Maiken Bjørkan

Maiken Bjørkan
Nordland Research Institute

PhD

About

33
Publications
7,900
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Citations
Introduction
I am a senior scientist at Nordland Research Institute, in Norway, Nordland. I have worked With fisheries and Coastal zone management issues Norway, Spain, Mexico, the Netherlands and Denmark (http://gap2.eu/). I am an Interdisciplinary scientist with expertise in sustainable fisheries- and aquaculture management, using a variety of methods and approaches including STS, SES and Q-method.
Additional affiliations
June 2015 - present
Nordland Research Institute
Position
  • Senior Researcher
February 2012 - present
The Norwegian College of Fishery Science
The Norwegian College of Fishery Science
Position
  • PostDoc Position

Publications

Publications (33)
Article
Finding the right way to move forward with seaweed cultivation requires the relevant stakeholders to reach agreement on what goals/limits to set and subsequently what measures should be taken to achieve them. Using a Q-method approach and an analytical framework based on in-put legitimacy and the four pillars of sustainability, we discuss the answe...
Chapter
Significance Statement Meeting global challenges requires regional and local alignment of institutional and business practices. The purpose of our work is to understand, using qualitative systems analysis, how the Sustainable Development Goals can be achieved through local, cross-sectoral solutions. In this chapter, we start by reviewing the status...
Article
Full-text available
Meaningful engagement between scientists and stakeholders has been extensively promoted as a tool for increasing public participation in science, as well as for increasing the relevance and impact of scientific research. Yet, co-production of knowledge entails practical challenges, since participants with diverse worldviews, expertise and interests...
Article
Full-text available
Successful implementation of the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) depends on regional and local authorities’ ability to implement the goals in their respective contexts. Through a survey and interviews with informants in Norwegian municipalities and county councils, this paper explores and offers new empirical insight into (1) which factors can...
Article
This paper explores what happens when the ideal of sustainable development meets the real and pressing problems in coastal zone planning. Insights into how coastal zone planners understand environmental problems and navigate political visions, knowledge requirements, stakeholder involvement and local conditions, are key to understanding how to deve...
Article
This article focus is on the perceived impact that aquaculture industry has on coastal communities in Northern Norway. Here, aquaculture is key industry with natural, social and economic impacts. In natural resource management in general, identifying and monitoring the perceived social impacts can be a useful tool for local planning. In order to en...
Book
Full-text available
Denne rapporten oppsummerer en studie av hvordan norske kommuner og fylkeskommuner arbeider med å implementere bærekraftsmålene i planlegging. Rapporten er skrevet av Nordlandsforskning, med deltakelse fra Norges miljø- og biovitenskaplig universitet, på oppdrag fra Kommunal- og moderniseringsdepartementet våren 2020.
Chapter
This chapter describes how a small fishing community in Mediterranean Spain has taken charge over the management of the local red shrimp fishery. In Catalonia, the deep-sea red shrimp (Aristeus antennatus) is the most important commercial species, targeted by trawler fleets located in the numerous harbours along the Costa Brava. In recent years, it...
Chapter
The GAP project is concerned with the lack of stakeholder participation in providing knowledge for management. This creates a legitimacy problem, as the fishermen do not get to share the knowledge basis for and justification of management decisions. In addition, fishermen’s experience-based knowledge remains unused. GAP intends to bridge the legiti...
Research
Full-text available
Formålet med oppdraget har vært å utarbeide scenarier som tar for seg rammevilkårene for arealpolitikken i Nordland med 2050 som tidsperspektiv. Scenariene viser flere ulike fremtidige tilstander og hva disse kan bety for gjennomføringen av FNs bærekraftsmål. Scenariene skal bidra til bevisstgjøring og skape diskusjon i forbindelse med revidering a...
Presentation
Full-text available
Dette presentasjonen oppsummerer rapporten Areal Nordland 2050 (NF-RAPPORT NR: 02/2020 ISBN nr: 978-82-7321-784-4 (trykt) 978-82-7321-785-1 (digital)
Article
The proposed petroleum developments in the Lofoten, Vesterålen, and Senja are a controversial issue in Norway. We ask how insights into legitimacy and risk perception can help to illuminate the disputed policy process for petroleum developments in Lofoten, Vesterålen, and Senja. Our Q-methodology elicits three key narratives that steer the policy p...
Article
Full-text available
