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Maćkała Krzysztof

Maćkała Krzysztof
University of Health and Sport Sciences in Wrocław Poland

Professor

About

50
Publications
50,319
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712
Citations
Citations since 2016
35 Research Items
647 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140

Publications

Publications (50)
Article
Full-text available
The industrial development of technology, with appropriate adaptation, enables us to discover possibilities in sport training control. Therefore, we have developed a new approach to linear running analysis. This study aims to determine the measurement possibilities using an LDM301A laser system in obtaining basic kinematic parameters. The second go...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Judo, as a high-intensity contact sport, may lead to the occurrence of injuries, especially in competitions. This work aims to assess the likelihood of soft and hard tissue injuries in top-level judokas during competition with defining factors that determine the probability of injury occurrence. Methods: The injuries that occurred in 12...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of the study was to assess the pacing strategy of running 400 m hurdles of the world-level female athletes over the past 40 years based on the functional asymmetry -temporal and spatial characteristics. The data were collected from 1983 to 2019 using the review of scientific literature. Over the 35 years of the study, 37 top-leve...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between the isokinetic characteristics of knee extensors and flexors with selected motor abilities: Speed, agility, and explosive power of lower extremities of professional football players in the preparation period of a yearly training cycle. Twenty-one players (age: 24.5 ± 3.9 years; body ma...
Preprint
Full-text available
The aim of this research is to evaluate marathon performance and asses the influence of this long-distance running endurance exercise on the changes of muscle stiffness in recreational runners aged 50 + years. Thirty-one male long-distance runners aged 50–73 years participated in the experiment. The muscle stiffness of quadriceps and calves was mea...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The main objective of this study was to evaluate the level of muscle strength by using isokinetic and isometric measurements-more specifically, the force ratio between the knee flexors and extensors (values of the torques). Methods: An experimental group of elite volleyball players (n = 14) were compared to a control group (n = 14) of h...
Article
Full-text available
Abstract The aim of this study was to test the utility of haemodynamic and autonomic variables (e.g. peripheral chemoreflex sensitivity [PCheS], blood pressure variability [BPV]) for the prediction of individual performance (marathon time and VO2max) in older men. The post-competition vasodilation and sympathetic vasomotor tone predict the marathon...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Plyometric exercises, in the form of jumping, are extreme physical activities. The aim of the study was to determine how symmetrical-single versus asymmetrical-continued plyometric exercises differ between men and women and affect speed abilities. Methods: Twenty-two healthy females and forty-four males from different sports practices part...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the study was the application of high-tech wind tunnel device to identify the changes in the biokinetic parameters of running performed on the specially designed treadmill. The research was carried out in the “Planica Nordic Centre—PNC” in the wind tunnel system, where the AirRunner Assault treadmill, which was equipped with four sensors...
Article
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Background: The present study assesses the frequency of injury in Europe's top-level judokas, during top-level competitions, and defines risk factors. Methods: The members of the EJU Medical Commission collected injury data over the period of 2005 to 2020 using the EJU Injury Registration Form at Europe's top judoka tournaments. Results: Over...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of four weeks' application of plyometric training of modifying character (circuit manner of execution) on the explosive power of lover limb development (rebound jump emphasis on vertical and horizontal movement) in moderately advanced female volleyball players. Fourteen female volleyball players from A...
Article
Full-text available
The study aims to evaluate the strategy of men’s 400 m hurdles (400 mH) run of the best hurdlers in the world, implementing five types of stride pattern. The analysis included 243 individual runs of 114 leading world hurdlers at a distance of 400 mH, participating in the international championship (39) in 1968-2015. Data was obtained from own sourc...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) at different intensities on the pulmonary function and physiological adaptations of long-distance runners undergoing sports training. This study involved 25 long-distance runners. The subjects were randomly divided into three groups depending on the type of IMT ap...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to assess the effect of drop height and selected somatic parameters on the landing kinetics of rebound jumps in force and power production, performed by male and female student athletes. Twenty female and forty male students with a sports background participated in the experiment (mean and standard deviation (± SD): age 20...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to compare the biomechanical parameters of the hurdle clearance technique of the fifth hurdle in the 110 m hurdle race of Colin Jackson of Great Britain (12.91 s world record was set in 1994) and Dayron Robles of Cuba (12.87 s world record was set in 2008), two world record holders. Despite the athletes having performed...
Article
Full-text available
