M. Joseph Sirgy

M. Joseph Sirgy
Virginia Polytechnic Institute and State University | VT · Department of Marketing

Ph.D.

About

386
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Introduction
I am a management psychologist and a professor of marketing at Virginia Tech. Much of my research and writing are in quality of life, business ethics, and consumer behvaior.

Publications

Publications (386)
Preprint
Full-text available
The COVID-19 pandemic has swept across the planet, killing millions of people, at a cost of trillions of dollars and untold human suffering, leaving a wake of distress, despair and dysfunction in communities large and small. In response to this global crisis, the authors/editors assembled a team of leading scholars from 28 countries, representing s...
Article
Full-text available
The current debate on demographic change often revolves around seniors (over 65-years-old), their housing preferences, and their spatial mobility. Our study contributes to this discussion by examining how seniors make evaluations concerning retirement homes guided by concepts such as functional congruity, self-congruity, and lifestyle congruity. An...
Article
The goal of this paper is to develop a theoretical perspective to better understand senior tourist behaviour. The perspective is guided by concepts from research on senior tourism, goal theory of leisure travel satisfaction, and socio-emotional selectivity theory. It examines four central principles: (1) selecting leisure travel goals that have hig...
Chapter
In this chapter, I describe the concept of happiness based on popular philosophical writings such as Bentham and Aristotle. In this vein, I make the case that happiness is a strong and universal motive. A distinction is made among three philosophical views of happiness namely, psychological, prudential, and perfectionist. Psychological happiness, p...
Chapter
This chapter covers wellbeing research related to countries and cultures. Research shows that different countries and cultures place varying degrees of importance on wellbeing concepts such as hedonia, Eudaimonia, self-enhancement, self-transcendence, autonomy, and interpersonal harmony. The research also points to a host of methodological problems...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on the research on wellbeing related to children and youth. Several definitions of these subjective aspects of quality of life are discussed in relation to children of pre-school age, elementary school age, middle-school age, adolescents, and college students. There are at least three major theories employed by wellbeing resear...
Chapter
This chapter discusses wellbeing research on other life domains besides those covered in the previous chapters. Specifically, the chapter describes research in spiritual wellbeing, political and national wellbeing, environmental wellbeing, educational wellbeing, and sexual wellbeing.
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This chapter discusses the effects of dynamics among life domains that play an important role in wellbeing and positive mental health. I first discuss the research literature on the effects of domain satisfaction on wellbeing. Then I describe seven popular life domain theories of wellbeing. These are: bottom-up spillover theory, horizontal spillove...
Chapter
This chapter describes a plethora of studies that have closely examined distinctions among concepts related to subjective aspects of quality of life, such as those that were spelled out in the earlier chapter. I start out with the distinction between subjective and objective indicators of quality of life; then I make the distinction between input a...
Chapter
This chapter briefly describes models designed to integrate disparate concepts of subjective aspects of quality of life, happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. The models include livability theory; capability theory; stocks and flows; the joyless economy; quality of the person + environment; homeostatically-protected mood; qua...
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This chapter reviews much of the research on work wellbeing. Work well-being is defined in different ways in the research literature as meaningful work, affective response toward the work environment, ratio of positive and negative affect experienced at work, need satisfaction through organizational resources, satisfaction in work life, component o...
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In this chapter I discuss the research related to the effects of social comparison on wellbeing and positive mental health. The research point to the tendency of making social comparisons explained by three motivational principles, namely self-enhancement, self-improvement, and self-identification. With respect to the self-enhancement principle, I...
Chapter
This chapter discusses residential wellbeing in relation to happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. The research literature points to several definitions of residential wellbeing, namely gap between actual and desired housing and neighborhood conditions, residents’ attitude toward their living space, residents’ feelings of grat...
Chapter
This chapter discusses research related to happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health of seniors. The research literature highlights varied definitions of quality of life of seniors. These include global judgments of life satisfaction, affective and cognitive judgments of wellbeing, satisfaction of salient life domains, and satisfa...
