Maarten Vanhove

Maarten Vanhove
Hasselt University · Centre for Environmental Sciences (CMK)

PhD

About

219
Publications
104,271
Reads
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2,252
Citations
Additional affiliations
June 2018 - present
Hasselt University
Position
  • Professor (Assistant)
Description
  • tenure track assistant professor in Aquatic Biodiversity
November 2017 - May 2018
University of Helsinki
Position
  • curator
September 2016 - May 2018
Hasselt University
Position
  • Professor

Publications

Publications (219)
Article
Full-text available
In order to achieve collaborative action in nature conservation and natural resources management, stakeholders have to understand and acknowledge other stakeholders’ interests, values, world visions and objectives and they have to overcome the problem of irrational decision-making through innate opposition discourses. In this paper we developed the...
Article
Many disease ecologists and conservation biologists believe that the world is wormier than it used to be – that is, that parasites are increasing in abundance through time. This argument is intuitively appealing. Ecologists typically see parasitic infections, through their association with disease, as a negative endpoint, and are accustomed to attr...
Article
1. The management of bio‐invasions relies upon the development of methods to trace their origin and expansion. Co‐introduced parasites, especially monogenean flatworms, are ideal tags for the movement of their hosts due to their short generations, direct life cycles and host specificity. However, they are yet to be applied to trace the intraspecifi...
Article
A substantial portion of biodiversity has evolved through adaptive radiation. However, the effects of explosive speciation on species interactions remain poorly understood. Metazoan parasites infecting radiating host lineages could improve our knowledge because of their intimate host relationships. Yet limited molecular, phenotypic and ecological d...
Article
Full-text available
Many species‐rich ecological communities emerge from adaptive radiation events. Yet the effects of adaptive radiation on community assembly remain poorly understood. Here, we explore the well‐documented radiations of African cichlid fishes and their interactions with the flatworm gill parasites Cichlidogyrus spp., including 10,529 reported infectio...
Article
Full-text available
Gobies and their ectoparasitic monogenean flatworms are promising models for species diversifi-cation because of their species richness. Recent decades have seen the discovery of several new species of Gyrodactylus (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) on European gobies, mostly in the sand goby lineage and especially in the eastern Mediterranean. However, t...
Preprint
Background The hydro-geological history of Lake Tanganyika paints a complex image of several colonization and adaptive radiation events. The initial basin was formed around 9-12 million years ago (MYA) from the predecessor of the Malagarasi–Congo River and only 5-6 MYA, its sub-basins fused to produce the clear, deep waters of today. Next to the we...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change and biodiversity loss trigger policies targeting and impacting local communities worldwide. However, research and policy implementation often fail to sufficiently consider community responses and involve them. We present the results of a collective self-assessment exercise for eight case studies of communications regarding climate ch...
Article
Nile tilapia, one of the most popular aquaculture species worldwide, has been introduced into the Congo Basin several times for aquaculture purposes. Previous studies based on morphological features showed that some of the monogenean gill parasites were co-introduced with Nile tilapia and some spilled over to native Congolese cichlids. In this stud...
Preprint
Background Polystomatidae represents a monogenean group whose representatives infect mainly (semi)-aquatic tetrapods. Sphyranuridae with its single genus ( Sphyranura ) exhibits ectoparasitism on salamander hosts and was traditionally considered a sister-group to Polystomatidae based on the presence of a well-developed opisthaptor yet was distingui...
Preprint
Background Monogenean parasites have never been formally reported on fish from the Lufira basin. Then it is hypothesised that multiple monogenean species are to be recorded that are new to the region. This study aimed to record the gill monogenean parasite fauna of three cichlid fish species in the Upper Lufira basin by inventorying their diversity...
Preprint
Full-text available
Gobies and their ectoparasitic monogenean flatworms are promising models for species diversification because of their species richness. Recent decades have seen the discovery of several new species of Gyrodactylus (Monogenea: Gyrodactylidae) on European gobies, mostly in the sand goby lineage and especially in the Eastern Mediterranean. However, th...
Article
Full-text available
As hosts constitute the resource for parasites, an adaptive radiation in a host can drive one in a parasite. In Lake Tanganyika, the diversification of cichlids has often led to a diversification of their Cichlidogyrus monogeneans. Hitherto, Cichlidogyrus nshomboi was known only from Boulengerochromis microlepis, the sole member of Boulengerochromi...
