Mahmood M. Barbooti

Mahmood M. Barbooti
University of Technology, Iraq · Department of Applied Sciences

Ph. D.

About

146
Publications
93,980
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1,017
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Introduction
Professional chemist with experience in instrumental analysis like AAS, ICP, HPLC, GC, TG, DTA, DSC and pyrolysis-GC. Water treatment and Environmental Site Assessment (phase I & II). I chaired many research centers. Managed training courses on Environmental analysis, monitoring, water treatment. Graduate teaching in instrumental analysis and environmental science courses. Independent research in analytical & environmental chemistry, solid state, water treatment and material science.
Additional affiliations
September 2009 - June 2012
Montclair State University
Position
  • Professor
Description
  • Teaching and doing independent research in environmental chemistry
November 2006 - March 2020
University of Technology
Position
  • Professor (Full)
Description
  • Teaching chemistry and environmental courses, English Language skills to graduate students, and carrying our independent research work and supervision of graduate studies
October 1980 - February 1981
Umeå University
Position
  • PhD Student
Education
September 1976 - November 1981
Baghdad University College of Science
Field of study
  • Analytical Chemistry

Publications

Publications (146)
Article
Full-text available
Ferroelectric materials are gaining increased importance as a result of their high dielectric constants making them useful for electrical capacitors, high piezoelectric constants to make sensors, actuators, RF Filters, ferroelectric hysteresis suit making non-volatile memories, high pyroelectric properties for infra-red detectors, thermistors, and...
Article
Full-text available
The principle of using amplification reactions of iodine was employed in this paper to estimate the thiadiazole derivatives on basis of their reactions with iodine I chloroform, removal of the excess iodine and determination of the resulting iodide, after oxidation to iodate. The overall reaction gave an amplification of the iodide that is (12) tim...
Article
Full-text available
Background Many methods have been suggested for the removal of heavy metals from water to protect human health and the environment. Methods like precipitation and adsorption were proposed for this purpose. Objective Electrocoagulation involves the generation of coagulant by the action of electricity on two metal electrodes (iron or aluminium) to a...
Article
Full-text available
The presence of residual antibiotics in water results in the development of antibiotics resistant genes. The available wastewater treatment systems are not capable of removing such antibiotics from sewage. Thus, antibiotics need to be removed before the discharge of wastewater. Adsorption is among the promising techniques for the wastewater treatme...
Article
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Aims: Iraqi montmorillonite was saturated with iron (III) to investigate the improvement in the adsorption efficiency towards the antibiotics represented by oxytetracycline Methods Design of Experiments was carried out to determine the effect of experimental conditions: initial oxytetracycline molarity concentration (0.1-1.0 mM), montmorillonite c...
Article
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The removal of residual antibiotics from water is gaining increasing interest as they may enhance the generation of new generation of bacteria with improved resistance to such antibiotics. The available waste water treatment systems have to be supported to overcome such environmental problem because they are not capable to treat the sewage. Thus, w...
Article
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In this work, the utilization of waste paper in the preparation of cellulous-based composite is described, with latex as a binder. Paraffin wax and acrylic woven fibers were also used at various weight ratios to get the best mechanical and physical properties. The results were compared with the performance the Dixon, regularly used material in shoe...
Article
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Wastewater treatment residual material, WTR, from a local drinking water facility in Baghdad, was evaluated as a potential medium for the removal of some unwanted species from water. The material was first characterized by chemical composition, X-ray diffraction and infrared spectral analysis prior to its use as an adsorbent. The x-ray revealed tha...
Article
The goal of the present investigation is to establish a suitable method for the extraction of heavy metals and essential elements from some food stuffs. Potato chips samples were collected from local markets in Kalar- Sulaimaniya, Iraq. The samples were converted into solution with the aid of two digestion methods, viz. wet ashing digestion and the...