Chapter
I discuss in this chapter the effects of goals on happiness, subjective wellbeing and positive mental health. The focus is on a variety of ways that people set their goals biased by goal valence (i.e., they set life goals that are high in positive valence). Goals with high positive valence can be set using meaningful goals, abstract goals, motivati...
Chapter
In this chapter I discuss research on leisure wellbeing in relation to happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. The literature defines leisure wellbeing in terms of satisfaction with leisure life, satisfaction with important dimensions of leisure life, perceived recreation quality, satisfaction with leisure time, and satisfactio...
Chapter
This chapter discusses public policy issues. The chapter also emphasizes the need to broaden our view of happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. In doing so, I make the case that maximizing happiness is not enough. I also discuss the shortfall of happiness research at the societal level and the need to integrate subjective aspe...
Chapter
There are varied conceptualizations of happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health based on need satisfaction concepts. In this chapter, I describe these conceptualizations in terms of needs for having, loving, and being; needs for being, belonging, and becoming; physical, social, and self-actualization needs; needs for subsistence,...
Chapter
This chapter covers selective research concerning the psychology of wellbeing (happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health) of other population segments such as the mentally ill, the disabled, drug addicts, sexual minorities, sex workers, emergency personnel, immigrants, teachers, caregivers, tourists, and residents of tourist commu...
Chapter
This chapter discusses evidence related to the effects of technological, economic, political, and socio-cultural factors on wellbeing and positive mental health. I start out by presenting a theoretical model that can help the reader better understand how these macro factors can translate through a chain of events to ultimately influence wellbeing a...
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This chapter covers wellbeing research related to personal and consumption activities. Wellbeing theories are discussed. These include classical conditioning, activity, flow, personal expressiveness, and self-determination. The research on personal activities is usually categorized in four major groups, namely physical, social, leisure/recreation,...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the effects of other demographic factors (age, gender, marriage, ethnicity and minority status, education, etc.) on subjective aspects of quality of life (hedonic wellbeing, life satisfaction, and eudaimonia). With respect to age, I break down the wellbeing research in terms of the various stages of the life cycle (i.e., infa...
Chapter
This chapter examines wellbeing research related to affect and cognition. Specifically, the chapter covers research related to mood, casual attribution, appraisals, meaning to life, habituation, cognitive frames, and cognitive outlooks. The latter (cognitive outlooks) includes research on mindfulness, gratitude, optimism, self-esteem, autonomy, loc...
Chapter
Research has shown that personality has a strong effect on happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. More specifically, research has shown that subjective wellbeing is positively related with traits such as extraversion, self-esteem, positive affective disposition, mindfulness, optimism, locus of control, expectancy of perceived...
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This chapter discusses happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health of women compared to men. Quality of life for women is defined in terms of positive and negative affect, life satisfaction, and psychological wellbeing and several measures are described. The wellbeing research literature point to several explanations of how women ex...
Chapter
This chapter discusses outcomes related to hedonic wellbeing, life satisfaction, and Eudaimonia. These outcomes include good health, high levels of achievement and work, good social relationships, prosocial engagement, trust, optimism, future happiness. The chapter also highlights research on how much happiness is optimal, how happiness is adaptive...
Chapter
In this chapter I discuss the research on material (economic) wellbeing. There are several popular definitions of material wellbeing in quality-of-life studies. These include evaluation of one’s financial situation; evaluation of one’s standard of living; feelings of financial security; objective indicators of economic wellbeing; consumers’ feeling...
Chapter
This chapter examines research dealing with the effects of beliefs and values on happiness, subjective wellbeing, and positive mental health. In regard to beliefs, the chapter discusses the effects of positive views, trust, forgiveness and gratitude, political persuasion, religious beliefs, and social axioms. Concerning values, the chapter discusse...
