Madalina Boboc

Madalina Boboc
Institutul Naţional de Cercetare-Dezvoltare pentru Protecţia Mediului · Climate Change and Sustainable Development

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90
Publications
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66
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Publications

Publications (90)
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this research was to evaluate the results obtained by ultrasonic tagging of sturgeon species and to collect field data for the period 2019-2021. Thus, an analysis was made of the information collected from the beginning of the period and also will be presented the migration capacity of sturgeons in the area of hydrotechnical arrangements...
Article
Full-text available
Ecosystem-based approaches to climate change mitigation involves the use of ecosystems carbon storage and sequestration services. For this purpose, comprehensive CO2 efflux (Reco) measurements of the wetland and terrestrial ecosystems were performed in the adjacent area of Bucharest, by applying two complementary methods using close chambers: dynam...
Article
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One of the worldwide approaches for climate change mitigation is to act on reducing the anthropogenic contribution to the concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) in the atmosphere. The terrestrial and aquatic ecosystems are characterized by their natural exchange of GHGs with the atmosphere and also as a result of anthropogenic activities (managem...
Article
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Conservation and restoration of heritage structures represents a highlighted issue, the main challenge being to bring the cultural objective to its original state, or as close as possible to it by using eco-friendly materials with lover impact on the environment and human health. Within this study, the calcium zincate nanoparticles have been synthe...
Chapter
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Monitoring and inspection of apartment building facades with the help of thermography aims to identify and evaluate construction defects and their effects on thermal efficiency. The analysis of facade cracks is of great importance in the investigation of construction issues, especially in the rehabilitation processes of buildings. In this paper we...
Chapter
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Carbon sequestration proved to be one of the best strategies in climate mitigation processes and forest have the capacity to sequester and store important amounts of carbon. In this study the carbon sequestration capacity of a hardwood forest in Eastern Romania is analyzed by using the European Information Scenario Model through a business-as-usual...
Chapter
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Fisheries research has focused mainly on the dynamics of populations under exploitation in order to be able to inform what measures are needed for the sustainable harvesting of biological resources. A necessary tool for the successful achievement of this objective is to determine the age of the fish. Thus, this article will detail a method for iden...
Chapter
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Water pollution by emerging contaminants such as antibiotics is a major and current problem in the field of environmental protection. The presence of these micropollutants in surface waters, even in low concentrations, disturbs the ecological balance and leads to the selection and increase of the antibiotic resistant bacteria incidence, so that the...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Monitoring and inspection of apartment building facades with the help of thermography aims to identify and evaluate construction defects and their effects on thermal efficiency. The analysis of facade cracks is of great importance in the investigation of construction issues, especially in the rehabilitation processes of buildings. In this paper we...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Carbon sequestration proved to be one of the best strategies in climate mitigation processes and forest have the capacity to sequester and store important amounts of carbon. In this study the carbon sequestration capacity of a hardwood forest in Eastern Romania is analyzed by using the European Information Scenario Model through a business-as-usual...
Article
Full-text available
The use of wastes in the architecture of new binders for construction domain is the key for the success of the progress regarding environmental, technical and economical issues. For instance, bricks wastes have huge recycling value but are often discarded for worthless junk. The wastes glasses which are difficult to be recovered are regularly dispo...
Article
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In big cities, certain meteorological phenomena can affect air quality even in cases where the main sources of pollution such as traffic have low intensity. The air pollution varies greatly, depending on the emission source and the type of pollutant. In addition, the dispersion of air pollutants is influenced by weather conditions, as well as other...
Article
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Atmospheric CO2 is rising rapidly. As forests cover some 43% of the Earth's surface, they are considered to be the largest terrestrial carbon sink on Planet Earth. Within this study, calculations of the most abundant tree species were conducted in the study area, which is situated in the Eastern region of Romania. Thus, the forest carbon balance fo...
Article
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Carbon dioxide is one of the greenhouse gases responsible for the effects of climate change. The soil respiration process is an important component of the carbon circuit in nature, through which carbon dioxide returns to the atmosphere. The concentration of CO2 in the atmosphere is directly influenced by any change of carbon flow produced in soil,...
Article
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The effects of climate change are becoming more intense in the last decades. Moreover, according to many official reports, climate changes are directly affecting ecosystems and their services. To assess the impact of climate change on ecosystems, various methods are being used in order to identify changes and interactions with other pressures such...
Article
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This paper aims to identify the impact of anthropogenic changes caused by the construction of the Bastroe Canal on the hydrology, hydrochemistry and biodiversity of the Danube Delta Biosphere Reserve (DDBR). The paper wants to provide a knowledge tool that can be a working basis for government and local decision-makers due to the special importance...
