therapies are urgently needed. Personalized biotherapies customized to individual patients, including adoptive therapies such as chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells, have shown significant clinical benefit even in heavily pretreated patients. However, the commerci...
Article
Background Multiple myeloma (MM) remains incurable despite the number of novel therapies that have become available in recent years. Occasionally, a patient with MM will develop a light-chain (AL) amyloidosis due to the deposition of amyloidogenic light chains causing organ dysfunction. Chimeric antigen receptor T-cell (CART) therapy has become the...
Article
Background Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells directed against CD19 (CART19) are effective in B-cell malignancies, but little is known about the molecular factors predicting clinical outcome of CART19 therapy. The increasingly recognized relevance of epigenetic changes in cancer immunology prompted us to determine the impact of the DNA methyla...
Article
Full-text available
Enhancing NK cell-based cancer immunotherapy by overcoming immunosuppression is an area of intensive research. Here, we have demonstrated that the anti-CD137 agonist urelumab can overcome TGFβ-mediated inhibition of human NK-cell proliferation and antitumor function. Transcriptomic, immunophenotypic and functional analyses showed that CD137 costimu...
Article
Full-text available
Allogenic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (allo-HSCT) is one of the standard treatments for B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders; however, deep relapses are common after an allo-HSCT, and it is associated with poor prognosis. A successful approach to overcome these relapses is to exploit the body’s own immune system with chimeric antigen re...
Article
The Hospital Exemption (HE) allows for the use of advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) next to marketing authorization (MA), but under special conditions. The HE is only applicable to individual patients treated in the hospital setting and it is limited to member states of the European Union (EU); HE is mainly conceded to the academic centers...
Article
Full-text available
CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells have yielded impressive response rates in refractory/relapse B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL);however, most patients ultimately relapse due to poor CAR T-cell persistence or resistance of either CD19⁺ or CD19– B-ALL clones. CD22 is a pan-B marker whose expression is maintained in both...
Article
Full-text available
Background Information regarding inborn error of immunity (IEI) as a risk factor for severe COVID-19 is scarce. We aimed to determine if paediatric patients with moderate/severe IEI got COVID-19 at the same level as the general population, and to describe COVID-19 expression. Material and methods We included patients with moderate/severe IEI aged...
Article
Full-text available
Background Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell immunotherapy has modified the concept of treatment in hematological malignancies. In comparison with pediatric patients, where responses are maintained over many years, older patients, such as those with non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL) and multiple myeloma (MM), present lower persistence of CAR-T cell...
Conference Paper
p>Background: A previous phase 2 study in metastatic breast cancer demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in overall survival (OS) in patients treated with pelareorep (pela), an intravenously delivered immuno-oncolytic reovirus, given in combination with paclitaxel (PTX) versus PTX alone [1]. We hypothesized that the OS benefit from p...
Article
Recent published studies have found an impaired immune response after SARS‐CoV‐2 vaccination in solid organ recipients. However, most of these studies have not assessed immune cellular responses in liver and heart transplant recipients. We prospectively studied heart and liver transplant recipients eligible for SARS‐CoV‐2 vaccination. Patients with...
Article
Background and aims Porto-Sinusoidal Vascular Disease (PSVD) is a rare disease that requires excluding cirrhosis and other causes of portal hypertension for its diagnosis since it lacks a specific diagnostic test. Although it has been occasionally associated with autoimmune diseases, the pathophysiology of PSVD remains unknown. The aim of the curre...
Article
According to preliminary data, seroconversion after mRNA SARS‐CoV‐2 vaccination might be unsatisfactory in Kidney Transplant Recipients (KTRs). However, it is unknown if seronegative patients develop at least a cellular response that could offer a certain grade of protection against SARS‐CoV‐2. To answer this question, we prospectively studied 148...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells directed against CD19 have achieved impressive outcomes for the treatment of relapsed/refractory B lineage lymphoid neoplasms. However, CAR-T therapy still has important limitations due to severe side effects and the lack of efficiency in 40-50% of the patients. Most CARs-T products are generated...
Article
Full-text available
A key challenge for clinical application of induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSC) to accurately model and treat human pathologies depends on developing a method to generate genetically stable cells to reduce long-term risks of cell transplant therapy. Here, we hypothesized that CYCLIN D1 repairs DNA by highly efficient homologous recombination (HR)...
Conference Paper
Background: A previous phase 2 study in metastatic breast cancer compared treatment with intravenously delivered oncolytic reovirus, pelareorep (pela), in combination with paclitaxel (PTX) versus PTX alone. This study demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in overall survival (OS), without differences in objective response or progress...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Background Residual disease (RD) after standard neoadjuvant chemotherapy (NAC) is composed of drug resistant cells and associates with increased risk of relapse, especially in triple negative, HER2-positive, and highly proliferative Luminal tumors. Immunotherapy combinations can induce of specific anti-tumor immune responses, such as those mediated...
Article
Full-text available
CD19‐directed chimeric antigen receptors (CAR) T cells induce impressive rates of complete response in advanced B‐cell malignancies, specially in B‐cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B‐ALL). However, CAR T‐cell‐treated patients eventually progress due to poor CAR T‐cell persistence and/or disease relapse. The bone marrow (BM) is the primary locatio...
