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M. Hesam Shahrajabian

M. Hesam Shahrajabian

PhD

About

414
Publications
227,436
Reads
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2,708
Citations
Additional affiliations
January 2020 - August 2020
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Position
  • PostDoc Position
November 2018 - present
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Position
  • Research Assistant
November 2018 - present
Qi Institute
Position
  • Research Assistant
Education
October 2022 - July 2024
University of Hohenheim
Field of study
  • Organic Agriculture and Food Systems
September 2018 - December 2018
Chinese Academy of Agricultural Sciences
Field of study
  • Crop Cultivation and Farming System
September 2017 - November 2017
Shanghai Jiao Tong University
Field of study
  • Horticulture

Publications

Publications (414)
Article
Background Natural herbal medicines may contribute to prevent and treat various diseases, and they have substantial medicinal properties. Objective The goal of this manuscript is to survey natural benefits, chemical components, and medicinal values of pennyroyal. Methods The goal of this manuscript was to outline the most notable advantages and p...
Article
Background Plants have played an essential role in the search for new compounds for the most diverse therapeutic purposes. Recently, more attention is paid to natural antioxidants because of the possible insecurity of synthetic antioxidants Objective The review is aimed at summarizing the most important and common natural antioxidants and their re...
Article
Full-text available
The ability of adaptation of Rhizobia in diverse environment namely, soil, rhizosphere and grown within legume roots may lead to nitrogen fixation, in a complicated process which contain a coordinated exchange of signal between plants and the symbionts. Green manures, cash and cover crops have significant role in soil fertility. Green manuring tech...
Article
Different compounds with bioactive constitutents can be applied as biostimulants to increase plant growth and development under both normal and stressful conditions. Biostimulants utilization can be considered as a sustainable and beneficial nutritional crop management, and may decrease the negative impacts associated with excessive chemical fertil...
Article
The world needs a paradigm change from the current views on many plants to secure both future food and nutrition. Many neglected and underutilized plants, specially medicinal and aromatic plants, are nutrient dense, appropriate in diversifying diets, provide enough vitamins and micronutrients for people, high resistant to diseases and pests, and ca...
Article
Background Ruta graveolens L. belongs to Rutaceae; it is a semi-wood perennial or a small evergreen sub-shrub, which is native to Southern Europe, West of Asia and Northern Africa. Objective: The goal of this manuscript was to outline the most notable traditional and modern advantages and pharmaceutical benefits of common rue. Methods: The manuscri...
Article
The aim of this review was to summarize the most important traditional medinical herbs and plants that are being used in different parts of the world with a focus on a green anti-cancer approach. The most important impacts of medicinal plants on cancer treatments are prevention of cancer occurrence, decreased side effects, ameliorated post-operativ...
Article
Traditional medicines are considered as both food items and medicine which have been used a history of thousands years. They have contained active ingredients aerial, underground parts of plants and they contain variety of pharmacological active plant constituents. The aim of this study was to summarize and highlight the most important traditional...
Article
Nutrition therapy on the basis of traditional medicinal plants and herbs is common in many Asian countries, especially Iran and China. Rheum species, especially rhubarbs, belong to plant medicines recognized in 2500 BC. An online search of the literature was carried out at Pub-med/Medline, Scopus, and Google scholar, covering all years until April...
Article
The review is aimed at summarizing the most important and common natural antioxidants and their resources from traditional Iraniand Chinese medicinal sciences. The most important medicinal plants with antioxidant activities in Iran are Artemisia, berberry fruit, borage, calendula, coriander, cumin, green tea, hawthorn, jujube, pomegranate, rose, ro...
Article
Background Virus is a tiny agent, around one-hundredth the size of a bacterium which can infect cells of plants and animals. Seven coronaviruses are known to infect humans, three of them are serious, namely, SARS (severe acute respiratory syndrome, China, 2002), MERS (Middle East respiratory syndrome, Saudi Arabia, 2012), and SARS-CoV-2 (COVID-19)...
Article
Biostimulants which contain substances or products including natural compounds, special formulation and microorganisms have gained a considerable attention as sustainable method for heavy metal detoxification, stimulate natural toxins, controlling diseases and pests, may increase both water and nutrient efficiency. Biostimulants are important produ...
Book
Full-text available
Different isothermal amplification methods are the signal amplification assays, the probe amplification assays, and the target amplification assays. Molecular techniques used for recognition of quinolone resistance consist of the use of various techniques such as polymerase chain reaction fragment length polymorphism, PCR, single-strand conformatio...
