Maarten Jacobs

Maarten Jacobs
Wageningen University & Research | WUR · Department of Cultural Geography

Assistant Professor

About

66
Publications
27,086
Reads
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1,366
Citations

Publications

Publications (66)
Article
Full-text available
Understanding the psychology of human-wildlife interactions has grown beyond cognitive frameworks to include appreciation of roles played by emotion in human responses to wildlife. From its beginnings as an essentially cognitively framed proposition, mental modeling has been shown readily applicable to representing and interpreting stakeholder pers...
Article
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Understanding differences in the way people think about wildlife across countries is important as many conservation challenges transcend jurisdictions. We explored differences in wildlife value orientations in seven countries: Australia, Canada, Germany, Japan, Malaysia, the Netherlands and Serbia. Standard scales assessed domination (prioritizing...
Article
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Eurasian beaver, Castor fiber has been restored to England’s natural fauna following a trial reintroduction in the country’s southwestern region. Beavers characteristically generate profound and frequently beneficial shifts to river dynamics, nutrient cycling, biodiversity, and human cultural experience, but can also be associated with unwanted hum...
Article
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Management strategies to reduce human-carnivore conflict are most effective when accepted by local communities. Previous studies have suggested that the acceptance depends on emotions toward carnivores, the cultural importance of carnivores, and livestock depredation, and that it may vary depending on the types of strategies and carnivores involved...
Article
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Recently, new approaches to wildlife management are being developed, such as coexistence management and convivial conservation. These approaches aim to shift management practices from mitigating human-wildlife conflicts towards cohabitation and explore mutual benefits. To align empirical research to these new approaches, we argue for the relevance...
Article
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Wolf management actions are seldom universally accepted and understanding diverse opinions is of value for conservation practitioners. Previous research has either investigated cognitions or emotions to understand public acceptability of wolf management actions. We investigated both concepts simultaneously to identify whether their predictive poten...
Article
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Increasing wolf populations are a concern for wildlife managers in the Midwestern U.S. Understanding the psychological mechanisms that contribute to public perceptions of risk will enable development of strategies that seek to mitigate these risks, and suggest where outreach efforts may facilitate acceptance of wolves. We examined the psychological...
Article
Research to understand human responses to wildlife and wildlife issues has predominantly focused on cognitions. Yet, as emotions are basic human responses to wildlife, emotions are important too. Integrating cognition and emotion concepts could foster the overall understanding of human-wildlife relationships. This study tested the relationships bet...
Chapter
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This chapter briefly discusses a descriptive typology of attitudes towards wildlife that was quite influential in the pioneering years of research on human dimensions of wildlife. It describes a more recent theory‐driven approach to understanding human relationships with wildlife, guided by the cognitive hierarchy. The theory of cognitive hierarchy...
Article
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Authentic leadership is frequently promoted as a leadership style that responds to the contemporary challenges that leaders face. The current experimental study (n = 66) tested intrapersonal change toward authentic leadership after participation in a nature‐based training program that included a stay in remote wilderness without any facilities. Aut...
Article
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Abstract Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the impact of leaders’ wilderness experiences on intentions to transform leadership behaviors toward authentic leadership. Design/methodology/approach – Content analysis was used on trail reports made by participants of a wilderness-based leadership program. Participants (n¼97) were lea...
Article
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Underrepresentation of women in senior positions is a persistent problem in universities worldwide, and a wide range of strategies to combat this situation is currently being contemplated. One such strategy is the introduction of a tenure track system, in which decisions to promote scientific staff to higher ranks are guided by a set of explicit an...
Article
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This article addresses the applicability of quantitative wildlife value orientation scales in Muslim students in Malaysia. As Malaysian culture is deeply influenced by Islam ideology, this article presents a case for addressing the cross-cultural applicability of the scales. The current wildlife value orientation scales were reliable—all Cronbach’s...