In this article, we investigate how the uncertain consequences of sea lice agents on the environment affect the management process, focusing on the coastal shrimp in Norway. In this context, the key stakeholders (shrimp fishers and aquaculture owners) have conflicting interests and understand uncertainty from different perspectives. We ask: (1) How...
Article
In this article, we investigate how the uncertain consequences of sea lice agents on the environment affect the managementprocess, focusing on the coastal shrimp in Norway. In this context, the key stakeholders (shrimp fishers and aquaculture owners)have conflicting interests and understand uncertainty from different perspectives. We ask: (1) How d...
Article
The proposed petroleum developments in the Lofoten, Vesterålen, and Senja are a controversial issue in Norway. We ask how insights into legitimacy and risk perception can help to illuminate the disputed policy process for petroleum developments in Lofoten, Vesterålen, and Senja. Our Q-methodology elicits three key narratives that steer the policy p...
Chapter
Full-text available
Major value conflicts have been played out in the media about farmed salmon in Norway. One of the main controversies is whether salmon lice from aquaculture pens significantly affect the survival of wild salmon at stock level. Research related to this topic, which is key to knowledge-based management of aquaculture in Norway, has been criticized. T...
Article
Full-text available
Å nå klimamålene fra Parisavtalen vil kreve en storskala omstilling av den norske økonomien. En analyse viser at målsettinger og ambisjonsnivået i næringslivets veikart for det grønne skiftet ikke er tilstrekkelig til at klimamålene nås. Vi diskuterer hvordan dette kan forklares av politiske, økonomiske og kognitive barrierer, og hvordan disse utfo...
Article
Full-text available
Northern coastal regions are facing multiple challenges from accelerating global environmental and socioeconomic changes, such as ecosystem degradation, climate change, intensified resource extraction, land use change and declining populations. Based on interviews with 13 farmers, fishers and aquaculture employees from coastal Nordland, northern No...
Article
Narratives structure human comprehension, and shape our ability to imagine and achieve transformed futures within the 1.5 degree threshold. Examining tensions between narrative as a communication technique and as a spatial-temporal cognitive structure, this paper brings these different understandings together in a conversation for transformative gl...
Article
Full-text available
Highlights - Embedding scenarios of global change in local and regional contexts can support the identification of local adaptation challenges. - Comparability across local studies of adaptation challenges can be facilitated by using the Shared Socioeconomic Pathways (SSPs) from the global scenario framework developed by the climate research commun...
Technical Report
Full-text available
What does the future look like from the perspective of municipalities in various locations in the Barents region? What climatic, social and environmental challenges might there be, and how might local people respond? This report documents the results from two workshops held in Kirovsk and Bodø in 2015, addressing above questions. These workshops ar...
Thesis
Full-text available
This dissertation is about the changing relationship between science and society and the attempt to organize knowledge production and advisory processes in new ways: How can the relations between science and society be organized in a way that ensures sound advice as well as democratic ideals such as transparency and inclusion? Is it possible to rel...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter, we present a case study from Yucatan, Mexico. The main hazards that fisher groups are confronted with in coastal areas are explored, as well as the coping strategies fishers have developed to face them. We also investigate the sense of well-being according to fishers’ perceptions, and contrast with the level of marginalization repo...
Article
Full-text available
Indigenous knowledge is often portrayed as static and traditional, while indigenous people are considered victims of exploitation. In the name of development and empowerment NGOs as well as scientists may run the risk of representing indigenous communities that fit their definition of the “correct” way to be indigenous. However, for indigenous peo...
Article
Full-text available
There are increasing pressures on the coastal zone on a global basis. Ma-rine Protected Areas (mpas) are employed in order to soften pressures on coastal environmental integrity. As a result, the establishment of mpas usually encoun-ters opposition locally. This is so since softening the pressure typically means reduced access to and use of the giv...
Article
Full-text available
Marine Protected Areas (MPAs) are promoted as an important marine ecosystem management tool. However, they are complex systems that, from a governance perspective, raise serious challenges with regard to their effectiveness. In this paper, drawing on recent contributions to the so-called “interactive governance theory,” we argue that marine and coa...

