Magdalena Claro

Magdalena Claro
Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile | UC · Departamento de Currículum, Tecnología y Evaluación

PhD

About

36
Publications
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Introduction
Skills and Expertise

Publications

Publications (36)
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter presents the case of the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile in supporting the school system during the Covid-19 pandemic. It shows how supporting individual faculty initiatives as well as interinstitutional collaborations and participating in and supporting specific policies shaped a complex array of support for a highly atomized...
Article
Bullying and cyberbullying victimisation are serious problems worldwide, especially among children and adolescents. However, there is much research on risk factors, the evidence about victim typologies that combine online and offline bullying with the specific nature of the victimisation episodes and other sociodemographic and individual features i...
Technical Report
Full-text available
A través de un estudio descrip�tivo correlacional, se analizó el efecto del conocimiento de los estudiantes—i.e., el puntaje obtenido—en las áreas curri�culares evaluadas en la prueba SIMCE de matemáticas de 4to básico (habilidades numéricas, álgebra, geometría y análisis de datos el año 2007), sobre su desempeño global poste�rior en matemáticas, u...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el marco de las propuestas que derivan del trabajo interdisciplinario académico de la Mesa Social Covid-19 se impulsó la realización de este documento: “Didácticas para la proximidad: aprendiendo en tiempos de crisis”, con el objetivo de proponer orientaciones concretas para el aprendizaje en este contexto de crisis y en distintas áreas discipli...
Technical Report
Full-text available
En el marco de las propuestas que derivan del trabajo interdisciplinario académico de la Mesa Social Covid-19 se impulsó la realización de este documento: “Didácticas para la proximidad: aprendiendo en tiempos de crisis”, con el objetivo de proponer orientaciones concretas para el aprendizaje en este contexto de crisis y en distintas áreas discipli...
Technical Report
Full-text available
Propuestas sobre educación de la Mesa Social del Covid-19 en Chile
Article
Although prior knowledge is an important predictor of futureperformanceinmathematics,fewstudieshaveanalyzed which areas of the subject are most critical. Most evidence is based on small- and medium-scale studies fromdevelopedcountries,withresultsthatcannotbegeneralized. We explore which areas of mathematics are the mostimportantpredictorsoffuturepe...
Article
Full-text available
This article analyses the modes of physical access that facilitate participation in digital opportunities and the development of digital skills in children and adolescents (9 to 17 years old). We analysed the data obtained from the Kids Online survey in Chile. A latent class analysis (LCA) was conducted to identify groups based on access points and...
Book
Full-text available
This document provides recommendations for the design of policies to teach Computer Science (CS) in school systems in Latin America, based on a study of the experiences and challenges of a group of selected countries in the region – Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica, and Uruguay – and a view of the state of the art for this field around the wo...
Book
Full-text available
Este documento ofrece recomendaciones para el diseño de políticas para enseñar Ciencias de la Computación (CC) en los sistemas escolares de América Latina, en base a un estudio de las experiencias y desafíos de un grupo de países seleccionados en la región –Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Costa Rica y Uruguay– así como en una revisión del estado del ar...
Article
The study presented in this paper consisted in defining a Teaching in a Digital Environment (TIDE) capacity construct and developing a performance-based test to measure Chilean teachers' ability to teach students how to solve information and communication tasks in a digital environment. The test was applied to a sample of 828 in-service teachers in...
Article
Full-text available
Diverse international perspectives show that children can benefit greatly from digital opportunities. Despite widespread optimism about the potential of digital technologies, especially for information and education, the research reveals an insufficient evidence base to guide policy and practice across all continents of the world, especially in mid...
Article
This article presents a study that applies integrated and multi-factor path analysis to report the direct and indirect effects of young Brazilian individual and home factors on their online opportunities and risks. The results show that engaging in more online opportunities, being older and having a lower level of parental mediation are associated...
Article
Evidence shows that teachers’ use of information and communication technology (ICT) in the classroom is still limited in variety and frequency. However, their use of ICT outside the classroom, while more frequent, has been less studied. Our research aims to identify personal factors associated with teachers’ ICT use inside and outside the classroom...
Article
This paper studies the similarities and differences among the views of school principals and teachers regarding a mobile computer lab (MCL) initiative implemented in 1,591 public schools in Chile. It also characterizes the aspects in which their views diverge. A mixed methods study was carried out in two stages: first, a quantitative stage, where a...
Article
Teachers’ use of ICT has mainly focused on their use in classroom context and few studies have focused on their use elsewhere. Attempting to fill this gap, this paper presents a case study of 12 secondary teachers characterising their use of ICT in and out-of-the-classroom. Results show that teachers use these tools inside the classroom for present...
Article
This paper provides evidence that helps understand the digital divide in education. It does so by comparing the effect of economic, social and cultural status (ESCS) on the digital skills of Chilean students compared with mathematics and language. This comparison is made using national standardized tests. The marginal effect of a group of variables...
Article
This paper presents the results of an analysis of secondary students’ computer use, aimed at understanding how different factors influence the profile of activities carried out by students with computers. The analysis is based on the data from a national study aimed at measuring students’ Information and Communication Technology (ICT) skills for le...
Article
Problem: This teaching case presents the authors' experience planning, teaching, and evaluating a semester-long course within a computer science undergraduate program; the aim of this course was to develop soft skills that enable students to actively contribute within multicultural and transdisciplinary teams. Research question: How can an undergra...
Article
This paper presents the results of a study that sought to understand how a strategy of Mobile Computer Labs (MCL) has been integrated into 3rd and 4th grade teaching-learning practices in 1,591 state schools in Chile. In particular, the study aims to identify the most important factors related to MCL integration into these practices a year after it...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents the results of the analysis of the data from a national survey of the Chilean educational ICT infrastructure and its use in schools implemented by the Centre for Technology and Education of the Chilean Ministry of Education in 2004. Results show that the context of ICT use in Chilean schools can be characterized as relatively go...

