Mahendra Pal

Mahendra Pal
Narayan Consultancy on Veterinary Public Health and Microbiology Anand India · I work in colloboration with other national and international scientists.

B.V.Sc. & A.H.; M.V.P.H.; Ph.D.;D.Sc.;Post-Doct. (Belgium); Post-Doc. (Japan)

About

640
Publications
699,522
Reads
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Introduction
I have over 50 years experience in teaching,research, disease investigation,planning and administration. Published over 710 papers, authored 9 books, recipient of Distinguished Teacher Award, Life Time Achievement Award, International Achievement Award, Developed media and stains for the study of fungi,Started Narayan Consultancy to give free technical expertise in the field of Veterinary Public Health and Veterinary Mycology to the scientists , especially of poor resource nations of the world.
Additional affiliations
January 2008 - July 2015
Addis Ababa University
Position
  • Professor of Veterinary Public Health
November 1984 - April 2006
College of Veterinary Science and Animal Husbandry,Anand Agricultural University
Position
  • Head of Faculty

Publications

Publications (640)
Article
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Bovine tuberculosis (BTB) is an important zoonotic disease that affects both domestic animals as well as humans in many countries of the world. The disease is caused by Mycobacterium bovis , which is responsible for 10–15% of human tuberculosis cases. BTB poses an occupational health hazard to the cattle owners, butchers, animal attendants, and vet...
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Legumes are plant based food that belongs to the family Leguminosae, and are used as human food due to its high nutritional value. A varierty of legumes, such as black beans, blacked eyed peas, black gram, chickpeas, cowpeas, green peas, kidney beans, lentils, lima beans, navy beans, peanuts, pigeon peas, soyabeans, and sweet baens are consumed wor...
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Lassa fever is a highly prevalent viral zoonosis that affects two to three million people in West Africa. This is a rodent-borne disease, which has serious consequences on the population and hospital staff in endemic areas. Lassa fever is a public health concern inflicting severe morbidity and important mortality (Case rate (CFR) ≥ 50%), particular...
Article
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National and international public health agencies have been aware of a number of emerging and reemerging zoonoses in recent years. These diseases are responsible of high morbidity as well as mortality both in humans and animals. Burkholderia pseudomallei, an environmental organism that is commonly found in the soil and water, is the cause of meli...
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Cryptosporidiosis is an infectious emerging zoonotic protozoan disease occurring in both human and animal populations all over the world. Cryptosporidiosis is caused by Cryptosporidium , a tiny parasite that affects humans as well many species of animals. Although C ryptosporidium parvum and Cryptosporidium hominis (formerly known as C. parvum anth...
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Foot and mouth disease (FMD) is one of the most widespread diseases of animals in the world. The disease is caused by the foot and mouth virus which is a highly infectious disease that is recorded in many species of animals and also very occasionally in humans. To create new subtypes of the virus, mutations were made in the three major surface prot...
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N owadays, more and more ideas and practical initiatives are emerging about the sustainable farming and nutrition. In addition to emerging agricultural needs and the principles of healthy eating, diets that promote sustainability have also become better known and also popular through social media. Outstanding among these is the flexitarian diet, wh...
Article
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National and international public health agencies have been aware of a number of emerging and reemerging zoonoses in recent years. These diseases are responsible of high morbidity as well as mortality both in humans and animals. Burkholderia pseudomallei, an environmental organism that is commonly found in the soil and water, is the cause of meli...
Article
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Melioidosis (Whitmore’s disease) is an emerging disease caused by the Gram-negativesaprophyte bacterium Burkholderia pseudomallei. It is a common but sometimes neglectedzoonotic disease with a wide range of hosts, including humans. It has emerged as the leadingcause of morbidity and mortality in tropical countries, such as Thailand, northern Austra...
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French translation of: Pal, M., & Devrani, M. (2018). Application of various techniques for meat preservation. J. Exp. Food Chem, 4(1), 2472-0542.
Article
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Lassa fever is a life threatening infectious zoonosis of public health significance, and is caused by a single-stranded, linear, bi-segmented RNA virus belonging to the Arenaviridae family. The disease is transmitted by rodents, particularly the Natal mastomys (Mastomys natalensis).
Article
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Monkeypox is an emerging and re-emerging viral zoonotic disease caused by the Monkeypox virus, which is considered the most important Orthopoxvirus infection since smallpox eradication. Although most cases are documented in Central and West Africa, there have been sporadic cases reported all across the world, sometimes involving travelers. Outside...
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Trypanosomosis is an important protozoan disease of humans as well as animals. In domestic animals, it causes a significant negative impact on the food production and economic growth in several parts of the world. In Ethiopia's Western, South, and SouthWestern lowlands, as well as the related river systems (i.e., Abay, Ghibe, Omo, and Baro/Akobo) t...
