Madison Aitken

Madison Aitken
University of Toronto | U of T · Department of Psychiatry

Ph.D., C.Psych.

About

38
Publications
13,644
Reads
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605
Citations
Introduction
Assistant Professor, Department of Psychiatry, University of Toronto; Clinician-Investigator and Psychologist at the Cundill Centre for Child and Youth Depression, Centre for Addiction and Mental Health (CAMH)
Additional affiliations
February 2018 - present
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Position
  • Medical Professional
September 2016 - February 2018
Centre for Addiction and Mental Health
Position
  • PostDoc Position
Education
September 2011 - August 2016
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • School and Clinical Child Psychology
September 2009 - August 2011
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • School and Clinical Child Psychology
September 2007 - June 2009
University of Toronto
Field of study
  • Child Study and Education

Publications

Publications (38)
Article
Full-text available
Background: The longitudinal course of multiple symptom domains in adolescents treated for major depression is not known. Revealing the temporal course of general and specific psychopathology factors, including potential differences between psychotherapies, may aid therapeutic decision-making. Methods: Participants were adolescents with major de...
Article
Objective This study examined cross-informant evidence for a general factor of psychopathology (“P”), and a narrower, clinically-oriented dysregulation general factor based on the Dysregulation Profile (“DP”) in a large clinical sample of children and adolescents. We also compared the magnitude of P and DP general factor associations with self-harm...
Article
Full-text available
Children with disruptive behavior (DB) are a heterogeneous group who exhibit several characteristics that may contribute to poor social functioning. The present study identified profiles of reactive aggression, proactive aggression, callous-unemotional (CU) traits, and prosocial behavior in a sample of children with DB. Associations with social fun...
Article
Transdiagnostic models of psychopathology suggest that disorders may share common features that could influence their severity. Attention problems and psychomotor restlessness are included in the diagnostic criteria for several disorders, including disorders on the internalizing spectrum, but their transdiagnostic significance has received little a...
Article
Full-text available
Background Adolescents with low self-esteem often experience internalizing psychopathology (i.e., anxiety, depression). Self-esteem may therefore be a clinically relevant construct for assessment and treatment outcomes. We examined whether general and domain-specific (family, peer, academic) self-esteem are related to adolescents’ internalizing sym...
Article
Full-text available
Gender dysphoria (GD) is characterized by distress due to an incongruence between experienced gender and sex assigned at birth. Brain functional connectivity in adolescents who experience GD may be associated with experienced gender (vs. assigned sex) and/or brain networks implicated in own-body perception. Furthermore, sexual orientation may be re...
Article
Full-text available
Gender and sexually diverse adolescents have been reported to be at an elevated risk for suicidal thoughts and behaviors. For transgender adolescents, there has been variation in source of ascertainment and how suicidality was measured, including the time-frame (e.g., past 6 months, lifetime). In studies of clinic-referred samples of transgender ad...
Article
Full-text available
The biodevelopment of psychological sex differentiation is putatively reflected in several anthropometrics. We examined eight anthropometrics in 1404 Thai participants varying in sex, sexual orientation, and gender identity/expression: heterosexual men and women, gay men, lesbian women, bisexual women, sao praphet song (transgender birth-assigned m...
Article
Full-text available
Background Problem-solving training is a common ingredient of evidence-based therapies for youth depression and has shown effectiveness as a versatile stand-alone intervention in adults. This scoping review provided a first overview of the evidence supporting problem solving as a mechanism for treating depression in youth aged 14 to 24 years. Meth...
Article
Full-text available
Background Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth, with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts (referred to as non-fatal suicidal behaviors (NFSB)) being among its strongest predictors. Positive parenting (e.g., warmth, responsiveness), negative parenting (e.g., control, hostility), and parent-child relationship quality (e.g., tr...
Article
Full-text available
Parents’ interpretations of the cause of their children’s behavior, i.e., parental attributions, are linked to parenting behavior and child development. However, it is not yet known whether parental attributions are systematically associated with children’s internalizing and externalizing symptoms and behavior or psychosocial treatment engagement a...
Article
Full-text available
Importance Disturbed sleep represents a potentially modifiable risk factor for depression in children and youths that can be targeted in prevention programs. Objective To evaluate the association between disturbed sleep and depression in children and youths using meta-analytic methods. Data Sources Embase, MEDLINE, PsycINFO, Scopus, Web of Scienc...
Article
Full-text available
Children with disruptive behavior disorders (DBDs) experience high rates of comorbid psychopathology, including internalizing disorders. According to the dual pathway model, comorbid internalizing symptoms may be associated with less (buffer hypothesis) or more (multiple problems) severe clinical presentations among children with DBDs. We examined...
Chapter
Youth with externalizing disorders are a heterogeneous group with varied, severe, and persistent emotional, social, and behavioral challenges. Effective psychotherapy to prevent and reduce the morbidity and societal costs associated with externalizing disorders is imperative. Psychotherapies for youth with externalizing disorders include those comp...
Preprint
Full-text available
