Mafatlal M. Kher

Mafatlal M. Kher
Ariel University · Department of Chemical Engineering and Biotechnology

PhD
Conservation and production of virus-free planting material of ancient grapevine of Israel.

About

44
Publications
48,094
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389
Citations
Introduction
Teaching, research, and consultancy: Plant tissue culture, horticulture, agronomy, medicinal plants, phytochemistry.
Additional affiliations
January 2022 - present
Ariel University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
July 2019 - December 2021
GSFC University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • Teaching Fall: Basics of Developmental Biology (Animal Science) (4 Credit: UG) Fall: Plant Biotechnology (2 Credit: PG and UG) Fall: Project Proposal Preparation & Presentation (2 Credit: PG) Fall: Virology (2 Credit: UG) Fall: Biotechnology-I (2 Credit: UG) Spring: Plant tissue culture (2 Credit: UG) Spring: Plant Physiology (2 Credit: UG) Spring: Environmental Biotechnology (3 Credit: UG) Spring: Research Methodology (3 Credit PG)

Publications

Publications (44)
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion: Sustainable resource preservation of Santalum species that yield commercially important forest products is needed. This review provides an understanding of their basic biology, propagation, hemi-parasitic nature, reproductive biology, and biotechnology. Many species of the genus Santalum (Santalaceae) have been exploited unremitti...
Article
Full-text available
Sandalwood spike disease (SSD) is likely to be the most destructive of known diseases to infect Indian sandalwood, Santalum album L., which is valued for its wood and scented essential oil derived from the heartwood. Even though the history of research on SSD extends for well over a century, most of the earlier work was primarily descriptive of the...
Article
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Pterocarpus santalinus L. f. (Fabaceae; red sanders) is prized for its wood whose colour and fragrance is due to the presence of santalins that have pharmaceutical and industrial uses. Red sanders is listed as an endangered plant species on the IUCN red data list as a result of the exploitation of its wood and essential oil. This review emphasizes...
Article
Full-text available
The grapevine is an economically important plant, with a historical connection to the development of human culture. Currently, over 6000 accessions are known as individual grapevine varieties, some of which are important to national heritage, valuable for current viticultural practices, and as genetic resources to maintain plasticity under changing...
Article
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Grapevine (Vitis genus) is one of the economically most important fruits worldwide. Some species and cultivars are rare and have only a few vines, but represent national heritages with a strong need for preservation. Field collections are labour intensive, and expensive to maintain, and are exposed to natural disasters. In addition, infection with...
Article
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Gloriosa superba L., commonly known as “gloriosa lily,” “glory lily,” and “tiger claw,” is a perennial climber in the Liliaceae family. This plant is used in African and Southeast Asian cultures as an ayurvedic medicinal herb to treat various health conditions. Its main bioactive component is colchicine, which is responsible for medicinal efficacie...
Article
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Key message Fortified forest management strategies, coupled with in situ and ex situ conservation strategies, are needed for long-term conservation of rare, valuably important Dalbergia latifolia. Abstract Indian rosewood (Dalbergia latifolia Roxb.; Fabaceae) is a highly valued and commercially important tree species. In its global natural habitat...
Article
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Gerbera (Gerbera jamesonii Bolus ex Hook. F.; Asteraceae), is one of the most economically important ornamental plants due to its aesthetic value. In the present study, we established a micropropagation method for the large-scale production of quality planting material of gerbera ‘Pink Melody’. Eighty-six percent of the capitulum explants produce...
Article
Dalbergia latifolia Roxb. (Fabaceae), famed for its wood, is a vulnerable plant species according to the International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources (IUCN) Red List as a result of its over-utilisation. This mini-review, which provides a synthesis of the micropropagation of this woody plant species, can be useful for the est...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study was to develop a protocol for large-scale propagation of strawberry cv. ‘Sweet Charlie’ and ‘Winter Dawn’ using the micropropagation technique. Shoot cultures were obtained from shoot tips on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium with 4% table sugar, 0.75% agar, 5 mg L−1 6-benzyladenine and 0.01 mg L−1 kinetin. These shoots we...
Article
Full-text available
Main conclusion Shoot tip necrosis is a physiological condition that negatively impacts the growth and development of in vitro plant shoot cultures across a wide range of species. Abstract Shoot tip necrosis is a physiological condition and disorder that can arise in plantlets or shoots in vitro that results in death of the shoot tip. This conditi...
Article
