Magdalena Bobowik

Magdalena Bobowik
Utrecht University | UU · Department of Interdisciplinary Social Science

PhD

About

78
Publications
30,688
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909
Citations
Citations since 2016
48 Research Items
782 Citations
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Introduction
My research interests are intergroup processes among disadvantaged and advantaged groups in multicultural and post-conflict societies. My research covers minority groups' experiences of discrimination and its consequences and majority groups’ responses to minority groups. I also examine how collective memory processes shape intergroup and reconciliation outcomes in post-conflict settings. I am currently working on non-verbal expression of emotions among members disadvantaged groups.

Publications

Publications (78)
Article
Full-text available
We live in an era of unprecedented interconnectivity and challenges (e.g., climate change, pandemics) that require global mindsets and creative approaches. While research on global identification has increased in recent years, the question of whether it can facilitate creativity remains largely unexplored. Moreover, despite the evidence linking mul...
Preprint
In 2022, Europe experienced unprecedented citizen mobilizations to help Ukrainian refugees. Based on two parallel scholarship lines, we examined individual prosocial dispositions and superordinate identities related to intentions to help Ukrainians. Employing a French-speaking student sample in Belgium (N = 374), in Study 1 we showed that dispositi...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional tears are vehicles for bonding between individuals, even with those belonging to different social categories. Yet, little is known about the reactions they provoke toward members of underprivileged groups such as immigrants or the explanatory mechanisms of their effects. Across three experiments (with 546 adults) using standardized images...
Article
Discrimination has a negative impact on minority group members’ wellbeing, particularly immigrants. Yet, empirical research investigating coping mechanisms against perceived discrimination among immigrants remains scarce. The present study examined the association between perceived ethnic discrimination and eudaimonic (psychological and social) wel...
Article
Objective: This participatory research sought to understand how engagement in awareness-raising multicultural activities strengthens well-being and group efficacy among immigrants and host nationals. We also examined the mediating role of self-transcendent emotions and shared flow. Method: We tested our predictions across three studies, each foc...
Article
We investigated the relationship between general inclusive victimhood (i.e., perceived similarity between the ingroups’ and other victim groups’ experiences of collective victimization) and willingness to engage in direct, intimate (e.g., intimate relationships) and distant (e.g., neighbors) contact with the adversary group in the aftermath of coll...
Article
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There is some evidence that ethnocultural diversity encourages superordinate levels of categorisation, such as feeling identified with people globally. A remaining question is what type of engagement with diversity facilitates this link and why. We use immigrants' personal social network data and examine the link between global identification and e...
Chapter
Remembering experiences of collective victimhood and perpetratorship has long-lasting consequences for social relations in societies transitioning to peace. However, little is known about attributions of victimhood and responsibility in transitional societies, where social roles of victims and perpetrators are often dual or blurred. Expanding resea...
Article
Purpose: This study aims to examine how prisoners' early release affects other citizens' perceived insecurity and their attitudes towards those released prisoners, and how citizens' political orientation influences these variables. Design/methodology/approach: A total of 383 Portuguese participants were presented with a recommendation from the U...
Article
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In the aftermath of an intergroup conflict, along with instrumental reparations, victims may request an apology on behalf of the perpetrators, yet such political apologies are often not given. Whereas we know a lot about the motivations of the victims, less is known about when and why the perpetrators are willing to apologize. In this study, from t...
Article
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and likely uniquely human phenomenon. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue by evoking social support intentions. Initial experimental studies supported this proposition across several methodologies, but these were conducted almost exclusively...
Article
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In the last few years, the number of unaccompanied youths arriving in Europe has increased steadily. During their settlement in host countries, they are exposed to a great variety of vulnerabilities, which have an impact on their mental health. This research examines the effects of participation in a mentoring programme on the psychological and edu...
Article
Diversity in social relations is important for reducing prejudice. Yet, the question of when this occurs remains open. Using a social network approach, we test whether the link between outgroup attitudes and number of intra- and intergroup contacts is moderated by type of relationship (strong vs. weak ties) and personality (openness to experience)...
Preprint
Emotional tears are vehicles for bonding between individuals, even with those belonging to different social categories. Yet, little is known about the reactions they trigger towards members of underprivileged groups or the explanatory mechanisms of their effects. Across three experiments (with 548 adults) using standardized images of emotional disp...
