M. Talavera

M. Talavera
Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera | IFAPA · Departamento de Protección Vegetal

PhD

About

118
Publications
57,611
Reads
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1,077
Citations
Citations since 2016
27 Research Items
712 Citations
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2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
2016201720182019202020212022020406080100120140
Introduction
I am working as an Applied Nematologist for the Crop Protection Area of the Institute for Agricultural Research of Andalusia (IFAPA) Spain. My research activity focuses on IPM of plant-parasitic nematodes on vegetables, cut flower and strawberry under protected cultivation. Particularly, I am interested in the epidemiology and survival strategies of plant-parasitic nematodes in field and in the management of plant-parasitic nematodes (biological, chemical or cultural control methods).
Additional affiliations
January 2005 - present
Instituto de Investigación y Formación Agraria y Pesquera
Position
  • Plant Protection Researcher
August 2002 - December 2004
Conselleria d'Agricultura i Pesca de les illes Balears
Position
  • Plant Protection Researcher
February 2002 - August 2002
Spanish National Research Council
Position
  • Postdoctoral Grant
Education
January 1990 - December 1993
University of Granada
Field of study
  • Biology
October 1983 - September 1988
University of Granada
Field of study
  • Biology

Publications

Publications (118)
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Spain is the sixth strawberry producer in the world, with about 6500 ha producing more than 350,000 tons, and an annual commercial value about 390 million €. Stunted and dead strawberry plants are frequently associated with plant-parasitic nematodes, but nematode diseases have not been characterized to date in the country. (2) Metho...
Article
Root-knot nematodes (RKN; Meloidogyne spp.) are obligate sedentary endoparasites of plant roots depending on the induction of feeding sites for their reproduction. Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica have similar thermal requirements to complete their life cycle on zucchini but M. incognita has greater pathogenic potential (ability to cause disea...
Article
Full-text available
The nematicidal efficacy of milbemectin and its commercial formulate Milbeknock® on (i) egg hatching, (ii) juvenile motility and (iii) infective capacity of root-knot nematodes was evaluated in vitro and in planta assays. Serial dilutions of pure milbemectin were tested against nematode eggs and juveniles and lethal concentrations LC50 and LC90 cal...
Article
Full-text available
Soil-borne pathogenic fungi (SBPF) and root-knot nematodes (RKN) co-exist in the rhizosphere and are major pathogens causing root diseases in cucurbits. Current knowledge on soil-borne pathogens of cucurbit crops grown under protected cultivation, their host-pathogen interactions, and mechanisms of resistance has been reviewed. Plant resistance is...
Article
Background: Fluazaindolizine is a novel sulfonamide nematicide that is currently under commercialization in various countries. Four trials (two in tomato and two in zucchini) were carried out over two growing seasons in a root-knot nematode infested plastic house to test the effects of a single application of fluazaindolizine at 1000 and 2000 g /h...
Article
Full-text available
Losses caused by phytoparasitic nematodes in crops depend directly on their soil densities at the start of the crop, so reducing their populations before planting is the main aim of nematolog-ical management. Efficacies in reducing Meloidogyne soil populations of soil disinfestation methods, such as agrochemicals, botanicals, or biosolarization wer...
Chapter
This book outlines the economic importance of specific plant parasitic nematode problems on the major food and industrial crops and presents the state-of-the-art management strategies that have been developed to reduce specific nematode impacts and outlines their limitations. Case studies to illustrate nematode impact in the field are presented and...
Article
Full-text available
(1) Background: Strawberry cultivation is highly dependent on soil disinfestation for proper development. Since the definitive methyl bromide phase-out, other chemicals have been used as alternatives. This research provides an overview on the efficacies of soil disinfestation methods on controlling soil fungal diseases of strawberry. (2) Methods: T...
Article
Full-text available
Background: The more than 4100 species of phytoparasitic nematodes are responsible for an estimated economic loss in the agricultural sector of nearly $125 billion annually. Knowing the main lines of research and concerns about nematodes that affect plants is fundamental. Methods: For this reason, an analysis using bibliometric data has been carrie...
Article
The response of Recombinant Inbred Lines (RILs) from a cross of zucchini × scallop (Cucurbita pepo ssp. pepo ‘Murcia MU‐CU‐16’ × Cucurbita pepo ssp. ovifera ‘Scallop UPV‐196’) to Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica was determined after completion of a nematode reproduction cycle in experiments carried out in a growth chamber. The nematode differe...
Article
Full-text available
El calabacín muestra resistencia a Meloidogyne incognita y susceptibilidad a M. javanica. Los procesos clave en el parasitismo que diferencian M. incognita de M. javanica son el paso del cuarto estado juvenil a hembra adulta y la menor fertilidad de las hembras grávidas de M. incognita . Los sitios de alimentación inducidos por M. incognita se degr...
Article
The response to Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica of 29 cucurbitaceous genotypes belonging to the genera Cucurbita, Lagenaria and Luffa was evaluated to determine their relative host suitability and utility as rotational crops in sustainable agriculture. The pathogenic potential, parasitic success and host efficiency were estimated based on the...