Chapter
In this chapter I discuss research self-concept theory in relation to wellbeing and positive mental health. I start out by discussing self-concept theory in general. I then focus on the research related to the wellbeing effects of specific self-concept dimensions such as the ideal self, the social self, the deserved self, the minimum-needs self, th...
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This chapter discusses health wellbeing in relation to personal happiness and positive mental health. Health wellbeing is defined in terms of successful adjustment to illness, good functional status, perceptions of low illness symptoms, satisfaction with personal health, positive mood and affect, and satisfaction with personal health and related li...
Chapter
This chapter discusses the effects of resources such as time, money, income, and wealth on subjective aspects of quality of life (hedonic wellbeing, life satisfaction, and Eudaimonia). With respect to time, much research in this area attempts to answer questions such as, what activities people spend time to produce the greatest happiness, how savor...
Chapter
This chapter describes the effects of objective reality in terms of personal factors such as genetics, biology, health, drugs, life events, and the physical environment on the subjective aspects of quality of life (hedonic wellbeing, life satisfaction, and eudaimonia). With respect to biology, wellbeing research is discussed in relation to genes; h...
Chapter
This chapter reviews the literature on the psychology of social, family, and marital wellbeing. Several conceptualizations and corresponding measures are discussed. These include satisfaction with social life, social adjustment, social capital, social support, family life quality, satisfaction with family life, family functioning, family wellbeing,...
Chapter
This chapter is designed to review much of the research on the neurobiology of well-being. A distinction between hedonic well-being and eudaimonic well-being is made. The brain reward center was discussed in relation to well-being, which was followed by an in-depth discussion related to drugs, neurotransmitters, and well-being. Neurochemicals relat...
Book
The third, thoroughly revised and enhanced edition of this bestselling book analyses and discusses the most up-to-date research on the psychology of quality of life. The book is divided into six parts. The introductory part lays the philosophical and academic foundation of much of the research on wellbeing and positive mental health, showing the be...
Article
Full-text available
The goal of this paper is to report a study that tested the moderation effect of materialism on the relationship between household income and satisfaction with standard of living (SOL) and subjective well-being. Through a study among 5240 employed members of a representative survey panel in Germany, we found that household income has a positive inf...
Article
Full-text available
The main focus of this study is to examine the moderating role of coping strategies in relation to work–family spillover and subjective well-being. We hypothesized that work–family spillover has a predictive effect on work and family domain satisfaction, which in turn are positively predictive of subjective well-being. We also hypothesized that the...
Article
Despite growing interest in experience sharing among leisure travelers, there is still limited research concerning the role of travel experience sharing on leisure traveler’s life satisfaction. The main objective of this research is to test the moderation effects of experience sharing during and after leisure travel on the bottom-up spillover proce...
Article
This commentary updates much of the research related to the various constructs and metrics of consumer well-being. Specifically, I review the research to date concerning several conceptualizations and metrics of consumer well-being from both public and academic sectors. Public sector metrics include Cost of Living, Total Consumption Expenditure, Co...
Article
This article presents, through a series of studies conducted in six countries, the development, psychometric testing, and cross‐cultural validation of an independent measure of materialism motives involving three dimensions: needs for happiness, social recognition, and distinctiveness. We demonstrate that materialism (beliefs about the importance o...
Article
Globalization and international media are potent contributors to the rise of the Islamist global jihad. Among others, a substantial component of globalization is the widespread circulation of digital technologies of communication connecting people all over the world through electronic forms of information. Over the past three decades, "virtual jiha...
Article
Full-text available
A study involving a large-scale social survey was administered to a representative German sample provided evidence demonstrating three information processing principles associated with life satisfaction judgments: (1) judgments of domain satisfaction tend to influence judgments of domain importance; (2) the effect of domain satisfaction on domain i...