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Projects

Projects (4)
Archived project
The purpose of this work has been to develop scenarios that consider the framework conditions for areal policy in Nordland, with 2050 as a time perspective. The scenarios show several different future conditions and what these may mean for the implementation of the UN's Sustainable Development Goals. The scenarios will contribute to raising awareness and creating discussion in connection with the revision of the county's areal policy. The scenarios are straightforward and easy to use in dialogue with stakeholders. Formålet med oppdraget har vært å utarbeide scenarier som tar for seg rammevilkårene for arealpolitikken i Nordland med 2050 som tidsperspektiv. Scenariene viser flere ulike fremtidige tilstander og hva disse kan bety for gjennomføringen av FNs bærekraftsmål. Scenariene skal bidra til bevisstgjøring og skape diskusjon i forbindelse med revidering av fylkets arealpoli tikk. Scenariene er enkle og lette å ta i bruk i dialogen med interessenter.
Archived project
Funded by Fram Centre (Flagship Plastic in the Arctic). Project leader: Johannes Röhrs, Norwegian Meteorological Institute. Partners: Norwegian Meteorological Institute, Institute of Marine Research, Nordland Research Institute. Main objective: To ensure that the best knowledge base of plastic transport and abundance is available for management and mitigation of the marine plastic issue . Secondary objectives: 1) Enhance information and knowledge exchange between stakeholders and scientific institutions, 2) Quantify transport pathways, residence timescales and accumulation areas for plastic particles in Barents Sea and the Arctic Ocean, and 3) Improve the trajectory modelling capability to account for biofouling, transport in ice, and fragmentation. Summary: The BARRICADE project aims at describing long distance and long term transport and fate modelling of oceanic plastic in the Arctic. We will thereby provide new information on where plastic is expected to reside and accumulate, based on existing knowledge on ocean and ice circulation. Reanalysis data from operational ocean circulation models will be used, and during the project an existing trajectory model for micro- and macro plastic will be extended to describe sinking through biofouling and drift by sea ice. Assumptions on the release locations of marine plastics are essential for the modeling, and this knowledge will be gathered by an extended peer-review council—the Barricade Plastic Council—as part of the project. The same council will also advise the project team on how the numeric experiments are designed, and how the results of marine plastic transport and fate need to be communicated towards the public and relevant stakeholders, e.g. through open available data sets and graphics. Particular emphasis will be given on the question if the Barents Sea and/or the Arctic act as final destinations for marine plastic. Nordlandsforskning is responsible for WP1, which concerns Stakeholder–researcher dialogue, and includes the establishment of the BARRICADE Plastic Council. In this work package we will create a formal platform in line with the notions of extended peer review and co-production of knowledge. The workshop aim to gather existing knowledge about the issue, identify knowledge gaps and suggest the best format for scientific knowledge to ensure communication with society. Member of the BARRICADE Plastic Council are: - Ann Helen Ernstsen, MarintMiljø - Senter for Oljevern og Marint Miljø. - Fanny Pindsle, Hold Norge Rent. - Håkon Larsen, Sysselmannen på Svalbard. - Ingrid Lomelde, WWF Norway. - Kristine Mordal Hessen, Miljødirektoratet. - Nina Jensen, CEO, REV Ocean. - Sigurd Enge, Bellona.
Project
In this project we develop an international working group with expertise on how industry, local communities, media and decision-makers contextualise petroleum resources as they communicate goals for the Arctic region. Increasing awareness and focus on the potential for petroleum development has become a major driver for change in the Arctic regions of Norway, Greenland and Alaska. Important variables for political and industry decision-making are how people view the associated changes in social-ecological systems, resource management, livelihood, living conditions, well-being, quality of life, demographic patterns, culture and identities of the peoples of the north. When informing politics aimed at securing viable, sustainable futures, natural resource management that incorporates socio-cultural concerns will encourage policies with broad local support. It is therefore important to undertake research to understand the way stakeholders assess financial, cultural and ontological security. This will provide new insight into what information counts, and from whom, when political decisions are made. The study will also further develop the theoretical concepts of human security and adaptive capacity, both separate and how they interact and shape the outcome of political decision making processes.