Magdalena Mo Ching Mok

Magdalena Mo Ching Mok
The Education University of Hong Kong | ied · Department of Psychological Studies (PS), and Assessment Research Centre (ARC)

BSc, MSc, PhD

About

130
Publications
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Publications

Publications (130)
Article
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The existing differential item functioning (DIF) detection approaches relying on item difficulty or item discrimination are limited for understanding the associates of DIF items, and consequently, DIF items were conventionally either deleted or ignored. Given the importance of minimizing DIF items in test construction, teachers or testing practitio...
Article
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Compositional items – a form of forced-choice items – require respondents to allocate a fixed total number of points to a set of statements. To describe the responses to these items, the Thurstonian item response theory (IRT) model was developed. Despite its prominence, the model requires that items composed of parts of statements result in a facto...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of classroom-based Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solution in Southeast Asia Singaporean primary school students and their attitude towards physical activity (PA) over a ten-week intervention. A total of 113 participants (8–11 years old) were randomly assigned to either an experimental (EG)...
Article
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This study aimed to examine the effects of three-months of classroom-based Brain Breaks Physical Activity Solution (Brain Breaks®) on attitudes toward physical activity levels of primary school children in Henan Province, China. The participants were 704 children enrolled in grades 3–5 who were randomly assigned to either an experimental or a contr...
Article
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In recent years, it has become common to use the internet or computer tutoring with a programme or application for additional instruction (ICTPAAI), in addition to the mandatory school schedule. This study aimed to understand students' participation in ICTPAAI and its relation to academic achievement. Multilevel structural equation modelling was co...
Article
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This study aims to identify the predictors of Chinese reading and literacy skills among Chinese school children in Taiwan. Participants recruited in the study were 182 Grade 1 elementary school students. First, data were collected on these students’ literacy skills, which comprised morphological awareness, orthography processing, visual perception...
Article
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Classroom-based physical activity (PA) interventions have received considerable attention due to improvements seen in academic achievement, classroom behaviors, and attitude toward PA. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing children’s attitudes toward PA. Students (N...
Article
This study aimed to explore the relationship between students’ growth in mathematics and Chinese language over a span of six years. Three waves of longitudinal data were originally collected from the sample by the Hong Kong government via the Territory-wide System assessment (TSA) in 2007, 2010, and in 2013, when students sat for the TSA in Grades...
Article
Purpose The purpose of this paper is to examine the writing development of Hong Kong kindergarten students over 12 months. They attended 18 kindergartens territory-wide and were followed from June 2002 to June 2003 for the collection of three waves of teacher-rated data at six-month intervals. Design/methodology/approach First, the construct valid...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to adapt the “Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale” (APAS) for Turkish higher education students. Study was conducted during 2018–2019 autumn semester at a public university in the central Anatolia region of Turkey. The APAS was applied to 1021 voluntary university students from eleven different faculties and depar...
Article
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Free online version: https://rdcu.be/bpFzJ As students’ sense of school belonging (SOSB) is essential for their psychosocial well‐being and academic success, developing precise measures of SOSB is critical for assessing it properly. After an unrelated item was deleted, the SOSB scale showed good psychometric properties, based on Rasch analysis of...
Article
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Although a child’s physical development is inseparable from his or her cognitive development, the Malaysian education system prioritises academic achievement over physical development. Malaysian children and adolescents engage in low levels of physical activity. As in many countries, there is a need to increase physical activity among Malay adolesc...
Article
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Information and communication technologies (ICTs) have been provided by higher education authorities to ensure that teachers use ICT to enhance their teaching, learning and research outcomes. However, ICT has been found to be underutilized, especially by teachers. To investigate this issue, the technology adoption and gratification (TAG) model was...
Article
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The current study explores students’ collaboration and problem solving (CPS) abilities using a human-to-agent (H-A) computer-based collaborative problem solving assessment. Five CPS assessment units with 76 conversation-based items were constructed using the PISA 2015 CPS framework. In the experiment, 53,855 ninth and tenth graders in Taiwan were r...
Article
Guided by the “opportunity–propensity” (O‐P) framework, this study explores how immigrant status might affect students’ civic knowledge through an antecedent factor (socioeconomic status [SES]), opportunity factors (civic learning at school and civic participation at school), and propensity factors (perceived open classroom climate, perceived stude...
