Macarena Gálvez-Herrer

Macarena Gálvez-Herrer
Universidad Autónoma de Madrid | UAM · Equipo Personalidad, Estrés y Salud (Ftad. Psicología, UAM)

PhD

About

54
Publications
45,924
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657
Citations
Citations since 2016
12 Research Items
364 Citations
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Introduction
Macarena Gálvez Herrer is specialized in the attention and support to the health personnel. She currently works in her own Psychology Center, the HUCI Proyect, Equipo Personalidad, Estrés y Salud (Psychology, UAM), and at Escuela Nacional de Medicina del Trabajo-Instituto de Salud Carlos III. Macarena does research in Applied Psychology, Health Psychology and Occupational Health Psychology. She published scientific articles, chapters, books, and scientific-technical documents.

Publications

Publications (54)
Article
Full-text available
Background From the beginning, the COVID-19 pandemic increased ICU workloads and created exceptionally difficult ethical dilemmas. ICU staff around the world have been subject to high levels of moral stress, potentially leading to mental health problems. There is only limited evidence on moral distress levels and coping styles among Spanish ICU sta...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the expanding movement to humanize critical care and intensive care settings. An international perspective is provided with regard to how patients, families, and professionals, along with health care managers and authorities, can redesign health care systems to overcome the obstacles of dehumanization in hospitals and health...
Article
Aim To explore the main feelings and coping strategies among frontline critical care workers during the first phase of the COVID-19 pandemic and to evaluate the level of satisfaction after a psychological crisis and emergency intervention. Background The health crisis brought about by the COVID-19 pandemic has exposed critical care workers to an i...
Article
Introducción: Los Médicos Internos Residentes (MIR) realizan guardias de 17 horas en los hospitales españoles. Dicho trabajo nocturno provoca una alteración del ritmo circadiano que puede desencadenar disfunciones en el estado físico y emocional. Objetivos: Conocer el grado de afectación física y emocional que generan las guardias en los MIR y los...
Article
Resumen Introducción: Los Médicos Internos Residentes (MIR) realizan guardias de 17 horas en los hospitales españoles. Dicho trabajo nocturno provoca una alteración del ritmo circadiano que puede desencadenar disfunciones en el estado físico y emocional. Objetivos: Conocer el grado de afectación física y emocional que generan las guardias en los MI...
Article
Full-text available
La evolución científica y técnica de la atención sanitaria mantienen un desarrollo exponencial que permite cada vez una mejor asistencia a los pacientes, nuevas formas de tratamiento y crecientes índices de supervivencia. Sin embargo, estos importantes avances que enriquecen la atención a la salud, en muchas ocasiones, han ido invadiendo espacio al...
Technical Report
Full-text available
La presente NTP tiene como objetivo revisar de manera prác­ tica y aplicada los componentes esenciales que deberá tener un plan de promoción de la salud mental en el trabajo desde una perspectiva integral y cuya finalidad última será tanto la prevención del malestar y la enfermedad como la promoción del bienestar emocional de los trabajadores.
Article
Full-text available
Los autores, siguiendo las recomendaciones internacionales, revisamos la situación actual en nuestro medio y proponemos unas líneas generales de actuación, para asegurar una adecuada reincorporación laboral de la persona, la adaptación del puesto de trabajo (desempeño de tareas, interacción del trabajador con equipos y lugares de trabajo, etc.) y e...
Article
Full-text available
The psychological detachment from work provides a physical and psychological disconnection, the effects of which on job's health have been little studied in longitudinal studies. The aim of this paper is to understand the role of psychological detachment and its relationship with anxiety, satisfaction with life, and vigor at work. A longitudinal st...
Article
Full-text available
Burnout syndrome is an important health problem that affects many professionals and must be addressed globally, with both organizational measures and personal interventions. Burnout of health professionals can be prevented in order to avoid personal, familial, and social consequences, as well as repercussions for patients.Methods/designThis work de...
Article
Full-text available
The Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) has been the most widely used questionnaire in the evaluation of burnout. However, in both its theoretical formulation and its psychometric characteristics it poses some problems. In this paper we present the Physician Burnout Questionnaire (PhBQ), a new operationalization of physician burnout with three main com...
Article
Full-text available
Research on burnout and turnover intentions offers some inconsistent findings about the effects of commitment. In addition, a factor which is insufficiently studied in the turnover field is the relationship with the recipient of physicians' work, that is, the patient. This study contributes to the research literature by examining how the moderating...
Article
Full-text available
It presents a brief about the next special issue of the journal Medicina y Seguridad en el Trabajo. It includes theoretical and practical foundation that has driven its development and the main content of it. From a multidisciplinary perspective, issues such as bullying, external violence in the workplace, the processes of job stress and burnout, g...
Article
Full-text available
Working motivation is the main reason of the migratory phenomenon. It means breaking with cultural, social and language barriers, both in the society of origin as in the receiving. Migration processes do not themselves involve mental health problems, but they raise situations of high vulnerability and challenges of integration. Based on a conceptua...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous studies have demonstrated the relationship between psychosocial work conditions and the mental health of employees, and especially the combination of low perceived control and high labor demands predicts mental health problems. Mental health disorders such us anxiety or depression have a big detrimental effect on the individual's quality o...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: The concept of "serious mental disorder" (SMD) can be very useful in clinical medical practice, not only in the management resources area, allowing to design preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic effective interventions, but also in service area and in high reliability and security professions, such as health, defence, transport and...
Article
Introduction: The concept of "serious mental disorder" (SMD) can be very useful in clinical medical practice, not only in the management resources area, allowing to design preventive, diagnostic and therapeutic effective interventions, but also in service area and in high reliability and security professions, such as health, defence, transport and...
Article
Full-text available