Article
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The norm activation theory and past research suggest that ecologically appropriate behaviors increase when individuals (a) ascribe personal responsibility (AR) to protect the environment and (b) are aware of the consequences (AC) of their actions. We examined the influence of AR and AC on ecological norm salience and reported pro-environmental beha...
Article
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In their daily surroundings, people perpetually produce heritage, as they experience, assign meaning to and act upon local historical landscape features. We conducted a case study in a peat district in the Netherlands to investigate heritage construction in various local landscape practices. These practices reflected distinctive patterns of routini...
Poster
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Green infrastructure has the ability to improve thermal comfort in outdoor urban spaces in moderate climates such as in The Netherlands. Green spaces, like parks, act as ‘cool islands’ within cities and are thermally comfortable places for outdoor activities on warm summer days. Up to now, the impact of greenery on thermal comfort, however, was onl...
Article
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Wolf populations have increased in Western Europe and North America. Lethal control of problem wolves is controversial and support varies among stakeholder groups. Knowing why people support or oppose policies can assist managers in dealing with the public. We examined the influence of emotions toward wolves on the acceptability of lethal wolf cont...
Article
In de afgelopen tientallen jaren is de wolf begonnen aan een opmars door Europa, waarbij de Nederlandse grens steeds dichter wordt genaderd. De kans bestaat dan ook dat de wolf de komende jaren zal opduiken in Nederland. Deze ontwikkeling roept bij verschillende organisaties en bevolkingsgroepen uiteenlopende reacties op over de effecten op de natu...
Article
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Researchers are recognizing the importance of studying emotions for understanding human–wildlife interactions. This article reviews generic methods and instruments for assessing emotions, as developed within the affective sciences. Four broad categories of emotion measures can be distinguished: (a) physiological measures, (b) brain activity measure...
Article
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The use of lethal control of wildlife is controversial. We examined the acceptability of using lethal control to minimize the impacts of geese and deer on agricultural crops in the Netherlands. Two sets of predictors were examined: wildlife value orientations (WVOs) and demographics. The two wildlife value orientations—domination and mutualism—were...
Article
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Article
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Emotions toward wildlife are basic and important determinants of relationships with wildlife. Addressing emotional dispositions—criteria against which the emotional relevance of objects or situations is appraised—could foster the study of emotions toward wildlife in connection with cognitions. This article reviews various approaches to the study of...
Article
In 2000 waren er voor het eerst weer wolven met jongen in Duitsland in de regio Lausitz (Saksen), grenzend aan Zuidwest-Polen. De populatie breidt zich sindsdien geleidelijk uit. Op voorhand uitsluiten dat ze in Nederland opduiken is niet reëel, maar het is onvoorspelbaar waar en wanneer de wolf zal opduiken in Nederland. Aanbevolen wordt dat Neder...
Article
Full-text available
This article identified the Dutch publics’ value orientations toward wildlife and examined differences in value orientations among four demographic characteristics: age, sex, current residence, and education. The two wildlife value orientations—domination and mutualism—were based on prior theorizing and research in the USA. People with a domination...
Article
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While Internet surveys have increased in popularity, results may not be representative of target populations. Weighting is commonly used to compensate for sampling issues. This article compared two surveys conducted in the Netherlands-a random mail survey (n = 353) and a convenience Internet survey (n = 181). Demographic characteristics of the samp...
Article
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[1] Water resource managers increasingly need to take the opinions of stakeholders into account when planning interventions. We studied stakeholders' concerns in two water management planning contexts, focusing on the meanings assigned to places and on attitudes toward proposed interventions. Semistructured interviews were held, and public meetings...
Article
Wildlife is a critical component of protected areas worldwide. It can serve not only as a primary attraction or an enjoyable part of the visitor experience but also as a source of conflict. Managing wildlife in this context requires a broadbased approach that can account for the myriad factors underlying conservation effectiveness, including the na...
