Man Hung

Man Hung
Roseman University of Health Sciences · College of Dental Medicine

PhD. MED. MSTAT. MSIS. MBA

About

179
Publications
36,132
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4,455
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Introduction
I have a strong background and interest in analytics, business administration, and information technology.

Publications

Publications (179)
Article
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Objective: This study sought to utilise machine learning methods in artificial intelligence to select the most relevant variables in classifying the presence and absence of root caries and to evaluate the model performance. Background: Dental caries is one of the most prevalent oral health problems. Artificial intelligence can be used to develop...
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Background: The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic led to substantial public discussion. Understanding these discussions can help institutions, governments, and individuals navigate the pandemic. Objective: The aim of this study is to analyze discussions on Twitter related to COVID-19 and to investigate the sentiments toward COVID-19. Meth...
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Purpose/objectives: The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic arguably represents the worst public health crisis of the 21st century. However, no empirical study currently exists in the literature that examines the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on dental education. This study evaluated the impact of COVID-19 on dental education and dental...
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Background: COVID-19 spreads via aerosol droplets. The dental profession is at high risk of contracting the virus since their work includes treatment procedures that produce aerosols. Teledentistry offers an opportunity to mitigate the risk to dental personnel by allowing dentists to provide care without direct patient contact. Objective: The pu...
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The patient-reported outcomes measurement information system (PROMIS) physical function item bank v1 (PPFIB) contains 124 item response theory (IRT) calibrated items (Rose et al. 2008. J Clin Epidemiol 61:17–33).We report the psychometric properties of these items within an outpatient, orthopaedic patient population. In particular, we investigated...
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Background: Despite controversy over their possible health consequences, manufacturers of e-cigarettes employ a variety of marketing media to increase their popularity among adolescents. This study analyzed the relationship between adolescent e-cigarette harm perception and five types of e-cigarette advertising exposures: social media, radio, bill...
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Introduction The 21 st century was marked by a dramatic increase in adolescent e-cigarette use in the United States (US). The popularity of non-traditional flavor types, including fruit and pastry, is thought to contribute toward growing product use nationally, leading to a variety of federal and state regulations limiting the use of non-traditiona...
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Introduction: The purpose of this study was to analyze hospital capacities in terms of hospital beds and staffing in the United States and explore the trends of hospital capacities during the Omicron variant emergence. Methods: Using data collected by the United States Department of Health and Human Services, this study examined hospitalization rat...
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Objectives: Professional athletes have a high prevalence of dental pathology, a low rate of routine dental visits, and a poor understanding of how these factors can affect athletic performance. The purpose of this study is to assess perceptions and behaviors of professional baseball players, specifically minor league professional baseball players (...
Preprint
BACKGROUND COVID-19 spreads via aerosol droplets. The dental profession is at high risk of contracting the virus since their work includes treatment procedures that produce aerosols. Teledentistry offers an opportunity to mitigate the risk to dental personnel by allowing dentists to provide care without direct patient contact. OBJECTIVE The purpos...
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Objective This study used a national database to update and examine current differences in men's and women's oral health and oral health behaviours in the United States. Methods Data from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey for the 2017-2018 cycle were used to explore the relationship between males and females and their oral healt...
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Background: Skin cancer is the most common form of cancer, and both clinical and epidemiological data link cumulative solar dosages and the number of sunburns to skin cancer. Each year, more than 5.4 million new cases of skin cancer are diagnosed, incurring a significant health and financial burden. Recommended preventive measures for skin cancer...
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This study assessed the longitudinal impact of early preventive dental visits on the number of dental operative procedures in a prevention-oriented pediatric dental practice. Inclusion criteria consisted of patients zero to four years of age with at least two years of preventive services provided by the practice. Early preventive visits were the in...
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The influence of familial and social environments plays a significant role in Electronic Nicotine Delivery System (ENDS) use and may contribute to poor oral health among adolescents. This study utilized the Population Assessment of Tobacco and Health (PATH) database and included youths aged 12 to 17 years who reported no history of dental health is...