Article
Full-text available
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and mainly human phenomenon. The persistence of this behavior throughout adulthood has fascinated and puzzled many researchers. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue that binds individuals together and triggers social support intentions. Initi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Tearful crying is a ubiquitous and mainly human phenomenon. The persistence of this behavior throughout adulthood has fascinated and puzzled many researchers. Scholars have argued that emotional tears serve an attachment function: Tears are thought to act as a social glue that binds individuals together and triggers social support intentions. Initi...
Article
Full-text available
Immigration is a worldwide subject of interest, and studies about attitudes towards immigrants have been frequent due to immigration crises in different locations across the globe. We aimed at understanding individual-level effects of human values and ideological beliefs (Right-Wing Authoritarianism – RWA, and Social Dominance Orientation – SDO) on...
Article
The threat and fear perceived by the arrival of migrants and asylum seekers and refugees, manage the extension of politics based on the securization of European cities and close of borders. This article explores the emotion and attitudes that students have in the face of this phenomenon, the role that plays European identity and how, using sensitiv...
Article
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To understand recent anti‐refugee protests in Europe, we examined how different levels of inclusiveness of group identities (national, European, and global) are related to intentions to protest among native Europeans. We focused on the mediating role of autochthony (a belief that the first inhabitants of a territory are more entitled) and the moder...
Article
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The present study examines current social representations associated with the origins of the Great War, a major event that has profoundly affected Europe. A survey conducted in 20 European countries (N = 1906 students in social sciences) shows a high consensus: The outbreak of the war is attributed to the warring nations' leaders while the responsi...
Article
Full-text available
The present study examines current social representations associated with the origins of the Great War, a major event that has profoundly affected Europe. A survey conducted in 20 European countries (N = 1906 students in social sciences) shows a high consensus: The outbreak of the war is attributed to the warring nations’ leaders while the responsi...
Article
Full-text available
La investigación sobre la memoria colectiva y las representaciones sociales de la historia en el campo de la psicología social puede proporcionar reflexiones de interés para el fortalecimiento de las competencias meta-cognitivas en la enseñanza de la historia. En este capítulo se revisa la bibliografía existente y la investigación empírica en este...
Article
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El objetivo de la investigación fue validar la Escala de Tendencias de Acción Política en estudiantes de universidades tradicionales de la Región de Valparaíso, Chile. En un muestreo por cuotas participaron 600 estudiantes de ambos sexos, con un promedio de 20,09 años de edad (DT = 3,02). Los participantes respondieron una escala de 12 ítems que mi...
Book
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1.- El rol de las emociones positivas en los conflictos intergrupales: el conflicto territorial entre Chile y Bolivia/ The role of positive emotions in intergroup conflicts: the territorial conflict between Chile and Bolivia/ O papel das emoções positivas nos conflitos intergrupais: o conflito territorial entre o Chile e a Bolívia Fuad Hatibovic &...
Article
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La presente investigación examina, en estudiantes universitarios chilenos, la incidencia de las emociones positivas en el apoyo a las políticas hacia Bolivia en el contexto de la demanda boliviana por salida al mar. Se utilizó un diseño correlacional. Los participantes fueron 600 estudiantes universitarios chilenos, con promedio de 21.09 años de ed...
Article
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A menudo los inmigrantes y refugiados son representados a través de formas deshumanizantes o como una ganancia económica para los países receptores. Este hecho, sumado a la situación sociopolítica europea actual, puede aumentar los niveles de infrahumanización que sufren las minorías objeto de prejuicio. En este estudio, se propuso reducir la infra...
Article
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Resumen La experiencia de fluir durante la participación en encuentros colectivos se amplifica gracias a la interacción social y a las emociones compartidas. El objetivo del trabajo es estudiar cómo la experiencia de fluir compartida generada durante la participación en encuentros colectivos se relaciona con los afectos positivos, las emociones de...
Article
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Research on the consequences of making attributions to prejudice for the psychological functioning of minority groups is still scarce and rather inconsistent. In this study we set out to examine the consequences of making attributions to prejudice in response to social rejection for social wellbeing among immigrants in Spain. We tested this relatio...
Article
The consequences of colonialism are important not only because they shape our “world of nations” at the level of international relations, but because their contemporary repercussions are also present in the psychosocial dynamics at work among former colonized and former colonizing peoples, such as identity building, collective emotions, traumatic p...
