Madalena Patricio

Madalena Patricio
University of Lisbon | UL · Instituto de Introdução à Medicina e Centro de Estudos de Medicina Baseada na Evidência (CEMBE), Faculdade de Medicina

PhD

About

22
Publications
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382
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Publications

Publications (22)
Article
Early this year, a Massachusetts Institute of Technology professor of philosophy presented a new theory of time that caught our interest. One of the key concepts that Professor Skow presented is the “moving spotlight” theory. As Skow asserts, the experiences had a year ago or 10 years ago are still just as real, they’re just “inaccessible” because...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) was introduced by Harden et al. (1975) trying to answer the problems regarding the assessment of clinical competencies. Despite increasingly widespread use of OSCEs, debate continues with arguments as 'why using such a demanding format if other methods are available?' Aim: To revie...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The 1999 Bologna Agreement implies a European harmonization of higher education using three cycles: bachelor and master before doctorate. Undergraduate medical programmes were restructured in only seven of the 47 countries. Aim: Given the debate about a two-cycle system in undergraduate medical education, providing an overview of exp...
Article
It is accepted worldwide that clinical and educational decisions should be informed by the best available evidence, not individual opinion only. This article discusses the epistemological basis of educational evidence, as compared with clinical evidence, looking at the different nature of the science behind each one. Two models--BEME Reviews in med...
Article
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Medical education is on today’s agenda. What students learn, how they learn, where they learn and how the learning is best organised and assessed are questions being addressed, not only by medical education enthusiasts or educational researchers but more generally by healthcare professionals, the public and politicians. The increased interest and p...
Article
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What has become known as the Bologna Process has evolved over a series of ministerial conferences with the last meeting in Leuven and Louvain-la-Neuve in 2009. There has been a move towards recognition of the benefits to be gained from greater transparency, a general recognition of degrees across Europe, cooperation with regard to quality assurance...
Article
Full-text available
The Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE) has experienced an explosion of use which has rarely been accompanied by systematic investigations on its validity, reliability and feasibility. A systematic review of OSCE was undertaken as part of Best Evidence Medical Education at the Centre for Evidence Based Medicine of the Faculty of Medici...
Article
The Bologna Declaration aims to harmonize European higher education. At workshops held at AMEE Conferences (2001/2007), it was observed that medical educators seem unaware of Bologna Declaration policies in their own countries. Specifically the objective to structure higher education in two cycles evokes strong opinions, but an overview on the impl...
Article
Results of a 2-year follow-up after an early intervention with low-middle-class primiparous Portuguese mothers are presented. On the 3rd day of their infants' lives, 40 mothers underwent a structured intervention using selected items of the Brazelton Neonatal Behavioral Assessment Scale. An additional 20 mothers randomized to the control group had...

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