M. Raggi

M. Raggi
University of Bologna | UNIBO · "Paolo Fortunati" Department of Statistical Sciences STAT

PhD in Statistics

About

134
Publications
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1,641
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Publications

Publications (134)
Article
Full-text available
Contract attributes are strong motivators for eliciting farmers’ preferences for a particular agri-environmental scheme. Our study aims to conduct a systematic literature review to highlight the attributes used in choice experiment studies of agri-environmental schemes using the PRISMA framework. We obtained 34 studies for an in-depth review, throu...
Article
Competitions and disputes between various human water sectors and environmental flow of the river are exacerbated due to the rapid growth of the economy in Yellow River basin as well as the limited supply of available water resources in recent decades. It is necessary to implement rational and effective management and allocation to alleviate the pr...
Article
Full-text available
Land abandonment is affecting several areas of Europe, and the issue has since some years become a policy objective. The consequences of land abandonment are however difficult to assess as both agriculture and land abandonment are linked to socio-environmental public goods, but the relationship between public good provision and land use, as well as...
Article
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While higher effort in research is advocated for agriculture, there continues to be a lack of measurement of its impact in economic terms, at least in Europe. This paper seeks to assess the economic impact of public agricultural R&D investments in Europe. Different panel models are applied on 16 European countries, by employing productivity and inv...
Technical Report
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This document presents the results of Task 3.2 (farm technical-economic performance) in workpackage (WP) 3 (farm performance of ecological agriculture) of the LIFT project. The overall aim of Task 3.2 is to assess and compare technical-economic farm performance across the European Union (EU) depending on the degree of ecological approaches adopted...
Conference Paper
Connections among Big Data, administrative registers, general censuses and smart surveying are receiving increasing attention in several domains where statistics is more and more important. When there are different data sets at hand, Record Linkage and Statistical Matching are usually applied to integrate the in- formation which they separately col...
Article
Full-text available
The attention towards residents’ perceptions of ecosystem services for an efficient management of rural landscapes is gaining momentum. One noteworthy aspect is the identification of links between perceived supply and societal demand of ecosystem services, as they can disclose leverages to improve rural policies. The objectives of this study are: i...
Article
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A growing body of literature shows that full-cooperation among farmers to manage productive ecosystem services would yield gains with respect to uncoordinated approaches. The public good feature of these ecosystem services may, however, hinder the emergence of a cooperative solution at the landscape scale. In this paper, we introduce in a coalition...
Article
Developing long-term visions through participatory approaches can be very useful to explore different possible scenarios and pathways to reach desirable futures. This brief report describes a participatory process carried out in the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) to develop a long-term vision for rural areas by 2040. This approach consisted of: (i)...
Article
Big Data and the ‘Internet of Things’ are transforming the processes of data collection, storage and use. The relationship between data collected first hand (primary data) and data collected by someone else (secondary data) is becoming more fluid. New possibilities for data collection are envisaged. Data integration is emerging as a reliable strate...
Article
Full-text available
Developing long-term visions through participatory approaches can be very useful to explore different possible scenarios and pathways to reach desirable futures. This brief report describes a participatory process carried out in the Emilia-Romagna region (Italy) to develop a long-term vision for rural areas by 2040. This approach consisted of: (i)...
Article
Big Data and the ‘Internet of Things’ are transforming the processes of data collection, storage and use. The relationship between data collected first hand (primary data) and data collected by someone else (secondary data) is becoming more fluid. New possibilities for data collection are envisaged. Data integration is emerging as a reliable strate...
Article
The provision of public goods by agriculture and forestry has taken increasing importance in the policy debate. The objective of this editorial is to set the scene for the special issue, to provide a summary of the main messages from the papers therein, highlight the most relevant lessons learnt for policy and generate insights for future research....
Article
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The objective of this paper is to provide a review of recent economic literature related to the Bioeconomy, in particular aimed at identifying relevant pathways for future research in this field. The paper is organised in four main parts. First, we illustrate the economic role of the Bioeconomy and its key statistics in the EU. Second we review eco...
Article
Full-text available
Several studies address the topic of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT) adoption in irrigated agriculture. Many of these studies testify on the growing importance of ICT in influencing the evolution of the sector, especially by bringing down information barriers. While the potentialities of such technologies are widely investigated an...