Article
Background Medicinal plants and natural feed additives are the most important alternatives in animal production, especially broiler production, due to the ban on the use of certain antibiotics, their cost-effectiveness and harmful residual effects. Objective In this mini-review article, some important medicinal herbs and plants with positive effec...
Article
Consideration and improvement for anxiety and depression are important during global pandemic diseases. Appropriate healthcare can be obtained by paying more attention to traditional medicinal sciences. The adverse effects of stress with its various symptoms can be managed by introducing plants that boost mental health. The most relevant psychologi...
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Sumac is the wine-colored ground spice, belonging to the cashew family (Anacardiaceae). The most important components of sumac ethanolic extract obtained from sumac are Trans-Caryophyllene, diethyl ester, Butanedioic acid, Cembrene, 1,7-Nonadien-4-ol,4,8-dimethyl, Malate, Palmitate, 9-Octadecenoic acid, Ethyl Linoleic acid, Phytol and Ethyl Linolea...
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Background The most important advantages of foliar fertilization are to improve plant growth and crop quality, appropriately manage the nutritional status of plants, enhance disease resistance and regulate nutrient deficiencies. Main body The aim of this manuscript is to outline and emphasize the importance of foliar application of nutrients in or...
Article
In this mini-review article, we have mentioned the key roles of some of the most important herbal plants medicines containing flavonoids and phytochemicals with antiviral activities. All relevant information was searched for terms of influenza, phytochemicals, SARS, SARS-Cov-2, flavonoids, and traditional medicinal plants uses from reliable databas...
Article
Background Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba) is a living fossil and a deciduous tree, which has extracts with antidiabetic, antioxidant anticancer, antihypertensive, immunestimulative, hepato-protective and antimicrobial activities, memory enhancement efficiency and beneficial effects against neurodegenerative disease. Objective The goal of this manuscript i...
Book
Full-text available
Medicinal plants, particularly edible plants have long been used as traditional knowledge to treat and prevent obesity, especially in Asian countries, because various bioactive compounds from both herbs and fruits have been found useful for anti-obesity drug discovery and development processes. Obesity is an important problem for normal growth in c...
Book
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Ajwain oil contributed to a wide range of medicinal applications, such as antibacterial, antifungal, anti-inflammatory, antioxidant, antibacterial, cytotoxic, anti-lithiasis, nematicidal, anthelmintic, and antifilarial activities. The seeds can be used as stimulant, sialagogue, stomachic, carminative, aromatic, antiseptic, antihypertensive, antispa...
Chapter
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The functional food industry has been developing rapidly in recent years. Great progress has been made in this industry, especially in the number the claims related and the quality of the functional foods. The most important pharmacological properties of jujube are antidiabetic effects, hypnotic-sedative and anxiolytic effects, neuroprotective acti...
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Sumac is a small tree or shrub with thick branches and smooth gray bark. It has large, deciduous, compound leaves with 11–31 hairless sawtooth leaflets. Dense cone-shaped clusters of whitish male and female flowers grown on separate plants. The fruits are dark red fuzzy berries in similar dense clusters. The most important medicinal properties of t...
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The increasing importance of organic food production is due to better environmental performance than conventional farming. Organic farming is a system that aligns well with sustainability. In many countries, especially developed countries, functional foods are considered to be and are ranked as one of the critical state policies, since adequate nut...
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Pulses make up a major share of the human diet in many regions of the world and play a significant role in human nutrition as a source of protein, vitamins, minerals, dietary fiber, and folic acid. Grain pulses also contain certain biologically active components, including enzyme inhibitors, lectins, phytates, oligosaccharides, and phenolic compoun...
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The adzuki bean (Vigna angularis) is a traditional legume crop that plays a crucial role in both the sustainability of agricultural systems and the supply of food protein. Having been used for thousands of years in China as traditional Chinese medicine and food, the adzuki bean has a great potential to be a drug candidate or functional food. Adzuki...
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The Greeks and the Romans knew that certain fruits that had entered the Mediterranean world were Persian in origin or came via Persia. The most famous of these were pistachio, peaches, pomegranates, grapes, figs, and dates. The Global Burden of Disease Study has demonstrated that 49% of deaths are related to unhealthy diet, including deaths due to...
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Legumes in traditional medicine play a key role in the world. In majority of countries, especially in Iran and China, western and traditional medicine has been practiced side by side of each other. The aim of this study is to review bioactive components and chemical constituents of some important legumes in East of Asia. All relevant papers in Engl...