Article
Despite growing interest in leisure well-being and life satisfaction, there is still limited research concerning the role of perceived financial status on leisure travel experiences. The main objective of this preregistered research is to test the prediction that satisfaction with shopping experience during leisure travel contributes to the satisfa...
Chapter
I begin this chapter by discussing the concept positive balance at the cognitive level as reflected in domain satisfaction. I define positive mental health at the cognitive level as follows: Individuals characterized as having positive mental health tend to experience a preponderance of domain satisfaction (satisfaction in salient and multiple life...
Chapter
In this chapter I offer a definition of positive mental health based on the concept of positive balance at the social-ecological level: Individuals characterized by high positive mental health tend to experience a preponderance of social resources (social acceptance, social actualization, social contribution, social integration, social harmony, soc...
Chapter
In this chapter I discuss the concept of positive balance at an emotional level. I define positive mental health as follows: Individuals with high levels of well-being experience a preponderance of positive emotions (happiness, joy, elation, contentment, serenity, etc.) relative to negative emotions (anger, hate, disgust, fear, jealousy, envy, etc....
Chapter
The theory of positive balance can be summarized as follows. Individuals with high levels of positive mental health are characterized to experience: (1) a preponderance of neurochemicals related to rewards (dopamine, serotonin, etc.) relative to neurochemicals related to stress emotions (cortisol), at a physiological level; (2) a preponderance of p...
Chapter
In this chapter, I offer a definition of positive mental health based on the concept of positive balance at the developmental level and discuss nine programs of research supporting this definition: hedonic versus eudaimonic happiness; virtue ethics and character strengths; self-determination theory; personal expressiveness; psychological well-being...
Chapter
This chapter advances the following definition of positive balance at the physiological level. Individuals characterized as as high in mental health tend to experience a preponderance of neurochemicals related to rewards (dopamine, serotonin, and oxytocin.) relative to negative neurochemicals related to stress (cortisol). This definition of positiv...
Chapter
In this chapter, I offer a definition of positive mental health based on the concept of positive balance at the meta-cognitive level as follows: Individuals characterized as having positive mental health tend to experience a preponderance of positive evaluations about one’s life using certain standards of comparison (satisfaction with one’s life co...
Chapter
In this final chapter, I provide the reader a brief synopsis of the theory. I discuss the emerging trend in positive psychology, coined as the “Second Wave.” I then discuss two well-accepted definitions of quality of life, health, and mental well-being, namely the definitions provided by WHO (WHOQOL: Measuring quality of life, 1997) and Garlderisi...
Chapter
This chapter examines ways in which Quality of Life (QOL) concepts can be integrated into existing marketing coursework (and help educators to develop new courses). The ultimate goal is to increase the likelihood that students would embrace a QOL orientation in the practice of marketing. The introduction section makes the case for the need to injec...
Book
The book provides a new theory of well-being designed to integrate many disparate concepts of well-being, such as subjective well-being, personal happiness, mental well-being, emotional well-being, psychological well-being, hedonic well-being, social well-being, life satisfaction, domain satisfaction, and eudaimonia. It lays the foundation for a ne...
Article
Full-text available
Is subjective ill-being, defined as the inverse of subjective well-being, related to Islamophobia in Germany? We conducted a study guided by two goals to answer this question. The first goal was to test the hypothesis that subjective ill-being is associated with Islamophobia. The second goal, contingent on the results of testing for the association...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
A self-concept model involving a new construct referred to as "affective social congruity" is introduced and empirically tested using a sample of 372 shoppers of two stores, a discount department store and a clothing department store. The results provided moderate support for the model.
Chapter
The goal of this chapter is to develop a theoretical model of work-life balance specific to the digital workplace. We first discuss two characteristics of the digital workplace: schedule flexibility and telecommuting. We then describe a formative conceptualisation of work-life balance involving a set of inter-domain strategies people use to enhance...