Article
Full-text available
La capacidad hospedadora del calabacín y su tolerancia al nematodo agallador fue diferente para las especies Meloidogyne incognita y M. javanica. La hipertrofia del tejido radical y el daño causado a la planta fue mayor en la infección del calabacín por M. incognita que por M. javanica. No obstante, la tasa de multiplicación de M. javanica fue mayo...
Article
The development of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on zucchini 'Amalthee' was compared to characterise critical events in plant parasitism. Meloidogyne incognita was much less successful parasitising zucchini than M. javanica despite similarities in penetration rates and juvenile development. The increased frequency of undersized individuals,...
Conference Paper
El cultivo de la fresa es un motor económico y social esencial para la provincia de Huelva. Hoy en día, este sector debe afrontar importantes retos en distintos aspectos, entre ellos la utilización de fumigantes de suelo, afectada por las regulaciones normativas actuales, y la emergencia de nuevas enfermedades. En la actualidad se están comercializ...
Article
The effects of mycorrhization by Funneliformis mosseae alone and combined with soil applications of plant extracts from garlic, neem, quassia, and thyme on the damage caused by Meloidogyne incognita in tomato were studied in pot experiments under greenhouse conditions. The nematode reduced shoot fresh weight of tomato by 15% compared with that of n...
Article
Full-text available
Regístrese gratuitamente en interempresas.net y podrá: Recibir periódicamente las noticias de su sector Poner anuncios clasificados Registrar de forma gratuita su empresa Y otras muchas ventajas w w w. h o r t i c o m. c o m www.interempresas.net S E P T I E M B R E 2 0 1 6 www.interempresas.net/nl 326 HC326 libro.indb 1 23/9/16 11:29
Article
The impact of methyl bromide (MB) phase-out on important fruit and nursery industries in the EU (2005/2008) has been significant. Under EU Regulation 1107/2009, MB fumigant alternatives 1,3-dichloropropene and chloropicrin were also phased out (in 2010 and 2013, respectively) while dazomet, metam sodium, and potassium were re-approved with crucial...
Article
Since 1997, our IFAPA working group has developed a series of projects to evaluate new chemical and non-chemical soil disinfestation practices. During 2013–14 non-chemical (biological) alternatives have been tested with the objective of improving the biosolarization techniques, using different carbon sources and doses of organic biofumigant product...
Article
Fusarium wilt is a disease that restricts carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus L.) yield worldwide. Efficacies in reducing the Fusarium wilt of carnation (FWC), of various types of organic amendments (fresh or pelletized poultry manure, pelletized Brassica carinata and olive residue compost) combined with soil solarization, were compared in two biennia...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The Grapevine germplasm bank in Jerez de la Frontera (Cádiz, Spain) was established more than one century ago and hosts nearly two thousand grapevine accessions from all around the world, mainly from Spain. We are currently carrying out a program for the genetic characterization by ampelography and microsatellite markers of the accessions and simul...
Article
Olive growing is a centenarian activity in Andalu-sia, Southern Spain. Andalusia holds the largest olive tree growing area in the world. In spite of the relevance of olive growing for the Mediterranean economy, the influence of soil biodiversity on olive crops has been seldom studied. We hypothesized that soil diversity must be well preserved be-ca...
Article
The host suitability of watermelon cultivars and cucurbit rootstocks to Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica was determined in pot and field experiments. Meloidogyne incognita showed higher reproduction than did M. javanica than watermelon and cucurbit rootstocks. The watermelon cultivars did not differ in host status when challenged with these tw...
Article
Full-text available
The host suitability of five zucchini and three cucumber genotypes to Meloidogyne incognita (MiPM26) and M. javanica (Mj05) was determined in pot experiments in a greenhouse. The number of egg masses (EM) did not differ among the genotypes of zucchini or cucumber, but the eggs/plant and reproduction factor (Rf) did slightly. M. incognita MiPM26 sho...
Article
The relationship between the initial (Pi) and final (Pf) population densities of Meloidogyne javanica and yield of watermelon, Citrullus lanatus, cv. Sugar Baby were determined in pot and field experiments. In the pots, the maximum reproduction rate of the nematode was 14, and the equilibrium density was 49 400 eggs/100 cm3 of soil. Yield data repr...
Article
Full-text available
The present research was undertaken to evaluate the effects of soil temperature on the life cycle of root-knot nematodes (RKN) on zucchini-squash in growth chambers and to assess the relationship between Meloidogyne incognita soil population densities at planting (Pi), its multiplication rate and crop losses of zucchini in field conditions. Thermal...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of mycorrhisation and inoculation with soil bacteria on the disease caused by Meloidogyne incognita on tomato were studied in pots under greenhouse conditions. Efficacy in promoting plant growth and reducing disease severity and final nematode densities were evaluated for two arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi (AMF; Funneliformis mosseae and...
Article
Full-text available
