Magdalena Huber

Magdalena Huber
Philipps University of Marburg | PUM · Institut für Medizinische Mikrobiologie und Krankenhaushygiene

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50
Publications
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3,418
Citations

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
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The present treatments for lung cancer include surgical resection, radiation, chemotherapy, targeted therapy, and immunotherapy. Despite advances in therapies, the prognosis of lung cancer has not been substantially improved in recent years. Chimeric antigen receptor (CAR)-T cell immunotherapy has attracted growing interest in the treatment of vari...
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Emerging data demonstrate that the activity of immune cells can be modulated by microbial molecules. Here, we show that the short-chain fatty acids (SCFAs) pentanoate and butyrate enhance the anti-tumor activity of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and chimeric antigen receptor (CAR) T cells through metabolic and epigenetic reprograming. We show that...
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CD56⁺ T cells are a group of pro‐inflammatory CD3⁺ lymphocytes with characteristics of natural killer cells, being involved in antimicrobial immune defense. Here, we performed deep phenotypic profiling of CD3⁺CD56⁺ cells in peripheral blood of normal human donors and individuals sensitized to birch‐pollen or/and house dust mite by high‐dimensional...
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Research over the last years has provided increasing understanding about IL‐17‐producing CD8⁺ T cells termed Tc17 or IL‐17⁺CD8⁺ T cells, their distribution and role in a range of diverse immune processes. These comprise resistance to pathogens and tissue homeostasis, but also contribution to autoimmunity and cancer, as well as involvement in gut in...
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Human B cell activating factor (TNFSF13B, BAFF) is a tumor necrosis factor superfamily member. Binding its unique receptor (TNFRSF13C, BAFF-R) mediates gene expression and cell survival in B cells via activation of NFκB pathway. Furthermore, there is data indicating a role in T cell function. A functionally inhibitory isoform (ΔBAFF) resulting from...
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T helper cells integrate signals from their microenvironment to acquire distinct specialization programs for efficient clearance of diverse pathogens or for immunotolerance. Ionic signals have recently been demonstrated to affect T cell polarization and function. Sodium chloride (NaCl) was proposed to accumulate in peripheral tissues upon dietary i...
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Immune microenvironment plays a critical role in lung cancer control versus progression and metastasis. In this investigation, we explored the impact of tumor-infiltrating-lymphocyte subpopulations on lung cancer biology by studying in vitro co-cultures, in vivo mouse models and human lung cancer tissue. Lymphocyte conditioned media-(CM) induced ep...
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IL-17-producing CD8+ (Tc17) cells are enriched in active lesions of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), suggesting a role in the pathogenesis of autoimmunity. Here we show that amelioration of MS by dimethyl fumarate (DMF), a mechanistically elusive drug, associates with suppression of Tc17 cells. DMF treatment results in reduced frequency of Tc...
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Many tumors evolve sophisticated strategies to evade the immune system, and these represent major obstacles for efficient antitumor immune responses. Here we explored a molecular mechanism of metabolic communication deployed by highly glycolytic tumors for immunoevasion. In contrast to colon adenocarcinomas, melanomas showed comparatively high glyc...
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Granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) controls proliferation and survival of myeloid cells including monocytes. Here, we describe a time-dependent licensing process driven by GM-CSF in murine Ly6Chigh and human CD14¹ monocytes that disables their inflammatory functions and promotes their conversion into suppressor cells. This 2-...
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The transcription factor Interferon Regulatory Factor 4 (IRF4) is essential for TH2 and TH17 cell formation and controls peripheral CD8⁺ T cell differentiation. We used Listeria monocytogenes infection to characterize the function of IRF4 in TH1 responses. IRF4−/− mice generated only marginal numbers of listeria-specific TH1 cells. After transfer i...
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Regulatory T-cells induced via IL-2 and TGFb in vitro (iTreg) suppress immune cells and are potential therapeutics during autoimmunity. However, several reports described their re-differentiation into pathogenic cells in vivo and loss of their key functional transcription factor (TF) FOXP3 after T-cell antigen receptor (TCR)-signalling in vitro. He...