Article
Full-text available
Materialism can influence life satisfaction both positively and negatively. We build on the dual model of materialism (Sirgy et al. Social Indicators Research, 110(1), 349-366, 2013) to make the case that two dimensions of materialism—success and happiness—may influence life satisfaction differently. Success materialism (wealth and material possess...
Article
Full-text available
An attempt is made in this paper to provide the community of health-related quality-of-life scholars with a hierarchical perspective of positive mental health guided by the concept of positive balance. Specifically, individuals with positive mental health are characterized to experience: (1) a preponderance of neurochemicals related to positive emo...
Chapter
Subjective material well-being is defined in terms of satisfaction with a range economic concerns such as government’s handling of the economy, taxes, the cost of basic necessities, household income, pay and fringe benefits from one’s job, financial security, standard of living, and agreement within the family regarding how money should be spent. M...
Article
Full-text available
Research has shown that corporate social responsibility (CSR) can have a positive impact on the firm’s reputation and financial performance. Moreover, CSR activities can have a positive impact on employees’ workplace experience. Consistent with past research, we argue that perceived organizational CSR value can have a positive impact on job satisfa...
Article
Full-text available
Quality of work life (QWL) is an important construct, based on satisfaction of worker’s needs. It is strongly related to higher work engagement and lower burnout. To properly establish comparisons between countries’ QWL with a psychometric instrument, the measure must show validity evidence, namely in terms of measurement invariance. This study aim...
Article
This paper makes an argument supporting the notion that quality of life (QOL) indicators can also be treated as performance indicators, independently or in nested forms with conventional performance indicators in tourism. QOL indicators are reviewed and discussed in relation to three selected stakeholders, namely tourists, residents of host communi...
Chapter
Analysts have written copiously on ways to counteract radical Islam and Islamist militancy. Current public policy and counterterrorism strategies regarding Islamic militancy have focused mostly on short-term public safety, or what marketers may view as “supply-side” strategies. These are strategies designed to dismantle the marketing organization o...
Chapter
In this introductory chapter, we expose the reader to a quality-of-life model that addresses the drivers of Jihadist terrorism and deduce counterterrorism programs directly from our understanding of these drivers. Specifically, we provide suggestive evidence to show increased incidence of Jihadist terrorism is mostly motivated by increased negative...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on cultural and religious factors related to the rise of the Islamist jihadist movement. We make the distinction between the Islamic worldview and ideology and place much of jihadist beliefs that motivate terrorist action in the category of ideology. We discuss the cultural drivers of jihadism couched in the context of religiou...
Chapter
Are the political actions of authoritarian regimes—tribal and exclusionary—in the MENA region associated with Islamist jihadist terrorist actions? This is the question we will be addressing in this chapter. We do this by describing the history of authoritarian regimes of Libya, Egypt, Syria, Iraq, Saudi Arabia, and Sudan and jihadist terrorist inci...
Chapter
This chapter summarizes the MENA region’s rich social, political, cultural, and religious history and brings that history up to the present. The purpose of this summary is to demonstrate that the region’s contemporary history of Islamist jihadism and terrorism is rooted in socio-political forces that have been at play for many centuries, and indeed...
Chapter
In this chapter we discuss counterterrorism strategies focusing on the demand side of the terrorism market. We do so by focusing of drivers of market demand: culture, religion, economy, politics, globalization, and media. We propose specific counterterrorism strategies that are directly deduced from our analysis of the drivers of market demand.
Chapter
This chapter discusses five major themes in this chapter directly related to globalization, the media, and their effects on the rise jihadist terrorism in the last 4–5 decades. These themes are (1) globalization and the breakdown of the welfare state; (2) globalization, consumerism, and postmodernism; (3) negative media portrayals of Islam and Musl...
Chapter
The Middle East and North Africa region (MENA) has been one of the most economically dynamic in the world. The region’s rate of economic expansion, due primarily to its rich oil and well-established human capital reserves, has been among the most robust of the world’s 19 major subregions. And this historical pattern persists into the current period...
