Mahamadou Diakite

Mahamadou Diakite
University of Sciences, Techniques and Technology of Bamako · Immunogenomics

PharmD, DPhil

About

188
Publications
26,417
Reads
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3,448
Citations
Citations since 2016
95 Research Items
1956 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220100200300400
Introduction
Research Fields Immune response to malaria Antimalarial drug resistance Genetic susceptibility to infectious diseases Genomic epidemiology of infectious diseases Pathogenesis of infectious diseases
Additional affiliations
January 2013 - present
January 2007 - present
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases
Position
  • Malian Principal Investigator of Intramural Research Programme in Mali working with the Laboratory of Malaria and Vector Research, LMVR/NIAID/NIH
January 2005 - December 2007
University of Oxford
Position
  • Senior Data Fellow for West Africa

Publications

Publications (188)
Article
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Background Emergence of Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) variants may contribute to prolonging the pandemic and increasing morbidity, and mortality related to coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). We describe the dynamics of circulating SARS-CoV-2 variants identified during the different COVID-19 waves that occurred in Ma...
Article
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The Mali National Malaria Control Program (NMCP) recently established a phased set of goals for eliminating malaria in Mali by 2030. Over the past decade, the scale-up of NMCP-led malaria control interventions has led to considerable progress, as evidenced by multiple malariometric indicators. The West Africa International Center of Excellence in M...
Article
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This article highlights over a decade of signature achievements by the West Africa International Centers for Excellence in Malaria Research (WA-ICEMR) and its partners toward guiding malaria prevention and control strategies. Since 2010, the WA-ICEMR has performed longitudinal studies to monitor and assess malaria control interventions with respect...
Article
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Plasmodium falciparum malaria cases in Africa represent over 90% of the global burden with Mali being amongst the 11 highest burden countries that account for 70% of this annual incidence. The persistence of P. falciparum despite massive global interventions is because of its genetic diversity that drives its ability to adapt to environmental chang...
Preprint
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Experimental studies on the biology of malaria parasites have been mostly based on laboratory-adapted lines, but there is limited understanding of how these may differ from parasites in natural infections. Loss-of-function mutants have previously been shown to emerge during culture of some Plasmodium falciparum clinical isolates, in analyses that f...
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These findings contribute to understanding malaria parasite antigenic and developmental variation, focusing on the merozoite surface protein encoded by the single locus under strongest balancing selection. Analyzing the initial ex vivo generation of parasites grown from a wide sample of clinical infections, we show a unique and highly skewed patter...
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Men and women often respond differently to infectious diseases and their treatments. Tuberculosis (TB) is a life-threatening communicable disease that affects more men than women globally. Whether male sex is an independent risk factor for unfavorable TB outcomes, however, has not been rigorously investigated in an African context, where individual...
Article
Full-text available
Background Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) has been widely expanded in Mali since its recommendation by the the World Health Organization in 2012. SMC guidelines currently target children between three months and five years of age. The SMC initiative has been largely successful. Children at least five years of age are not currently covered b...
Article
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The currently devastating pandemic of severe acute respiratory syndrome known as coronavirus disease 2019 or COVID-19 is caused by the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2. Both the virus and the disease have been extensively studied worldwide. A trimeric spike (S) protein expressed on the virus outer bilayer leaflet has been identified as a ligand that allows t...
Article
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Despite the global interest and the unprecedented number of scientific studies triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic, few data are available from developing and low-income countries. In these regions, communities live under the threat of various transmissible diseases aside from COVID-19, including malaria. This study aims to determine the severe acut...
Preprint
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Diabetes is currently a crisis in sub-Saharan West Africa (SSWA) with dramatic implications for public health and national budgets prioritizing infectious diseases. There is limited recent literature about prevalence, awareness, and risk factors for type 2 diabetes (T2D) in rural parts of SSWA. This study aims to fill this gap through a field study...
Article
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Background: Over the past decade, three strategies have reduced severe malaria cases and deaths in endemic regions of Africa, Asia and the Americas, specifically: (1) artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT); (2) insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs); and, (3) intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in pregnancy (IPTp). T...
Preprint
Full-text available
The merozoite surface protein MSPDBL2 of Plasmodium falciparum is under strong balancing selection and is a target of naturally acquired antibodies. Remarkably, MSPDBL2 is expressed in only a minority of mature schizonts of any cultured parasite line, and mspdbl2 gene transcription increases in response to overexpression of the gametocyte developme...
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Host genetic factors can confer resistance against malaria1, raising the question of whether this has led to evolutionary adaptation of parasite populations. In this study we searched for association between candidate host and parasite genetic variants in 3,346 Gambian and Kenyan children ascertained with severe malaria due to Plasmodium falciparum...
Article
Full-text available