Bambusa balcooa Roxb. is one of the economically most important bamboo species cultivated in the tropical countries. The present investigation is conceded to establish an effective method for clonal propagation of B. balcooa. The morphological response from nodal cuttings was tested on Murashige and Skoog's (MS) basal medium mixed with a range of c...
Article
Oldenlandia herbacea (L.) Roxb. is an important medicinal plant of Indian, Malayan, and Chinese traditional systems of medicines. In vitro flowering system serves as a model system to study flowering physiology, and role of combination of photoperiodic conditions and ethylene inhibitors. Ethylene is responsible for delayed flowering response in pla...
Article
Full-text available
Hemidesmus indicus (L.) R. Br. ex Schult is commonly known as anantmul or Indian sarsaparilla. The roots of this plant, which display a wide range of medicinal, biological, and phytopharmaceutical properties, are used in the pharmaceutical and food industries. Conventionally, the plant is propagated by seed germination or vegetatively, but the effi...
Research Proposal
This webinar meets 10 times. (Indian Time) Thu, Apr 2, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Fri, Apr 3, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Sat, Apr 4, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Sun, Apr 5, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Mon, Apr 6, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Tue, Apr 7, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Wed, Apr 8, 2020 8:00 PM - 9:00 PM IST Team Dr. Mafatlal M. Kher (GSFC Un...
Article
Crataeva nurvala (Buch Ham) is a medicinally important tree. The root and stem bark of the tree are the main ingredients of various pharmaceutical products. The use of natural propagation strategies for C. nurvala has proven difficult. In this study, callus cultures were established from leaflets, petal, petiole, internodes and nodes on Murashige a...
Article
Full-text available
Sweet potato (Ipomoea batatas [L.] Lam.) is an important food crop that is cultivated and consumed worldwide, and its nutritional value makes it especially important in developing countries. However, sweet potato plants produced using conventional vegetative propagation can be prone to several diseases, thereby hindering crop yield. Therefore, micr...
Article
Full-text available
Crataeva nurvala Buch Ham. (Capparidaceae) is an important medicinal tree. Stem and root bark of the tree are important constituents of various pharmaceutical products. Its natural propagation is hampered due to seed feeding insects. The present work describes a method to obtain plants of C. nurvala from excised leaf segments through direct shoot r...
Article
Hedyotis biflora (Linn.) Lam is an important herb, used in the Indian and Chinese traditional systems of medicines. Indis- criminate harvesting of this plant resulted in decline of its population from the natural habitats. The present study reports effective micropropagation and in vitro flowering in H. biflora. Healthy plants were maintained in th...
Article
Pluchea lanceolata (DC.) C.B. Clarke is a threatened native medicinal plant. Increasing the propagation of this plant will preserve the wild population and provide material for medicinal use. In vitro and field-collected shoots and leaves were tested for response to 2,4-dichlorophenoxyacetic acid (2,4-D) and thidiazuron (TDZ), for initiation of dir...
Article
Full-text available
Species of the Santalum genus are well known for their fragrant hardwood, which has great value in medicinal, pharmaceutical and cosmetic industries. Sandalwood oil is derived from the heartwood of Santalum sp. and contains α-, β- and epi-β-santalols, which are responsible for its pleasant fragrance. Oil content can vary from species to species. Pr...
Article
Full-text available
Key message Major advances have been made in our understanding of the biology and biotechnology of the bael tree (Aegle marmelos), which is used for marmalade and has other applications. Abstract Aegle marmelos (L.) Corrêa (Rutaceae), popularly known as bael fruit or stone apple tree, and the basis of marmalade, is a deciduous tree with extensive...
Article
Full-text available
Te Indian kino tree (Pterocarpus marsupium Roxb., Fabaceae) is listed in the IUCN red data list as a direct result of the excessive exploitation of its wood. Biotechnology has provided feasible and effective solutions for the tissue culture and mass micropropagation of P. marsupium, thus serving as a means to conserve important germplasm. Te synthes...
Article
African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha H. Wendl) (Gesneriaceae) is a popular ornamental pot plant that is easy to culture ex vitro and in vitro relative to other herbaceous ornamentals. This quality makes it an ideal system for in vitro regeneration experiments. This review summarizes the studies that have been conducted on the in vitro culture and m...
Article
The nodal explants of C. ovalifolium were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium augmented with either [6-benzyladenine (BA) or kinetin (Kn) or thidiazuron (TDZ) or N6-(2-isopentenyl) adenine (2 ip)]. The maximum percentage response (100%) with highest number of shoots (5.0 ± 0.9) with longest shoot (3.7 ± 0.5 cm) per nodal explants were obtai...
Article
Full-text available
Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal is an important medicinal plant of Solanaceae. Nodal segments obtained from field grown plants were used as explants. 1 ‐ 2 cm long nodal segment with a single one bud was cultured on MS containing 2.5 mg/l thidiazuron (TDZ), 0.1 mg/l NAA and 50 mg/l adenine sulphate (AdS) resulted in formation of 5.16 shoots per n...