Article
This paper analyses the performance of a multi-attribute auction for securing agri-environmental outcomes and cost-effective agri-environmental payments (AEPs). We set up a discriminatory price auction model in which farmers make an offer based on two attributes (i.e. the AEP and a proxy of environmental outcome). We provide a numerical simulation...
Article
Full-text available
Researchers and policymakers seek a better understanding of the social demand for agri-environmental public goods (PGs), that, being nonmarket goods, are usually valuated by means of stated preference methods by eliciting people's willingness to pay (WTP). In actual policy design, benefit transfer (BT) is often preferred to novel surveys which are...
Article
The organization of the agri-food sector is dominated by hybrid forms of interaction among independent firms. To explain the participation in this form of arrangements, the bulk of the literature has focused on firm-level characteristics. In this paper, we assess the role that the territorial dimension, in terms of social capital and geographical r...
Article
The integration of different data sources is a widely discussed topic among both the researchers and the Official Statistics. Integrating data helps to contain costs and time required by new data collections. The non-parametric micro Statistical Matching (SM) allows to integrate ‘live’ data resorting only to the observed information, potentially av...
Article
Full-text available
Reservoirs are increasingly deemed to be important given their potential control of water availability across seasons, from wet to dry seasons, especially given the concerns on the effect of climate change. In this paper, we assess the potential scope for policy intervention on the construction of irrigation reservoirs and its design, focusing on t...
Article
This study develops a methodology to assess the comparative advantages of new methods to plan irrigation with respect to prevailing existing irrigation practices. The methodology consists of a comparative cost-benefit analysis based on the Value of Information approach that makes it possible to analyse whether an improvement in the information avai...
Article
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An increasing number of papers analyse the inclusion of collective/spatial conditionality constraints in agricultural policies dealing with natural resource management. In this article we theoretically assess the conditions in which employing collective conditionality constraints linked to incentives better reach the social preferences on PG provis...
Article
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Water recycling is becoming progressively more important as the need for Integrated Urban Water Management (IUWM) is increasing to ensure a transition towards a more sustainable use for water. Perceptions and public acceptance of water reuse are recognised as paramount factors for the successful introduction of wastewater reuse projects, regardless...
Article
A large share of the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP) is allocated to agri-environmental schemes (AESs), whose goal is to foster the provision of a wide range of environmental public goods. Despite this effort, little is known on the actual environmental and economic impact of the AESs, due to the non-experimental conditions of the assessment exerc...
Technical Report
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The aim of this present Deliverable 1.1 (D1.1) is to lay the foundation for the development of a framework for farm typologies, which takes into account existing typologies and existing nomenclature (e.g. low-input, organic, extensive, high nature value farming, conservation agriculture, agroecological, etc.) when considering in particular the degr...
Article
Full-text available
Numerous Information and Communication Technologies (ICTs) applications have been developed in irrigated agriculture. While there are studies focusing on ICTs impacts at the farm level, no research deals with this issue at the Water Authority (WA) level where ICTs can support strategic decisions on land and water allocation. The present study aims...
Conference Paper
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Even if characterised as dynamic and highly innovative, European apple and pear farmers have experienced serious structural challenges in the last decade with respect to the marketing of their produce. Stressors such as the consistent oversupply of apples and the globalisation of the apple and pear markets have affected these farmers, as did the Ru...
Chapter
An ecosystem is defined as an area, place or environment where organisms interact with the physical and chemical environment. Ecosystems provide a variety of benefits to people that are divided into market and non-market ecosystem goods or ecosystem services (ES) and classified in multiple ways. A wide range of methodologies is available to value c...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of this study is to test a methodology for the classification of areas according to the provision of ecosystem services and for the evaluation of the effects of different agricultural policy scenarios. The evaluation focuses on the different categories of Ecosystem Services (ES) and applies a set of indicators available from secondary...
Article
Full-text available
Agricultural policymakers are increasingly interested in the role of collective action to improve the effectiveness of natural resource management in rural areas. Analyses of socio-ecological systems highlight how distribution of benefits/cost is crucial for the success of cooperation among actors and hence it seems an element to take into account...
