M. Rezaul Islam

M. Rezaul Islam
University of Dhaka · Institute of Social Welfare & Research

MSW & PhD (Nottingham)
Professor in Social Work, University of Dhaka; Senior Research Associate, University of Johannesburg, South Africa

About

156
Publications
105,797
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Introduction
I am currently Professor in Social Work at the Institute of Social Welfare & Research, University of Dhaka, Bangladesh and I published 100 journal articles, 10 book chapters, and 5 books from the reputed International publishers. Currently, I am working as a member of the International Advisory Board of the Community Development Journal (Oxford University Press) and editorial board member the ‘Asian Social Work and Policy Review’ (Wiley). I am currently conducting the research project ‘Poverty and inequality in Bangladesh: Regional disparity in terms of income, land ownership, education and social opportunities in particular reference to the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)’ (funded by the Ministry of Education, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh).
Additional affiliations
December 2012 - present
University of Dhaka
Position
  • Professor (Full)
December 2012 - December 2016
University of Malaya
Position
  • Lecturer
May 2005 - September 2009
University of Nottingham
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (156)
Article
Full-text available
Coastal communities are directly affected by climate change-induced disasters. Apart from all other disasters, tidal inundation is common in coastal areas. As a damaging phenomenon, it massively influences the socioeconomic sectors in the coastal community. The main objective of this qualitative investigation is to know the adaptation practices of...
Article
Full-text available
Coastal communities are directly afected by climate change-induced disasters. Apart from all other disasters, tidal inundation is common in coastal areas. As a damaging phenomenon, it massively infuences the socioeconomic sectors in the coastal community. The main objective of this qualitative investigation is to know the adaptation practices of th...
Book
Full-text available
This major reference work handbook explores the nexus between globalization and social change, neoliberalism and social change, and societal response to social change. The chapters will primarily focus on these three broad themes and discuss their impact in different societies across the globe at a variety of levels, from the macro to the local. Th...
Article
Full-text available
Apart from many social and economic problems worldwide, the COVID-19 pandemic has also led to a sudden halt in face-to-face climate-related meetings. Moreover, it has also negatively influenced the works related to the preparations for the 6th Assessment Report of the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) and organizing the 26th Conferen...
Chapter
The main objective of this chapter is to explore the cultural changes in food, dress and clothing, health practices, and recreation of Old Dhaka due to the effect of globalization and other change agents. Drawing upon a survey carried out with the permanent residents of Old Dhaka, both young and old people, this chapter provides numerous examples o...
Chapter
The overall objective of this chapter is to narrate the roles and responsibilities of the respective stakeholders, e.g., community people, government and policymakers, and NGOs and civil societies to retain and preserve the historical culture of an urban area. Contemporary literature was reviewed thoroughly to write this chapter. The chapter ideall...
Chapter
The main objective of this chapter is to delineate the changes in festivals, marriages, and religious practices of Old Dhaka due to the presence of global change agents. This chapter is based on survey findings and a case analysis with the permanent residents of the Lalbagh area in Old Dhaka, with people both young and old, and including a thorough...
Book
Full-text available
This book examines globalization and urban cultures in Dhaka, the capital of Bangladesh, from a socio-cultural view. It focuses on the evolving nature of urbanity in the city due to globalization and the global flow of information, while framing the changing patterns of everyday cultures and practices. The volume explores key linkages and factors...
Chapter
The main objective of this chapter is to discuss the debates of optimistic and pessimistic viewers of globalization and describe the contemporary debates on how the global urban culture has been changing and assimilating into a single global culture, technology drives economic growth and urban development, and globalization leads to diverse urban c...
Chapter
The overall objective of the chapter is to sketch the historical background of Dhaka city and depict its tradition, culture, and rituals. A broad range of literature from a wide range of sources was reviewed to write this chapter. Dhaka is considered as a gift of the Mughal period, though the history of the city can be traced even further back. The...
Book
Full-text available
This Handbook provides an authoritative account of international fieldwork education in social work. It presents an overview of advances in research in social work field education through in-depth analyses and global case studies. Key features: * Discusses critical issues in teaching social work and curriculum development; health care social work...
Chapter
Full-text available
Millions of human beings are affected COVID-19 worldwide, but the constellation of health and socioeconomic effects of the pandemic varies between developed and developing countries. While the crisis has drawn attention in media as life and livelihood hazard, the differences in human perceptions between developed and developing worlds remain under-...