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Introduction: Past studies examined factors associated with rural practice, but none employed newer machine learning (ML) methods to explore potential predictors. The primary aim of this study was to identify factors related to practice in a rural area. Secondary aims were to capture a more precise understanding of the demographic characteristics...
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According to prior research, the COVID-19 disease is linked to a high rate of cardiac arrhythmia, and those with preexisting heart failure are more likely to have a higher risk for negative health outcomes resulting from COVID-19. Individuals with preexisting health issues usually have less COVID-19 illness complications if they are fully vaccinate...
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Objectives Under-reporting of unemployment or forced retirement has consequences for measuring the impacts of job changes on health at retirement. We analyzed a comprehensive three-part measure of lost work opportunity for evidence of impact on health. Methods We combined variables from the Health and Retirement Study for 2,576 respondents assessi...
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Non-Hispanic (NH) Black men in the United States have the lowest five-year colorectal cancer (CRC) survival rate across all racial/ethnic and sex subgroups and are less likely than their NH White counterparts to complete CRC screening. We hypothesized that greater masculinity barriers to medical care (MBMC) would be negatively associated with CRC s...
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The objective of this scoping review is to summarize the implementation of telepharmacy during the surge of COVID-19. This review will focus on answering four questions: During the COVID-19 pandemic, (1) what were the various telepharmacy initiatives implemented? (2) what were the challenges faced when implementing telehealth initiatives? (3) what...
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Introduction/aims: Scoliosis is a common comorbidity among individuals diagnosed with a dystrophinopathy. We examined associations between clinical predictors and scoliosis in childhood-onset dystrophinopathy. Methods: The progression and treatment of scoliosis were obtained from data collected by the US population-based Muscular Dystrophy Surve...
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Guided by a critical race theory framework, this study tested W.E.B. DuBois’ hypothesis that Black students need not attend integrated schools to succeed academically. DuBois offered this controversial hypothesis nineteen years before Brown v Board of Education, in his 1935 essay, “Does the Negro Need Separate Schools?” His concern focused on the h...
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Background: Therapeutic trials are critical to improving outcomes for individuals diagnosed with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD). Understanding predictors of clinical trial participation could maximize enrollment. Methods: Data from six sites (Colorado, Iowa, Piedmont region North Carolina, South Carolina, Utah, and western New York) of the Mu...
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Objective: In light of COVID-19, leaders issued stay-at-home orders, including closure of higher-education schools. Most students left campus, likely impacting their employment and social network. Leaders are making decisions about opening universities and modality of instruction. Understanding students' psychological, physiological, academic, and...
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Purpose: PROMIS is becoming the most commonly utilized patient-reported outcome measure (PROM) in adult orthopaedics, but its adoption has lagged in pediatrics. Limited baseline data exists in pediatric-specific orthopaedic diagnoses. The objective of this study was to determine baseline PROMIS scores in patients with idiopathic scoliosis and to e...
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Few studies provide detailed findings about the health disparities of women being told by a physician whether they have ever had a human papillomavirus (HPV) infection. This study sought to characterize the prevalence and characteristics associated with women age 18 to 59 years in the United States who report being told they were infected with HPV....
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Background Orthodontics prevent and treat facial, dental, and occlusal anomalies. Untreated orthodontic problems can lead to significant dental public health issues, making it important to understand expenditures for orthodontic treatment. This study examined orthodontic expenditures and trends in the United States over 2 decades. Methods This stu...
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Sex and gender related health disparities in oral health remain an underappreciated and often over looked aspect of well-being. The goal of this narrative review is to identify sex and gender related oral health disparities by summarizing the current literature related to differences in oral health between men and women. The review identified that...
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[This corrects the article DOI: 10.3389/fpubh.2020.577499.].
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S Background Context : When different health care providers use different patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments, it is challenging to integrate findings that describe particular patient groups or to establish treatment effectiveness across studies. It is therefore critical to develop accurate ways to convert scores between various instruments...
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Introduction Hospital readmission rates are an indicator of the health care quality provided by hospitals. Applying machine learning (ML) to a hospital readmission database offers the potential to identify patients at the highest risk for readmission. However, few studies applied ML methods to predict hospital readmission. This study sought to asse...