Article
A series of composites were prepared from polyacrylic acid and kaolinite clay mineral at various weight ratios (10–50%) and characterized for their mechanical properties. The composite at the 1:1 ratio showed acceptable mechanical properties like Shore A hardness (87.575), tensile strength 2.94 N mm⁻² and workability. The powdered material was eval...
Article
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A composite material of polymeric matrix Polyacrylamid (PAM) that is reinforced by a certified clay mineral of the Iraqi kaolinite at several weight ratios (10, 20, 30, 40 and 50%) was prepared by mixing the polymer water solution with the clay followed by hand molding method. Some of the mechanical properties of the prepared composite such as tens...
Article
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Petroleum hydrocarbons (PHCs) are among the common contaminants of land, water and atmosphere. They are sampled and analyzed in their media as group of compounds usually referred to as total petroleum hydrocarbons, TPH. Soil samples were collected from Baghdad and Babylon governorates from potentially polluted area near community power generators....
Article
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Scrap tires, SCT, represent an environmental problem due to their durability and rigidity as they are designed to suit heavy duty road applications. Many attempts were employed on semi-industrial and pilot scales to find possible uses for the scrap tires as supply of energy and materials via thermochemical conversion and inclusion is some composite...
Article
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Reaction of mercury(II) acetate Hg(Ac)2 with two equivalents of N-hydroxymethylsaccharin (Sac-CH2OH) in the presence of NEt3 afforded the presumably tetrahedral complex [Hg(K2-Sac-CH2O)2] (1). Reaction of (1) with one equivalent of the bidentate ligands (L-L); Ph2P(CH2)nPPh2, (n = 1 dppm; 2 dppe; 3 dppp; 4 dppb), Ph2P(S)(CH2)P(S)Ph2 (dppmS2) Ph2P(O...
Article
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The present work is concerned with the finding of the optimum conditions for biochemical wastewater treatment for a local tannery. The water samples were taken from outline areas (the wastewater of the chrome and vegetable tannery) in equal volumes and subjected to sedimentation, biological treatment, chemical and natural sedimentation treatment. T...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Oxytetracycline (OTC) is a widely-used antibiotic; metabolism studies indicate only partial assimilation of it inside the body. Traditional wastewater treatment plants cannot remove OTC, and this results in the release of considerable amounts of the drug into aquatic environments. There is much concern over the role of residual antibiot...
Article
Background: Oxytetracycline (OTC) is a widely-used antibiotic; metabolism studies indicate only partial assimilation of it inside the body. Traditional wastewater treatment plants cannot remove OTC, and this results in the release of considerable amounts of the drug into aquatic environments. There is much concern over the role of residual antibiot...
Article
Full-text available
The thermal behavior of mixed ligand complexes of platinum (II) and palladium(II) thiosaccharinate (tsac) with diphosphine or bipyridine ligands was studied by thermogravimetry, TG, and differential thermal analysis, DTA. The Platinum complexes showed higher thermal stability than the corresponding palladium complexes. Platinum complexes start deco...
Patent
The present work deals with the conversion of scrap tires into valuable liquid and solid products in addition to gaseous material with high calorific value. The conversion is based on controlled pyrolysis under inert atmosphere. A system is presented for the pyrolysis including a tubular steel reactor with a perforated disc to place the scrap tire...
Article
The thermal behavior of two asphalts, Quayarah and Daura, employed for paving in Iraq, was studied during mixing and laying conditions using dynamic thermogravimetry, TG, under air and nitrogen atmospheres. Quayarah asphalt is produced by direct topping of process Quayarah heavy crude oils (API= 15-20). Meanwhile, the Daura asphalt is produced from...
Patent
Full-text available
A method and apparatus for the removal of SO2 from air streams by absorption in dilute urea solution. The method is sensitive to temperature. The used urea solutions can be recovered by simple treatment with lime. Calcium sulfite is produced by such reaction.