Projects

Project (1)
Project
Nowadays there is a consensus that one of the responsibilities of educational systems is to equip future generations with the skills needed to perform adequately in the information and knowledge society. In this context, several educational systems, including Chile, have defined a set of skills needed to exploit the potential of ICT to support and complement the learning process. However, at least in the case of Chile, the evidence of national (SIMCE-TIC) and international (ICILS) tests show that this is not being achieved. Considering this, the Chilean Ministry of Education, with the participation of researchers from UFRO and CEPPE have made significant progress in the development of tools to support students’ digital learning skills for learning (Fondef CA13I10060) and in defining and assessing teachers’ digital skills at work and the skills needed to teach their students digital skills (Fondef D10I1037). However, so far there are no strategies for supporting teachers to adequately teach these skills as part of their traditional subjects curricular activities. To address this problem, and taking advantage of the high frequency with which teachers and students use the Internet to plan and solve school assignments (homework), this project aims to create a system that integrates educational and technological aspects to support teachers in the design and management of school assignments based on solving information and communication problems through Internet, aimed at developing digital skills of students, that considers three complementary components: 1. An integrated digital environment for the design, implementation and monitoring of school assignments based on solving information and communication problems using the Internet. 2. A digital library of exemplary school assignments based on solving information and communication problems using the Internet for the subjects of Language, History and Technology of 8th year of primary education. 3. An adoption strategy for the effective appropriation of the environment by teachers. The project will be implemented in 22 months and considers five phases: analysis, design, development, evaluation and transfer. From a scientific perspective, the project aims at testing hypotheses related, on the one hand, with teachers’ development of digital skills associated to solving information and communication problems using the Internet, and on the other, with improving the quality of school assignments designed by teachers. To test these hypotheses, a pre-experimental design with one group pre-post test and mixed research design is used. The pilot study will be conducted on a sample of 18 teachers from the city of Temuco during one semester