M. Murat Civaner

M. Murat Civaner
Uludag University · Department of Medical History and Ethics

M.D., Ph.D.

About

63
Publications
20,912
Reads
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419
Citations
Citations since 2016
13 Research Items
240 Citations
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201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
I have a PhD degree in ‘Medical Ethics and History of Medicine’ (2006), and also a PhD degree in 'Public Health’ (1999). Areas of interest: Healthcare workers' relationships with medical industry; Effects of healthcare policies on professional values and right to health; Clinical ethics; The limits of duty to care; End-of-life care; Research ethics; Enhancement; Disaster bioethics.
Additional affiliations
January 2016 - present
Uludag University School of Medicine
Position
  • Professor
April 2010 - January 2016
Uludag University
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
September 2002 - June 2006
Ankara University
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
April 2022 - May 2022
University of Michigan
Field of study
  • Data Science Ethics
September 2002 - June 2006
Ankara University School of Medicine
Field of study
  • Medical Ethics and History of Medicine
September 1995 - May 1999
Dokuz Eylul University School of Medicine
Field of study
  • Public Health

Publications

Publications (63)
Article
Full-text available
There are serious concerns about the commercialization of healthcare and adoption of the business approach in medicine. As market dynamics endanger established professional values, healthcare workers face more complicated ethical dilemmas in their daily practice. The aim of this study was to investigate the willingness of medical students to accept...
Article
Full-text available
Background As the information age wanes, enabling the prevalence of the artificial intelligence age; expectations, responsibilities, and job definitions need to be redefined for those who provide services in healthcare. This study examined the perceptions of future physicians on the possible influences of artificial intelligence on medicine, and to...
Preprint
Background: As the information age wanes, enabling the prevalence of the artificial intelligence age; expectations, responsibilities, and job definitions need to be redefined for those who provide services in healthcare. This study examined the perceptions of future physicians on the possible influences of artificial intelligence on medicine, and t...
Article
Full-text available
Background The promotion strategies of pharmaceutical companies create many problems including irrational prescribing, diminished trust in the patient-physician relationship and unnecessary increases in pharmaceutical costs. Educating prescribers is known to be one of the few potentially effective measures to counteract those impacts. However such...
Article
Full-text available
Violence which gradually increases in recent years depending on various factors is more prevalant in health sector than the others, and it has several negative impacts on healthcare workers. In this study, it is aimed to investigate how medical students are influenced from the violence towards healthcare, and its effects on their opinions and attit...
Article
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Victims of disaster suffer, not only at the very moment of the disaster, but also years after the disaster has taken place, they are still in an emotional journey. While many moral perspectives focus on the moment of the disaster itself, a lot of work is to be done years after the disaster. How do people go through their suffering and how can we ta...
Article
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Background Natural disasters, armed conflict, migration, and epidemics today occur more frequently, causing more death, displacement of people and economic loss. Their burden on health systems and healthcare workers (HCWs) is getting heavier accordingly. The ethical problems that arise in disaster settings may be different than the ones in daily pr...
Article
Full-text available
Amaç:Hekimlik pratiğine dair meslek örgütüne yansıyan ihlal iddialarını ve belirleyenlerini incelemektir. Yöntem:Araştırma, Bursa Tabip Odası (BTO) Yönetim Kurulu’nun 1991-2014 yılları arasındaki tüm kayıtlarının, Onur Kurulu dosyalarının ve bilgisayar kayıtlarının taranmasıyla gerçekleştirilmiştir.Bulgular:İncelenen dönemde BTO’ya yapılan 593 başv...
Article
Full-text available
For medicine, which is as old as history of humanity, the virtue of helping has always been a priority. However, the way medicine see diseases and human being changed from time to time, and the treatment approaches were shaped accordingly. Ancient Greek's Knidos and Kos Schools of Medicine reflecting one of the earliest schools of systematic medica...
Chapter
This entry discusses the importance of data safety, and the problems relating to (a) failure to maintain data safety and (b) abuse of data by state and commercial entities are discussed. The issues related to healthcare provision context are elaborated as well. Finally, some suggestions are made in order to improve the current practices and regulat...
Article
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In the complex environment of intensive care units, needs of patients' relatives might be seen as the lowest priority. On the other hand, because of their patients' critical and often uncertain conditions, stress levels of relatives are quite high. This study aims to adapt the Critical Care Family Need Inventory, which assesses the needs of patient...
Article