Problem-solving (PS) training is a common ingredient of evidence-based therapies for youth depression that can be delivered as part of broader therapy packages or alone. As a stand-alone treatment, Problem-Solving Therapy (PST) is effective for adult depression. Aims: This scoping review aimed to provide an overview of the evidence concerning PS tr...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background: Suicide is a leading cause of death in children and youth, with suicidal thoughts and suicide attempt (referred to as non-fatal suicidal behaviors; NFSB) being among its strongest predictors. Parenting, including positive parenting (e.g. warmth, responsiveness), negative parenting (e.g. control, hostility) and parent-child relationship...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Disturbed sleep represents a potentially important modifiable risk factor for the development of depression in children and youth. This protocol for a systematic review proposes to investigate whether insomnia and/or sleep disturbances predict child and youth depression in community and clinical-based samples. Methods and analysis The...
Article
Full-text available
Clinical practice guidelines (CPG) provide a framework for evidence-based practice; however, few studies have assessed the methodological quality of CPGs relevant to child and youth mental health. This study was a systematic review of CPGs for the assessment, prevention and treatment of disruptive behavior, including attention-deficit hyperactivity...
Article
Several biological mechanisms have been proposed to influence male sexual orientation, but the extent to which these mechanisms cooccur is unclear. Putative markers of biological processes are often used to evaluate the biological basis of male sexual orientation, including fraternal birth order, handedness, and fam-iliality of same-sex sexual orie...
Preprint
Full-text available
In press, Journal of Affective Disorders Background: Children who are severely dysregulated experience a range of concurrent and long-term impairments and psychopathology and are particularly at-risk for mood and anxiety disorders. The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP) may be useful inidentifying children who are highly dysre...
Article
Background: Children who are severely dysregulated experience a range of concurrent and long-term impairments and psychopathology and are particularly at-risk for mood and anxiety disorders. The Child Behavior Checklist Dysregulation Profile (CBCL-DP) may be useful in identifying children who are highly dysregulated, which could facilitate early i...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the effects of comorbid ADHD symptoms, internalizing psychopathology, Callous-Unemotional (CU) Traits, and conduct problem severity on children's response to an evidence-based psychosocial intervention. Clinic-referred children with DBD ages 8-12 years (N = 76) participated in a 15-week multi-component intervention. Parents prov...
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study used latent class analysis to identify patterns of co-occurrence among common childhood difficulties (inattention/hyperactivity, internalizing, externalizing, peer problems, and reading difficulties). Method: Parents and teachers of 501 children ages 6 to 9 provided mental health and social ratings, and children completed a...
Article
Full-text available
Although universal screening for mental health difficulties is increasingly recognized as a way to identify children who are at risk and provide early intervention, little research exists to inform decisions about screening, such as the choice of informants and the type of information collected. The present study examined the incremental validity o...
Research
Full-text available
Journal of Adolescent Health, 2016, 58, 693-694
Article
Full-text available
Objective: This study examined rates of self-harm and suicidality (ideation and behavior) in children referred clinically for gender dysphoria compared with their siblings, and referred and nonreferred children from the Child Behavior Checklist (CBCL) standardization sample. Predictors or correlates of self-harm/suicidality were also examined. Me...
Article
This study examined the relations among perceived and actual knowledge of phonemic awareness (PA), exposure to PA instruction during practicum, and self-efficacy for teaching PA in a sample of 54 teacher candidates (TCs) enrolled in a 1-year Bachelor of Education program in a Canadian university. It also assessed the effects of a brief multimedia-e...
Poster
Full-text available
Overinflated competence may deter accessing treatment and/or intervention to compensate for or ameliorate executive dysfunctions that may be inhibiting ability to work at full potential. The objective here is to begin to examine levels of perceived job competence and their relation to executive function among youth with ADHD compared to their typic...
Article
Full-text available
The number of adolescents referred to specialized gender identity clinics for gender dysphoria appears to be increasing and there also appears to be a corresponding shift in the sex ratio, from one favoring natal males to one favoring natal females. We conducted two quantitative studies to ascertain whether there has been a recent inversion of the...
Article
Full-text available
The Strengths and Difficulties Questionnaire (SDQ) is a 25-item screening measure for emotional and behavioral problems in children and adolescents aged 4 to 16. Structural equation modeling was used to test the five-factor structure of teacher and parent ratings on the British version of the SDQ in a community sample of 501 Canadian children aged...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined the role of word-level reading proficiency and verbal working memory in grade 4 and 5 students' (N = 42; 23 boys) performance on a curriculum-based measure of narrative writing. Two outcomes were measured: correct minus incorrect word sequences (CMIWS; accurate-production of spelling and grammar in-text), and composition quality...

Projects

Projects (3)
Project
This project uses data from clinic-referred youth to: 1) identify clinically relevant factors across the internalizing (depression, anxiety) spectrum; and 2) determine factors associated with response to routine care (CBT).