Article
Full-text available
Although a child’s physical development is inseparable from his or her cognitive development, the Malaysian education system prioritises academic achievement over physical development. Malaysian children and adolescents engage in low levels of physical activity. As in many countries, there is a need to increase physical activity among Malay adolesc...
Article
Online copies (100): https://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/EgcCKnQ7N8VTy4zdUzBa/full Self-regulated learning (SRL) is of great importance to academic achievement and life-long learning. This study aimed to examine the prediction of three processes of primary students’ SRL using students’ prior achievement, interest in mathematics, personal best goal...
Article
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Not yet citizens, adolescents are encouraged through civic education to consider an active role in the future political life of their societies. This study seeks to understand the mediating role of political self-efficacy and political interest in the association between previous civic experience and Asian adolescents’ expected participation in leg...
Article
Previous studies have suggested that teacher’s personality traits and pedagogy are the important areas of investigation in creativity research; however, little is known about the relationship between teachers’ personality traits and creativity-fostering pedagogy. This study proposed a model describing 3 types of perceived personality traits that co...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of Brain Break® activities on interest and motivation for physical activity among schoolchildren and the contribution of such activities on learning for health and holistic development. The study sample was comprised of 283 participants, primary school students from 3rd to 5th grades from two pub...
Article
Background. Sedentary behaviour in children raise concern as the majority of children do not meet the health- related level of physical activity (PA) which is closely related with their physical fitness (PF). Digital facilities may help to solve the problem. Hypothesis. After the intervention “HOPSport Brain Breaks” physical fitness improves and...
Article
Purpose: Literature indicates that open classroom climate (OCC) is a positive influence on civic outcomes. Few studies have explored factors that appear to facilitate OCC. Most research on OCC has focused on Western countries. The emphasis has been on individual student characteristics related to OCC with little attention made to school level effec...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effectiveness of the Brain Breaks® Physical Activity Solutions in changing attitudes toward physical activity of school children in a community in Poland. In 2015, a sample of 326 pupils aged 9–11 years old from 19 classes at three selected primary schools were randomly assigned to control and experiment...
Article
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Purpose In this age of exponential knowledge growth, where wireless internet is playing a dominant role, the concerned authorities of higher education have to ensure that this tool remains within the reach of the students. However, there has been as yet little research indicating its success in China. This paper aims to examine factors that influen...
Article
Online version (50 eprints): http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/CqP7jyDFWGIY7hIg9fFV/full This study aimed to explore the cross-lagged association of achievements in mathematics and languages. While the effect of language on achievements in mathematics is well-documented, few studies have examined the reciprocal relationships among mathematics, th...
Chapter
This study investigated the implementation of assessment for learning (AfL) as reported by 60,588 teachers in 36 educational systems through secondary analysis of data from the International Civic and Citizenship Education Study (ICCS) 2009. Recent literature identified positive impacts of AfL on subsequent teaching and learning, but the literature...
Chapter
Over the years, Hong Kong’s examination-driven learning environment has emphasised academic achievement more than social and emotional learning (SEL). Although the Hong Kong Government is now promoting all-round development, including strengthening students’ social and emotional competence (SEC), no explicit territory-wide policy on SEL has been im...
Article
Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to establish and compare multilevel models that significantly predict school effects on adding value to their students regarding English reading from Secondary One to Secondary Six. Design/methodology/approach – The data were collected from 3,993 students within 66 schools in 2006 by the Educational Bureau of...
Article
Traditionally, teachers evaluate students’ abilities via their total test scores. Recently, cognitive diagnostic models (CDMs) have begun to provide information about the presence or absence of students’ skills or misconceptions. Nevertheless, CDMs are typically applied to tests with multiple-choice (MC) items, which provide less diagnostic informa...
Article
This article describes the development and validation of the Attitudes toward Physical Activity Scale (APAS) to measure the attitudes, beliefs, and self-efficacy toward physical activity by children at the primary school level. The framework included: physical fitness, self-efficacy, personal best goal orientation in physical activity, interest in...
Article
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Background Prior cross-cultural research with students in different national contexts (Australia and China) has shown consistency in the extent to which individual personal best (PB) goals are associated with engagement at school.AimsThis study extends this work to a multicultural context, assessing perceived PB goal structure in school and individ...
Article
This study aimed to investigate the structure and the validity of the cognitive components of reading in Thai, which is a language with a high degree of grapheme–phoneme correspondence. The participants were 1181 fourth-grade students in 29 schools in Thailand, divided into two subsamples for data analysis. Phoneme isolation, rapid colour naming, r...