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Glanders, also known as farcy, is an infectious bacterial zoonotic disease of solipeds caused by Burkholderia mallei. The only known natural reservoir of B. mallei is horses, donkeys, and mules. It has long been known as an equine and human disease, although it can also afflict felidae, small ruminants, camels, bears, and walruses. Despite the fact...
Article
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Camel (Camelus dromedaries) milk is an important source of proteins for the people living in the arid lands of the world. Globally, 2.9 million tones of camel milk are produced annually. Camel milk has been recognized for its extraordinary medicinal properties. It is known to have a therapeutic potential against many diseases including diabetes, an...
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Candida albicans is an important opportunistic fungus that causes disease in humans as well as in animals. Globally, bloodstream infections due to Candida spp. are responsible for 400,000 cases each year. Approximately, 25,000 cases of candidemia occur in the USA annually. Around 90% of AIDS patients suffer from Candida infections. Candida albicans...
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A number of laboratory techniques are employed to establish the diagnosis of microbial diseases that cause significant morbidity as well as mortality in humans and animals throughout the world. Leptospirosis is an emerging and re-emerging enigmatic zoonotic disease of public health and economic importance. Currently, over 600,000 human deaths are a...
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Leishmaniasis is the most neglected an intracellular protozoan disease caused by genus Leishmania and it has a geographic distribution in 98 countries in the world. Currently, over 350 million people are at risk of the infection; and about 60,000 deaths are estimated to occur from both cutaneous leishmaniasis and visceral leishmaniasis each year in...
Chapter
Nowadays, global and local tourism sector is in crisis at post-COVID-19 era. This study presents efficient infrastructure sustainable design facilities that could provide solutions for safe facilities and mobility sustainable services supporting alternative types of tourism like agritourism and sports tourism at mountainous places or close to coast...
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Mycobacterium avium subspecies paratuberculosis (MAP) is the etiological agent of chronic enteric disease of ruminant known as paratuberculosis (Johne"s disease). The disease causes considerable economic losses worldwide due to reduced milk production and eventually, diarrhoea, weight loss and death. Johne"s disease (JD) has some pathological simil...
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The monkeypox is an emerging and re-emerging zoonosis that causes sporadic human infections in Central and West Africa's forested areas. Monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus family, is the etiological agent of disease. Monkeypox virus was discovered in the laboratory monkeys in 1958 at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, and the firs...
Article
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The monkeypox is an emerging and re-emerging zoonosis that causes sporadic human infections in Central and West Africa's forested areas. Monkeypox virus, a member of the Orthopoxvirus family, is the etiological agent of disease. Monkeypox virus was discovered in the laboratory monkeys in 1958 at the State Serum Institute in Copenhagen, and the firs...
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Introduction: The knowledge about fungal diversity in Mato Grosso, central Brazil records unknown and scattered information, some related to taxonomy, ecology and description of species listed for the geographic region, consisting of three main biomes: Cerrado, Amazon and Pantanal. Aims: To present fungi related to the Mato Grosso region, aspects a...
Article
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Introduction: The knowledge about fungal diversity in Mato Grosso, central Brazil records unknown and scattered information, some related to taxonomy, ecology and description of species listed for the geographic region, consisting of three main biomes: Cerrado, Amazon and Pantanal. Aims: To present fungi related to the Mato Grosso region, aspects a...
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T here is an old saying that health is more important than wealth. Currently, people are giving more emphasis on how to mainatain good health. The vegetable oils that contain unsaturated fat play a significant role in healthy diet based on quantitative recommendations. We performed an electronic information search from scientific databases with the...
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Introduction. The emergence of fungi causing infections to humans has increased as a serious public health problem, representing an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. Fusarium verticillioides, regarded as an emerging pathogen, is capable of causing invasive infections to immunocompromised patients, especially th...
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Introduction. The emergence of fungi causing infections to humans has increased as a serious public health problem, representing an important cause of morbidity and mortality among hospitalized patients. Fusarium verticillioides, regarded as an emerging pathogen, is capable of causing invasive infections to immunocompromised patients, especially th...
Article
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The unhealthy lifestyle can result in the development of chronic diseases, and the bad lifestyle affects the gastrointestinal tract, cardiovascular system or other organ systems. Chronic diseases have been encountered throughout the world. The healthy eating (70%), and exercise (30%) are the part of a proper lifestyle. The daily intake fiber is rec...
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Mucormycosis is an emerging and re-emerging mycosis that is reported from many countries of the world including India. The disease is caused by filamentous fungi that belonged to the genus Absidia, Cunninghamella, Mucor, Rhizomucor, and Rhizopus. These fungi are widely prevalent in our environment, and have the potential to invade any organ of the...
