Majbaul Alam

Majbaul Alam
University of Southampton · Faculty of Engineering and Physical Science



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I am currently working with the Sustainable Research Energy Group (SERG) at the faculty of Engineering and the Environment, University of Southampton, UK. I have been a dedicated member of the Energy for Development (e4D) team since September 2017. Key area of my work in this team is off-grid electrification using renewable energy sources and technologies. With a first class M.Sc. in Marine Sciences I started working for Solar Home System projects in the coastal areas of Bangladesh during 2002. I acquired another M.Sc. from the UEL, UK focusing on Energy market. Driven by the passion of renewable energy and energy provision for the poor at the bottom of the economic pyramid I completed PhD in Renewable Energy Technology from the DeMontfort University, UK.
Additional affiliations
September 2017 - present
University of Southampton
  • Research Associate
  • Completed research projects: 1. Innovate UK funded DC mini-grid 2. Innovate UK funded Upgradable Solar Home Systems


Publications (16)
This document provides a summary of the Showcasing Engineering for Development event held at the Royal Academy of Engineering on March 18th, detailing all the presentations and panels
Energy is a key component for economic growth and social development. Current global warming and climate change concerns have created an urgent need for the transformation of the carbon intensive global energy sector into to a low carbon or carbon neutral alternative based on renewables. Solar and wind are the two most widely deployed renewable ene...
Full-text available
Saudi Arabia (SA) has a high per capita electricity consumption, predominantly supplied from fossil fuels. The residential sector accounts for about 50% of total electricity consumption with approximately 70% of which is used for air-conditioning (AC) loads. This research investigates the role of rooftop photovoltaic (PV) systems to displace coolin...
The 'Solar assisted electrical and thermal demand reduction in Saudi Arabia Housing' research project will contribute to the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia’s (KSA’s) renewable energy targets by addressing energy consumption in buildings (60% of consumption in KSA) displacing fossil fuel supplied electrical loads energy with those driven from solar photovo...
This document provides the summaries of the presentations given at the 6th Africa Mini Grid Summit held virtually from the 25th—26th February 2021 by the Energy & Climate Change Division and Sustainable Energy Research Group (SERG) as part of the Fortis Unum project. The content of the summaries provide a snapshot of the papers which are being prod...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
This paper presents results covering the efficiency of appliances to support reduce power needs in both mini grids and upgradeable solar home systems. In addition, the research has compared the efficacy of DC vs AC mini grids at different scales. In general, the results indicated that DC mini grids could compete well at sites with a smaller geograp...
Conference Paper
p>This paper presents results covering the efficiency of appliances to support reduce power needs in both mini grids and upgradeable solar home systems. In addition, the research has compared the efficacy of DC vs AC mini grids at different scales. In general, the results indicated that DC mini grids could compete well at sites with a smaller geogr...
SEECON 2018, Sustainable Energy Ecosystems International Conference,Co-located with first Philippine Micro-grid conference, Cebu, Philippine, 24-26 Oct 2018
Full-text available
DC vs AC solar PV mini-grids for rural electrification
Off-grid rural and remote area electrification through decentralized renewable hybrid mini-grids (HMG) has been prioritized in the recent national renewable energy policy of Bangladesh. Research was carried out to explore the actual customer willingness to pay (WTP) for the electricity to be supplied by such HMGs, while considering a wide spectrum...
Full-text available
Abstract: Lack of access to energy is considered as a serious bottleneck for the socio-economic development of Bangladesh. Despite earning recognition for promoting solar home systems, most of the rural areas and remote islands of the country still remain non-electrified due to very high unit cost and low quality of electricity from solar home syst...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dhaka, one of the fastest growing cities in the world has around 500 shopping centres, which use unstable electricity supply from the national grid. A medium size shopping centre having 50 shops consumes about 320kWh every day during the daytime business hours between 8am to 5pm. This study proposes a sustainable alternative to replace fossil fuel...
Full-text available
This is the abstract of the part research work carried out to find a sustainable solution for dissemination of renewable hybrid mini grids as a rural electrification option for Bangladesh.


Question (1)
What do you think? .. “Its a matter of time when renewables will replace fossil fuel and GEIA predicts the process will take dominance in the market in next fifteen years. We believe that conventional utilities across the world either large or small in size may surprisingly loose their grip on the energy market to non-traditional competitors. It is again a matter time and scope when renowned corporations will enter into the lucrative renewable energy generation activities. Global citizens would love to see Amazon, Facebook, ebay, BMW, Mercedes, Ford, Alibaba, Apple investing into green energy initiatives. The demand, more specifically the necessity of change towards a low carbon society will leave the geo-political traditions and boundaries far behind and the world will see a real transition by 2030”.


Cited By


Projects (7)
The focus of this project is renewable energy driven electricity networks geared to promote the short and long-term sustainable growth in Sub Saharan Africa focusing on Kenya and Uganda. This research builds on our 10 years’ experience of research and development in delivering modular solar photovoltaic (PV) power generation and distribution systems in rural areas on these countries. We will build on such collaborations to create new and appropriate knowledge, and capacity building, focussing on sustainable and resilient local energy networks, including off-grid networks and their transition to the national grid. This research will address mini grid networks in various modes: Isolated networks, Networks connected to the national grid, and Multiple networks connected together and working jointly. Clustering mini grids will form wider networks with greater stability and lower Levelised Cost of Electricity (LCOE), while linking such clusters to the national grid could provide support the near end of line utility network. This research will be underpinned by field studies on the e4D’s five existing mini grids in Kenya and Uganda, and will consider over 400 mini-grids in planning in these countries.
Archived project
This Innovate UK funded research project aimed to develop an affordable, up-gradable solar home system (SHS) product line for off-grid rural households, and conduct initial beta testing in two Sub-Saharan countries. SHSs, its accessories and appliances were tested in the SERG laboratory using latest state of the art technologies and equipment like, Labsphere, Fluke BT-5021 Battery analyser, Solar simulator, Environment chamber and DT M85 Data logger. Unlike other SHS's available in the local market, our proposed low-cost systems are fully upgradeable to include more appliances once the basic system is paid off, enabling even the poorest households to climb the Energy Ladder over time. We also conducted feasibility analysis for developing higher-powered solar systems to allow the productive use of power for all sectors in off-grid communities.
Recently completed Innovate UK funded DC mini-grid project explored the suitability of off-grid electricity provision through DC electricity. Results will be published in academic publication(s).