Article
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Vegetables are a significant component of food strategies and an important source of vitamins through their content in mineral salts and their carbohydrate intake. In this paper are analyzed various factors that can affect the ability of certain vegetable crops from Romania to adapt to different conditions, including the climatic ones. Therefore, s...
Article
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Vegetables are a significant component of food strategies and an important source of vitamins through their content in mineral salts and their carbohydrate intake. In this paper are analyzed various factors that can affect the ability of certain vegetable crops from Romania to adapt to different conditions, including the climatic ones. Therefore, s...
Conference Paper
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The sturgeon species are a flagship species of the Danube River Basin that acts like an indicator of ecological health. They are protected by several international conventions (CITES, Habitats Directive, the Bern Convention and the Bonn Convention) and are assessed as endangered by the IUCN. Starting from 2011 the National Institute for Research an...
Conference Paper
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Aquatic ecosystems provide many services for society including water for drinking, irrigation, and recreational activities. Emergent contaminants such as antibiotics that are present mainly in urban wastewater have a substantial impact on environment and human health, such as: potential genotoxic effects, disruption of aquatic ecosystems and develo...
Method
The activity of recovering the DKMR monitoring stations used by INCDPM to obtain unique results on the behavior of the anadromous sturgeons tagged with ultrasonic emitters. These results are necessary to determine the level to which the submerged hydrotechnical constructions do not cause the interruption of the migration routes of the sturgeon spec...
Research
Full-text available
Unique results on the bevahiour of two Huso Huso sturgeons in the same area and period of time, while migrating in the Lower Danube (Presented at the Danube Commission Budapest, September 2019) Sturgeon migration /Romania https://www.facebook.com/100039054190117/posts/149244609720678?d=n&sfns=mo
Experiment Findings
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Sturgeon behavior in Danube https://www.facebook.com/100039054190117/posts/131639401481199?sfns=mo https://www.facebook.com/100039054190117/posts/132180671427072?sfns=mo
Article
Full-text available
The development of new ecological materials for the construction field represents a sustainable solution for waste management as long as their properties are comparable with those of traditional materials in terms of strengths, durability, corrosion resistance etc. Considering the large amount of glass wastes that are generated (e.g. technical wast...
Conference Paper
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In this research, six different types of rice husk ash (RHA) were developed through various synthesis methods, in order to obtain a high concentration of silica for future applications in zeolite synthesis processes as a silicon base. The as-synthesized samples were characterized by X-ray fluorescence (XRF) to calculate the elemental composition, b...
Conference Paper
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Anthropogenic activities can lead to the contamination of freshwaters with heavy metals, which are some of the most persistent pollutants in waterbodies, due to their difficulty to degrade. These pollutants can be accumulated in sediments, aquatic macrophytes and other aquatic organisms, leading to ecological disturbances and potential human health...
Conference Paper
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Considering the continued increase in demand for mining products used in industry along with the limitations of the existing resources, a possible solution is to capitalize mining residues and recover useful elements. Besides the economic aspect that arises with the recovery of secondary raw materials, the potential impact of these residues on the...
Conference Paper
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The Romanian wetland protection represents a priority confirmed by the Ramsar Convention signed in 1971, which came into effect from 1975. In order to develop the monitoring capacity, assessment and capitalization of natural resources offered by Romanian wetlands a pilot model was developed and implemented in the Danube Delta region. An important c...
Conference Paper
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Water shortage is encountered for increasing number of cases, due to climate change phenomena, population growth and urbanisation. Agriculture is the one of the main water use sector, which is why improving the efficiency of irrigation can be a sustainable solution. In this paper are presented the results of the statistical analysis performed with...
Conference Paper
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Biometrical data of the migrating population of Pontic shad Alosa immaculata Bennet from the Romanian sector of the Lower Danube is analysed. The surveys were done by the National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection-Bucharest between 2011 and 2018 during the spawning migration. In total, 286 individuals have been exam...
Conference Paper
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In the Northern hemisphere, the interaction between warm air from medium latitudes and polar cold air largely determines the weather regime throughout the year. In recent years, the European continent has been affected by extreme phenomena, such as severe floods or prolonged droughts. In Romania, the heating phenomenon follows the same trend of evo...
Article
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Currently, the construction and demolition wastes are recovered and recycled in a reduced proportion. An efficient and easy approach to recover this waste is to embed it in inorganics binders. Considering that bricks represent porous ceramic bodies, the incorporation of the powders resulted from brick milling into cements could influence the water...
Article
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Thermal processing of materials is used in a very broad sense to cover all sets of technologies and processes for a wide range of industrial sectors and it refers to material development with a specific application potential due to its advantages over conventional synthesis methods. By applying hydrothermal technique, the development of advanced ma...