Article
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Currently, people are very much concern about their health through the food that is balanced with all the essential nutrients needed for the maintenance of good health. For healthy diet followers food pyramid is basic principle throughout the world. Besides, there are such rules, which offer modern ways of applying opportunities (e.g. choosing prop...
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Food poisoning that involves multiple etiologies is reported from developing as well as developed nations. Among the microbial causes, Staphylococcus aureus is a major pathogen of food poisoning that can occur in sporadic and epidemic form. It may cause life-threatening infections in children, the elderly, and immunocompromised persons. Staphylococ...
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Fermented foods also known as functional foods are recognized to the mankind since ancient times due to their several health benefits. Nowadays, learning about the health effects of functional foods is becoming increasingly important globally. Outstanding among these products is the physiological effect of fermented dairy products like yoghurt, and...
Research
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Yersininia enterocolitica is an important food-borne pathogen that has become more common in recent years because of the fecal oral transmission by humans and animals. After ingesting the contaminated food, this neglected pathogen begins its pathogenic activity by invading the digestive tract of the host. Due to its growth habits, low quantities in...
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Rift Valley fever is an emerging viral disease that has been reported from several countries including Kenya,
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Rift Valley fever is an emerging viral disease that has been reported from several countries including Kenya,
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Emerging and re-emerging diseases are causing health and economic concerns in developing as well as developed nations of the world. Leishmaniasis is an emerging and re-emerging parasitic disease caused by a protozoa belonging to the Trypanosomatidae family, Kinetoplastida order, and Leishmania genus. The female infected sand fly transmits the disea...
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Dermatophytosis (tinea) is an important cosmopolitan mycotic disease, which occurs in sporadic as well as in epidemic form. The present paper describes the causative role of Microsporum gypseum, a soil borne fungus, in the etiology of tinea corporis of a 39-year-old healthy gardener who had no underlying disease. The patient was occupationally expo...
Article
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Chikungunya fever is a mosquito-borne re-emerging viral disease that has been reported from many nations of the world. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus, a single-stranded RNA Alpha virus. Female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are responsible for the transmission of disease in the tropical zone and temperate region, respectively. Due t...
Article
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Chikungunya fever is a mosquito-borne re-emerging viral disease that has been reported from many nations of the world. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus, a single-stranded RNA Alpha virus. Female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are responsible for the transmission of disease in the tropical zone and temperate region, respectively. Due t...
Article
Full-text available
Chikungunya fever is a mosquito-borne re-emerging viral disease that has been reported from many nations of the world. The disease is caused by Chikungunya virus, a single-stranded RNA Alpha virus. Female Aedes aegypti and Aedes albopictus are responsible for the transmission of disease in the tropical zone and temperate region, respectively. Due t...
Article
Full-text available
Human cowpox, an emerging zoonotic disease, is caused by the virus that belonged to the genus Orthopoxvirus. Human cases of cowpox have been reported in Europe on a sporadic basis, with the majority of cases being linked to the handling of diseased animals, most commonly the rats and cats. Cowpox virus, or at least cowpox, the disease, has long bee...
Article
Full-text available
Human cowpox, an emerging zoonotic disease, is caused by the virus that belonged to the genus Orthopoxvirus. Human cases of cowpox have been reported in Europe on a sporadic basis, with the majority of cases being linked to the handling of diseased animals, most commonly the rats and cats. Cowpox virus, or at least cowpox, the disease, has long bee...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract Monkeypox is an emerging and re-emerging viral zoonotic disease caused by the Monkeypox virus, which is considered the most important Orthopoxvirus infection since smallpox eradication. Although most cases are documented in Central and West Africa, there have been sporadic cases reported all across the world, sometimes involving travelers....
Article
Full-text available
Lassa fever is a life threatening infectious zoonosis of public health significance, and is caused by a single-stranded, linear, bi-segmented RNA virus belonging to the Arenaviridae family. The disease is transmitted by rodents, particularly the Natal mastomys (Mastomys natalensis). In terms of public health impact, Lassa fever outperforms Ebola...
Article
Full-text available
Lymphocytic choriomeningitis is an infectious emerging and re-emerging of zoonosis of public health significance that is caused by lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus that belongs to the Arenaviridae family and is an important cause of neurological disease in humans. The common house mouse, Mus musculus, is the natural host for lymphocytic choriomen...
Article
Full-text available
Glanders is a highly infectious re-emerging zoonotic disease that produces serious disease in humans and animals, especially equines. The disease is caused by Burkholderia mallei, a gram-negative, facultative intracellular pathogen. It is mostly an equine disease that affects horses chronically and donkeys and mules acutely. Humans are affected whe...