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BACKGROUND Oral cancer is the sixth most prevalent cancer worldwide. Public knowledge in oral cancer risk factors and survival is limited. AIM To come up with machine learning (ML) algorithms to predict the length of survival for individuals diagnosed with oral cancer, and to explore the most important factors that were responsible for shortening...
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Introduction: It is unknown whether patients admitted for all-cause dental conditions (ACDC) are at high risk for hospital readmission, or what are the risk factors for dental hospital readmission. Objective: We examined the prevalence of, and risk factors associated with, 30-day hospital readmission for patients with an all-cause dental admission...
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by a distinct coronavirus, is an acute infectious disease that spreads mainly via the respiratory route. During the COVID-19 outbreak, many healthcare systems faced a severe burden when a large number of healthcare workers (HCWs) became infected due to the lack of adequate protection. Consequentl...
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The goals of this study were to develop a risk prediction model in unmet dental care needs and to explore the intersection between social determinants of health and unmet dental care needs in the United States. Data from the 2016 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey were used for this study. A chi-squared test was used to examine the difference in soci...
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Background: Atrial fibrillation (AF) in the elderly population is projected to increase over the next several decades. Catheter ablation shows promise as a treatment option and is becoming increasingly available. We examined 90-day hospital readmission for AF patients undergoing catheter ablation and utilized machine learning methods to explore th...
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Purpose/Objectives The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID‐19) pandemic arguably represents the worst public health crisis of the 21st century. However, no empirical study currently exists in the literature that examines the impact of the COVID‐19 pandemic on dental education. This study evaluated the impact of COVID‐19 on dental education and dental...
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Full-text available
Coronaviruses are single-stranded ribonucleic acid viruses that can cause illnesses in humans ranging from the common cold to severe respiratory disease and even death.In March 2020, the World Health Organization declared the 2019 novel coronavirus disease (COVID-19) caused by the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) as the...
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Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), which is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), is an acute infectious disease that spreads mainly via the respiratory route. Elderly patients or those with underlying diseases are more seriously affected. We report a case of COVID-19 infection in a geriatric patient with arterio...
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While separate bodies of research have emerged regarding racial microaggressions in postsecondary settings and the relationship between race-related stressors and health outcomes for African Americans, there is a dearth of empirical investigations that test the effects of “general happiness,” “job satisfaction,” and race related stress based on the...
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Atrial fibrillation (AF) cases are expected to increase over the next several decades, due to the rise in the elderly population. One promising treatment option for AF is catheter ablation, which is increasing in use. We investigated the hospital readmissions data for AF patients undergoing catheter ablation, and used machine learning models to exp...
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Medication non-adherence is a concern in chronic disease management. Currently, there is no scale that characterizes sufficient non-adherent reasons for practical use in the Chinese population. This study developed and validated the Chinese version of the Medication Adherence Reasons Scale (ChMAR-Scale) and described non-adherence reasons in adult...
Preprint
BACKGROUND The coronavirus disease (COVID-19) pandemic led to substantial public discussion. Understanding these discussions can help institutions, governments, and individuals navigate the pandemic. OBJECTIVE The aim of this study is to analyze discussions on Twitter related to COVID-19 and to investigate the sentiments toward COVID-19. METHODS...
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Introduction As total health and dental care expenditures in the United States continue to rise, healthcare disparities for low to middle-income Americans creates an imperative to analyze existing expenditures. This study examined health and dental care expenditures in the United States from 1996 to 2016 and explored trends in spending across vari...
Article
Background: Continuous glucose monitoring (CGM) systems help reduce hypoglycemia in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). It remains unclear whether T1D patients with impaired awareness of hypoglycemia (IAH) continue to develop more hypoglycemia than those with normal awareness (NA) despite CGM use. Methods: For this cross-sectional observational...
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Objective To identify concepts and constructs important to parents of children with Pierre Robin Sequence (PRS). Design Qualitative study. Setting All children received some care at a tertiary hospital with additional care at outside facilities. Interviews were conducted in nonclinical locations, including remote locations. Participants Parents...
