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Citations since 2017
8 Research Items
Maintaining energy balance is a complex physiological function whose dysregulation can lead to obesity and associated metabolic disorders. The bioamine serotonin (5HT) is an important regulator of energy homeostasis, with its central and peripheral pools influencing energy status in opposing ways. Using sublines of rats with constitutionally increa...
The serotonin receptor 2A gene (HTR2A) is a strong candidate for the fetal programming of future behavior and metabolism. Maternal obesity and gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) have been associated with an increased risk of metabolic and psychological problems in offspring. We tested the hypothesis that maternal metabolic status affects methylati...
Selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) are the most commonly prescribed medications for the treatment of mood disorders. Yet, individual response to SSRIs is highly variable, with only a portion of patients showing the desired therapeutic effect. To better understand the molecular basis underlying individual variability in response to SSRI...
Serotonin (5-HT) plays an extensive role during pregnancy in regulating both the placental physiology and embryonic/fetal development. The uptake of 5-HT into cells is central to the control of local concentrations of 5-HT near its molecular targets. Here, we investigated the mechanisms of 5-HT uptake into human primary placental cells and cord blo...
Central and peripheral serotonin (5HT) have opposing functions in the regulation of energy homeostasis. Both increasing 5HT signaling in the brain and decreasing 5HT signaling in the periphery have been proposed as potential treatments for obesity. This study investigates the relationship between constitutionally high or low 5HT activity and system...
Cellular serotonin (5-HT) uptake is central to regulating local levels of 5-HT nearby its molecular targets. Here we studied 5-HT uptake mechanisms in primary placental cells and cord blood platelets, all isolated directly from the human tissues. All cell types took up 5-HT in a time- and temperature-dependent manner. In initial-rate experiments in...
Central and peripheral pools of biogenic monoamine serotonin (5-hydroxytryptamine [5HT]) exert opposite effects on the body weight regulation: increase in brain 5HT activity is expected to decrease body weight, whereas increase in peripheral 5HT activity will increase body weight and adiposity. In a genetic model of rats with constitutionally high-...
We tested the hypothesis that gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) alters the DNA methylation pattern of the fetal serotonin transporter gene (SLC6A4), and examined the functional relevance of DNA methylation for regulation of the SLC6A4 expression in the human placenta. The study included 50 mother-infant pairs. Eighteen mothers were diagnosed with...
Reduced peripheral serotonin (5HT) in mice lacking tryptophan hydroxylase (TPH1), the rate limiting enzyme for 5HT synthesis, was reported to be anabolic to the skeleton. However, in other studies TPH1 deletion either had no bone effect or an age dependent inhibition of osteoclastic bone resorption. The role of 5HT in bone therefore remains poorly...
Pharmacology dataset. (XLSX)
CT and histomorphometry dataset. (XLSX)
TPH1 inhibition dataset. (XLSX)
In vitro dataset. (XLSX)
Model description dataset. (XLSX)
Biochemistry dataset. (XLSX)
Diabetes dataset. (XLSX)
BackgroundA role of the serotonin (5HT) transporter, a key regulator of serotonergic transmission, in the physiology, pharmacology and genetics of pain responses has been proposed recently. The present study aimed to explore the impact of constitutive differences in the activity of the serotonin transporter, and 5HT homeostasis in general, on the m...