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One of the principal causes of different disorders is uncontrolled inflammatory response. Alkaloid, flavonoids, polyphenolic, proanthocyanidin, terpenoid and steroid compounds are the main reasons of anti-inflammatory activities of medicinal herbs and plants. The current manuscript introduces a series of potential anti-inflammatory plants, particul...
Book
Full-text available
Asian scholars especially from Iran preserved most of the wisdom and knowledge of antiquity in their writing and they had great influence even on both European traditional and modern medical sciences. Avicenna famous book was Canon, which reviewed all medical knowledge studied by the ancient Greek and Muslim scientists. Avicenna has introduced many...
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Fenugreek (Trigonella foenum-graecum L.) belongs to the botanical family Papilionaceae, and its native geographic range is the area extending from Iran to Northern India, but it is presently cultivated also in other regions of the world. Historically, fenugreek has been used as an important traditional, multipurpose medicinal herb in Iranian, India...
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Traditional medicinal plants contain various ranges of chemical contents and they have become popular because of effectiveness, frequently inadequate provision of modern medicine, preferences and cultural beliefs. Pomegranate belongs to the family of Punicaceae, and its various pharmacological activities are due to presence of wide range of bioacti...
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Chlorophyll is a green photosynthetic pigment, and photosynthesis drives the global carbon cycle. The reduction of protochlorophyllide (Pchlide) to chlorophyllide (Chlide) in the penultimate stage of biosynthesis of chlorophyll (Chl) is catalyzed by light-independent protochlorophyllide reducatse (DPOR), and the light-dependent protochlorophyllide...
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Rhizobia which are soil bacteria capable of symbiosis with legume plants in the root or stem nodules and perform nitrogen fixation. Rhizobial genera include Agrobacterium, Allorhizobium, Aminobacter, Azorhizobium, Bradyrhizobium, Devosia, Mesorhizobium, Methylobacterium, Microvirga, Ochrobacterum, Phyllobacterium, Rhizobium, Shinella and Ensifer (S...
Article
Triticale is mainly grown for feed grain, and biomass production for thatching straw and common human utilization. A combined analysis with split plot layout in two years of 2016 and 2017 with 5 replications was used to evaluate yield and yield components of triticale under different methanol concentrations and irrigation managements in Isfahan, Ir...
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Full-text available
Overweight and obesity have become global epidemics, especially during the lockdown due to the COVID-19 pandemic. The potential of medicinal plants as a better and safe option in treating obesity and overweight has gained attention in recent years. Obesity and overweight has become a major public health concern, and its incidence rising at an alarm...
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Background Caper ( Capparis spinosa L.) is a common member of the genus Capparis , which is a perennial shrub and thorny, and a common aromatic plant in many parts of the world, especially the Mediterranean regions. Main body The aim of this mini-review was to outline the most significant health benefits of caper in both traditional and modern pha...
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Full-text available
Herbs are natural products and herbal medicine has become a popular form of healthcare. Herbal-derived remedies may increase pharmacological qualities and improve prevention and treatment of several diseases. In this study, all relevant articles in English language were collected. Keywords of milk thistle, myrrh, mint and natural products were sear...
Article
Nitrogen fixation involves formation of ammonium from N2, which needs a high input of energy. Biological nitrogen fixation utilizes the enzyme nitrogenase and ATP to fix nitrogen. Nitrogenase contains a Fe-protein and a Mo-Fe-protein and other metal cofactors. Soil diazotrophs possess the function of fixing atmospheric N2 into biologically availabl...
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Full-text available
Nitrogen fixation involves formation of ammonium from N2, which needs a high input of energy. Biological nitrogen fixation utilizes the enzyme nitrogenase and ATP to fix nitrogen. Nitrogenase contains a Fe-protein and a Mo-Fe-protein and other metal cofactors. Soil diazotrophs possess the function of fixing atmospheric N2 into biologically availabl...
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Background Diosgenin is an isospirostane derivative, which is a steroidal sapogenin and the product of acids or enzymes hydrolysis process of dioscin and protodioscin. Galactomannans are heteropolysaccharides composed of D-mannose and D-galactose, which are major sources of locust bean, guar, tara and fenugreek. Methods Literature survey was accom...
Article
Introduction: While PCR has been recognized as one of the appropriate ways to diagnosis of infectious diseases, Loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP), which is a nucleic acid amplification method, can be considered as an alternative to PCR, and it is faster, cost-effective, and easier to perform than nested PCR. Patients and methods: Key...
