M. Kulkova

M. Kulkova
Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia | HSPUR · Geography

Dr.

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191
Publications
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February 2007 - present
Herzen State Pedagogical University of Russia
Position
  • Professor (Associate)

Publications

Publications (191)
Article
This article presents the results of recent archaeological and geochemical studies at the Late Palaeolithic site of Yudinivo. The reported research was focused on the area with dwelling No. 5, a large pit with mammoth bones on its bottom and an ash damp. The micro-stratigraphy of the cultural layer makes it possible to identify a number of stages i...
Research Proposal
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For this Special Issue, we invite authors to submit papers on topics related to geochemistry, mineralogy, and geochronology of natural and anthropogenic sediments and environmental conditions of their formation.
Preprint
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Message from the Guest Editors Dear Colleagues, The geochemical characteristics of environments can be developed from geochemical studies of sedimentary rocks. Different geochemical indicators can be used for paleoenvironmental reconstruction of processes of sedimentation. Trace and major elements in sedimentary rocks are extremely sensitive to pa...
Article
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The territory of the Upper and Middle Kama regions is important for study on account of the Turbino sites that have been open there. Artifacts of this type have also been found in Finland. Subsequently, there have been several topics of discussion. Some archaeologists considered the Garino cultural complexes to be from an earlier period, while othe...
Chapter
The questions about the early stages of development of iron technology (the first millennium BC) in the Northern Pontic region are considered in the article. Three traditions of iron making were identified: the Eastern European, the Caucasian/Ancient Oriental, and the Hallstattian (Carpathian-Danube). It is important to compare geochemical and tech...
Article
В работе представлены результаты петрографического анализа неолитической посуды Среднего Поволжья. Для изучения были отобраны 52 образца керамики елшанской и средневолжской культур с 11 памятников данного региона (рис. 1-4). Петрографический анализ керамики позволяет установить минералогический состав глин и отощителей, выявить рецептуру керамическ...
Article
The article is devoted to the Neolithisation in the forest zone of the Middle Volga River basin. The different conceptions of the process are considered. The archaeological materials from different sites located on this territory and neighbouring regions have been compared. The question was raised regarding animal domestication and its attributes i...
Article
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Transition to the Early Iron Age was marked by the appearance of innovations such as iron technology and changes in the lifestyle of local societies on the territory of the NorthWestern Pontic Sea region. One of the most interesting sites of this period is the Glinjeni II-La Șanț fortified settlement, located in the Middle Dniester basin (Republic...
Article
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In the vicinity of Site Dobroe on the right bank of the Voronezh River it was discovered an accumulation of the Neolithic monuments, on the three of which the Early Neolithic pottery of the Srednedonskaya culture of the VI millennium BC was received. At the Site Dobroe 9, a homogeneous lithological layer was revealed, containing only the materials...
Article
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In the article, the questions of the chronology of the Neolithic cultures in the Volga-Kama basin are discussed. This discussion is based on the significant series of radiocarbon dates obtained on the different organic materials in several last years. The dates were obtained as tradition scintillation technique, as well as AMS method. There was est...
Article
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The paper reports on the results of petrographic analysis of Neolithic vessels from the Middle Volga region. The analysis included 52 ceramic samples of the Elshanka and the Middle Volga cultures originating from 11 sites of this region (Fig. 1–4). Petrographic analysis of ceramics offers an opportunity to identify the mineralogical composition of...
Article
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The Lower Volga region is important for studying natural and climatic crises as a factor of cultural and economic changes since the local Neolithic and Eneolithic societies are marked by the early appearance of ceramics, cattle breeding and copper items. However, the impact of natural and climatic crises on these processes has not been considered e...
Data
• Geochemistry • Sediments • Paleoclimate • Pollution • Paleoenvironment • Geochronology • Isotopes • Geoecology • Anthropogenic activity
Article
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The Middle Don Culture, distributed within the Middle and Upper Don River area, is thought to be one of the earliest Eastern European Neolithic cultures, and is dated to the 6th-5th millennium BC. A group of Neolithic sites was found on the right shore of the Voronezh River, and has been named the "Dobroe sites". The Dobroe 9 settlement is one of f...