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Coevolution of ticks and the vertebrate immune system has led to the development of immunosuppressive molecules that prevent immediate response of skin-resident immune cells to quickly fend off the parasite. In this article, we demonstrate that the tick-derived immunosuppressor sialostatin L restrains IL-9 production by mast cells, whereas degranul...
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Die Aktivierung naiver CD4+ und CD8+ T-Zellen als Antwort auf Antigene und ihre anschließende Proliferation und Differenzierung zu Effektorzellen sind wichtige Funktionen der zellvermittelten Immunantwort. CD4+ T-Zellen (auch bekannt als T-Helferzellen, Th) differenzieren in verschiedene Subpopulationen, einschließlich Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17, Tfh und...
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The activation of naive CD4+ and CD8+ T cells in response to antigen and their subsequent proliferation and differentiation into effectors are important features of a cell-mediated immune response. CD4+ T cells (also known as T helper cells, Th) differentiate into several subpopulations including Th1, Th2, Th9, Th17, Tfh and Treg cells, characteriz...
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Although CD8+ T cells that produce IL-17 (Tc17 cells) have been linked to host defense, Tc17 cells show reduced cytotoxic activity, which is the characteristic function of CD8+ T cells. Here, we show that CTLA-4 enhances the frequency of IL-17 in CD8+ T cells, indicating that CTLA-4 (CD152) specifically promotes Tc17 differentiation. Simultaneous s...
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Interferon regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is a transcription factor that is expressed in hematopoietic cells and plays pivotal roles in the immune response. Originally described as a lymphocyte-specific nuclear factor, IRF4 promotes differentiation of naïve CD4(+) T-cells into T helper 2 (Th2), Th9, Th17, or T follicular helper (Tfh) cells and is requi...
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It is well established that CD8(+) T cells constitute an important branch of adaptive immunity contributing to clearance of intracellular pathogens and providing long-term protection. These functions are mostly fulfilled by the best characterized subpopulation of CD8(+) T cells, the cytotoxic T lymphocytes (also called Tc1 cells), owing to their ab...
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CD8(+) T-cell functions are critical for preventing chronic viral infections by eliminating infected cells. For healthy immune responses, beneficial destruction of infected cells must be balanced against immunopathology resulting from collateral damage to tissues. These processes are regulated by factors controlling CD8(+) T-cell function, which ar...
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The transcription factor IRF4 is known to be essential for differentiation of effector CD4(+) T cell subsets. In this issue, Yao et al. (2013) identify IRF4 as a regulator of checkpoints in the final steps and maintenance of CD8(+) T cell effector differentiation.
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Robust cytotoxic CD8(+) T-cell response is important for immunity to intracellular pathogens. Here, we show that the transcription factor IFN Regulatory Factor 4 (IRF4) is crucial for the protective CD8(+) T-cell response to the intracellular bacterium Listeria monocytogenes. IRF4-deficient (Irf4(-/-)) mice could not clear L. monocytogenes infectio...
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Similar to T-helper (Th) cells, CD8(+) T cells also differentiate into distinct subpopulations. However, the existence of IL-9-producing CD8(+) T (Tc9) cells has not been elucidated so far. We show that murine CD8(+) T cells activated in the presence of IL-4 plus TGF-β develop into transient IL-9 producers characterized by specific IFN-γ and IL-10...
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IL-17-producing CD8+ T (Tc17) cells are detectible in multiple sclerosis (MS) lesions; however, their contribution to the disease is unknown. To identify functions of Tc17 cells, we induced EAE, a murine model of MS, in mice lacking IFN regulatory factor 4 (IRF4). IRF4-deficient mice failed to generate Tc17 and Th17 cells and were resistant to EAE....
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Apart from conventional CD4(+) Th17 cells, the cytokines IL-17A and IL-22 can also be produced by γδ T cells, NK cells and lymphoid tissue inducer (LTi) cells. Th17 cells develop from precursor cells after T-cell receptor stimulation in the presence of TGF-β, IL-6 and IL-23. In contrast, a subset of γδ T cells ("γδT17") is committed for fast IL-17...