Preprint
Monogeneans dominate the external parasite fauna of bony fish. During recent years, examination of more populations of species of Cichlidogyrus Paperna, 1960 has led to the (re)description of several species. Cichlidogyrus halli (Price & Kirk, 1967) Price, 1968, for example, has been redescribed several times in the past and has been proposed to en...
Article
Cichlidogyrus (including Scutogyrus) is the most speciose dactylogyridean monogenean genus known from African and Levantine cichlid fishes (Cichlidae). While its taxonomy is well established, little is known about the phylogenetic relationships and evolutionary history of this ectoparasite, especially from hosts belonging to one of the most impress...
Article
During colonial times, Nile tilapia Oreochromis niloticus (Linnaeus, 1758) was introduced into non‐native parts of the Congo Basin (Democratic Republic of the Congo, DRC) for the first time. Currently, it is the most farmed cichlid in the DRC, and is present throughout the Congo Basin. Although Nile tilapia has been reported as an invasive species,...
Preprint
The African Clawed Frog Xenopus laevis , a global invader, exhibits marked phylogeographic divergence among native populations in southern Africa, which enhances its invasive potential. The polystomatid flatworm Protopolystoma xenopodis , as the frog's most frequently co-introduced metazoan parasite, may be the ideal biological tag for the frog's m...
Preprint
Climate change and biodiversity loss trigger policies targeting and impacting local communities worldwide. However, research and policy implementation often fail to sufficiently consider and involve them. Therefore, we present the results of a collective self-assessment exercise for eight case studies of communications regarding climate change or b...
Preprint
Full-text available
The Nile perch ( Lates niloticus ) is a notorious invasive species. The introductions of Nile perch into several lakes and rivers in the Lake Victoria region led to the impoverishment of the trophic food webs, particularly well documented in Lake Victoria. Along with the introductions of the Nile perch, its parasites were co-introduced. Dolicirropl...
Article
Dactylogyridae is one of the most studied families of parasitic flatworms with more than 1000 species and 166 genera described to date including ecto- and endoparasites. Dactylogyrid monogeneans were suggested as model organisms for host-parasite macroevolutionary and biogeographical studies due to the scientific and economic importance of some of...
Article
Full-text available
The origin of introduced Nile tilapia stocks in sub-Saharan Africa is largely unknown. In this study, the potential of monogeneans as a biological tag and magnifying glass is tested to reveal their hosts' stocking history. The monogenean gill community of different Nile tilapia populations in sub-Saharan Africa was explored, and a phylogeographic a...
Preprint
Full-text available
Many species-rich ecological communities result from adaptive radiation events. The effects of these explosive speciation events on community assembly remain poorly understood. Here, we explore the well-documented radiations of African cichlid fishes and interactions with their flatworm gill parasites (Cichlidogyrus spp.) including 10529 reported i...
Preprint
Taxonomic bias, resulting in some taxa receiving more attention than others, has been shown to persist throughout history. Such bias in primary biodiversity data needs to be addressed because the data are vital to environmental management. This study reviews taxonomic bias in South African primary biodiversity data obtained from the Global Biodiver...
Preprint
Full-text available
Dactylogyridae is one of the most studied families of parasitic flatworms with more than 1000 species and 166 genera described to date including ecto-, meso-, and endoparasites. Dactylogyrid monogeneans have been used as model organisms for host-parasite macroevolutionary and biogeographical studies due to the scientific and economic importance of...
Chapter
Given the unique diversity in wetlands and the fact that parasite richness often outnumbers that of free-living organisms, tropical freshwater wetlands are expected to display an extensive and diverse parasite assemblage. Rather than an exhaustive encyclopedic overview, we aim to provide the reader with a flavor of the taxonomic diversity of water-...
Article
Full-text available
Unlike their marine counterparts, tropical freshwater clupeids receive little scientific attention. However, they sustain important fisheries that may be of (inter)national commercial interest. Africa harbours over 20 freshwater clupeid species within Pellonulini. Recent research suggests their most abundant parasites are gill-infecting monogenean...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aquaculture has a long history. The ancient Chinese were culturing carp in ponds for food as early as 3500 BCE. and a little later on, so were the ancient Egyptians. Fish under Nebamun's boat, including tilapia http://www.electrummagazine.com/2012/09/ancient-egyptian-tilapia-fish-story/ This perhaps suggests that since we have started to culture fi...