Article
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The Low Volga basin is an important area for the study on the genesis of Neolithic and Eneolithic archaeological cultures in Eastern Europe. Until now well stratified Neolithic-Eneolithic sites had not been found in the Low Volga (Low Povoljie) region. This has been a cause of serious discussion about the periodisation, genesis and interaction betw...
Article
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The article presents new radiocarbon dates obtained on the materials of the Volgo-Kamskaya and Kamskaya Neolithic cultures in the Kama River basin. In the paper, the data of original material for dating and methods were considered. Eleven new radiocarbon dates from eight Neolithic sites of region were obtained. The sites are located on the territor...
Article
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The paper presents the results of the Algay site study undertaken in 2020 in the steppe Volga region (Aleksandorovo-Gaisky district of the Saratov region) on the right bank of the Bolshoy Uzen river. During the excavations archaeologists discovered three cultural layers, separated from each other by sterile layers. The upper layer contains finds be...
Article
The Lower Volga region is important for studying natural and climatic crises as a factor of cultural and economic changes since the local Neolithic and Eneolithic societies are marked by the early appearance of ceramics, cattle breeding and copper items. However, the impact of natural and climatic crises on these processes has not been considered e...
Article
Full-text available
Here we present data on lithic raw material exploitation, obtained from petrography and geochemical analyses, and the examination of an archaeological collection from the Middle Palaeolithic at Saradj-Chuko Grotto, the only MP stratified site known in the Zayukovo (Baksan) obsidian source area, North-Central Caucasus, Russia. From 2016 an excavatio...
Article
Extraction of mineral reserves from lentils and lodes of complex geometry by the open stoping method requires optimization of room and pillar parameters and stoping sequence. Safe and complete extraction of lentils can only be ensured given stability of roof rocks in rooms and maintenance of pillar parameters. SW 2 lentil occurs at the South-West o...
Article
The article is devoted by field investigations of stone natural object “Bratya”located in the Srednii Peninsula of the Murmansk coast of the Barents Sea which were in 2011. At the first the special study of objects-“sieidas”of theRussian Lapland was carried out in the Murmansk region. The geochemical investigations supported the speculation about s...
Article
Full-text available
Rakushechny Yar site is a floodplain multi-layer archaeological site encompassing strata dated to Early Neolithic – Bronze Age. It is characterized by complex stratigraphy, presence of different deposits, buried soils and cultural layers. Fluvial deposits interlay different settlement strata, which provide an opportunity to elaborate precise chrono...
Article
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The paper presents the results of interdisciplinary research carried out at the Kobuleti Early Holocene site. Typological and use-wear analyses of stone artifacts helped to define the main branch of the economy of humans at the site. Palynological studies were conducted to reconstruct the paleoenvironment. The investigated plant spores proved that...
Article
The article is devoted to the analysis of Neolithic cultures in the Povolzhye region. Several synchronic archaeological complexes were compared. New data about the development and cultural changes of Neolithic communities were obtained. The processes of transition in the development of Neolithic cultures of the Povolzhye region were considered.
Article
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Thanks to a project funded by the Volkswagen Foundation, interdisciplinary research of pottery from several Early Iron Age sites in the Northern Black Sea region, including the Middle Dniester region, was carried out. Among these sites, due to the number of samples and the variety of forms of the vessels subject to analysis, the settlement of Sahar...
Presentation
The multilayer settlement Rakushechny Yar, situated in the lower Don River, is one of the sites with the most ancient pottery known in Eastern Europe. The subsistence strategies and the life cycle of these communities describe a particular system of resource management determined by specific economic, environmental and cultural conditions. Rich fis...
Article
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The article is devoted to a reconstruction of the sedimentation processes in Kamyshovoye Lake (the Kaliningrad Region, Russia) during the Late Glacial and Holocene. The results of the geochemical analysis of Kamyshovoye Lake’s bottom sediments, accompanied by statistical processing and detailed radiocarbon dating, are presented. It was established...
Article
The Kamyshovoye Lake sedimentary record in the southeastern Baltic Sea region was studied to reconstruct climatic fluctuations and the abiotic responses to them during the Lateglacial and Early Holocene. New results from chironomid, isotopic, palaeomagnetic and geochemical data analyses were correlated with earlier evidence of lithological and paly...
Article
Full-text available
The Kamyshovoye Lake sedimentary record in the southeastern Baltic Sea region was studied to reconstruct climatic fluctuations and the abiotic responses to them during the Lateglacial and Early Holocene. New results from chironomid, isotopic, palaeomagnetic and geochemical data analyses were correlated with earlier evidence of lithological and paly...