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Members of the nuclear factor-κB (NF-κB) family of transcription factors regulate a variety of molecules involved in host defense against pathogens. A prominent role of NF-κB in innate and adoptive immunity is based on the regulation of inducible transcription of various genes whose products are essential components of the immune response such as c...
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Follicular T-helper (T(FH)) cells cooperate with GL7(+)CD95(+) germinal center (GC) B cells to induce antibody maturation. Herein, we identify the transcription factor IRF4 as a T-cell intrinsic precondition for T(FH) cell differentiation and GC formation. After immunization with protein or infection with the protozoon Leishmania major, draining ly...
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Recent studies demonstrated the crucial role of c-Rel in directing Treg lineage commitment and its involvement in T helper 1 (Th1) cell-mediated autoimmune inflammation. We thus wondered whether these opposite functions of c-Rel influence the course of antiparasitic immune responses against Leishmania major, an accepted model for the impact of T-ce...
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The NF-kappaB/Rel family member c-Rel was described to be required for the development of T(H)1 responses. However, the role of c-Rel in the differentiation of T(H)17 and regulatory CD4(+)Foxp3(+) T cells (Treg) remains obscure. Here, we show that in the absence of c-Rel, in vitro differentiation of pro-inflammatory T(H)17 cells is normal. In contr...
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Activation of naive CD8(+) T cells with antigen in the absence of skewing cytokines triggers their differentiation into effector CTL, which induces death of target cells. We show that CD8(+) T cells activated in the presence of the cytokines IL-6 or IL-21 plus TGF-beta similar to CD4(+) T cells, develop into IL-17-producing (Tc17) cells. These cell...
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Differentiation of murine T-helper (Th) 17 cells is induced by antigenic stimulation and the sequential action of the cytokines IL-6, IL-21, and IL-23, along with TGFβ. Current dogma proposes that IL-6 induces IL-21, which, in a STAT3-dependent manner, amplifies its own transcription, contributes to IL-17 production, and, moreover, promotes the exp...
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Regulatory CD4+ T cells are important for the homeostasis of the immune system and their absence correlates with autoimmune disorders. Here, we investigate the capacity of IL-27, a cytokine with pro- and anti-inflammatory properties, to regulate the generation of transforming growth factor beta (TGFbeta)-inducible forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)-positive r...
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Interferon-regulatory factor 4 (IRF4) is essential for the development of T helper type 2 cells. Here we show that IRF4 is also critical for the generation of interleukin 17-producing T helper cells (T(H)-17 cells), which are associated with experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis. IRF4-deficient (Irf4(-/-)) mice did not develop experimental auto...
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The results of earlier investigations that tested whether CD8(+) T cells are required in the defense against Leishmania major have been inconsistent. We used CD8-deficient mice to directly address this issue. After primary infection with L. major, CD8-deficient mice controlled the infection for over 1 year and mounted strong T helper 1 cell respons...
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Previous studies have shown that triggering of Th2 cells via the TCR is sufficient for production of IL-4 but not for proliferation of these cells. Proliferation of Th2 cells occurs only in the additional presence of a costimulatory signal delivered by IL-1. For the majority of Th2 cell clones, this type of proliferation was found to be independent...
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Previously, it has been shown that Th1 cells, when triggered solely via their TCR, are blocked from proliferation in response to IL-2. Herein, we describe a similar characteristic for Th2 cells in that immobilized mAb directed to the TCR blocked proliferation of Th2 cells in response to IL-4. This "proliferative block' was observed in all four Th2...
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Previously, it has been shown that Th1 cells, when triggered solely via their TCR, are blocked from proliferation in response to IL-2. Herein, we describe a similar characteristic for Th2 cells in that immobilized mAb directed to the TCR blocked proliferation of Th2 cells in response to IL-4. This ‘prollferatlve block’ was observed in all four Th2...
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The murine CD44 receptor family is thought to be involved in a variety of lymphocyte functions, including lymphopoesis, lymphocyte homing and cell migration. Herein, we show that murine CD44 also plays a role as a co-stimulatory molecule for the activation of CD4+ T cells. Ligation of CD44 by mAb enhanced IL-2 production of long-term cultured, anti...

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