M. Rosie Shrout

M. Rosie Shrout
Purdue University | Purdue · Department of Human Development and Family Studies

PhD in Social Psychology
Assistant Professor in the Human Development and Family Studies Department, Purdue University

About

52
Publications
5,468
Reads
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327
Citations
Citations since 2016
50 Research Items
327 Citations
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Introduction
I am an Assistant Professor in Purdue University’s Human Development and Family Studies Department. I study how couples’ stress affects their relationships and health using dyadic, biobehavioral, and longitudinal methods. My work focuses on the underlying psychological, behavioral, and biological pathways connecting stress to people’s own and their partners’ relational and physical health across adulthood.

Publications

Publications (52)
Article
Guided by transactional stress theory, this research investigated the role of appraisals in noninvolved partners’ mental health and health-compromising behaviors after infidelity. Responses from 232 college students who were recently cheated on revealed that negative appraisals (partner blame, self-blame, and causal attribution) had indirect effect...
Article
Guided by stress process perspectives, this study conceptualizes marital conflict as a multidimensional stressor to assess how three aspects of conflict—frequency of disagreements, breadth of disagreements, and cumulative disagreements—impact subjective health. Longitudinal data of married couples spanning 16 years (n = 373 couples) were analyzed u...
Article
Background Breast cancer survivors with elevated inflammation have a greater risk for cancer recurrence, premature mortality, and comorbid disease development. The psychological stress survivors experience when confronted with a breast cancer diagnosis and cancer treatment can heighten inflammation. Identifying factors that reduce stress and inflam...
Article
Objective: Breast cancer survivors who experience psychological and physical symptoms after treatment have an increased risk for comorbid disease development, reduced quality of life, and premature mortality. Identifying factors that reduce or exacerbate their symptoms may enhance their long‐term health and physical functioning. This study examine...
Article
Background Dyadic stress theories and research suggest that couples’ negative communication patterns threaten immune and emotional health, leaving partners vulnerable to illness. Spouses’ relationship perceptions can also color how they see and react to marital discussions. To identify pathways linking distressed marriages to poor health, this stud...
Article
Background Inflammation can have social consequences, which may be relevant to inflammation’s link with depression. The current study tests whether a typhoid vaccine increases feelings of social disconnection and avoidance behavior. Method In two full-day visits at least three weeks apart, 172 postmenopausal breast cancer survivors (Stage I-IIIA)...
Article
Full-text available
Longitudinal dyadic research provides significant benefits for our understanding of romantic couple relationships. In this systematic review, we begin by providing a broad overview of topical trends and approaches in longitudinal couple relationships research from 2002 through 2021. Then, we narrow our review to dyadic relationship quality articles...
Article
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Background: Psychological disorders can substantially worsen physical symptoms associated with breast cancer diagnosis and treatment, reducing survivors' quality of life and increasing recurrence risk. Distress disorders may be particularly detrimental given their physical correlates. Across two studies, we examined the relationship between a dist...
Article
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Objective: Colorectal cancer poses a significant threat to both psychological and physical health. This study examined relationships between anxiety and depressive symptoms with pain, fatigue, and inflammation among colorectal patients. Methods: Colorectal cancer patients (n = 88, stages 0-IV) completed a laboratory-based study visit before unde...
Article
Given that the overwhelming majority of people believe in the importance of faithfulness in romantic relationships, the purpose of this study was to examine the adverse emotional consequences when a partner's suspected infidelity clashes with those beliefs. Applying normative and expectancy violations perspectives, this study examined the connectio...
Article
Background Breast cancer survivors are prone to weakened gut barriers, allowing bacteria to migrate into the blood stream. Gut permeability fuels inflammation, which, among survivors, can elevate risk for comorbid disease development, cancer recurrence, and a poor quality of life; however, survivors’ satisfying relationships can provide health bene...
Article
College students ( N = 125) with concealable chronic health conditions (CCHCs) completed online surveys at the beginning and end of the semester assessing stigma experiences and academic outcomes. Correlations showed stigma, alienation, and lack of campus fit were associated with greater illness-related academic interference ( ps < 0.001), negative...
Article
Full-text available