Article
Full-text available
In an archaeometric research project supported by the Volkswagen Foundation (Project 90216 [https://earlynomads.wordpress.com/]), working groups consisting of chemists, geologists and archaeologists in Berlin, Kiev and Saint Petersburg collaborated on analysing pottery recovered from Late Bronze Age and Early Iron Age burials and settlements from s...
Article
Résumé L’article donne de nouvelles données sur l’utilisation des matières premières de pierre au Paléolithique moyen dans le Caucase du Nord. La plupart des résultats ont été obtenus dans le cadre de la propre recherche des auteurs (pour le Nord-Ouest et le Caucase central). Dans le Caucase du Nord, un important travail de réflexion a été mené pou...
Article
Les dernières études sur le Paléolithique du Caucase montrent des migrations au Paléolithique entre le nord et le sud, l’ouest et l’est. L’article présente les premiers résultats des recherches complexes effectuées dans la grotte Saradj-Chuko. La grotte est située dans la région la plus importante en matières premières, à seulement 6–7 km du seul d...
Article
For the first time the mineralogical‐geochemical compositions of the white paste inlay on vessels from sites of the 10‐8th centuries BC in the Northern Pontic region has been investigated. Samples of the white paste on vessels from settlements, burials of sedentary groups and graves of early nomads were analyzed by means of SEM/EDX, XRD methods. Be...
Article
Территория Нижнего Поволжья имеет важное значение для изучения культурогенеза. Особенно это касается переходных периодов. Исследователи относят прикаспийскую культуру к позднему неолиту или раннему энеолиту. Сравнение количества памятников, мощности слоев, жилищ, числа находок на стоянках не свидетельствует в пользу их увеличения по сравнению с поз...
Article
Применение магнитной съемки для поиска и исследования раннесредневекового центра по производству керамики Илька 2 в окрестностях Мангупа позволило определить его точное местоположение и обнаружить не менее четырех крупных обжигательных печей, входящих в его состав. Раскопки одной из четырнадцати (№ 3) выявили два периода функционирования центра (VI...
Article
Full-text available
The processes of Neolithization and Eneolithization are two of the most important in the study of the human prehistory. The territory of the Lower Volga is of particular importance. In the Neolithic period, one of the oldest ceramic traditions in Eastern Europe appears. In the Eneolithic, cultures with signs of a productive economy are recorded rat...
Article
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Introduction. The territory of the Northern Caspian region plays an important role in the study of the Neolithic of Eastern Europe. The main criterion of this period is clay pottery. One of the difficult issues is the time of the ceramic technology appearance. Methods and materials. The study of the pottery technology of the Neolithic population o...
Conference Paper
The article analyzes the recent absolute dates of the Mesolithic forest-steppe Volga region, gives their interpretation. The Mesolithic period, according to the latest radiocarbon data, originates in the forest-steppe Volga region no later than the middle of the 9th millennium BC. and exists until the middle of the 7th millennium BC, while at the f...
Conference Paper
During the Neolithic period, several ceramic traditions were developed on the territory of the middle Volga forest: unornamented, pin-pointed, combed, and pit-combed. The problem of their chronological correlation is very relevant at this stage of study. Currently, 29 radiocarbon dates have been obtained from Neolithic materials from 10 sites in th...
Conference Paper
Podolije 3 site is located in the basin of Lava river on the Southern coast of the Ladoga. The site was occupied several times during Neolithic period, in the Early Metal Epoch and in the Late Medieval Age. The cultural peat layer contents the remains of wood fishing constructions of end of 4 ka. BC. This artefacts belong to people of cultures of t...
Conference Paper
The radiocarbon dates from the sites of Algay and Oroshaemoe located in the steppe Povoljie region are considering. The comparison of these dates with the radiocarbon dates from the Varfolomeevka site was provided. The dates on the different types of organic materials were analyzed. On this basis the chronological frameworks of the Orlovskaya Neoli...
Conference Paper
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The unique burial Hadjillar of the Belozerskaya culture was excavated in the Low Dniestr region (Moldova). Features of burial ritual and status items in the grave goods such as wooden cup decorated by bronze, bimetallic knife etc., distinguish this complex and this is evidences about high social rank of burial man. New AMS radiocarbon date on a woo...