In the working place the relationships between workers are shown, each individual's subjectivities are expressed, and the decisions made are influenced by personal styles, leadership styles, etc. Everything at work is "personal". Individuals with personality disorders are high consumers of medical care due to symptoms with no clear diagnosis, the d...
Article
Full-text available
In the working place the relationships between workers are shown, each individual's subjectivities are expressed, and the decisions made are influenced by personal styles, leadership styles, etc. Everything at work is "personal". Individuals with personality disorders are high consumers of medical care due to symptoms with no clear diagnosis, the d...
Article
Full-text available
Emotional Labour (EL) is a multidimensional concept, related to display of positive and negative emotions, its variety and frequency, emotional requirements of job role, and control of the interaction process. These elements influence worker performance and psychological wellbeing. The aim of this research was to study and analyze the EL construct...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: It is widely known that employees' job satisfaction and well-being is related to its productivity and quality of work. In the case of drug dependence technicians, existing research about its professional quality of life is scarce, being this a group exposed to several job stressors linked to emotional workload, patients, work team, et...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction: It is widely known that employees' job satisfaction and well-being is related to its productivity and quality of work. In the case of drug dependence technicians, existing research about its professional quality of life is scarce, being this a group exposed to several job stressors linked to emotional workload, patients, work team, et...
Article
Full-text available
The distinction among normal feelings of sadness, burnout and depressive disorders is not always easy to differentiate. In too many occasions, we lack the accurate procedures to deal with these problems and very often work conditions are an impediment to carry out a satisfactory and complete approach. These conditions can even originate, keep or me...
Article
Full-text available
The distinction among normal feelings of sadness, burnout and depressive disorders is not always easy to differentiate. In too many occasions, we lack the accurate procedures to deal with these problems and very often work conditions are an impediment to carry out a satisfactory and complete approach. These conditions can even originate, keep or me...
Article
Full-text available
Introduction Studies on physician burnout in Spain show a significant presence of the syndrome among our professionals. Some studies highlight the speciality of medical oncology as one of the most affected. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of burnout syndrome among the group of medical oncologists affiliated to the Spanish...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this study was to make a Spanish adaption of the international Patient-Doctor Relationship Questionnaire (PDRQ) that assesses the quality of patient-doctor relationship in Spanish patients admitted to an Internal Medicine Service under conditions of regular clinical practice. A total of 188 adult patients of 6 Internal Medicine phys...
Article
Full-text available
The aim of the present study was to validate a reduced Spanish version of the Negative Acts Questionnaire (NAQ; Einarsen & Raknes, 1997). This instrument, which has been widely used in various studies, was developed to measure workplace bullying. Two samples, the first comprising 352 employees from 11 organizations, and the second comprising victim...
Article
To introduce the development and validation of the Medical Professional Burnout Syndrome Scale belonging to the Questionnaire on Medical Professional Burnout (QMPB). Descriptive and transversal study in two stages. Stage 1: analysis of the psychometric properties of the new questionnaire dealing with its construction validity (exploratory factorial...
Article
Objective To introduce the development and validation of the Medical Professional Burnout Syndrome Scale belonging to the Questionnaire on Medical Professional Burnout (QMPB). Design Descriptive and transversal study in two stages. Stage 1: analysis of the psychometric properties of the new questionnaire dealing with its construction validity (exp...
Article
Full-text available
Durante las últimas décadas, los investigadores se han ido interesando cada vez más por las relaciones existentes entre los factores organizacionales y el acoso psicológico. Sin embargo, existe una carencia de estudios que se basen en modelos teóricos establecidos. El objetivo del presente estudio consiste en examinar, desde el modelo de demandas y...
Article
Full-text available
The addictions are usually frowned upon, nevertheless the addiction to the work has clear social and economic reinforcements and it is often considered as a clean addiction. There is no consensus on the definition, and the instruments of measurement are scarce and slightly studied, in spite of it undoubtedly has clear consequences on the sufferers’...
Article
Full-text available
Addictions are usually frowned upon, nevertheless the addiction work has clear social and economic reinforcements and it is often considered as a clean addiction. There is no consensus on the definition, and the instruments of measurement are scarce and slightly studied. In spite of this, such addiction undoubtedly has clear consequences on the suf...
Article
The relevance of stress on health is an increasing interest, as well as the growth of job stress in general and specifically of the medical job stress. A consequence is the rise of medical burnout. Though burnout rates can change depending on organizational contexts and specific samples, all the information indicates high rates of prevalence in the...
Article
The purpose of the present study was to examine the mediational role of the Emotional Competence between antecedents and risk of burnout, and between burnout and its symptoms. In order to reveal patterns of interaction, moderated hierarchical regression analyses were carried out. In this research, it is proposed that understanding the emotional ele...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-cultural studies are not a secondary and complementary exercise in the study of the psychology; an anthropologic model of human behavior makes it necessary to state that cultural variables are not secondary but primary. For these reasons, the study of the burnout can be deepened by means of the utilization of the crosscultural methods. It is...
Article
Full-text available
Teachers are being appointed as the ones more prone to stress and burnout. Up to now the most used tool for burnout evaluation on teachers are the MBI-Ed. However, due to the complexity of the profession there is a need of a specific questionnaire that involves school organization and learning activities, evaluating also the preceding and the conse...
Article
Full-text available
Cross-cultural studies are not a secondary and complementary exercise in the study of the psychology; an anthropologic model of human behavior makes it necessary to state that cultural variables are not secondary but primary. For these reasons, the study of the burnout can be deepened by means of the utilization of the cross- cultural methods. It i...

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