Preprint
Full-text available
Unlike their marine counterparts, tropical freshwater clupeids receive little scientific attention. However, they sustain important fisheries that may be of (inter)national commercial interest. Africa harbours over 20 freshwater clupeid species within Pellonulini. Recent research suggests their most abundant parasites are gill-infecting monogenean...
Preprint
Full-text available
1. The management of biological invasions relies upon the development of methods to trace their origin and expansion. Co-introduced parasites, especially monogenean flatworms, are ideal tags for the movement of their invasive hosts due to their short generations, direct life cycles and host specificity. However, they are yet to be applied to trace...
Preprint
Full-text available
Nile tilapia, one of the most popular aquaculture species worldwide, has been introduced into the Congo Basin several times. In previous morphological studies, we showed that some of the monogenean gill parasites were co-introduced with Nile tilapia and some spilled over to native Congolese cichlids. In this study, we investigated the co-introduced...
Article
Full-text available
Species interactions are a key aspect of evolutionary biology. Parasites, specifically, are drivers of the evolution of species communities and impact biosecurity and public health. However, when using interaction networks for evolutionary studies, interdependencies between distantly related species in these networks are shaped by ancient and compl...
Article
Full-text available
As parasites depend on their hosts and play a significant role in their ecology and evolution, we hypothesized an association between the host dispersal capacity and the intraspecific variability of their host-specific parasites. We investigated the morphological variability of the gill monogeneans Cichlidogyrus gistelincki and C. milangelnari para...
Article
Full-text available
Connecting basic data about bats and other potential hosts of SARS-CoV-2 with their ecological context is crucial to the understanding of the emergence and spread of the virus. However, when lockdowns in many countries started in March, 2020, the world's bat experts were locked out of their research laboratories, which in turn impeded access to lar...
Article
Full-text available
Little phylogeographic structure is presumed for highly mobile species in pelagic zones. Lake Tanganyika is a unique ecosystem with a speciose and largely endemic fauna famous for its remarkable evolutionary history. In bathybatine cichlid fishes, the pattern of lake-wide population differentiation differs among species. We assessed the congruence...
Preprint
Full-text available
Little phylogeographic structure is presumed for highly mobile species in pelagic zones. Lake Tanganyika is a unique ecosystem with a speciose and largely endemic fauna famous for its remarkable evolutionary history. In bathybatine cichlid fishes, the pattern of lake-wide population differentiation differs among species. We tested the magnifying gl...
Preprint
Full-text available
Climate change and biodiversity loss trigger policies worldwide, many of which target or impact local communities. Although research, international development, and policy implementation (and, thus, success in fighting both threats) require thoughtful consideration and communication of the underlying concepts, field work encounters a cascade of tan...
Article
Full-text available
Ecosystem services are a telling concept to discuss the integrated management of natural resources, such as integrated water and soil, with non-academic stakeholders. Stakeholders have different perceptions regarding the management of various ecosystem services, which is challenging when aiming to develop and foster sustainable ecosystem management...
Preprint
The One Health concept offers an integrative approach to disease and health at the human-animal-environment interface. It has often been suggested to view the COVID-19 outbreak within this framework to better understand and mitigate this global crisis. Here, we discuss how the evolutionary ecology of host-pathogen systems can add a valuable additio...
Preprint
Full-text available
A substantial portion of global biodiversity evolved through adaptive radiation. However, the effects of explosive speciation on species interactions remain poorly understood. Metazoan parasites infecting radiating host lineages could improve our knowledge because of the intimate host-parasite relationships. Yet limited molecular, phenotypic, and e...
Article
Lates perches of the genus Lates (Latidae) are large piscivorous fishes, with a strikingly disjunct distribution range in coastal areas and estuaries of the Indo-Pacific region and in some large African freshwater systems. Previous phylogenetic hypotheses based on osteological and ontogenetic data suggested paraphyly of the African representatives,...
Preprint
African cichlids are model systems for evolutionary studies and for host-parasite interactions, because of their adaptive radiations and because they harbour many species of monogenean parasites with high host-specificity. Here, we sampled five locations in southern Lake Victoria, the youngest of the African Great Lakes. We surveyed gillinfecting m...
Preprint
Full-text available
Connecting basic data about bats and other potential mammal hosts of SARS-CoV-2 with their ecological context is now critical for understanding the emergence and spread of COVID-19. However, when global lockdown started in March 2020, the world’s bat experts were locked out of their research laboratories, which, in turn, locked up large volumes of...