The social-signal-transduction theory of depression asserts that people who experience ongoing interpersonal stressors and mount a greater inflammatory response to social stress are at higher risk for depression. The current study tested this theory in two adult samples. In Study 1, physically healthy adults ( N = 76) who reported more frequent int...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Marital quality shares ties to inflammation-related conditions like cardiovascular disease and diabetes. Lab-based studies implicate hostility during marital conflict as a mechanism via inflammatory reactivity. However, developmental theories suggest that conflict declines with age. Spousal distress is an important but overlooked context for aging...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aging theories posit that older adults maximize their well-being by regulating their emotions and investing in their closest relationships. Most research has examined these mechanisms using study confederates rather than close dyads. The existing work on couples has focused on marital conflict; none has examined responses to the spouse’s emotional...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Aging theories posit that older adults maximize their well-being by regulating their emotions and investing in their closest relationships. Most research has examined these mechanisms using study confederates rather than close dyads. The existing work on couples has focused on marital conflict; none has examined responses to the spouse’s emotional...
Article
Full-text available
PurposeLeptin influences inflammation and tumor growth and leptin signaling is often dysregulated among obese breast cancer survivors. This leads to a lack of satiety and, ultimately, risk for further weight gain. Breast cancer survivors also experience high rates of depression and anxiety, which are linked to leptin production. This study examined...
Article
Background Breast cancer survivors face a number of physical health threats including cardiovascular disease, the leading cause of death among breast cancer survivors. Low heart rate variability (HRV) represents one well-established risk factor for poor cardiovascular health. Among physically healthy adults and breast cancer survivors, distress dis...
Article
Objective Drawing on a feminist framework and social cognitive theory, we examine parental communications about sexual and relationship violence and gendered patterns of communication. Background Limited research has examined parental communication about sexual and relationship violence, a concern given that parental communication influences child...
Article
Full-text available
Despite marriage’s health benefits, all couples experience stress that can increase morbidity and mortality risks. Marital stress can alter endocrine, cardiovascular, and immune function—key pathways from troubled relationships to poor health. This review discusses how partners “get under each other’s skin” to influence psychological, behavioral, a...
Article
Full-text available
Higher levels of omega-3 track with longer telomeres, lower inflammation, and blunted sympathetic and cardiovascular stress reactivity. Whether omega-3 supplementation alters the stress responsivity of telomerase, cortisol, and inflammation is unknown. This randomized, controlled trial examined the impact of omega-3 supplementation on cellular agin...
Article
Background Black breast cancer survivors have greater morbidity and mortality than White survivors. However, evidence comparing Black survivors’ psychological symptoms with their White counterparts has been mixed. Prior studies have not compared Black and White survivor’s distress-related symptom trajectories from pre- to post-treatment – the goal...
Article
Full-text available
A number of studies have shown that self-rated health reliably predicts mortality. This study assessed the impact of perseveration on self-rated health, physical functioning, and physical symptoms (pain, fatigue, breast cancer symptoms) among breast cancer patients. We hypothesized that cancer-related distress would serve as an intervening variable...
Article
This study examined changes in Pre-Loss Grief (PLG) among individuals whose family member has a life limiting illness and how baseline psychosocial factors predicted PLG. This two-wave study recruited family members of advanced cancer ( N = 100) and dementia ( N = 38) patients. A subsample completed 1-month follow-up (Cancer = 33; Dementia = 28). H...
Article
Full-text available
Severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) vaccine candidates are being evaluated, with the goal of conferring immunity on the highest percentage of people who receive the vaccine as possible. It is noteworthy that vaccine efficacy depends not only on the vaccine but also on characteristics of the vaccinated. Over the past 30 year...
Article
The gut microbiota plays a role in a wide range of diseases and disorders, with low microbial diversity and richness emerging as notable risk factors. This longitudinal study addressed the impact of marital quality (assessed by the Couples Satisfaction Index) on changes in depressive symptoms, and gut diversity, richness, and permeability. On two o...
Preprint
This review highlights key psychological and behavioral factors that can influence the immune system's response to a vaccine. The results generalize across a wide variety of vaccines, and therefore will likely be relevant to the SARS-COV-2 vaccine. Although the SARS-COV-2 vaccine candidates are highly efficacious, these psychological and behavioral...
Preprint
Full-text available
This review highlights key psychological and behavioral factors that can influence the immune system's response to a vaccine. The results generalize across a wide variety of vaccines, and therefore will likely be relevant to the SARS-COV-2 vaccine. Although the SARS-COV-2 vaccine candidates are highly efficacious, these psychological and behavioral...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
According to socioemotional aging theories, people better regulate their emotions in older age by reframing stressors and focusing on the positive aspects of difficult experiences. However, empirical results have been mixed. To address this gap, we examined age differences in the language use and cardiovascular reactivity of 188 adults (mean age=56...
Article