Conference Paper
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The results of radiocarbon dating of materials from Bronze Age sites located in Tarkhankut region (Crimea) is considering in the article. The materials were obtained from four settlements with double stone yards for domestic animals. These settlements were discovered together 20 other sites in the Northern-Western Crimea in the last decade. The rad...
Conference Paper
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The article presents results of the petrographic analyses of the Zedmar site ceramic sherds (South-East Baltic area). For the research were taken 29 samples and, as a result, divided 5 groups (with organic and mineral admixture). According for C14 dates, which were taken also by food crust of pot sherd, we could assume that ceramic with mineral adm...
Article
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The paper deals with the results of an archeo-zoological study of bone materials from a num- ber of newly discovered settlements in Northwestern Crimea (Tarkhankut-Н2, Tarkhankut-Н8, Tarkhankut-18 and Tarkhankut-22а). According to the available archaeological evidence and ra- diocarbon determinations obtained on bone remains from cultural layers an...
Article
Full-text available
The Neolithic and Eneolithic sites in the Low Volga River region have been poorly investigated in comparison with other territories due to a small number of excavated sites. On the Algay site and the Oroshaemoe I settlement there is evidence of the earliest appearance of Neolithic pottery and the first sign of domestication in the Eneolithic period...
Article
Full-text available
The Neolithic and Eneolithic sites in the Low Volga River region have been poorly investigated in comparison with other territories due to a small number of excavated sites. On the Algay site and the Oroshaemoe I settlement there is evidence of the earliest appearance of Neolithic pottery and the first sign of domestication in the Eneolithic period...
Article
Full-text available
In Southern Ladoga area, we studied the new archaeological site Podolje 1, located 4 km from Lake Ladoga. Studies included archaeological, lithological, geochemical, pollen, botanical, diatom and radiocarbon analyzes. As a result, new data were obtained that specified the development of the Ladoga transgression in the second half of the Holocene in...
Article
Materials of the multilayer wetland site Zamostje 2 are key to study the human cultural history of the Volga-Oka interfluve in Central Russia due to the diversity and completeness of the material culture, on the one hand, and encompass large information potential of fragile organic remains preserved in the waterlogged conditions, on the other hand....
Article
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The ceramics of the Lugovskoy type is represented by small straight-walled, weakly profiled or rounded canals with a flat or flat-concave bottom. The surface of the vessels is carefully smoothed, the external one is clogged. The fragments of ceramics have a visually dense molding material; the original plastic raw materials are silty clay, which so...
Article
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Introduction. The article considers the features of cattle breeding and consumption of meat products in the Eneolithic cultures (the Samara culture) and the Early Bronze Age cultures (the Repin stage of the Pit Grave culture) on the territory of the Southern Urals (the Samara Trans-Volga region). The paper specifies the chronology of these cultures...
Article
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Anthropogenic activity by ancient people influences the chemical composition of soils, enriching or exhausting certain chemical elements. The application of geochemical methods allows us to obtain important information for interpreting functional zones at settlements (for example, places of habitation, cooking zones, fireplaces, and so on). Such re...
Article
Subsistence practices was interpreted through a variety of archaeological materials on the Podolye 1 site located in the Southern Ladoga Lake basin. The interaction between climate fluctuation, human response and transgressions/regressions in the lake basin were determined in results of different analysis (archaeology, paleozoology, geochemistry, r...
Article
The north-central Caucasus region is notable as the area producing the only obsidian source (called Baksan or Zayukovo) known in the Northern Caucasus. Recent research indicates that both Upper Paleolithic humans and Middle Paleolithic (MP) Neanderthals exploited the Zayukovo obsidian and transported it to distances in order 250 km from the source....
Conference Paper
Full-text available
The investigations of iron technology of different cultures developed within the territory of Eastern Europe are of great importance. The progress of iron production from using meteoric iron to bloomery iron-making process, the chronology of the development of iron technology, and influence of paleoenvironment on spreading of this technology, all t...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
In the period of the 10th–8th cent. BC, significant changes in the cultural-historical processes occurred in the Northern Pontic region, when the agricultural and domestic livestock raising economic form was superseded by pasturing and nomadic mode of life. The main innovation in this region was represented by the appearance of the iron processing...