The host suitability of five zucchini and three cucumber genotypes to Meloidogyne incognita (MiPM26) and M. javanica (Mj05) was determined in pot experiments in a greenhouse. The number of egg masses (EM) did not differ among the genotypes of zucchini or cucumber, but the eggs/plant and reproduction factor (Rf) did slightly. M. incognita MiPM26 sho...
Article
Several studies were carried out to determine i) thermal requirements for development, egg production and emergence of juveniles, and completion of life cycle of Meloidogyne incognita and M. javanica on cucumber, ii) the maximum multiplication rate and the equilibrium density of root-knot nematodes on cucumber and yield losses in pot and plastic-ho...
Article
A survey was conducted in root-knot nematode-infested plastic houses to determine the diversity and frequency of occurrence of fungi associated with the nematode. The relationships between percentage fungal parasitism and physicochemical properties of soil were also investigated. Fifty-nine plastic houses were sampled in southeastern Spain, 42 trea...
Article
Full-text available
El gen Mi de resistencia en tomate reduce significativamente los niveles poblacionales de Meloidogyne arenaria, M. incognita y M. javanica en comparación con los tomates susceptibles. Sin embargo, el cultivo continuado de tomates resistentes en un mismo suelo puede dar lugar a la selección de individuos virulentos capaces de superar la resistencia...
Article
Full-text available
El suelo es una unidad básica en el funcionamiento y dinámica de los agro-ecosistemas, ya que proporciona el sustento físico y biológico para la producción vegetal. Aunque el efecto de las prácticas antropógenas sobre el componente abiótico del suelo está ampliamente documentado, existen pocas herramientas capaces de medir el impacto de estas práct...
Article
Full-text available
The effectiveness of a combination of soil solarization and poultry manure (raw or pelletized) amendments for the control of root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) was tested in carnation (Dianthus caryophyllus) crops grown in in-ground beds under plastic-covered greenhouse conditions in southern Spain. Our trials demonstrated that soil solariz...
Article
With a surface area of 37 000 ha and an annual yield of 3 × 106 t, the south-east of Spain, predominantly the coast of Almeria, is the largest horticultural growing area under protected cultivation in Europe. A survey on perception of the impact of rootknot nematodes on vegetable production was carried out in this area by face-to-face interviews wi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
From 2006-2007 to 2009-2010 field trials with non-chemical alternatives have been conducted in the Experimental Farm "El Cebollar" (IFAPA) (Moguer-Huelva, Spain). Complete randomized blocks with 4 replications (150 plants/rep.) and 8 treatments were used. Fumigant poultry manure was applied every second week of July and soil solarization with low d...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
"Spain's methyl bromide (MB) Alternatives Project" has been demonstrating alternative fumigants for methyl bromide on strawberry in Huelva since 1997. Here, we describe our research carried out between 2008 and 2010. In all the trials 'Camarosa' was grown under high plastic tunnels between October and the end of May every year. Field trials with th...
Article
Full-text available
'Spain's Methyl Bromide (MB) Alternatives Project' has been developing/demonstrating alternative fumigants for methyl bromide on strawberry in Huelva since 1997. Here, we describe our research carried out between 2008 and 2010. In all the trials 'Camarosa' was grown under high plastic tunnels between October and the end of May every year. Field tri...
Article
Full-text available
El objetivo del trabajo fue examinar la percepción de los asesores técnicos de las cooperativas agrícolas de Almería sobre los problemas causados por nemátodos del género Meloidogyne en la región. Para ello, se entrevistó personalmente a 120 asesores a finales de 2010. Los asesores estimaron que el 18% de los invernaderos están infestados con Meloi...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Pot experiments were carried out under controlled greenhouse conditions to determine the effects of the combined use of AMFs (Glomus intraradices or Glomus mosseae) and a PGPR (Bacillus megaterium) on root-knot nematode (Meloidogyne incognita) reproduction and growth rates in commercial pepper and tomato cultivars. Nematode reproduction and plant g...
Article
Full-text available
In 1996, a problem of complex etiology causing the death of peach trees in the state of Morelos, México was detected. The etiology of the death of the trees is so far unknown, therefore in this work, we have identified some of the biotic and abiotic factors related to the disease in 23 orchards located in the state of Morelos. The bacterium Pseudom...
Article
Full-text available
The Spanish Methyl Bromide (MB) Alternatives Project (INIA) has carried out experiments over ten-years in Huelva for strawberry production. More than 20 soil fumigant treatments have been evaluated on cv. 'Camarosa'. The last series has been carried out in two locations of Eastern coastal Huelva (Moguer and Palos de la Fra.) from 2002-2003 until no...
Article
Full-text available
Four crop rotations including the Mi resistant tomato cv. Monika (R) and the susceptible cv. Durinta (S), were assessed for three consecutive cropping seasons in three unheated plastic houses located in northeastern (Barcelona), east (Eivissa) and south-western (Cadiz) Spain. Tomatoes were cultivated from March to July 2005 (1), 2006 (2) and 2007 (...
Article
Full-text available
Field trials were conducted in two locations in Spain to determine the effect of methyl bromide (MBr) alternatives on soilborne diseases and nematodes, and strawberry (Fragaria x ananassa) yields under high-tunnel conditions. Fumigant treatments were applied to the same plots each year. Treatments were MBr + chloropicrin (Pic) (50:50, v/v) at a rat...