Article
Full-text available
Vitex is a large genus consisting of 230 species of trees and shrubs with multiple (ornamental, ethnobotanic and pharmacological) uses. Despite this, micropropagation has been used to effectively propagate and preserve germplasm of only a limited number (six) of Vitex species (V. agnus-castus, V. doniana, V. glabrata, V. negundo, V. rotundifolia, V...
Article
Full-text available
African violet (Saintpaulia ionantha H. Wendl.) has been domesticated, bred and commercialized. It is the most famous and popular of the Saintpaulia species, its ornamental value arising from its attractive leaves and flowers. African violet plants are easy to propagate by adventitious organ regeneration and are very sensitive to environmental fact...
Article
Full-text available
Clerodendrum phlomidis L.f. is an important medicinal plant of the Lamiaceae family, particularly its roots, which are used for various therapeutic purposes in a pulverized form. The objective of this study was to develop a standard protocol for axillary shoot proliferation and rooting of C. phlomidis for its propagation and conservation. Nodal exp...
Article
Full-text available
Crataeva L., an important genus of the Capparidaceae family, consists of medium-sized deciduous trees used in various medicinal systems. The attractive flowers also make it a novel ornamental tree for gardening and landscaping. In vitro propagation strategies are useful for large-scale propagation and standardization of plant material and, once an...
Article
Full-text available
Species within the Clerodendrum genus possess well-established pharmacological and medicinal properties. These emanate from the presence of many unique bioactive secondary metabolites. Eight Clerodendrum species (C. anomalum, C. calcicola, C. denticulatum, C. galeatum, C. leucophloeum, C. lutambense, C. eupatorioides, and C. aculeatum) are listed o...
Article
Full-text available
African sandalwood or East African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.; Santalaceae), also known as Nepalese sandalwood (Osyris wightiana var. rotundifolia P.C. Tam), is a hemi-parasitic tree known for its fragrant wood. The essential oil is extracted from the root bark for the perfume industry and different parts of the tree have variou...
Article
African sandalwood or East African sandalwood (Osyris lanceolata Hochst. & Steud.; Santalaceae), also known as Nepalese sandalwood (Osyris wightiana var. rotundifolia P.C. Tam), is a hemi-parasitic tree known for its fragrant wood. The essential oil is extracted from the root bark for the perfume industry and different parts of the tree have variou...
Article
A total of 30 morphologically distinct bacterial cultures were isolated from rhizosphere of wild tropical leguminous plant, Teramnus labialis (L. f.) Spreng. These isolates were screened for different plant growth promoting (PGP) traits amongst which a bacterial isolate designated as SN19 identified as Enterobacter cloacae (JQ904624) exhibited maxi...
Article
Full-text available
Withania coagulans (Stocks) Dunal is an important medicinal plant of the Solanaceae. Biotechnological studies on this plant started in 2009 and are still in a nascent phase of development. Even so, some important advances have been made, particularly in the field of tissue culture, which is an important means for its large-scale propagation and in...
Article
Full-text available
Merremia quinquefolia, is an important medicinal plant of the family Convolvulaceae known for its vasoconstrictor, uterotonic, neurohormonic, sympathicolytic and sedative effects. In the present investigation effect of cytokinins 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), kinetin (Kn) and thidiazuron (TDZ), at concentrations 1.0, 2.0, 3.0, 4.0 and 5.0 mg·dm-3 on i...
Article
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Hyphaene dichotoma (White) Furtado belongs to the Arecaceae family of and is a threatened species included in the IUCN red data list. In the present investigation, an attempt was made to germinate seeds of H. dichotoma. Successful seed germination was achieved in soil and sand mixture (1:1) when seeds were treated with 10% sulphuric acid for 24 h....
Article
Full-text available
Clerodendrum pholomidis is an important medicinal plant of Lamiaceae. Leaves, internode and petiole explants were cultured on Murashige and Skoog (MS) medium supplemented with combinations of 2, 4-dichlorophenoxy acetic acid (2, 4-D), kinetin (kn) and indole-3 butyric acid (IBA). Leaf explants formed clusters of globular somatic embryos directly fr...
Article
Full-text available
Hexavalant chromium is considered the most toxic form because of its high solubility in water. Cr is known to induce production of elevated concentration of reactive oxygen species (ROS) resulted in macromolecule damage. Plants are having unique mechanisms to overcome ROS induced damage by accumulation of proline, ascorbate and glutathione and incr...
Article
Full-text available
Pluchea lanceolata is an important medicinal plant of Asteraceae family known for its anti-arthritic and anti-inflammatory activity. A protocol was established for micropropagation of Pluchea lanceolata using nodal explants. Nodal explants were inoculated on to Murashige and Skoog (1962) -MS medium supplemented with 6-benzylaminopurine (BAP), kinet...