Chapter
Full-text available
COVID-19 seems to have two-dimensional consequences in Bangladesh: it has a direct negative influence on health system, and healthcare access becomes very expensive; and the poor people are facing critical situation due to lockdown and joblessness, resulting in more health and human hazards. This chapter documents the pandemic-related major health...
Article
Full-text available
Taking unjust and unlawful benefits of children’s labour for someone’s gain or gratification can be termed as economic exploitations in child labour. The study aimed to explore the prevalence of economic exploitations and their determinants among child labourers (CLs). Lalbagh, Hazaribagh, and Kamrangirchar sub-districts of Dhaka district were rati...
Article
Full-text available
Relationships are multidimensional, and we know little about the facets of relationships in the way elderly patients’ with multimorbidity utilise homecare and health services. Gerontology literatures emphasize the importance of place of care, inequalities, availability of health services and affordability. However, the diversity of relationships an...
Chapter
This chapter looks at the main aspects of the research proposal designing in a qualitative research. The author explores a template of a research design to give a clear and well understanding about the different steps of research proposal. The author argues that there is no specific template that is universally accepted. This template includes all...
Chapter
Full-text available
Rural older adults’ access to care is a major global public health policy concern. These older adults’ connection to home, family members, and community is a central episode to their health-related quality of life, but complex correlated health and sociocultural dimensions and factors that shape their use of medical and nonmedical care have not bee...
Book
Full-text available
This is the Living Reference Editon ( Continuously Updated) Globalization in the 21st century has contributed towards tremendous changes in world society. Countries across the world are facing issues such as poverty, climate change, population ageing, issues related to immigration, migration, COVID-19 and intergenerational historic trauma, mental i...
Article
Full-text available
This paper is based on the first author’s PhD research data collection experiences conducted with his country people who work and live as migrant workers in the production sector in Malaysia. The data collection process is a crucial component in doctoral studies as there is a need to ensure that the data collected is representative, reliable and un...
Chapter
Drawing an example from a river erosion-prone district Bhola in Bangladesh, this chapter attempts to figure-out a vulnerability driver, and then shows their socio-economic consequences. This study employed a mixed-method approach, where a multi-method data collection procedure was used and data were collected from three Upazilas (sub-divisions) of...
Article
The global spread of COVID -19 accompanied with the behavioral, psychosocial, and structural elements of social stigma engendered social and bio-medical complexity due to the COVID -19 syndemic. The study aims to explore the process of stigmatization and the extent of social vulnerabilities affected COVID -19 people of Bangladesh. The study used pu...
Article
Full-text available
Gender issues can create major barriers to healthcare utilization for older women with multimorbidity, especially in developing countries like Bangladesh. Elderly rural women in Bangladesh, are the poorest of the poor, and the women with multimorbidity live in a regulated family atmosphere. This study explored the relationship dimensions of older w...
Article
Full-text available
The main aim of this study is to report the prevalence of Diarrhoea, Acute Respiratory Symptoms (ARS), and malnutrition in Bangladeshi among the low-income urban households’ under-five children; and explore the health and nutritional services use and determine service gaps. The study used a quantitative research approach where a social survey was e...
Article
Full-text available
The intervention of faith-based non-governmental organizations in the development area is no more an ignored topic due to their comprehensive coverage in humanitarian assistance, rise of global identity politics, and the changing ideological view of development donors and policymakers. However, such engagements are prone to criticisms. This paper a...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of commonly limited research on the subject, this study intended to (i) identify the types, magnitude and impacts of disasters in the char land communities in Bangladesh, and (ii) unfolded their water, sanitation and hygiene practices. A quantitative research approach was employed for this study, where a survey method was used. Data...
Book
Full-text available
This insightful book offers practical advice to fieldworkers in social research, enabling robust and judicious applications of research methods and techniques in data collection. It also outlines data collection challenges that are commonly faced when working in the field. Authors address key strategies to tackle the major challenges to fieldwork,...
Chapter
Full-text available
This paper illustrates the challenges and overcoming strategies of data collection on the issue of smartphone addiction among the university students of Bangladesh. The study as part of the PhD research entitled ‘Prevalent Smartphone Use and Its Impacts on Social Capital among the University Students of Bangladesh’ manifests various ethical drawbac...