Background and aims Tuberculosis (TB) remains an important global health issue worldwide. Despite this scourge that threatens many human lives, especially in developing countries, thus far, no advanced molecular epidemiology study using recent and more accurate tools has been conducted in Mali. Therefore, this study aimed to employ the Variable-Num...
Article
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Background: Immune-mediated inflammatory diseases (IMIDs) characterized by three nosological entities, autoimmune diseases, auto inflammatory diseases and inflammatory diseases of undetermined mechanism, share in common the inflammatory process but their clinical and biological expressions are extremely diverse. A panoramic study of IMIDs could con...
Article
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P. falciparum- Malaria pathophysiology is still not fully understood. The main mechanisms of the malaria physiopathology involve interactions between host and parasite. Although, the role of the spleen has been mentioned in various clinical forms, supportive clinical evidence is still needed. We conducted a pilot study to determine the impact of th...
Article
Full-text available
Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health concern with millions of deaths every year. The overlap with HIV infections, long treatment duration, and the emergence of drug resistance are significant obstacles to the control of the disease. Indeed, the standard first-line regimen TB treatment takes at least six months and even longer for the sec...
Article
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Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) was adopted in Mali in 2012 for preventing malaria in children younger than 5 years. Although this strategy has been highly effective in reducing childhood malaria, an uptick in malaria occurrence has occurred in children 5 to 15 years of age. This study aimed to investigate the feasibility of providing SMC to...
Article
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Sickle-trait hemoglobin (HbAS) confers nearly complete protection from severe, life-threatening malaria, yet the molecular mechanisms that underlie HbAS protection from severe malaria remain incompletely understood. Here, we used transcriptome sequencing (RNA-seq) to measure the impact of HbAS on the blood-stage transcriptome of Plasmodium falcipar...
Article
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Malaria infections in pregnancy should be treated promptly with safe and efficacious antimalarial drugs to prevent harmful effects on the mother and fetus. To succeed, the Malian has developed NMCP guidelines for the management of malaria cases in pregnant women. The study aimed at the analysis of the prescription of antimalarial drugs based on the...
Article
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Background Artemisinin-based combination therapy (ACT) was deployed in 2005 as an alternative to chloroquine and is considered the most efficacious treatment currently available for uncomplicated falciparum malaria. While widespread artemisinin resistance has not been reported to date in Africa, recent studies have reported partial resistance in Rw...
Preprint
Full-text available
Sickle-trait hemoglobin (HbAS) confers near-complete protection from severe, life-threatening falciparum malaria in African children. Despite this clear protection, the molecular mechanisms by which HbAS confers these protective phenotypes remain incompletely understood. As a forward genetic screen for aberrant parasite transcriptional responses as...
Article
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MalariaGEN is a data-sharing network that enables groups around the world to work together on the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Here we describe a new release of curated genome variation data on 7,000 Plasmodium falciparum samples from MalariaGEN partner studies in 28 malaria-endemic countries. High-quality genotype calls on 3 million single nuc...
Article
Full-text available
Sickle-trait hemoglobin protects against severe Plasmodium falciparum malaria. Severe malaria is governed in part by the expression of the Plasmodium falciparum Erythrocyte Membrane Protein 1 (PfEMP1) that are encoded by var genes, specifically those variants that bind Endothelial Protein C Receptor (EPCR). In this study, we investigate the effect...
Article
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Reticulocyte-binding protein homolog 5 (RH5) is a leading Plasmodium falciparum blood-stage vaccine candidate. Another possible candidate, apical membrane antigen 1 (AMA1), was not efficacious in malaria-endemic populations, likely due to pre-existing antimalarial antibodies that interfered with the activity of vaccine-induced AMA1 antibodies, as j...
Article
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The seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) has been implemented to prevent malaria among children under five years in Mali since 2012. However, the treatment compliance and an increase in malaria cases in older age groups in some long transmission areas are a major concern for its long-term implementation. This study was initiated to identify barri...
Preprint
Full-text available
Malaria pathophysiology is not still fully understood. The main mechanisms of malaria involve the synergistic interactions between host and parasite. Although, the role of the spleen has been mentioned in various clinical forms of malaria, a supportive clinical evidence is still needed. We conducted a pilot study to determine the impact of the sple...
Preprint
Full-text available
Malaria pathophysiology is not still fully understood. The main mechanisms of malaria involve the synergistic interactions between host and parasite. Although, the role of the spleen has been mentioned in various clinical forms of malaria, a supportive clinical evidence is still needed. We conducted a pilot study to determine the impact of the sple...
Article
Full-text available
Objectives: To evaluate Plasmodium malariae susceptibility to current and lead candidate antimalarial drugs. Methods: We conducted cross-sectional screening and detection of all Plasmodium species malaria cases, which were nested within a longitudinal prospective study, and an ex vivo assessment of efficacy of a panel of antimalarials against P....
Article
Full-text available