Article
Full-text available
Glanders is a highly infectious re-emerging zoonotic disease that produces serious disease in humans and animals, especially equines. The disease is caused by Burkholderia mallei, a gram-negative, facultative intracellular pathogen. It is mostly an equine disease that affects horses chronically and donkeys and mules acutely. Humans are affected whe...
Article
Full-text available
Melioidosis infection Prevention , symptoms and control
Article
Full-text available
Lassa fever is a highly prevalent viral zoonosis that affects two to three million people in West Africa. This is a rodent-borne disease, which has serious consequences on the population and hospital staff in endemic areas. Lassa fever is a public health concern inflicting severe morbidity and important mortality (Case rate (CFR) ≥ 50%), particular...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, foodborne diseases are estimated to cause over 600 million illnesses and 420,000 deaths each year. Listeriosis is a major foodborne bacterial zoonotic disease that is reported many countries of the world. The disease is caused by the ingestion of Listeria contaminated foods. Almost all infections in humans are caused by Listeria monocytog...
Article
Full-text available
Globally, foodborne diseases are estimated to cause over 600 million illnesses and 420,000 deaths each year. Listeriosis is a major foodborne bacterial zoonotic disease that is reported many countries of the world. The disease is caused by the ingestion of Listeria contaminated foods. Almost all infections in humans are caused by Listeria monocytog...
Article
Full-text available
Nowadays have been meeting functional foods with their effects on the human body many times during our life. Therefore, this manuscript presents functional foods, practice of functional nutrition and the role of physical activity and mental balance in healthy life. It is important this acquaintance and its incorporation into everyday life, where co...
Article
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Mycotoxins are recognized as silent killers of humans and animals including the poultry, and reported from developing as well as developed nations of the world. Presently, more than 350 mycotoxins are produced by fungi, which occur as saprophytes in nature. The formation of mycotoxins in nature is considered a global problem. The ingestion is th...
Article
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Tularemia is a re-emerging bacterial disease that affects humans, wild ani-mals, and domestic animals. The disease is caused by Francisella tularensisthat is found all over the world, but it is most commonly reported in NorthAmerica, a few Scandinavian and Asian countries. The disease can occur insporadic and epidemic form. Humans acquire the infec...
Article
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Nutrionally good diet is imperative to mainatin good health. Nuts and seeds have been recongnized to reduce the development of many diseases, such as tumors, high cholesterol, type II diabetes, dementia in old age, fetal malformations) due to their content of vitamins (vitamins E and B), minerals (potassium, calcium, iron, zinc, selenium, magnesium...
Article
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Rhodotoruliosis is an opportunistic emerging mycotic disease that affects both humans and animals. The source of infection is exogenous; and disease can occur in sporadic as well as epidemic form. The disease is caused by Rhodotorula, basidiomycetous yeast that lives as a saprophyte in the environment. Rhodotorula glutinis, R. mucilaginosa (R.rubra...
Article
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Plague is a fatal zoonotic disease caused by Yersinia pestis, a Gram negative bacillus that is non-motile, rod-shaped, and a facul-tative anaerobe. Disease is transmitted by animals and their infected fleas. Yersinia pestis is found all over the world. Humans can contract plague by being bitten by infected fleas, coming into direct contact with con...
Research
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Parasitic diseases are important causes of morbidity and mortality in livestock. A cross-sectional study was conducted from January 2019 to July 2019 to estimate the prevalence, investigate potential risk factors and characterize hepatic lesions of bovine fasciolosis in Adaba abattoir, Ethiopia. There were 450 samples collected and processed in tot...
Article
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Celiac disease is an inherited disease. In this case, the protein found in the wheat, barley, rye, and oats (α-gliadin-the alcohol-soluble component of gluten) damages the small intestinal mucosa of the body. As a result of the damage, absorption is impaired. The only way to treat it is through diet, so it is imperative to completely avoid the glut...
Article
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Introduction: Cystic echinococcosis is a zoonotic infection caused by larval stage of Echinococcus granulosus, which is a widely prevalent disease of public health and economic importance. This cross-sectional study was undertaken from January to July 2019 in Adaba abattoir to estimate the prevalence of cystic echinococcosis, investigate its potent...
Article
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Humans are blessed with a wide variety of fruits and vegetables by the nature. Fruits and vegetables are significant sources of several vitamins and minerals that play vital role for the maintenance of good health. The manuscript provides a useful overview of the beneficial effects of fruits and vegetables, and their vitamins content that support t...
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Abstract Tick is an arthropod vector that is known to transmit several zoonotic diseases that are responsible for significant morbidity and mortality in the susceptible hosts. Lyme disease (LD) is the most common tick-borne emerging disease caused by the genus Borrelia spirochete bacterium, Borrelia burgdorferi sensu lato, a bacterium from the Spir...