Article
Multisystem inflammatory syndrome associated with the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic has recently been described in children (MIS-C), partially overlapping with Kawasaki disease (KD). We hypothesized that: 1) MIS-C and pre-pandemic KD cytokine profiles may be unique and justify the clinical differences observed; 2) SARS-CoV-2-specific immune complexes (IC) ma...
Article
Full-text available
Hematological malignancies, including multiple myeloma, lymphoma, and leukemia, are a heterogeneous group of neoplasms that affect the blood, bone marrow, and lymph nodes. They originate from uncontrolled growth of hematopoietic and lymphoid cells from different stages in their maturation/differentiation and account for 6.5% of all cancers around t...
Article
Full-text available
Chronic mucocutaneous candidiasis (CMC) is characterized by a chronic or recurrent non invasive infection, mainly due to Candida albicans , in skin, nails, and mucous membranes, associated in some cases with autoimmune manifestations. The key immune defect is disruption of the action of cytokine IL-17, whose most common genetic etiology is STAT1 ge...
Article
Aims Atypical lymphocytes circulating in blood have been reported in COVID-19 patients. This study aims to (1) analyse if patients with reactive lymphocytes (COVID-19 RL) show clinical or biological characteristics related to outcome; (2) develop an automatic system to recognise them in an objective way and (3) study their immunophenotype. Methods...
Article
Natural killer cells, or NK cells, are a type of cytotoxic lymphocyte critical to the innate immune system. The role that NK cells play is analogous to that of cytotoxic T cells in that they provide rapid responses to virus-infected cells and responses to tumor formation. Unmodified NK cells have long been used in various immunotherapies to treat d...
Article
Full-text available
After publication of the PACIFIC trial results, immune checkpoint inhibitor-based immunotherapy was included in the treatment algorithm of locally advanced non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC). The PACIFIC trial demonstrated that 12 mo of durvalumab consolidation therapy after radical-intent platinum doublet chemotherapy with concomitant radiotherapy...
Article
Full-text available
Background Cell banks are widely used to preserve cell properties as well as to record and control the use of cell lines in biomedical research. The generation of cell banks for the manufacturing of Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products, such as cell and gene therapy products, must comply with current Good Manufacturing Practice regulations. The qual...
Article
Background A previous phase 2 study in metastatic breast cancer demonstrated a statistically significant improvement in overall survival (OS) in patients treated with pelareorep (pela) in combination with paclitaxel (PTX) versus PTX alone. ¹ Given that pela is an intravenously delivered immuno-oncolytic reovirus, we hypothesized that the OS benefit...
Article
Full-text available
Autoinflammatory diseases (AIDs) were first described as clinical disorders characterized by recurrent episodes of seemingly unprovoked sterile inflammation. In the past few years, the identification of novel AIDs expanded their phenotypes toward more complex clinical pictures associating vasculopathy, autoimmunity, or immunodeficiency. Herein, we...
Article
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic, caused by Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus-2 (SARS-CoV-2), has generated a significant repercussion on the administration of adoptive cell therapies, including chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells. The closing of borders, the reduction of people transit and the confinement of the population has affected the su...
Article
Background Chimeric Antigen Receptor (CAR)-T cells directed against CD19 have induced high rates of response in patients with relapsed/refractory (R/R) B-cell malignancies. Two CD19-targeting constructs have been approved by the FDA and EMA (Yescarta ®, Kymriah ®) for B lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL) and aggressive lymphoma. Despite deep remissions...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: Multiple myeloma (MM) is a hematological malignancy in which patients present with bone marrow infiltration of clonal terminally-differentiated plasma cells. Monoclonal protein in the serum and/or urine are frequently detected. Over the past decade, important progress has been made in the comprehension of disease biology and treatmen...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cell banks have been widely used to preserve cell properties as well as to record and control cell line access in research. However, the generation of cell banks involved in the manufacturing of Advanced therapy medicinal products such as cell or gene therapy products must comply with the current Good Manufacturing Practice regulation....
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cell banks are widely used to preserve cell properties as well as to record and control the use of cell lines in biomedical research. The generation of cell banks for the manufacturing of Advanced Therapy Medicinal Products, such as cell and gene therapy products, must comply with current Good Manufacturing Practice regulations. The qua...
Article
Full-text available
CD19-CAR T-cell therapy (CART19) causes B-cell aplasia (BCA) and dysgammaglobulinemia but there is a lack of information about the degree of its secondary immunodeficiency. We conducted a prospective study in children and young adults with acute lymphoblastic leukaemia treated with CART19, analysing the kinetics of BCA and dysgammaglobulinemia duri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Cell banks have been widely used to preserve cell properties as well as to record and control cell line access in research. However, the generation of cell banks involved in the manufacturing of Advanced therapy medicinal products such as cell or gene therapy products must comply with the current Good Manufacturing Practice regulation....
Article
Full-text available
Background Although adoptive transfer of CD19-directed chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T-cells (CD19-CAR T-cells) achieves high rates of complete response in patients with B-cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (B-ALL), relapse is common. Bone marrow (BM) mesenchymal stem/stromal cells (BM-MSC) are key components of the hematopoietic niche and are imp...
Article
New treatment strategies such as immune checkpoint inhibitors and oncolytic viruses are opening new possibilities in cancer therapy. Preliminary results in melanoma and other tumors showed that the combination of talimogene laherparepvec with an anti-PD-1/PD-L1 or anti-CTLA4 has greater efficacy than either therapy alone, without additional safety...