Book
Full-text available
About this book This book focuses on the drivers of Jihadist terrorism and explains how a better understanding of these drivers can lead to more effective counterterrorism policies all over the world. It builds on results of the extensive body of quality of life studies to document the historical, geo-political, economic, religious, cultural and me...
Article
Full-text available
This paper documents global progress in human well-being since the end of World War II and, more specifically, since 1950. The paper focuses on the transformative changes in quality of life that have occurred over this period in four of the most critical sectors of well-being: the health, education, economic, and welfare sectors. We also consider t...
Article
There is an increasing interest in quality-of-life/well-being research in hospitality and tourism. The goal of this paper is to further promote the development and use of quality-of-life/well-being concepts in the discipline by reviewing seven major theories of quality of life and well-being (and their application in hospitality and tourism based o...
Article
Full-text available
What makes some Muslims in identifiable regions of the world accept Jihadism and, more particularly, Jihadist terrorism as a solution to domestic social, economic, and political problems? We attempt to answer this question using a sample of 32,604 Muslims from 26 countries surveyed in 2011–2012 by the Pew Research Center’s Forum on Religion & Publi...
Chapter
This chapter addresses an important question: Do tourist communities with higher levels of quality of life (QOL) contribute to tourism development, and vice versa? Based on the research literature, the answer to this question is “yes, but it depends.” Yes, tourism communities with higher levels of QOL do contribute to tourism development through a...
Chapter
The senior segment in travel and tourism is increasing in both size and profitability. Travel/tourism scholars have done much research in relation to quality of life and senior tourists. Determining what aspects of travel impacts the well-being of seniors should be valuable to program coordinators of retirement communities and tourism officials. In...
Chapter
While positive psychology is a relatively new science, the notion of wellbeing itself is not novel and has always existed across all societies throughout history. In this chapter, we trace the origins of contemporary civilizations across the Middle East/North Africa (MENA) region from ancient (c. 9200 BCE) to modern times (2018 CE) and explore thei...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The present study sought to test the hypotheses that the relationship between age and life satisfaction is moderated by five societal factors: (1) eudaimonic well-being (i.e., psycho-social functioning), (2) economic quality, (3) healthcare system efficiency, (4) globalization, and (5) national age. Methods This study was a cross-sectional...
Article
Full-text available
There is a plethora of community well-being indicators. I will make an attempt to help the reader make sense of community indicators by discussing them in terms of several distinctions, namely (1) indicators based on theories of community well-being; (2) individual versus community well-being; (3) input versus output indicators; (4) indicators focu...
Article
Based on a review of the literature we introduce a conceptualization of shopping-life balance, defined as a state of balanced satisfaction between shopping life and other life domains. The new construct involves two dimensions: engagement in shopping life and minimal conflict between social roles in shopping life and roles in other life domains. We...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose: Self-determination theory suggests that psycho-social well-being prospectively predicts subjective well-being. In contrast, the broaden-and-build theory of positive emotions suggests that subjective well-being has a positive impact on subsequent levels of psycho-social well-being. The present study sought to empirically disentangle the di...
Article
Full-text available
The goal in this paper is to build a theoretical foundation for a new formative measure of work–life balance. The current indicators of work–life balance used in large-scale social surveys are outcome-based measures. We critique the use of outcome-based measures of work–life balance and argue that a more suitable measure should reflect personal str...
Article
Individuals hold two distinct sets of beliefs about shopping activities: Positive beliefs regarding the degree to which shopping contributes to quality of life (shopping well-being), and negative beliefs related to the degree to which shopping activities result in overspending time, effort, and money (shopping ill-being). Shopping well-being and sh...
Chapter
Leisure well-being is satisfaction in leisure life in a manner that contributes to subjective well-being. We develop a theory of leisure well-being that explains how leisure activities contribute to leisure well-being and ultimately quality of life. Leisure activity contributes to leisure well-being by satisfying a set of basic needs (benefits rela...