Article
Full-text available
The present study explores the value generated by the use of information to rationalize the use of water resources in agriculture. The study introduces the value of information concept in the field of irrigation developing a theoretical assessment framework to evaluate whether the introduction of “Precision Irrigation” (PI) practices can improve ex...
Article
Full-text available
The efficiency and cost-effectiveness of the European Agri-Environmental Measures (AEMs) depends on policy design variables, spatial targeting and participant selection process. This paper develops an optimisation model jointly aimed at optimal AEMs targeting and payment setting. The model tests the potential integration of spatial information into...
Conference Paper
This work addresses the challenge of integrating different farm data sources by exploiting all the information the researchers already have. Instead of making a new survey (hence reducing costs and time), information from different sources already at disposal can be integrated, building a new complete and homogeneous dataset, which can be used for...
Conference Paper
Sometimes, the integration of different data sources is the only suitable solution to microdata shortage. Among the several data integration methodologies, Statistical Matching (SM) imputation allows to integrate different datasets when the same records are not uniquely identifiable through a detriment observed variable and/or beyond a modelled res...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a compared approach to the valuation of public goods generated by agriculture and forestry in the hill and mountain areas of the Emilia-Romagna region. Indeed, applying both a Choice Experiment and a Contingent Valuation Method to a professional agency’s panel data of more than 1000 respondents, the present work aims at estimati...
Article
Full-text available
Different forms of income diversification represent important strategies of farmers to either cope with the changing economic framework conditions or to valorise given territorial potentialities. Nevertheless, the decision to diversify economic activities on or off the farm will heavily depend on the agricultural business and household characterist...
Article
Full-text available
Despite the increasing interest from both policy makers and scholars in the collective management of natural resources in the rural sector, the literature has not covered many aspects of the incentives targeting collective actors. In this article, we analyze how embedding minimum participation rules in rural policies affect the distribution of bene...
Article
The present study intends to investigate the expected impact of changes in pricing policies applied to the use of water resources recently experienced in an agricultural area located in Northern Italy. The study begins introducing the pricing criterion adopted by a water authority in different region supplied by its irrigation network. This pricing...
Conference Paper
This paper presents a first effort of integrating two different data sources referred to the same target farm population. Due to the lack of neither available (or accessible) nor homogeneous and completely detailed official administrative data on farm population, this work has the overall aim of integrating administrative and survey data through St...
Article
The objective of the paper is to understand the determinants of the spatial location of participation in Agri-Environmental Schemes and, in particular, to understand the interplay between structural determinants, priority criteria and spillover effects in guiding participation. As a first step, the paper seeks to conceptualise the issue based on th...
Chapter
The chapter presents changes in the irrigation tariff system of the irrigation district Tarabina, in the Emilia Romagna Region, Italy. In order to improve the management of the irrigation water resources (distribution of water and related costs), in 2006 the users voluntarily replaced the area-based payment (a financial instrument) with a volumetri...
Article
Full-text available
Linking landscapes to socio-economic benefits necessarily requires considering the usability of landscape structure. To do so, however, depends on the interaction between users and producers of landscape-related services. We illustrate this interaction with a Bayesian Belief Network (BBN) in a case study analysing the connection between residents'...
Article
This study tests the transferability of the nonmarket values of water conservation for domestic and environmental purposes across three south European countries and Australia applying a common choice experiment design. Different approaches are followed to test the transferability of the estimated values, aiming to minimise transfer errors for use i...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
To which extent landscape and its management represents an asset of local development in terms of welfare, population growth and employment creation, and a driver of regional economy is a relevant issue tackled by a growing body of literature building upon different methodological backgrounds. Analyses focusing on residents’ perception towards land...
Article
Conservation and enhancement of ecosystem services have become a priority of rural policies. Feedback loops from rural policies on ecosystem service supply have often been highlighted in the literature, but only vaguely investigated. In this paper, we model feedback loops from rural policies through an agent-based model, and we analyse whether feed...
Article
Full-text available
The food sector has traditionally been considered one with the lowest research and development expenditure to value added ratio. In recent decades, however, the business environment has become more demanding in terms of technological inputs for reasons related to food safety, quality and also the globalisation of the food market. This provides a st...