Chapter
Researchers often face challenges when collecting primary data, which may influence the degree to which they are able to achieve their research objectives. This chapter is based on the first author’s doctoral data collection experience when studying the impacts of tidal inundation on the Chattogram city coastal dwellers in Bangladesh, and their cop...
Chapter
This chapter is a part of the first author’s PhD works’ data collection experience in the rural community in Bangladesh as titled Community Empowerment Initiatives of Faith-based NGOs: A Case Study on Islamic Relief Worldwide in Bangladesh where data were collected using convergent parallel mixed-methods research design. The paper neither shares th...
Chapter
PhD research is said to be the result of combined knowledge shared between the PhD supervisor and the fellow. The journey started with the advice of the research supervisors while they just narrowed down the research area and introduced the research title, focusing on a specific area, as, ‘Land Rights of Indigenous Peoples of Bangladesh: A study on...
Chapter
This chapter reflects on the hands-on experience of the first author’s field work conducted for a Doctoral study on “Usage of Social Capital Among Migrant Workers for Their Livelihoods in Malaysia”. The study used a mixed-method approach to examine whether social capital can bring any change in the migrant workers’ livelihoods between two highest l...
Chapter
This book chapter reports the data collection experiences of a study titled “Community-based rehabilitation for acid assault victims of Bangladesh”. The study was conducted in Dhaka and Sylhet, two divisions of Bangladesh. It was a qualitative case study method. In-depth interview, Focus Group Discussion and Key Informant Interviews were used as da...
Article
Full-text available
The article discusses material deprivation experienced by poor children in Malaysia. The data from a survey of 360 poor Malaysian children, age 9 to 17 years old. The study measured the material deprivation index based on the socially perceived necessities methodology. The findings implied that poor children in Malaysia experienced only a small deg...
Article
Full-text available
The intervention of faith-based non-governmental organizations in the development area is no more an ignored topic due to their comprehensive coverage in humanitarian assistance, rise of global identity politics, and the changing ideological view of development donors and policymakers. However, such engagements are prone to criticisms. This paper a...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this paper was to examine the effects of smartphone addiction on bonding social capital among the university students in Bangladesh, for which measurement of smartphone addiction has been a correlated precondition of the study. In this connection, the main argument of this paper is that the accessibility of online-based smartp...
Article
Full-text available
In the context of generally limited research on the subject, this study aims to (i) unravel the nature, forms, and manifestations of socioeconomic and psychological vulnerabilities of the river erosion–affected coastal communities in Bangladesh and (ii) suggest a number of alternative livelihood options in order to reduce the vulnerabilities. It dr...
Article
Full-text available
Environment and disaster are two important concepts that have wide implications in our daily lives. This kind of education is more important to the children for ensuring their protection. This education helps them participate in decision-making processes in different stages of their lives that will ultimately impact their future. We identify the nu...
Chapter
Full-text available
In response to relatively limited research on the subject, this study attempts to critically review the nature and processes of poverty and inequality in Bangladesh. By deploying a Qualitative Interpretative Meta-Synthesis (QIMS) method, it examines poverty and inequality from diverse angles including region, income, gender, education, land ownersh...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study is to examine the impact of globalization on the local traditional handicraft industry in Brazil. The study used a qualitative approach where an in-depth case interview method was employed for data collection. The study selected four respondents from four traditional handicraft industries (one from each) such as bla...
Article
Full-text available
The paper examined whether the current income provision for the elderly under Malaysia’s pension scheme is sufficient to maintain the standard of living of pensioners vis-à-vis increasing competitive market prices. It employed a quantitative research approach by using a social survey and semi-structured face-to-face interview schedule to collect th...
Chapter
Full-text available
The main objective of this chapter is to explore the challenges and interventions of the alternative care of children in Bangladesh. First, it provides an understanding about alternative care of children, and then shares some ideas about the existing alterative care setting in Bangladesh. Secondly, this paper reviews the existing child welfare laws...
Article
Full-text available
We explore the COVID-19 pandemic in the way South Asian poor local communities experience health and income hazards and whether they prioritize their lives or put their lives on the line to earn a living. We conducted a descriptive analysis of the World Organizations’ data, and a content analysis of health-and-income related documents. Analysis rev...