Article
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ABSTRACT:- The inhibitive effect of magnesium oxide on the hot ash corrosion of steel structures of power generation station was studied using a kerosene fired furnace. Three alloys were selected including [SA 178A, 209 T1, 213 T11], prepared as rectangular pieces from water wall tubes and superheater tubes of a local power station. The heating cha...
Article
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The effect of composition and the dry and wet operating conditions on the adhesive wear resistance of polymeric composite materials were studied in this work. The composite are designed to be used as pads for disc brake system of heavy vehicles. The composites were prepared with weight ratios, Ψ, in the range: 60-90% using the dry method. The compo...
Article
Full-text available
A simple method is described for the reduction of available phosphate released from soaking manure in water. The method involves the indirect contact of magnesium oxide, MgO, with manure soaked in water for pre-specified time. Preliminary study indicated that phosphate could be removed effectively by MgO addition and the precipitation is accelerate...
Book
This book is a comprehensive review of the instrumental analytical methods and their use in environmental monitoring site assessment and remediation follow-up operations. The increased concern about environmental issues such as water pollution, air pollution, accumulation of pollutants in food, global climate change, and effective remediation proce...
Article
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In the present work, four trace metals, V, Ni, Cu and Fe, have been determined in five crude oil samples of Eastern Baghdad area, Iraq by flame atomic absorption spectrophotometry. The crude oils are characterized with API gravity values in the range, 25-15. The V/Ni ratios for the studied crudes were in the range 3.7 to 5.4 and indicated a typical...
Article
Full-text available
A certified clay mineral from Iraq, montmorillonite, is used for the adsorption of chromium and lead ions from water. Experimental design is utilized here to plan for the practical work and analysis of the results. Batch wise experiments are carried out to equilibrate Cr and Pb solutions (250 mg/L) individually and simultaneously with montmorilloni...
Book
Full-text available
Summary: This is an Environmental Site Assessment (ESA) of Daura refinery located in Baghdad, Iraq. The study is supported by Arab Science and Technology Foundation. The study as supported by Photos, marked by GPS data. Soil samples were collected at various depths from production units, storage tanks, the landfill lagoons at the outside boarder of...
Article
Thermogravimetric, TG, analysis of scrap tire (ST) powder indicated that it decomposes between 180 and 475 °C losing 60% of its weight in two step process. The material further decomposes to end up with only ∼3.8% residual products at 680 °C. Potassium carbonate slightly affected the modes of scrap tires decomposition. On the basis of the TG result...
Article
Full-text available
This paper assesses the use of certified Iraqi montmorillonite clay as a potential sorbent for the removal of oxytetracycline (OTC) from aqueous solutions. The clay is characterized by a cation exchange capacity of 0.756 meq g(-1) and a zero point charge at pH 8.7. Aqueous solutions of OTC were equilibrated with montmorillonite under various experi...
Article
Thermogravimetry differential thermal analysis and X-ray diffraction are used to study the solid state interaction of carbon with copper oxides and copper sulphate. Copper(II) oxide undergoes reduction by the action of graphite into copper(I) oxide and further into the metal. The reactions involve the formation of carbon monoxide, which aids the re...
Article
A bench scale continuous flash pyrolyser system for the thermochemical conversion of biomass is described. A counter current flow of an inert gas removes the volatiles and gases outside of the heating zone to pass through a cyclone, condenser and a cold trap. Hard and soft wood samples were used as test materials to set the optimum working conditio...
Article
A pyrolysis system was designed for the production of activated carbon and other products from scrap tires. The system allows work under inert atmosphere (N2 gas). The pyrolysis experiments were carried out in a fixed-bed batch reactor of (1.25 m length and 0.03 m o.d.) which was heated by an electric furnace. The feed material used was scrap tires...
Article
Full-text available
coagulantsIndustrial wastewaters from local state textile plant as well as aqueous prepared solutions of color dyes were subjected to simple physico-chemical treatment. The effect of pollutants concentrations, magnesia and other coagulants doses, filtration rate and the overall run time on the water quality were studied in detail. The treatment inv...