It is widely accepted, without questioning its justification, that Public Health as a discipline aims to protect and promote individuals' and society's health. However, grounding its justification and expressing the reasons for making that aim a valuable one is vital for guiding and implementing public health interventions and evaluating their conc...
Article
Full-text available
Zorunlu bagisiklamadan toplum sagligini gelistirme programlarina dek pek cok Halk Sagligi uygulamasi cesitli deger sorunlarinin ortaya cikmasina neden olabilmektedir. Halk Sagligi Etigi basligiyla ele alinan bu turden sorunlarin ulkemizde de tartisilmasi, ozellikle de Halk Sagligi uzmanlarinin gundemine girmesi onemlidir.
Article
Full-text available
Halk Sagligi disiplininin birey ve toplumun sagligini korumayi ve gelistirmeyi amacladigi, genellikle gerekcesini sorgulamadan kabul edilir. Bununla birlikte, bu kabulun gerekcesini, boyle bir amacin neden degerli oldugunu ifade etmek, Halk Sagligi uygulamalarina yon vermek ve var olan uygulamalarin amacla ne kadar ortustugunu degerlendirmek acisin...
Article
Full-text available
In 2004, Patient Rights Units were established in all public hospitals in Turkey to allow patients to voice their complaints about services. To determine what violations are reflected into the complaint mechanism, the pattern over time, and patients' expectations of the services. Descriptive study. A retrospective study performed using the complain...
Article
Full-text available
zet: Bu yazıda, Tıp Etiği alanında ileri sürülen argümanların göreci olma, kişisel değerlerle gerekçelendirilme, iç-tutarsız olma ve sağlam olmama gibi bazı temel sorunlara sahip olduğundan örnekleriyle söz edilmekte, bu sorunların insan yaşamı ve sağlığı açısından önemli sonuçlara yol açabileceği saptanmaktadır. Sözü edilen sorunlar karşısında, Tı...
Article
Full-text available
The negative effects of marketing methods of the pharmaceutical companies becomes a hot topic in public agenda. Studies show that marketing techniques might influence presriptions and rational use of medicine, therefore have a damaging effect on public health. Moreover, there are serious concerns that the methods devalue physicians’ profession and...
Article
New Turkish legislation that restricts the emergency medical care that doctors can give and gives the state unjustified access to all patient data is incompatible with our professional code, says Murat Civaner “I will respect the secrets that are confided in me, even after the patient has died.”1 “A physician shall not allow his/her judgment to b...
Article
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Article
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Evidence proves that physician involvement in torture is widely practiced in society. Despite its status as an illegal act as established by multiple international organizations, mandates are routinely unheeded and feebly enforced. Philosophies condemning and condoning torture are examined as well as physicians' professional responsibilities and th...
Article
Full-text available
Last month more than 30 000 healthcare workers protested on the streets of Ankara against the privatisation policies of the Ministry of Health. Organised by the Turkish Medical Association, the demonstration was the biggest in the republic’s history. Transforming doctors into commissioners (or to petit entrepreneurs as in Turkey), patients into cus...
Article
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Malpractice has gained an alarming dimension especially along with the introduction of compulsory professional liability insurance. On the other hand, it is quite difficult to say that malpractice is discussed by considering all responsible determinants. According to individual-focused approach, the error is caused by single individual, so the solu...
Article
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Health is considered as important due to its impacts on individuals' lives. Although individual health level is determined partly by the accessibility of the services and their quality, there are many other factors that may influence an individual's health condition, which are mainly social determinants. Since there are many factors that determine...
Article
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The possibility of organ transplantation has created new problems for medical ethics as well as clinical medicine. One of them, organ procurement, is tried to be solved mainly by two systems. Many countries have adopted the 'opt-in system', which aims to raise awareness and make the individuals donate their organs by their own will. The other syste...
Article
Full-text available
Disasters, which are defined as "situations or events which overwhelm the capacity of local sources to address needs", have been increasing in terms of frequency, diversity and destructiveness, both in our country and throughout the world. The situation of healthcare systems becomes more complicated in disasters because of the increased healthcare...
Article
Recent studies in the history of medicine have shown that the modern healthcare services of reproduction, mother and child health and newborn care date back to the second half of the 19th and to the first decades of the 20th century in Turkey. Institutionalization of the contemporary scientific medicine was in the making at this crucial historical...
Article
Full-text available
Medical ethics education in residency training is one of the hot topics of continuous medical education debates. Its importance and necessity is constantly stressed in declarations and statements on national and international level. Parallel to the major structural changes in the organization and the finance model of health care system, patient-phy...
Article