Article
The results indicate that the observed decrease in the application rate of N mineral fertilizers in the considered decade was positively influenced by both the uptake of specific AES and the location in Nitrate Vulnerable Zones (NVZ). Among the policy variables, the participation in AES is less important than the location in a NVZ for explaining th...
Article
Full-text available
The objective of the paper is to determine whether the agri-environmental schemes included in the rural development programme of Emilia-Romagna (Italy) have played a role in enhancing the nature value of farmland in that region. An indicator is developed for biodiversity friendly farming practices (BFFP) and its level and distribution at the munici...
Article
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In this paper, the problem of combining information from different data sources is considered. We focus our attention on spatially misaligned data, where available information (typically counts or rates from administrative sources) refers to spatial units that are different from the ones of interest. A hierarchical Bayesian perspective is considere...
Article
Climate change is expected to increase the frequency of water scarcity and drought events in Italy. To respond to these challenges, water management in agriculture requires major reforms involving broad public participation. In this paper, we empirically analyse the social perception of climate change and the social acceptability of potential polic...
Article
Full-text available
This paper presents an evaluation of the provision of Ecosystem Services (ES). The analysis is based on the design of a framework suitable to be translated into a multi-criteria evaluation process, followed by empirical testing. It focuses on the different categories of ES and applies a set of non-overlapping indicators available from existing stat...
Article
The objective of this paper is to evaluate the importance of selected characteristics of innovation networks in affecting the decision of food SMEs when joining such networks. The paper develops and tests a series of hypotheses through a choice experiment exercise ran on a sample of 231 firms in six EU countries. The results showed that SMEs prefer...
Article
Full-text available
This paper provides an overview of the special issue on "Water policy, productivity and economic efficiency". In particular, it includes an overview of key topics on the future of water as a productive factor, in the context of alternative uses and perspective scenarios. The selected papers cover a wide range of relevant economic issues and are pre...
Article
The existence of formal water markets in the European context is limited to the Spanish case, despite its rationale being deeply rooted in the economic literature. In Italy, formal water markets are widely criticized and they are not supported by the national legislation. However, due to some specificity, a form of water reallocation exists in a nu...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Agricultural landscape is a complex system composed by interrelated ecological, economic and social sub-systems. Disentangling interactions and mechanisms in such a context is, therefore, difficult and involves knowledge and methodologies developed in different scientific fields. In this paper we propose a multicriteria approach – namely the Analyt...
Conference Paper
Landscape policies target a complex matter, and their assessment seems to require a refinement of the traditional analytical tools. Agent Based Models (ABM) are a class of simulation models used to reproduce complex systems, and they are increasingly used to investigate the effect of agricultural policies on landscape characteristics (An, 2012; Fil...
Conference Paper
Landscape policies target a complex matter, and their assessment seems to require a refinement of the traditional analytical tools. Agent Based Models (ABM) are a class of simulation models used to reproduce complex systems, and they are increasingly used to investigate the effect of agricultural policies on landscape characteristics (An, 2012; Fil...
Article
The European economy, and particularly the food sector, is characterised by small and medium enterprises (SMEs). Networking represents for SMEs an opportunity to meet their needs in terms of know-how, and technological and financial resources with the main purpose of fostering innovation and facing global competition. Most scientific studies invest...
Article
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The paper explores how agricultural water pricing could contribute to lowering water demand when uses are unobserved (asymmetric information). The topic of the paper is justified by the fact that most water authorities worldwide do not control water uses at the farm scale. The study draws inspiration from the pricing policies of a Reclamation and I...
Article
Full-text available
This study develops a methodology for the assessment of disproportionate costs according to the Water Framework Directive guidelines. The originality of the approach lies in the focus on the interdependencies between water bodies and the consideration of the multiple interactions between measures and pressures. However, the broad architecture of th...
Article
Full-text available
Since the 1950s, intensification and scale enlarge-ment of agriculture have changed agricultural landscapes across Europe. The intensification and scale enlargement of farming was initially driven by the large-scale application of synthetic fertilizers, mechanization and subsidies of the European Common Agricultural Policy (CAP). Then, after the 19...