Article
This study utilizes Bok's framework of core competencies for undergraduate education to investigate the changes of college and university students participating in the Camp AdventureTM Child and Youth Services (CACYS) programme. Communication, critical thinking, character development, citizenship, diversity, global understanding, widening of intere...
Conference Paper
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Background: Student's attention to, and understanding of, the meaning of feedback are essential in feedback processes. Aims: This study aims to (1) describe the perceived usefulness of feedback and the perceived frequency of feedback of primary students; (2) examine the gender and grade differences in student's perceived usefulness and perceived fr...
Article
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A factor analytic and a Rasch measurement approach were applied to evaluate the multidimensional nature of the school motivation construct among more than 7,000 Dutch secondary school students. The Inventory of School Motivation (McInerney and Ali, 2006) was used, which intends to measure four motivation dimensions (mastery, performance, social, an...
Article
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To find ways to enhance the learning of academically disadvantaged students across mainstream and vocational education settings is of increasing concern to researchers and practitioners. Based on Biggs’ 3P learning model, the present study tested the predictive roles of three important psychological variables, namely academic self-concept, perceive...
Article
This study aimed to identify clusters of primary students based on their mathematics achievement, and their perceived usefulness of and expectation of feedback from teachers, and second, to examine profiles of self-regulated learning of the students in these clusters. The sample consisted of 4,570 students at Primary 3 to Primary 5 in Hong Kong. Tw...
Article
This study aimed to model mathematics growth of students from Primary 3 to Secondary 3 from two approaches, namely, growth in content domains, and in cognitive domains. The sample consisted of 866 Hong Kong students who were followed longitudinally from Primary 3 to Secondary 3. The data were originally collected by the Education Bureau of Hong Kon...
Article
BackgroundA number of methods to investigate growth have been reported in the literature, including hierarchical linear modelling (HLM), latent growth modelling (LGM), and multidimensional scaling applied to longitudinal profile analysis (LPAMS).AimsThis study aimed at modelling the mathematics growth of students over a span of 6 years from Grade 3...
Article
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Apparent bullying and victimization rates vary, depending on how these rates are measured. This study used Olweus-type global items and a short version of the School Bullying Scales to investigate the prevalence rate and behavioral ranking of bullying and victimization among secondary students in Hong Kong, Taiwan, and Macao. We used the response c...
Article
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The big-fish–little-pond effect (BFLPE) posits that students with the same ability will have higher academic self-concepts when they are in low-ability classes than in high-ability classes. Our research puts the BFLPE under scrutiny by examining goal orientations as the moderators that may affect the size of the BFLPE. We collected data on mathemat...
Article
Objective: To identify levels of moderate-intensity physical activity (MPA) and vigorous-intensity physical activity (VPA) in a representative sample of college students in six East Asian economies and examine their relationship with weight, alcohol consumption and cigarette smoking. Design: Cross-sectional survey. Setting: College students recruit...
Article
This study aimed to explore the effect on measurement precision of multidimensional, as compared with unidimensional, Rasch measurement for constructing measures from multidimensional Likert-type scales. Many educational and psychological tests are multidimensional but common practice is to ignore correlations among the latent traits in these multi...
Article
The study aimed to uncover the conceptions of creativity among early childhood teachers in Hong Kong. The sample comprised 563 early childhood teachers. Factor analysis supported the multidimensional hypothesis of teachers’ conceptions of creativity. Five dimensions were found: novelty, product, problem solving, cognitive processes and personal att...
Book
The Asia-Pacific region needs to maximize the benefits of education to enable it to compete in an economic future dominated by innovation, in which assessing student progress must be an empowering rather than delimiting factor. This detailed exposition of the theoretical basis and application tools of self-directed learning-oriented assessment (SLO...
Article
This article describes the development and validation of the Core Competencies Scale (CCS) using Bok's (2006) competency framework for undergraduate education. The framework included: communication, critical thinking, character development, citizenship, diversity, global understanding, widening of interest, and career and vocational development. Th...
Article
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The present study investigates problem-solving skill alongside more widely recognized settlement and sociodemographic factors in first-generation (1G) and second-generation (2G) immigrant students' science and mathematics achievement. A total of 113,767 students (ages 15–16 years) from 17 countries were drawn from the 2003 Programme for Internation...