Article
Full-text available
This commentary looks at the social stigma as a barrier to Covid-19 responses to community well-being in Bangladesh. The Covid-19 in Bangladesh particular the way the people respond this has many dimensions to view from sociological perspective. The main objective of this commentary is to analysis how this response is related to social stigma. Gath...
Preprint
Full-text available
Relationships are multidimensional, and we know little about how different facets of relationships affect how older patients with multimorbidity use homecare and health services. Social gerontology literature emphasizes the importance of care settings, gender inequalities, availability of health services, and affordability. However, the diversity o...
Chapter
Full-text available
The purpose of this chapter is to develop methods and framework of participatory action research (PAR) for community development in Bangladesh. Drawing from a number of community empowerment and community development field-based research examples, this chapter looks at the suitable research methods and framework of PAR that will help researchers to...
Article
Full-text available
This study aimed to examine the influence of the traditional leadership qualities towards to develop community cohesion in the Iban community in Malaysia. A quantitative approach was used to conduct this study, where data were collected through a self-administered survey questionnaire from 210 chiefs in the Iban longhouse at the Pakan District in S...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study was to investigate the nature of the traditional practices of the Panchayat system, and depict its present status and roles of the judicial services among ex-enclaves in Bangladesh. Four ex-enclaves of Panchagarh district namely the Dahala Khagrabari, Kothajni, Putimari, and Garati of Bangladesh were chosen as study...
Chapter
Full-text available
Cultural globalization and local identity are two indivisible words. There is a crucial debate whether cultural globalization thrives or deteriorates local identity. The main objective of this chapter is to justify whether cultural globalization is a threat to local identity. This study used a qualitative interpretive meta-synthesis (QIMS) that rev...
Article
Full-text available
In this research article, we discussed the economic and social well-being of the Asian labour migrants in Asia. We are arguing that this issue is rarely addressed in the literature. The major characteristics of the migrant workers in Asian countries are seriously exploited, marginalized, and infrequently looked from human rights perspective. A Qual...
Chapter
Full-text available
This chapter looks at the main aspects of the research proposal designing in a qualitative research. The author explores a template of a research design to give a clear and well understanding about the different steps of research proposal. The author argues that there is no specific template that is universally accepted. This template includes all...
Chapter
This study explored the prevalence and causes of child abuses e.g., physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of child domestic workers in Bangladesh. This study used a mixed method approach. Data sources were 849 child domestic workers, 849 house owners, and 15 development practitioners and experts. A household survey was carried out in three differen...
Article
Full-text available
This paper attempts to unfold the dynamics and nature of the socioeconomic threats and livelihood resilience among the climate change and natural disaster affected people in the South-East Asia. The study captures the nature of the socio-economic threats of the climate change and natural disasters, and unearths the process and underlying causes of...
Article
Full-text available
This article makes an attempt to assess the process and outcomes of faith-based non-governmental organizations’ (FBNGOs) interventions toward community empowerment in social development. Data are derived from contemporary literature using a Qualitative Interpretative Meta-Synthesis (QIMS). Results show that there are very few publications that dire...
Article
Full-text available
The main research objective was to explore the causes and nature of the char peoples’ migration decisions due to their livelihood vulnerabilities related to climate change and natural disasters in Bangladesh. Based on a mixed method approach, this study employed a multimethod data collection approach including face-to-face interviews, focus group d...
Article
Full-text available
This qualitative case study explored the voices of juvenile offenders in Malaysia who were plagued with poverty, and brought to light their plight. The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of poverty on the delinquent character and behavioural development of the children on three major crime-enhancing themes – miserable family condition...
Article
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This study examines the international development frameworks of two non-governmental organisations and discusses how the activities they are involved with fit the local context of Bangladesh. The study considers two community empowerment projects, Proshika and Practical Action Bangladesh who work with local blacksmiths and goldsmiths. There is clea...
Article
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Microcredit is an influential intervention used to alleviate poverty and improve social well-being in rural communities in Sabah, Malaysia. This study examined the effects of a microcredit scheme, Amanah Ikhtiar Malaysia (AIM), on the well-being of these communities. Using a survey method, a pre-tested interview schedule was administered to 277 AIM...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study was to explore the nature of population shifting, possible risks, and social work interventions of the street children in Asia. This article used a qualitative interpretative meta-synthesis (QIMS), a unique method of qualitative data analysis. The results revealed that the street children constitute a dynamic popula...