Article
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This study examined perceptions of institutional apologies related to past political violence and socio-emotional climate among victims and nonvictims in Argentina (n = 518), Chile (n = 1278), and Paraguay (n = 1172) based on quasi-representative samples. The perceptions of apology as sincere and efficient in improving intergroup relations were ass...
Article
Rejection-identification and -disidentification models propose that low-status groups identify with their in-group and disidentify with a high-status out-group in response to rejection by the latter. Our research tests these two models simultaneously among multiple groups of foreign-born people living in two cultural contexts. We examined these eff...
Article
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This is a draft and expanded version including complementary text and analysis, but not some multivariate analysis, of the article with the same tittle that will appear in the British Journal of Social Psychology 2017 This study examined the perceptions of institutional apologies and emotional climate of past political violence among victims and n...
Article
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La presente investigación examina, en estudiantes universitarios chilenos, la relación entre xenofobia, homofobia y las variables: sexo, religión y orientación política. También se evalúa el papel mediador del clasismo y patriocentrismo en la relación entre las variables sociodemográficas y la xenofobia y homofobia. Se utilizó metodología cuantitat...
Chapter
Research on social representations (SR) of history within the field of social psychology may provide guidelines that can strengthen meta-cognitive competences in history teaching. This chapter reviews existing empirical research on SR of history in order to enrich the discussion on history education and the formation of political culture, first exp...
Chapter
Achieving satisfactory levels of social well-being may be challenging for minority groups and especially for immigrant youth. This chapter aims to compare levels of social well-being between female and male host national and immigrant emerging adults in Spain. We also analysed the role of perceived collective efficacy and social networks for immigr...
Article
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Immigrants and refugees are constantly depicted in dehumanizing ways or as a function of economic gains for the hosting nation. These descriptions, added to the current socio-political European situation, could be dangerous due to infrahumanization levels among minorities who are target of prejudice. In this study, we attempted to reduce infrahuman...
Article
This study explores at the national level beliefs about world history and their relationship with cultural values and attitudes towards a national war. A country-level analysis of university samples from 40 nations involving 7279 students showed that beliefs about history as a superior plan, as social progress, and lawful processes were positively...
Article
This is a draft and expanded version including more speculative paragraphs and complementary analysis of the article published with the same title in Asian Journal of Social Psychology Social representations of history, cultural values, and political culture: a collective level analysis in 38 nations People around the world assimilate the deeper sy...
Article
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Abstract The tripartite model of well-being views mental well-being as encompassing three distinct but related components of hedonic, psychological, and social well-being. The latter two components are posited to constitute eudaimonic well-being. The present study uses confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and exploratory structural equation modeling...
Article
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Esta investigación estudia las actividades físico-deportivas como una fuente de flujo compartido o de experiencia óptima y su relación con el bienestar subjetivo. Se presentan dos estudios con estudiantes universitarios (N=88, N=285) que participan en actividades físicas y deportivas en grupo. Las medidas incluyen la calidad de la participación en...
Article
Esta investigación estudia las actividades físico-deportivas como una fuente de flujo compartido o de experiencia óptima y su relación con el bienestar subjetivo. Se presentan dos estudios con estudiantes universitarios (N=88, N=285) que participan en actividades físicas y deportivas en grupo. Las medidas incluyen la calidad de la participación en...
Article
Full-text available
Collective gatherings or rituals promote optimal experiences in socially acceptable circumstances. Few studies have empirically examined the experience of flow shared by a group in collective situations. The present research examined the multi-dimensional structure of shared flow experience and its role in explaining positive effects of participati...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
La presente investigación examina en estudiantes universitarios chilenos las emociones colectivas y las actitudes hacia la demanda boliviana y su variables sociodemográficas e ideológicos (sexo, religión y orientación política). En el estudio participaron 600 estudiantes, con un promedio de 21,09 años de edad (DT= 3,02). Los participantes respondie...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines physical and sport activities as a source of shared flow or optimal shared experiences and their relationship with subjective well-being (SWB). Two studies are presented with university students (N=88 and N=285) participating in group sports and physical activities. Measures included the degree of engagement in the activity, ind...