This work aimed to develop a model to assess the likelihood of injury in track and field athletes, and to establish which factors have the greatest impact. Tests verifying their significance were also reviewed, as well as the method for selecting variables. The key element was to confirm the quality of the classification system and to test the impa...
Article
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To investigate the level of bilateral symmetry or asymmetry between right and left foot center of pressure (COP) trajectory in the mediolateral and anteroposterior directions, this study involved 102 participants (54 females and 48 males). Ground reaction forces were measured using two Kistler force plates during two 45-s quiet standing trials. Com...
Article
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We investigated different specific jumping performances of high-level male volleyball players. The aim of this study was to assess covered jumping distance, jump height, and number of jumps performed at certain positions by volleyball players competing at the 2014 FIVB Volleyball Men’s World Championship in Poland. A total of 140 male volleyball pl...
Article
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This study assessed differences in agility performance between athletes of team and individual sports by assessing change-of-direction speed (CODS) as pre-planned agility and reactive agility (RA) as non-planed in different spatial configurations. The study involved 36 individual (sprint, hurdles, jumping, tennis, and judo) and 34 team (soccer, bas...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of the study was to investigate clubhead kinematics during the impact phase of a golf swing. Three highly skilled golfers of a distinguished body type were instructed to perform driver, 6-iron and pitching wedge trials. A high-speed imaging system was used to capture the clubhead motion near the impact. Conventional golf swing parameter...
Article
Full-text available
This study investigated whether the addition of eight weeks of inspiratory muscle training (IMT) to a regular preseason soccer training program, including incremental endurance training (IET), would change pulmonary function, lung ventilation, and aerobic performance in young soccer players. Sixteen club-level competitive junior soccer players (mea...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of speed training on sprint step kinematics and performance in male sprinters. Two groups of seven elite (best 100-m time: 10.37 ± 0.04 s) and seven sub-elite (best 100-m time: 10.71 ± 0.15 s) sprinters were recruited. Sprint performance was assessed in the 20 m (flying start), 40 m (standing sta...
Article
Full-text available
The study was undertaken to investigate the relationships between linear speed, change of direction, and explosive power in the lower limbs of young soccer players. We aimed to determine the variables associated with effective change-of-direction speeds (time) based on the 30-m ZigZag (cutting maneuver) under 60° (CODS 1), and 30 m sprint divided i...
Article
Dariusz, M, Krzysztof, M, Paweł, C, Edward, S, Marek, K, Tomasz, S, Dorota, B, Rektor, Z, and Jan, C. Effects of plyometrics training on muscle stiffness changes in male volleyball players. J Strength Cond Res XX(X): 000-000, 2019-We investigated whether 6 weeks of specific plyometric training (PT) impacts on changes in muscle stiffness and enhance...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction . Monitoring muscle stiffness in athletes can be a good method of assessing fatigue caused by high training loads, and the early detection of fatigue can help prevent the occurrence of micro-trauma in the muscles that can cause contusions. The research carried out by Wilson et al. [1] confirmed that an optimal level of muscle stiffness...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose. The main goal of the experiment was to examine the differences between reactive agility (RA) as non-planned (randomly selected stimuli) movement and change-of-direction speed (CODS) as pre-planned movement among different levels of sports performance - young soccer players and physical education students. Methods. The two groups in the stu...
Article
Full-text available
AbstarctThe aim of the study is to examine the differences between change-of-direction speed (CODS) as pre-planned movement and reactive agility (RA) as non-planned (randomly selected) movement in terms of gender, using the same same spatial configuration. The tests combined frontal, universal, semi-circular, and lateral movement structure. Forty-f...
Article
Full-text available
Knee strength ratios are related to the movement patterns, sport-specific training and knee injuries in athletes. The purpose of this study was to determine the ratios in the concentric isokinetic strength of the hamstrings and quadriceps and the isometric strength of the knee extensors. In female basketball players (n = 14) and female volleyball p...
Article
Full-text available
Background: This study aimed to investigate the effect of a 6-week plyometric exercise training program on the development of lower limb explosive power in terms of vertical jumping ability in university level volleyball players. The study involved 9 male volleyball players from the AWF Wroclaw University Sports Club, with a minimum of 5 years of...
Poster
Full-text available
The aim of the study is to examine the differences between physical education students and young soccer players in pre-planned and non-planned agility test named ”Global agility test - GLA” using a Fitlight trainer system.
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to examine the kinematic and kinetic differences of the sprint start and first two steps between faster and slower high-level sprinters. Twelve male sprinters were dichotomized according to personal best 60- and 100-m times. Each participant performed five starts under constant conditions. An eight-camera system was us...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: The aim of this study was to analyse changes taking place within selected kinematic parameters of the swimming start, after completing a six-week plyometric training, assuming that the take-off power training improves its effectiveness. Methods: The experiment included nine male swimmers. In the pre-test the swimmers performed three sta...