Chapter
Full-text available
This study explored the prevalence and causes of child abuses e.g., physical, emotional, and sexual abuse of child domestic workers in Bangladesh. This study used a mixed method approach. Data sources were 849 child domestic workers, 849 house owners, and 15 development practitioners and experts. A household survey was carried out in three differen...
Article
Full-text available
The main objective of this study was to explore the types and nature of climate induced human displacement and migration, and their socioeconomic consequences in the agro-ecological zones of Bangladesh. The study followed a qualitative research design, where six agro-ecological zones were selected purposively from different parts of Bangladesh. A m...
Article
Sustainability has become a topic of great interest for social work pedagogy in the 21st Century. This article reviews the role social work plays in the four intersecting domains of sustainability: society, environment, economy, and human. Social work education has in recent years added the paradigm of sustainability in the curriculum. While, socia...
Book
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This chapter looks at the major limitations and challenges of NGOs’ capacities for social capital and community empowerment approaches. This chapter highlights the evidence of the two NGOs—Practical Action Bangladesh and Proshika—that we discussed in Chaps. 6 and 7. A growing number of critical assessments suggest that the operational impact of NGO...
Chapter
This chapter opens a discussion on the significant position of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and their role in development discourse. The massive expansion of the NGO sector in both the north and the south is widely recognised in the present time. In the 1980s, the decade of neo-liberalism, the market was seen as the panacea of development...
Chapter
NGOs have become an important development agent in Bangladesh. This sector is increasingly becoming important because of claims that they are efficient and effective; they are innovative, flexible, independent and responsive to the problems of poor people at the grass-roots level (Bagci 2007). The growth of such NGOs over the past four decades in B...
Chapter
This chapter discusses NGOs’ capacity for social capital development with the evidence of two NGOs: Practical Action Bangladesh (PAB) and Proshika working with two smith communities such as blacksmiths and goldsmiths located at Mostafapur Bazar, Faridpur, and Mirpur (1) Market, Dhaka, Bangladesh, respectively. The findings looked at the two program...
Chapter
This chapter discusses NGOs’ capacity for community empowerment with the evidence of two NGOs in Bangladesh, which were discussed in Chap. 6. The concept of ‘empowerment’ is one of growing interest in development discourse. It is a process through which individuals struggle to reduce personal powerlessness and dependency and increase control over t...
Chapter
In recent years, the arena of NGO action has expanded rapidly from local and national settings to the international level due to globalisation. At present, NGOs are facing twin dilemmas in management and operational levels. First, NGO management is a big concern. Most of the NGOs are managed by the external agencies because they mostly depend on fo...
Chapter
Social capital and community empowerment are two important domains for NGOs’ development activities. Social capital is the quality and quantity of relationships, networks and norms among people and organisations that facilitate collective action. The objectives are bonding strategies that build trust and cooperation among individuals and within com...
Chapter
This introductory chapter provides a brief outline about the capacity of the non-governmental organizations (NGOs) towards social capital and community empowerment. This chapter briefly explains the three concepts used in this book e.g., NGO, social capital and community empowerment, and then explains NGOs’ position in social capital and community...
Article
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The objective of this study was to present comparative findings of the decent work practice (the ILO Convention 189) among the migrant domestic workers (MDWs) in two countries e.g., Italy and Singapore. The study covered three main aspects of these decent work practices, such as working hours and annual leave, maternity protection, and minimum wage...
Article
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In recent times, China has significantly reduced hunger in its populace. The main objective of this paper was to analyze some of the contextual socioeconomic factors contributing to the reduction of hunger in China, using Qualitative Interpretative Meta-Synthesis (QIMS). The results revealed that China has followed a broad-based and multispectral a...
Article
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The objective of this study was to know the status of the foreign workers' access to public health services in Malaysia based on their utilization pattern. The utilization pattern covered a number of areas, such as frequency of using health services, status of using health services, choice and types of health institutions, and cost of health treatm...
Article
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The objective of this study was to explore the livelihood patterns and access to the local public services of the climate induced displaced people migrated by the Cyclone Aila in the south-west coastal region of Bangladesh. The study analysed a number of consequences, such as the causes of displacement, their demographic and socio-economic conditio...