Article
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Con el objetivo de analizar las Representaciones Sociales de la historia través de los sentimientos que despiertan 24 personajes de la historia universal se administró una versión modificada del cuestionario construido por Liu et al. (2005) a una muestra intencional (N=369) de Argentina (55,7% mujeres, edad M=36,20, DE=11,16). El análisis de conglo...
Article
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The present study compares the levels of happiness and psychological well-being of Spanish and Argentine nationals residing in their countries, evaluates the incidence of sociodemographic variables, and analyzes the mediating effects of happiness on psychological well-being differences between countries. A non-probability convenience sample was use...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the multi-dimensional structure of well-being in immigrant population, as well as to explore the complexity of well-being disparities between immigrants and host nationals. We analyzed hedonic, psychological, and social well-being in a sample of 1250 immigrants from Bolivia, Colombia, Morocco, Romania and Sub-Sa...
Article
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The Commission for Truth and Justice (CVJ) issued in 2008 the report titled "Anive Haguä Oiko /So that it does not happen again" that documented serious violations of human rights perpetrated during the 35 years of Stroessner's dictatorship. As an exercise of transitional justice, the commission becomes an opportunity to energize a social debate ab...
Article
La Comisión de Verdad y Justicia (CVJ) emitió en 2008 el informe “Anive Haguä Oiko/Para que no vuelva a suceder”, que documentó las graves violaciones a los derechos humanos perpetradas durante los 35 años que se prolongó el periodo de la dictadura stronista. La CVJ, como ejercicio de justicia transicional, se convierte en una oportunidad para dina...
Article
Social representations of the historical past, anchored in historical experience and cultural values, play a motivational role for justifying collective behaviour. The First and Second World Wars (WWI and WWII) are the most remembered historical events around the world. The aim of the current study is to investigate, based on country-level data, th...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter explores the manifold aspects and predictors of well-being among immigrant youth in Spain. The study presented aimed to examine the relationship between the perceived discrimination of immigrant young adults, ethnicity, and individual and collective coping strategies as factors related to their hedonic, psychological, and social well-b...
Article
The objective of the present work was to investigate individual and collective identity management strategies in relationship with well-being, based on a probability sampling with stratification by age and sex (N = 1250) of immigrants living in Spain. An exploratory factor analysis provided evidence for a five-factor model of coping with negative s...
Article
Full-text available
In a context of inflow of immigration and economic crisis, new forms of prejudice and the activation of the perception of threat (realistic and symbolic) will determine the response to immigrant minorities (outgroups). The antecedents of threat are considered to be: the perception of the intergroup situation and the forms of affective prejudice. Th...
Article
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T his article investigated the dimensionality, measurement invariance, and cross-cultural variations of social desirability. A total of 3,471 university students from 20 countries completed an adapted version of the Marlowe–Crowne scale. A two-dimensional structure was revealed in the pooled sample, distinguishing enhancement (endorsement of positi...
Article
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LINK http://www.tandfonline.com/eprint/kXIMPPvdnyeXNPVbRwaW/full Objectives. The current study compares subjective mental and physical health among native Spaniards and immigrant groups, and examines the effects of ethnicity and perceived discrimination (PD) on subjective health in immigrants. Design. Two random samples of 1250 immigrants to Spain...
Article
Full-text available
This study examines affect regulation and adaptive goals with regard to negative and positive emotional episodes. A sample of 355 undergraduate students were asked to recall an important past-year interpersonal episode of joy, anger, and sadness. Participants reported how they regulated mood and emotions associated with those episodes, filling in a...
Article
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Based on theories about social identity, we study the moderating role of perceived group status across ethnicity and either psycho-social adjustment or discrimination. We applied a survey to a quasi-random sample of the main two immigrant groups of immigrants in the Basque Country: Latinos and Africans. In line with our hypotheses, differences betw...
Article
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Se estudiaron las creencias sobre el contenido de la historia, el significado de la Segunda Guerra Mundial y la evaluación de eventos históricos en relación con una actitud favorable a la guerra. Los participantes fueron 1183 estudiantes universitarios de España, Portugal, Argentina, Brasil, Perú y Cabo Verde. Se encontraron cuatro grandes dimen...
Article
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The Quality of Life (QoL) in psychiatric patients is currently of great relevance. This study aims to examine, through a multi-informant approach, the QoL perception in schizophrenic patients, analyzing differences between the informants, as well as the relationship between negative symptoms and QoL. Participants were 32 schizophrenic patients, the...