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It is known that interaction between pharmaceutical companies and medical professionals may lead to corruption of professional values, irrational use of medicine, and negative effects on the patient-physician relationship. Medical students frequently interact with pharmaceutical company representatives and increasingly accept their gifts. Consideri...
Article
Full-text available
Recent studies in the history of medicine have shown that the modern healthcare services of reproduction, mother and child health and newborn care date back to the second half of the 19th and to the first decades of the 20th century in Turkey. Institutionalization of the contemporary scientific medicine was in the making at this crucial historical...
Article
Full-text available
In the Encyclopedia of Applied Ethics, bioethics is defined as, "While medical and other healthcare ethics are a major component of bioethics, the latter is now widely acknowledged to extend well beyond healthcare ethics to include not only the ethics of researches in the life sciences but also environmental sciences, ethical issues of sexuality, r...
Article
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There is a strong association between reliance on the promotional activities of pharmaceutical companies and a generally less appropriate use of prescription drugs. Pharmaceutical companies direct some of their promotion towards health workers who do not have the authority to prescribe medicines, such as nurses in certain countries. The aim of this...
Article
Full-text available
The current debate that surrounds the issue of patient rights and the transformation of health care, social insurance, and reimbursement systems has put the topic of patient responsibility on both the public and health care sectors' agenda. This climate of debate and transition provides an ideal time to rethink patient responsibilities, together wi...
Article
Full-text available
The promotional activities of pharmaceutical companies are becoming an increasingly hot topic among healthcare workers and the general public. There are many studies in the literature claiming that drug promotion may lead to ethical problems, irrational use of medication, and increased costs, as well as negative effects on the patient-physician rel...
Article
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AIDS, SARS, and the recent epidemics of the avian-flu have all served to remind us the debate over the limits of the moral duty to care. It is important to first consider the question of whether or not the "duty to treat" might be subject to contextual constraints. The purpose of this study was to investigate the opinions and beliefs held by both p...
Article
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This study is an operational research study which is conducted in 18 health centers (HC), in Narlidere Education Research and Health District (ERHD). Initial data were collected in 1999 and it was repeated anually until 2002. Data were collected from the health workers in ERHD by face to face interview and the from HC records. Health services of th...
Article
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High levels of anxiety and stress during medical education may have negative effects on students' learning and may also influence students' performance, decision-making and caring capabilities. This study aims to compare the anxieties of clerkships of two medical schools that apply two different preclinical curricula; one is problem-based and the o...
Article
Anatolia, one of the most important crossroads between two continents, has witnessed so many immigrations throughout the history. It is a place where different civilizations and cultures met and transformed each other by interaction. History of important immigrations to Anatolia during the reign of the Ottoman Empire goes back to 1683. Also, the pe...
Article
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Euthanasia and assisted suicide are subject to an ongoing debate and discussed with various aspects. Because physicians are in a profession closely related to euthanasia, their attitudes toward this subject are significant. Thus, research intending to explore their opinions is carried out in many countries. In this study, opinions of the physicians...
Article
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The purpose of this study was to investigate the impact of euthanasia education on the opinions of health sciences students. It was performed among 111 final year students at the College of Health Sciences, Dokuz Eylül University, Izmir, Turkey. These students train to become paramedical professionals and health technicians. Fifteen hours of educat...
Article
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Most physicians confront the moral and technical challenges of treating persons who are coming to the natural end of their lives. At the level of the health system, this issue becomes a more pressing area for reform as premature death decreases and more people live a full life span. Well-developed countries and international organizations such as t...

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Projects

Projects (6)
Project
What are the effects of the violence towards healthcare workers on nurses' perceptions about their profession and patients? How this phenomenon influence their professional values?
Project
What do think medical students about marketing methods of pharmaceutical companies and how their knowledge and attitudes could be improved by training regarding the relationships with BigPharma?
Project
What is the level of evidence about efficiency and safety of traditional, complementary, and alternative medicine treatments?