Article
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Industrialization on a global scale has led to water pollution with a variety of persistent organic pollutants, highly toxic and hazardous to the living organisms and also difficult to remove with the existing wastewater treatment technologies. Various methods have been tested for removing these organic contaminants, among which nanotechnology appe...
Article
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The fragmentation of the Agricultural Real Estate in Romania, which is due to the lack of vision regarding the retrocession of the land and to the ineffective measures for reparcelling farmland, manifests by the existence of a record number of about 3422 million farms in Romania, of which about 92% have a utilized agricultural area (UAA) below 5 ha...
Article
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Heavy metals in contaminated soils have benefited from a considerable attention due to the possible risks for the human body. The current study has investigated the accumulation and transfer coefficient for three heavy metals (Cu, Pb, Zn) found in the contaminated soil with three concentrations (c1=1.5%, c2=3.0%, c3=4.5%, c4=6.0%), obtained by mixi...
Research
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The National Institute for Research and Development in Environmental Protection Bucharest (INCDPM Bucharest), organized in the period of 11th-16th of July, 2018, under the aegis of the Ministry of Research and Innovation, the Expert Committee Meeting for validating the database collected by INCDPM Bucharest regarding the monitoring of sturgeon spec...
Experiment Findings
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Ultrasonic tagging procedure of sturgeon used by INCDPM Team
Experiment Findings
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Sturgeon monitoring system used in Danube by INCDPM Team
Poster
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Taking into account the complexity of the analysis regarding the incidence of structures affected by alkali-aggregate reactions, the main objective of this project was to present the appropriate investigation methodologies for structures affected by alkali-aggregate reactions (AAR). This research was necessary because they can be inventoried struct...
Poster
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Mine landfills generate problems to environment due to the leaching of heavy metals from tailings. Landfill leachate forms when water percolates through a landfill. In recent years, concerns about potentially hazardous compounds in landfill leachate have gained increasing interest and various methods have been employed for the removal of heavy meta...
Poster
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Sturgeon are cartilaginous bony fish species appeared more than 200 million years ago. Four of this species are still found today in the Black Sea and the Danube River. Historical data and archaeological discoveries show that fishing for this species dates back more than 5000 years along the Danube. However, a multitude of anthropogenic factors has...
Poster
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In this research, the recovery of the solid waste resulting from ceased mining activities through the solidification/stabilization process was studied. The recovery process consisted in using the solid waste (mine tailings) as raw material in the manufacture of building materials such as mortars. The tailings was used to replace the mortar sand. In...
Poster
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Considering that the wetlands represent valuable water resources, functioning as authentic natural filters for water decontamination; and improve local air quality; it can also constitute important reserves of vegetable biomass, fish, timber, firewood, etc., being thus essential the protection of the wetlands of international importance. Another va...
Poster
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The main objective of the project was to investigate the resistance over time (durability) of binder materials containing hydraulic active powder (ceramic brick powder) by substituting 20% of Portland cement compared to standard samples with 100% Portland cement. The development of prefabricated materials from traditional inorganic binders that inc...
Poster
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The ongoing project aims to create a national database on secondary reserves of mining waste materials, as mining residues are of interest due to their negative impact on the environment as evidenced by the formation of acid waters, pollution with heavy metals (Pb, Cu, Zn, Cd, Hg) and metalloids (As, Sb), mechanical instability phenomena, blocking...
Presentation
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The present study focused its attention on understanding the fate and transport of nitrogen species in unsaturated soil overlying Bucharest, Cernica and Frumuşani considering also the influence of soil characteristics on these pollutants. The problem was approached at the laboratory scale employing soil columns experiments.
Technical Report
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At the XVIth edition of PRO INVENT 2018, the INCDPM team presented 4 inventions (two in the field of renewable energy, one for the diagnosis of alkali-aggregate reactions in concrete and one for the redistribution of river flows between the river and its distributary) and a procedure for the monitoring of sturgeons by ultrasonic tagging.
Article
Full-text available
Tourism suitability refers to a certain touristic potential development regarding an area, considering the natural environment resources, the existing infrastructure and the number of tourists that visit the area for a certain amount of time. Tourism suitability also indicates how tourism resources can be exploited in a given area. To determine tou...
Article
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This article presents the DROUGHTSAT project and its preliminary results related to the soil moisture accounting based on self-calibrated Palmer drought severity index and water use for irrigation in the main agricultural areas. The used data and methods consist in monthly temperature and precipitation amounts, from ECAD database covering 27 meteor...
Article
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Within this paper are evaluated some climatic factors which impact the hydrological responses in Susita catchment area. The Susita River is located in the Eastern part of Romania, between the Curvature Carpathians and the Lower Siret Plain, covering a surface of 370 km². The data used in this paper were provided by specialised institutions, such as...