Questions

Questions (12)
Question
I would like to know about freely available vector graphics for biological illustrations e.g. Flask, petri plates, Leaf, DNA, PCR, plants, greenhouse etc.
A list of websites which provides free icons for such illustrations is highly appreciated.
Question
Is anyone used hydrogels instead of agar or gellangum as matrix for micropropgation/plant tissue culture experiments 

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Projects

Projects (5)
Project
Hello everyone, Message from Mahipal Singh Shekhawat, Mafat M Kher: As we all know that due to corona pandemic, educational institutions are shut down for a couple of weeks. Our Prime Minister has asked for cooperation from the Indian citizens to stay safe by giving emphasis on social distancing. To ease this situation and to support the education, We wish to contribute by online teaching (for free as it is service to the society) to interested students/persons. We would like to cover topics related to Plant tissue culture. Interested candidates can be registered via Google form:- Registration details: https://forms.gle/G3dNePW76cLEe2X67 Google Classroom code: csiwpgk Date: 2 April 2020 onwards, Time: 8 PM to 9 PM (Indian Time) Topics:- Topic 1: Introduction and some important terminologies (One lecture) Topic 2: History of Plant Tissue Culture. (One lecture) Topic 3: Laboratory requirement. (One lecture) Topic 4: Components of Media and media preparation (One lecture) Topic 5: Stages of micropropagation. (Two lecture) Topic 6: Applications of plant tissue culture techniques. (One/two lecture) Topic 7: Plant tissue culture: Precautions, Problems and solution (Two lectures) Stay home, take care🙏 With Regards (Share this information with your friends, colleagues/ children if they are interested). Participants will get e-certificate after completion of this course.