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In the era of universal and compulsory education, in which attention is paid to the ability to think scientifically, there should be no room for unscientific views. However, unscientific theories often appear in the media, and they find numerous supporters. Therefore, it was decided to investigate which of the common beliefs about the "chemical vs....
In formal education, the teaching of natural sciences begins when children are about 12 years old. Teachers justify this with the difficulty and abstraction of concepts in these sciences, and they refer to the theory of child development by Piaget. However, numerous examples from everyday life, from non-formal education, analysis of the difficultie...
Writing and balancing equations of chemical reactions is one of the \most difficult elements of chemistry education for students, which is why it was decided to analyse part of the process which is the most difficult. The process itself consists of multiple stages. it is important to highlight that the focus of research was not only on balancing th...
The system of education in Poland changed in 1999. The reform has allowed teachers greater autonomy in choosing textbooks and in the way of realizing the core curriculum. These reforms were intended to improve the quality of education and to increase its efficiency. On the other hand the diversity of school textbooks for chemistry carries many ways...