Article
In this paper, thermogravimetry, TG, and pyrolysis are used for the thermochemical evaluation of the common reed (Pragmites australis) as a candidate biomass feedstock. The TG analysis indicated that the material loses 4% of its weight below 150 °C through dehydration. The main decomposition reaction occurs between 200 and 390 °C. The rate of weigh...
Article
Full-text available
This work is a contribution to the global interest of scientific community in the field of cleaning the environment from drug and antibiotic residues which lead to the development of new generations of bacteria with improved resistance to antibiotics. The sorption of oxytetracyclin, OTC, on an Iraqi certified clay mineral, the montmorillonite, is u...
Article
Full-text available
The inhibitive effect of magnesium stearate (MS) on the hot corrosion of steel structures of power generation station was studied using a kerosene fired furnace. Three steel alloys were selected including [SA 178A, 209 T1, 213 T11, ASME Code], prepared as rectangular pieces (10 x 20 x 5 mm) from water wall tubes and superheater tubes of a local pow...
Article
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Heavy metals like Ni, Pb, Cr, Cd could be removed quantitatively from water by precipitation as hydroxides by adding calculated amounts of MgO. The kinetics of the removal was discussed under various experimental conditions.
Article
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The study focuses on the absorption rates of NO 2 , SO 2 and a mixture of these two acid gases into urea solution in packed bed column. The absorption rate was studied as a function of absorbent temperature, urea concentration and acid gas concentration. The influence of liquid temperature between 10 -40˚C, urea concentration between 0.1 -0.5 M and...
Article
Full-text available
A rapid method is described for the determination of petroleum hydrocarbons in soil samples. The method is based on the extraction of hydrocarbons by a solvent and the treatment of the solution with an aqueous solution of a surfactant to release the hydrocarbons to the water phase in the form of a stable emulsion. The emulsion is then utilized to m...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental site assessment (ESA) of Al-Duara refinery in Baghdad, Iraq. The hydrocarbon content of the soil around this site was measured to evaluate the extent of the organic pollution depending on selected parameters of potential pollution. Soil samples were collected at various depths from almost all locations including: production units,...
Article
Full-text available
This is a joint work between the Italian Red Cross and the Environmental Laboratories, Baghdad. The drinking water (DW) samples from 16 residential districts in Baghdad were chemically evaluated with reference to the raw water samples and water directly taken from the purification plants. In addition to the routinely measured parameters, 17 metals...
Article
Determination of common cations by IC methods in Baghdad was carried out in this investigation. The optimum values of the instrumental parameters were reached best in relative standard deviation (RSD), correlation coefficient (r2) and method detection limits (MDLs) and other parameters to approving the precision and accuracy of this method. Both pe...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of common cations by IC methods in Baghdad was carried out in this investigation. The optimum values of the instrumental parameters were reached best in relative standard deviation (RSD), correlation coefficient (r2) and method detection limits (MDLs) and other parameters to approving the precision and accuracy of this method. Both pe...
Article
Full-text available
This is a case study of AL-Za'afaraniya tanning factory, 15 km to the south of Baghdad, to spot light on simple chemical treatment of the discharged water to solve the environmental problems associated with its chromium content management. The treatment was extended to the recovery and reuse of chromium. Chromium was precipitated by the addition of...
Article
Full-text available
This is a joint work between the Italian Red Cross and the Environmental Laboratories, Baghdad. The drinking water (DW) samples from 16 residential districts in Baghdad were chemically evaluated with reference to the raw water samples and water directly taken from the purification plants. In addition to the routinely measured parameters, 17 metals...
Article
Full-text available
Determination of common cations by IC methods in Baghdad was carried out in this investigation. The optimum values of the instrumental parameters were reached best in relative standard deviation (RSD), correlation coefficient (r2) and method detection limits (MDLs) and other parameters to approving the precision and accuracy of this method. Both pe...