Article
This overview of Rasch measurement models begins with a conceptualization of our continuous experiences that are often captured as discrete observations. It goes on to discuss the properties that are required of measures if they are to transcend the occasion in which they were collected, and concludes with a discussion of the spiral of inferential...
Article
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This study examined the prediction of academic self-concept (English and Mathematics) and learning strategies (deep and surface), and their direction of effect, on academic achievement (English and Mathematics) of 8,354 students from 16 secondary schools in Hong Kong. Two competing models were tested to ascertain the direction of effect: Model A po...
Chapter
Major education systems in the Asia-Pacific region have introduced many assessment reforms since the turn of the century. Although varying in their implementation strategies, these reforms share common emphases on assessment for learning and on assessment as learning. Despite these paradigm changes on the conception of assessment, however, many cou...
Chapter
This chapter introduces the concepts of the student-problem chart (SP chart) as a tool to support implementation of assessment for learning. In essence, the SP chart is a matrix of students’ responses against set items in an assessment where the rows are rearranged in descending order of student ability from the top of the matrix and the columns in...
Chapter
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Vertical scaling is promising in tracking students’ academic growth over time because it links tests with different difficulty levels that measure the same construct on a common scale. However, its application suffers from the violation of the unidimensionality assumption in practical educational testing and the complex procedure of scale construct...
Chapter
The two-tier item is a relatively new item format and is gradually gaining popularity in some areas of educational research. In science education, a typical two-tier item is made up of two portions. The purpose of the first portion is to assess whether students could identify the correct concept with respect to the information stated in the item st...
Chapter
Reform initiative towards assessment for learning is a response to a number of developments both in the region and internationally. Teachers play a critical role in the success of its implementation. This study aimed to explore teachers’ attitudes towards the costs and benefits of using reports generated from Rasch measurement to support assessment...
Article
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Objective The Coping Scale for Chinese Athletes (CSCA) was developed and validated using classic testing theory in 2004 (Chung, Si, Lee, & Liu, 2004). This study aimed to validate CSCA using multidimensional Rasch analysis with the ConQuest software programme.Method The sample in this study comprised 367 athletes from mainland China. A Multidimensi...
Article
The purpose of this study was to investigate the growth trajectory of college and university students in core competencies between entering and exiting the Camp Adventure Child and Youth Services (CACYS) experience using Bok's (2006) framework for undergraduate education. Bok's competency framework included: communication, critical thinking, charac...
Article
Little is known on the level of physical inactivity and its behavioral and cultural correlates among East Asian college students. The aim of this study is to examine and compare the level and behavioral and cultural correlates of physical inactivity among college students in Taiwan, Hong Kong, South Korea, Singapore, and Malaysia. Data were collect...
Chapter
Globalisation and knowledge economy demand a renewed vision on pedagogy. This chapter presents a framework of learning and assessment integration for pedagogical re-vision in the context of mathematics education. This framework, termed the Self-directed Learning Oriented Assessment (SLOA), is grounded on cognitive learning theory and underpinned by...
Article
This study aimed to establish the validity of the Language Development Rating Scale and the Attitudes toward Reading and Voluntary Reading Behaviour Rating Scale in Morrow’s Checklist for Assessing Early Literacy Development for use with preschool children in Hong Kong. The sample comprised 2619 preschool children aged three–five years who were cur...
Article
This study is concerned with the attribution of secondary students. Causal interpretations for academic success and failure were analysed to investigate the effect of gender, year level and achievement level on students’ academic attributions in Hong Kong, a Confucian Heritage Culture. The sample for the study comprised 14,846 students currently en...
Article
Political trust provides the necessary legitimacy for political institutions and the actions they take on behalf of citizens. Political trust is especially important in democracies not only to sustain and build social cohesion but also to encourage citizens to work together for democratic principles. In this chapter we set out to investigate the ro...
Article
This commentary reflects upon Lazar Stankov's thesis which regards “unforgiving nature of Confucian Asian societies” as the driving force underpinning academic success of students from these societies. The commentary considers theoretical perspectives put forward by Jian Wang and Emily Lin (2008), and by Chiu and Klassen (2010) as two alternative f...
Article
A contemporary model of psychological stress based on an amalgamation of Conservation of Resources theory and the McMaster Model of Family Functioning was devised to compare the effects of neurobehavioural impairments on family functioning and psychological distress in spouses and parents caring for relatives with TBI. Participants were 64 spouses...