Article
I revisit my Journal of Business Research (JBR) article published in 1985 that has garnered many citations. As such, I discuss the concept of self-congruity and the stream of research that the JBR article has spurred over the last 32 + years.
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to develop and test a model capturing the effects of ethics institutionalization on employee experiences in work life and overall life satisfaction. It was hypothesized that explicit ethics institutionalization has a positive effect on implicit ethics institutionalization, which in turn enhances employee experiences in...
Article
Material well-being is defined in terms of satisfaction with a range economic concerns such as government’s handling of the economy, taxes, the cost of basic necessities, household income, pay and fringe benefits from one’s job, financial security, standard of living, and agreement within the family regarding how money should be spent. Much evidenc...
Chapter
This book attempts to outline value creation in tourist experiences, theoretically and practically, in order to obtain new understandings and models to help identify how value creation is changing within the tourism industry and demonstrate ways in which both tourists and settings can proactively take part in this change, thus becoming a vital elem...
Chapter
This book shares the work of various scholars under the umbrella of quality of life in tourism and hospitality, including case studies showing best practice. The main goal of this volume is to provide a portfolio of selected activities from tourism and hospitality settings as best practices and examine how these best practices play a role in the we...
Chapter
This book shares the work of various scholars under the umbrella of quality of life in tourism and hospitality, including case studies showing best practice. The main goal of this volume is to provide a portfolio of selected activities from tourism and hospitality settings as best practices and examine how these best practices play a role in the we...
Chapter
Full-text available
In this chapter we expand the conceptualization of community well-being, the indicators used to measure it, and suggest fresh and more systemically comprehensive considerations for research and practice in distressed and flourishing communities. Past research has distinguished between distressed and flourishing communities in terms of quality-of-li...
Article
Many scholars and commentators have written on ways to counteract acts of terrorism initiated by Islamist militants associated with Jihadist groups operating predominantly in the Middle East and North Africa Region (hereafter the MENA region). Most of what has been published in the academic literature with respect to slowing, eventually stopping, t...
Chapter
The goal of this chapter was to develop a research agenda to help quality-of-life researchers devise improved methods to measure life satisfaction in large-scale national surveys and making cross-country comparisons. Specifically, we identified six cultural dimensions that have a direct bearing on the measurement of life satisfaction. These are (1)...
Chapter
The goal of this chapter is to make a clear distinction of indicators of well-being from indicators of ill-being at several levels of analyses, namely the individual level, the community level, and the societal level. Maslow’s hierarchy of needs is used as a theoretical backdrop to help make these distinctions. That is, indicators of ill-being refl...
Article
Based on a thorough review of the literature we introduce an integrated conceptualization of work-life balance involving two key dimensions: engagement in work life and nonwork life and minimal conflict between social roles in work and nonwork life. Based on this conceptualization we review much of the evidence concerning the consequences of work-l...
Chapter
This chapter focuses on well-being in two of the three countries that make up the North American region—Canada and the United States. Well-being trends taking place in Mexico, the third of the three North American countries, and its territories, owing to their shared histories and cultural continuities, are presented in the chapter dealing with Lat...
Chapter
The end of World War II marked a turning point in the history of human consciousness. An era of untold tragedy and human suffering associated with well-being planted the seeds for an awakening not only amongst scholars and policy makers but amongst the general public as well. The awakening was recognition of the need for more scientifically rigorou...
Chapter
The first 19 chapters of this book focus on changes in well-being from national and regional perspectives. This chapter summarizes the book’s major findings concerning global changes in well-being, with special emphasis on the critically important changes that have occurred in global well-being since the end of World War II. The major findings conf...

Projects

Projects (2)
Project
The aim among several research teams living and/or working in various conflicted marketing systems is to assess factors that predict sustainable peace and prosperity, particularly among vulnerable groups. The project currently includes teams in Southeast Asia, Europe, Latin America, the US and the Middle East.