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Background/objectives Accelerating the process of bone regeneration is of great interest for surgeons and basic scientists alike. Recently, umbilical cord mesenchymal stem cells (UCMSCs) are considered clinically applicable for tissue regeneration due to their noninvasive harvesting and better viability. Nonetheless, the bone regenerative ability o...
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There is uncertainty related to whether retirement negatively affects health-possibly due to complexity around retirement decisions. Lost-work opportunity through unemployment or forced retirement has been shown to negatively affect health. Lost-work opportunity can be captured in two measurement fields, either a reported experience of being forced...
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Context Little evidence exists on the positive and negative impacts of continuous glucose monitor system (CGM) alarm settings for diabetes control in patients with type 1 diabetes (T1D). Objective Evaluate the associations between CGM alarm settings and glucose outcomes. Design and Setting A cross-sectional observational study in a single academi...
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There is uncertainty related to whether retirement negatively impacts health--possibly due to the complexity of retirement decisions. The role of lost work opportunity on retirement decisions may help clarify when retirement has a favorable or negative impact on health. Lost work opportunity can be defined as forced retirement or unemployment promp...
Article
Introduction: The prevalence and impact of symptoms affecting individuals with pediatric forms of myotonic dystrophy type-1 (DM1) are not well understood. Methods: Patients from United States, Canada, and Sweden completed a survey that investigated 20 themes associated with pediatric-onset DM1. Participants reported the prevalence and importance...
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Resource mismanagement along with the underutilization of dental care has led to serious health and economic consequences. Artificial intelligence was applied to a national health database to develop recommendations for dental care. The data were obtained from the 2013–2014 National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey to perform machine learnin...
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Introduction Colorectal cancer (CRC) is preventable, as screening leads to the identification and removal of precancerous polyps. African-American men consistently have the highest CRC mortality rates, and their CRC-screening uptake remains low for complex reasons. Culture-specific masculinity barriers to care may contribute to the low uptake among...
Article
Study design: This was a correlational study. Objective: Determine the range of pediatric PROMIS scores for patients treated for adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) and assess correlation with SRS-22 domain scores. Summary of background data: Patient reported outcome (PRO) measures are important metrics for measuring health status in diverse...
Article
Background: The purpose of this study was to conduct a linguistic validation of the velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) Effects on Life Outcome (VELO) instrument for use in Brazilian-Portuguese patients with VPI. Methods: The original English version of the VELO instrument was translated into Brazilian-Portuguese, back-translated, and adapted amo...
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Background: Routine assessment of photophobia in the clinical setting may underestimate the presence and severity of this condition. We aimed to develop and validate a questionnaire to improve evaluation of the impact of photophobia on activities of daily living, and to determine the relationship of this questionnaire to psychophysical assessment...
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Aims Little evidence exists to confirm that better oral health is associated with better overall health and well‐being. The present study aimed to examine the impact of oral health on the overall health of the population greater than 65‐year old in the entire United States. Methods and results Data from National Health and Nutrition Examination Su...
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Objective: To test the Brazilian Portuguese velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) Effects on Life Outcome (VELO) instrument for reliability and validity. Design: Cross-sectional methodological study. Setting: Tertiary craniofacial medical center. Participants: Participants with VPI (VPI group, n = 60), with cleft and without VPI (no VPI/cleft g...
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Purpose: In light of recently-proposed quality measures for carpal tunnel release (CTR), elucidating the minimal clinically important difference (MCID) for selected outcome measures will be important when interpreting treatment responses. Our purpose was to estimate the MCID of the Patient-Reported Outcomes Measurement Information System (PROMIS)...
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Background Marriage is associated with lower cardiovascular morbidity and mortality, but quality matters. Marriages characterized by ambivalent behaviors (containing both highly positive and highly negative behaviors concurrently) may not confer the same cardiovascular benefits as characterized by purely positive behavior. Ambivalence is assumed to...
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This study examined factors contributing to achievement gaps between White and African American students in 2,868 diverse school districts across the United States. Using pooled data across five school years (2008-2013), six grade levels (grades third to eighth, which typically include students aged 8 years-14 years) and two different subjects (mat...