Guided by transactional stress theory, this study examined the psychological, physical, and behavioral consequences of the suspicion of a partner’s infidelity. Survey data collected from 246 individuals revealed that suspecting a partner’s infidelity was associated with greater reported suspicion-related distress, depression, physical health sympto...
Article
This study drew upon key elements of relational turbulence and stress and coping theories to advance a conceptual model linking relational turbulence with stress, depression, and involvement in health‐compromising behavior, such as drug and alcohol use, limited or extreme physical activity, disordered eating patterns, and unprotected sex. Romantica...
Article
Background The Center for Disease Control (CDC) recently named childhood abuse histories as a public health risk. Clear links between abuse histories and inflammation exist. However, it remains unknown how abuse histories impact inflammatory trajectories throughout adulthood. Accordingly, this study assessed inflammatory trajectories across three v...
Article
Depression is one of the most common mental health disorders and one that can impact multiple aspects of a person's life, including one's close relationships. The present study applied a stress perspective to examine how a person's depressive symptoms help shape how individuals interpret conflict in their relationships and whether that conflict is...
Article
Although all romantic relationships experience stress, some thrive when faced with adversity while others are unable to manage the inevitable relationship ups and downs. Rather than seeing stress as a risk factor, this study applied a Salutogenic framework, which posits that stress is a naturally occurring and potentially beneficial part of relatio...
Article
Full-text available
Brief everyday stressors can provoke cardiovascular, hormonal, and immune changes, and the magnitude and duration of these responses can vary considerably. Acute responses to daily stressors can differ widely among individuals experiencing the same stressor, and these physiological responses may not align with stress appraisals. This review highlig...
Article
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Background: Saturated-fat intake and endotoxemia can impair cognition. However, their acute impact on cognitive performance is unknown. Objective: This study assessed the impact of 2 high-fat meals and endotoxemia on attention. Methods: In this double-blind, randomized crossover trial, 51 women (n = 32 breast cancer survivors, n = 19 noncancer...
Article
People build and sustain their relationship commitment through their everyday communication. Two studies tested an integrated motivational model exploring the multiple ways relational self-construal, cognition, affect, and goals promote commitment-related communication in romantic relationships. Mediational analyses of survey data showed that when...
Article
Infidelity is one of the most damaging events individuals face in relationships. Given that a partner's infidelity poses serious threats to emotional and mental health, it is critical to understand what contributes to these consequences and to identify individual factors that might reduce the severity of the infidelity. In applying a stress perspec...
Article
Full-text available
Replies to comments made by H. Brazeau, G. N. Pfund, and P. L. Hill (see record 2019-81943-004) on the original article by J. K. Kiecolt-Glaser (see record 2018-62311-007). Brazeau, Pfund, and Hill's (2020) comment on Kiecolt-Glaser's (2018) "Marriage, Divorce, and the Immune System" review article provides a thoughtful application of attachment th...
Article
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In early marriage, couples are intricately tied to their social networks and are influenced by important connections, social interactions, and socialization processes within those networks. Most of the research on the links between social networks and marital processes has focused on the positive effects or support married couples receive from thei...
Thesis
The purpose of this dissertation was to apply and integrate key theoretical frameworks, including dyadic coping, stress communication, relationship resilience, and developmental-contextual perspectives, to provide a comprehensive understanding of how couples cope with chronic illness. Using a sample of 242 young and middle age adult couples where o...
Article
Applying and extending the concealable stigmatized identity outcomes model, this two-wave study examined the psychological, behavioral, physical, and relational health consequences of experienced stigma among a sample of 124 individuals with concealable chronic health conditions. Path analyses revealed that chronic health condition–related experien...
Article
Two studies were conducted to test a conceptual model that expands upon the roles of attribution and forgiveness after a partner’s infidelity by integrating concepts from social network approval and attribution information selection (AIS) to examine how noninvolved partners in dating relationships decide to stay in or leave their relationships. Usi...
Article
Full-text available
This study examined associations between level of sport participation, goal and sportspersonship orientations, and moral reasoning in sport and non-sport situations and orientation by sport participation interactions. Participants were individuals with elite (n = 176), high school (n = 183), and youth sport participation (n = 78). When judging spor...
Thesis
This paper examined the main effects and interactions of achievement goal orientation, sportspersonship orientation, and sport participation on athletes' and non-athletes' moral judgments in both sport and non-sport scenarios. The results indicated that sport participation only affected moral judgments in sport scenarios, supporting bracketed moral...

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