Article
Full-text available
Despite being nearly 10 months into the COVID-19 (coronavirus disease 2019) pandemic, the definitive animal host for SARS-CoV-2 (severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2), the causal agent of COVID-19, remains unknown. Unfortunately, similar problems exist for other betacoronaviruses, and no vouchered specimens exist to corroborate host spec...
Chapter
Full-text available
Concern for mountain river conservation science in tropical, subtropical, and Mediterranean-climate areas has lagged behind the better-studied cold temperate systems. This chapter outlines some distinctions among these nontemperate mountain rivers and provides a review of anthropogenic pressures and impacts, particularly as they affect biodiversity...
Article
Full-text available
Heterogeneous exposure to parasites may contribute to host species differentiation. Hosts often harbour multiple parasite species which may interact and thus modify each other's effects on host fitness. Antagonistic or synergistic interactions between parasites may be detectable as niche segregation within hosts. Consequently, the within-host distr...
Article
Parasite diversity above the Arctic circle remains understudied even for commercially valuable host taxa. Thorny skate, Amblyraja radiata, is a common bycatch species with a growing commercial value. Its natural range covers both sides of the North Atlantic including the Arctic zone. Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago located on the northwest corn...
Preprint
Full-text available
Parasite diversity above the Arctic circle remains understudied even for commercially valuable host taxa. Thorny skate, Amblyraja radiata, is a common bycatch species with a growing commercial value. Its natural range covers both sides of the North Atlantic including the Arctic zone. Svalbard is a Norwegian archipelago located on the northwest corn...
Article
Full-text available
The fisheries of Lake Tanganyika play an important role in food security in Central and Eastern Africa. Conservation of these valuable fish stocks will benefit from documenting the ideas, opinions and observations of stakeholders. Knowledge of the perceptions and an understanding of the concerns and struggles of stakeholders of these fisheries can...
Article
Speciation of fish in the African Great Lakes has been widely studied. Surprisingly, extensive speciation in parasites was only recently discovered in these biodiversity hotspots, notably in monogeneans (Platyhelminthes) from Lake Tanganyika. Diplectanum is a monogenean genus of which only a single species is known from the Great Lakes: Diplectanum...
Article
Full-text available
Ebola and COVID-19 are textbook emerging diseases influenced by humans. Ebola is often considered a result of exotic nature threatening health. Conversely, COVID-19, emerged in an urban environment, entails risks worldwide. Geographical, virological and demographic differences influence risk perceptions and responses to both diseases. Because ecolo...
Article
Full-text available
This study highlights the value of museum collections in invasion biology. It focuses on introduced tilapias, Oreochromis niloticus and Coptodon rendalli in the Congo Basin and their monogenean (Platyhelminthes) gill parasite fauna. O. niloticus was introduced throughout the Congo Basin while C. rendalli was introduced into the Lower Congo, but is...
Article
Full-text available
https://www.researchgate.net/deref/https%3A%2F%2Facademic.oup.com%2Fbioscience%2Farticle%2Fdoi%2F10.1093%2Fbiosci%2Fbiaa064%2F5857068
Article
Lake Tanganyika, East Africa, is the oldest and deepest African Great Lake and harbours one of the most diverse fish assemblages on earth. Two clupeid fishes, Limnothrissa miodon and Stolothrissa tanganicae, constitute a major part of the total fish catch, making them indispensable for local food security. Parasites have been proposed as indicators...
Article
The first three mitochondrial (mt) genomes of endosymbiotic turbellarian flatworms are characterised for the rhabdocoels Graffilla buccinicola, Syndesmis echinorum and S. kurakaikina. Interspecific comparison of the three newly obtained sequences and the only previously characterised rhabdocoel, the free-living species Bothromesostoma personatum, r...
Article
Full-text available
Background: Lake Tanganyika is considered a biodiversity hotspot with exceptional species richness and level of endemism. Given the global importance of the lake in the field of evolutionary biology, the understudied status of its parasite fauna is surprising with a single digenean species reported to date. Although the most famous group within th...
Article
The social-ecological system of the Lake Manyara basin (Northern Tanzania), a UNESCO Biosphere reserve (BR) suffers from social-economic and environmental problems due to decreasing water levels, erosion and land and water use conflicts. We propose an integrated assessment of the social-ecological interactions of the area to support future sustaina...