Article
Full-text available
The present work is a part of a project on the environmental site assessment of a local petroleum refinery to evaluate the extent of pollution of the site with focus on selected places of potential pollution. Soil samples were collected at various depths from almost all locations including: production units, storage tanks, the landfill lagoons at t...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present work is at describing a simple physico-chemical treatment for the textile wastewater of a local plant to bring its characteristics to that used within the plant. Lime and polyelectrolyte were employed individually to aid the removal of pollutants. The effectiveness of the treatment was indicated by measuring parameters like b...
Article
Full-text available
Determinations of common anions by IC methods in Baghdad were carried out in this investigation. The optimum values of the instrumental parameters were reached best in relative standard deviation (RSD), correlation coefficient (r 2) and method detection limits (MDLs) and other parameters to proving the precision and accuracy of this method. Both pe...
Article
Full-text available
Determinations of common anions in drinking water from Baghdad area by ion chromatographic methods were carried out in this investigation. The optimum instrumental parameters were established to give the best relative standard deviation (RSD), correlation coefficient (r2) and method detection limits (MDLs) and other parameters to ensure the precisi...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract–In the present work the combined effect of lime and polyelectrolyte (CPE) on the removal of pollutants of synthetic and real wastewater from textile plant to end up with acceptable water quality for some uses. Laboratory tests were first carried out to establish the optimum values of the operating parameters to apply them at a pilot level....
Article
Full-text available
High ortho resole resin was prepared by condensation of phenol with excess of formaldehyde in the presence of magnesium oxide as catalyst. Reaction of furfuraldehyde with acetone in basic medium led to difurfurylidene acetone (DFA). Their interpenetrating polymer network (IPNS) were obtained by the reaction of predetermined quantities of difurfuryl...
Article
Full-text available
The optimum conditions for the production of food grade gelatin from the tannery bovine hide wastes are established. The process involves cutting the hide wastes into small pieces (1-2 cm2), and washing them with water to remove the dirt. The washed pieces are placed in the liming tank containing 10% of lime in water with stirring for five weeks. A...
Article
Full-text available
Wastewater from metal plating works was treated with lime - water suspensions at relatively small concentrations with continuous stirring. Experiments were designed to allow a direct contact of lime suspension with the wastewater constituents for a period of time followed by settling and filtration through a sand filter. The heavy metal content cou...
Patent
A portable simple system was designed and used for the collevtion of air samples to be analyzed for SO2 content. The trap contains a dilute solution of urea.
Article
Two aromatic extracts separated from light (grade 40) and heavy (grade 60) oil distillates by a selective solvent (furfural) were evaluated as oxidation inhibitors for sulfur-free and sulfur-containing refined mineral oils. The effectiveness of various concentrations of these extracts in preventing oxidation of the oil samples under oxidizing condi...
Article
The principle of amplification reactions of iodine was employed in this piece of research to estimate the derivatives of thiosemi-carbazone. The overall reaction gave an amplification of the iodide that is 60-times larger for the compound PhmTSC, 36-times larger for the compounds FTSC and NFTSC.. The sensitivity of the method, therefore, could be i...
Patent
A rapid method is described for the evaluation of crude oils. The method is based on thermogravimetric analysis carried out with a specially arranged heating program including 2 constant heating periods and 2 isothermal steps. The results were correlated with S, V, and API gravity of the crude oils.
Article
Seven derivatives of 1,4-bis(p-fluorobenzene sulphonyl)-2-alkoxytetrahydropyrazines with different alkoxy groups: amyl, n-butyl, 2-butyl, i-butyl, i-propyi, cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl are synthesized by reaction of 1,4-bis(p-fluorobenzenesulphonyl)-2,5-dihydroxypiperazine with the desired alcohol. The title compounds have the general structural for...