Despite of considerable advances in malaria control strategies, malaria continues to kill countless numbers of kids, mainly in sub-Saharan African countries. Mali is listed among the ten countries most suffering from malaria within the world in keeping with the quantity of cases and deaths... Plasmodium falciparum parasite is related to the forem...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Since 2015, SMC with amodiaquine–sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine (AQ–SP) has been implemented during the high malaria transmission season in three regions of Ghana. Adherence to the Seasonal Malaria Chemoprevention (SMC) is one of the critical determinants for successfully protecting children under five. In Ghana, there is limited evidence of...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Over the past decade, three strategies have reduced severe malaria cases and deaths in endemic regions of Africa, Asia, and the Americas, specifically: 1] artemisinin-based combination therapies (ACTs), 2] insecticide-treated bed nets (ITNs) , and 3] intermittent preventive treatment with sulfadoxine-pyrimethamine in pregnancy (IPTp. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Background Implementation and upscale of effective malaria vector control strategies necessitates understanding the multi-factorial aspects of transmission patterns. The primary aims of this study are to determine the vector composition, biting rates, trophic preference, and the overall importance of distinguishing outdoor versus indoor malaria tra...
Article
Full-text available
MalariaGEN is a data-sharing network that enables groups around the world to work together on the genomic epidemiology of malaria. Here we describe a new release of curated genome variation data on 7,000 Plasmodium falciparum samples from MalariaGEN partner studies in 28 malaria-endemic countries. High-quality genotype calls on 3 million single nuc...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background In Mali, the health facility-based prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Mali was 4.5% (105/2,343) and the age of first medical visit for autistic children was around 7 years old in 2018. Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities initiates the early autism detection and diagnosis. We aimed to assess the feasibility o...
Article
Full-text available
Mali, like the rest of the world, has seen a rapid spread of COVID-19 since the first report of imported cases. Despite being a low-income country, Mali has leveraged scientific research resources via coordinated approaches to enable public health emergency planning and response to the COVID-19 pandemic. Mali’s approach includes the harmonization o...
Article
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Over the last four decades, significant efforts have been invested to develop vaccines against malaria. Although most efforts are focused on the development of P. falciparum vaccines, the current availability of the parasite genomes, bioinformatics tools, and high throughput systems for both recombinant and synthetic antigen production have helped...
Article
Full-text available
It is now recognized that to fully understand the role of host genetic variation on susceptibility to HIV-1 infection, investigations must be extended to African populations. We sought to determine if genetic variation in IL10 are associated with HIV-1 infection in a West African cohort in Mali. HIV-infected and -uninfected individuals were genotyp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Implementation and upscale of effective malaria vector control strategies necessitates understanding the multi-factorial aspects of transmission patterns. The primary aims of this study are to determine the vector composition, biting rates, trophic preference, and the overall importance of distinguishing outdoor versus indoor malaria tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Implementation and upscale of effective malaria vector control strategies necessitates understanding the multi-factorial aspects of transmission patterns. The primary aims of this study are to determine the vector composition, biting rates, trophic preference, and the overall importance of distinguishing outdoor versus indoor malaria tr...
Article
Full-text available
Malaria transmission largely depends on environmental, climatic, and hydrological conditions. In Mali, malaria epidemiological patterns are nested within three ecological zones. This study aimed at assessing the relationship between those conditions and the incidence of malaria in Dangassa and Koila, Mali. Malaria data was collected through passive...
Article
Full-text available
Background In 2006, the National Malaria Control Program in Mali recommended artemisinin-based combination therapy as the first-line treatment for uncomplicated malaria. Since the introduction of artemisinin-based combination therapy, few reports are available on the level of resistance of Plasmodium falciparum to the most common anti-malarial drug...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background : Seasonal malaria chemoprevention (SMC) is the administration of complete therapeutic courses of antimalarial to all children 3–59 months old during the malaria transmission season. This study measured coverage, impact and cost of adding SMC in children aged 5-10 years. Methods : A non-randomized, pre-post design, with an intervention (...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background In Mali, the health facility-based prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was 4.5% (105/2,343) and the age of first medical visit for autistic children was around 7 years old in 2018. Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities initiates the early autism detection and diagnosis. Our aim was to investigate if parental conce...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In Mali, the national health facility-based prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) was 4.5% (105/2,343) and the age of first medical visit for autistic children was around 7 years old in 2018. Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities initiates the early autism detection and diagnosis. Our aim was to investigate if pare...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: In Mali, the health facility-based prevalence of autism spectrum disorders (ASD) in Mali was 4.5% (105/2,343) and the age of first medical visit for autistic children was around 7 years old in 2018. Parental recognition of developmental abnormalities initiates the early autism detection and diagnosis. In this pilot study, our aim was to...
Article
Full-text available
Metabolomic studies have demonstrated the existence of biological signatures in blood of patients with arterial hypertension, but no study has hitherto reported the sexual dimorphism of these signatures. We compared the plasma metabolomic profiles of 28 individuals (13 women and 15 men) with essential arterial hypertension with those of a healthy c...
Article
Full-text available
Background and purpose: The indication and benefit of plasma level of antiepileptic (AEDs) has been debating in the monitoring of people living with epilepsy and the epilepsy treatment gap has largely been documented in developed countries. This study was aimed to highlight the epilepsy treatment gap between rural and urban Mali. Methods: We con...