Article
Full-text available
The study assesses the effects of a six-week plyometric training program (PT) on muscle stiffness in the dominant and non-dominant leg in male collegiate volleyball players. The study group comprised 16 volleyball players who had played collegiate volleyball for at least four years. For six consecutive weeks, twice a week, the players undertook a p...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was the investigation of the relationship between 200 m performance and motor abilities and anthropometric characteristics of different level of male sprinters (200 m performance 23.80±2.16 s – the best results 21.40 s). The physical fitness measures included: 50 m from standing and flying start, standing long jump (SLJ) stan...
Article
The purpose of the study was a biodynamic analysis of the kinematic, dynamic and EMG parameters of two types of drop jumps (heights of 25 cm and 45 cm). The sample of measured subjects included four female elite triple jump athletes, with their best results varying from 13.33 to 15.06 meters. The kinematic and dynamic parameters were calculated wit...
Article
The main purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between speed, lower extremities explosive power, simple, and complex responses in adolescent athletes from various disciplines. Thirty nine athletes of 16.5 years old, N = 13 sprinters and jumpers, N = 13 soccer players, and N = 13 judokas participated in the experiment. Pearson correl...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this study was to examine the relationship between kinematics, motor abilities, anthropometric characteristics, and the initial (10 m) and secondary (30 m) acceleration phases of the 100 m sprint among athletes of different sprinting performances. Eleven competitive male sprinters (10.96 s ± 0.36 for 100 with 10.50 s fastest time) and 1...
Article
Full-text available
. Distance running performance is a simple function of developing high speeds and maintaining this speed as long as possible. Thus a correct running technique becomes an important component of performance. Technique is effective if the competitor can reach a better performance result with the same or lower energy consumption. The purpose of this in...
Article
Full-text available
Study aim: the purpose of the study was to compare foot shapes in early school-age boys and girls. Material and methods: the study included 90 boys and 98 girls aged seven to nine years old. The shape of the foot arch was examined using a podoscope. The longitudinal arch was assessed according to the Clarke angle value on the basis of Kasperczyk’s...
Article
The purpose of this study was to examine the effect of a short high intensity plyometric program on the improvement of explosive power of lower extremities and sprint performance as well as changes in sprinting stride variability in male sprinters. Fourteen healthy males sprinters (mean ± SD: age 18.07 ± 0.73 years, body mass 73 ±9.14 kg, height 18...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of this study was to investigate the effects of a four-week weight reduction period (WRP) with high protein and reduced carbohydrate intake on body composition, explosive power, speed, serum hormones and acid-base balance in male track and field jumpers and sprinters. Eight participants were assigned to a high weight reduction group (HWR; e...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of two strategies, defined by foot placement during the initiation of the take-off on performance in vertical jumps. The additional area of interest in this experiment was whether technique of the take-off phase might be an exploratory factor that has different EMG muscle activity during SJ an...
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this investigation was to compare and determine the relevance of the morphological characteristics and variability of running speed parameters (stride length and stride frequency) between Usain Bolt's three best 100 m performances. Based on this, an attempt was made to define which factors determine the performance of Usain Bolt's sp...
Article
The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between selected variables of lower extremities explosive power measured via countermovement jump, (CMJ) and drop jump, (DJ) and sprinting ability over 60 and 100 m dash. Twelve national level Slovenian sprinters were assigned to two groups: in elite (n=6) and sub-elite (n=6) The grouping criter...
Article
The purpose of this study was; 1) to investigate the effect of the different foot movement (placement) during take-off and the initial knee joint angle employed in standing long jump by the ground reaction forces analysis and three dimensional motion analysis (BTS SMART motion); and 2) investigate how the jump performances of different foot placeme...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the research was to determine how knee extensor strength asymmetry influences gait asymmetry and variability because these gait parameters have been related to mobility and falls in older adults. Strength of the knee extensors was measured in 24 older women (65-80 yr). Subjects were separated into symmetrical strength (SS, n = 13) and as...
Article
Full-text available
Biomechanical, Neuro-muscular and Methodical Aspects of Running Speed Development The purpose of present review article is to gather the most important findings in the field of speed development including biomechanical, motor and neuro-muscular factors. Maximum speed is a complex motor ability, which manifests itself in real sports situations and i...
Article
Full-text available
Asymmetry of Step Length in Relationship to Leg Strength in 200 meters Sprint of different Performance Levels The purpose of this study was to quantify and compare asymmetry of stride length during 200 m sprint in different levels of performance. Six sprinters from national and regional levels participated in the study. They were assigned to 3 grou...

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