Article
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Maatregelen voor wildbeheer leiden geregeld tot maatschappelijk debat. Kennis over de publieke perceptie is daarmee relevant voor beheerders en beleidsmakers. In dit artikel worden de resultaten gepresenteerd van een onderzoek naar de acceptatie van maatregelen voor wildbeheer en de samenhang tusssen deze acceptatie en dieperliggende denkbeelden ov...
Chapter
The aim of the study reported by Van den Born and De Groot (Chapter 4) was to measure responses to concrete examples of human interventions in nature and to elicit the concepts that are relevant in the minds of the respondents. In addition, they measured the respondents’ images of relationships with nature. After discussing the examples of human in...
Article
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Animals are strong emotional triggers for us. The goal of this article is to identify causes and mechanisms that constitute liking or disliking animals. By combining deductions from emotion theory with empirical findings, six categories of causes can be distinguished: (1) an innate sensitivity for biological movement, (2) inherited quick learning p...
Article
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Steeds vaker worden burgers actief betrokken bij het waterbeheer. Toch is participatie niet per definitie een garantie voor succes. Het slagen van burgerparticipatie hangt onder andere samen met het gestelde doel, het vinden van de juiste vorm en de mogelijkheid om het doel aan te laten sluiten bij bredere vormen van gebiedsontwikkeling. Alterra ma...
Article
Wildlife value orientations among inhabitants of the Netherlands were explored by conducting semi-structured interviews, and using predefined value orientations that were previously revealed in the United States. Special attention was paid to the existence of mutualism orientations, viewing wildlife as capable of relationships of trust with humans...
Article
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In verband met het nieuwe beleid om rivieren meer ruimte te geven, worden de komende jaren voor veel gebieden langs de grote rivieren plannen voor herinrichting gemaakt. In de Gamerensche Waard is zo’n herinrichting reeds enkele jaren afgerond. Om te achterhalen wat betrokkenen hiervan vinden, zijn bewoners van het dorp Gameren geïnterviewd. Zij bl...
Article
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Keywords: landscape experience, philosophy of mind, consciousness, perception, emotion, cultural influence, landscape, place The study of landscape experience is dispersed across different scientific disciplines such as environmental psychology, human geography, sociology and anthropology. Each discipline makes valuable but highly selective contrib...
Article
Het doel van dit onderzoek is in beeld brengen van mechanismen, die ertoe leiden dat bepaalde objecten terechtkomen in het domein van gewaardeerde cultuurhistorie. Dit inzicht kan vervolgens van belang zijn bij het instandhouden van bestaand landschap, en het (opnieuw) vormgeven van landschappen. Bij dit onderzoek is gebruik gemaakt van de visie va...
Article
Via een gestructureerde vragenlijst is onderzocht welke beelden van waternatuur voorkomen onder de Nederlandse bevolking. Dit zijn het spontaan wilde, gecontroleerd wilde, harmonische, gemoedelijke en multifunctionele waterbeeld. Ze wijken van elkaar af in de mate waarin burgers vinden dat de mens moet ingrijpen in de natuur en de mate waarin men n...
Article
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Dit rapport bevat de resultaten van een verkennend onderzoek naar de bereidheid van kustbewoners om overstromingsrisico's en maatregelen voor kustveiligheid te accepteren. Het onderzoek bestond uit twee delen: open interviews met bewoners van zes kustplaatsen, en een kwantitatief vervolgonderzoek onder bewoners uit dezelfde kustplaatsen waarin drie...
Article
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Het onderzoek bestaat uit vier delen: een schets van beelden van water in de Nederlandse cultuur en mogelijke veranderingen daarin; een literatuurstudie, uitmondend in een synthese, naar kennis over natuurbeelden, waar waternatuurbeelden afgeleiden van zijn; een inhoudsanalyse van documenten van Rijkswaterstaat, waarin uiteenlopende beelden van wat...
Article
In de recent uitgebrachte nota voor natuurbeleid wordt gemeld dat de natuurwensen van Nederlanders door het kabinet van belang worden geacht voor het beleid. Kennis over deze natuurwensen wordt binnen meerdere disciplines opgedaan, elk met eigen karakteristieken: de omgevingspsychologie, de filosofie en de fenomenologie. Deze disciplines komen teru...

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Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The purpose of this project is to investigate the impact of leaders’ wilderness experiences on intentions to transform leadership behaviors toward authentic leadership
Archived project
This study aims to understand and explain how Malaysians respond to wildlife, wildlife issues, wildlife policy and wildlife management plans. Three psychological factors, namely the wildlife value orientations, valence towards wildlife and wildlife risk perception - were theorized to have influence on public acceptability on wildlife management interventions and public support over wildlife conservation policy.