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Gene identification and evolution and also their impacts on agronomical traits are important variations between related species which are often because of differences in the cumulative actions of multiple gene products. Understanding genetic variability for agronomic traits is important parameter of breeding programs for broadening the gene pool of...
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Chitin and chitosan are natural compounds that are biodegradable and nontoxic and have gained noticeable attention due to their effective contribution to increased yield and agro-environmental sustainability. Several effects have been reported for chitosan application in plants. Particularly, it can be used in plant defense systems against biologic...
Book
Full-text available
Different molecular or marked-assisted breeding methods are marker-assisted selection, marker-assisted backcrossing, marker-assisted recurrent selection, and genome wide selection. Molecular breeding has been developed to mimic the essential feature of natural evolution which is diversity. The key limitation to molecular breeding is the lack of bio...
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Full-text available
In order to investigate the effects of methanol and glycine betaine application on quality traits and yield of different fodder beet cultivars, the experiment was performed as a combined split-factorial design based on randomized complete block design with 3 replications in two years in Isfahan, Iran. The concentrations of methanol in 3 levels (con...
Article
Full-text available
Triticale is mainly grown for feed grain and biomass production for thatching straw and general human use. A combined analysis with a factorial layout in the two years of 2016 and 2017 with five replications was used to evaluate the yield and yield components of triticale under different methanol concentrations and irrigation managements in Isfahan...
Article
Full-text available
Certain bacteria and archaea are responsible for biological nitrogen fixation. Metabolic pathways usually are common between archaea and bacteria. Diazotrophs are categorized into two main groups namely: root-nodule bacteria and plant growth-promoting rhizobacteria. Diazotrophs include free living bacteria, such as Azospirillum, Cupriavidus, and so...
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Biostimulants, are a diverse class of compounds including substances or microorganism which have positive impacts on plant growth, yield and chemical composition as well as boosting effects to biotic and abiotic stress tolerance. The major plant biostimulants are hydrolysates of plant or animal protein and other compounds that contain nitrogen, hum...
Book
Full-text available
Waste is an unavoidable byproduct of most human activity. Economic development and rising living standards in Asia have led to increases in the quantity and complexity of generated waste, while industrial diversification and the provision of expanded health-care facilities have added substantial quantities of industrial and agricultural hazardous w...
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Food loss may occur in production, storage, transport, and processing, which are the stages of the value chain with the lowest returns. The current searching was done by the keywords in main indexing systems including PubMed/MEDLINE, Scopus, and Institute for Scientific Information Web of Science as well as the search engine of Google Scholar. The...
Article
Introduction: The chronic metabolic disorder diabetes mellitus is a fast-growing global problem with huge social, health, and economic consequences, having one of the highest morbidities and mortality rates. Prolonged use of many available medications can produce undesirable side effects. Thus, plants appear as an important source of bioactive reso...
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Since ancient times, the medicinal properties of plant material improve the quality of life. Medicinal plants and foods may provide phytotherapy a new dimension and enable their application to treat and prevention of diseases with the advantage of reducing chemical drugs. Historically, caraway, Chinese chives and cassia have enjoyed a rich traditio...
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Apart from playing a key role in the ecosystems, fungi are also beneficial for industrial and other uses such as pigment, drug production, food industry, and bioremediation. Rhizosphere fungi are a critical component of the rhizosphere microbial communities and play an important role in plant growth and health. Fungi are somewhere in between the mi...
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Many efforts are being made to find biomolecules extracted from plants to be useful therapeutic agents to replace the drugs traditionally used in clinical medicine with known side effects and high financial investment, thus offering greater safety and less risk to the population. However, the presence of toxic substances such as alka-loids, amino a...
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DOI: 10.15835/nsb13110816 Pyrethrum (Tanacetum cineraiifolium) which is a natural insecticide has many properties, but the most important are raid action, very low toxicity for mammalian, lack of insect immunity, broad of activity, lack of persistence and degraded quickly by UV in sunlight and very effective insect repellent. Organic farmers can u...
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Eco-friendly management is important for farm animals healthy, so the use of naturally occurring compounds like herbs, herbal preparations and other botanicals are important for enhancement of overall animal health and satisfy consumer concerns. Key considerations in organic livestock production are the origins of livestock, livestock feed, living...
Book
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Religious books, especially the Bible consists of many plants and herbs which have been, used as traditional medicines for thousand years. Aloe vera (John 19:39-40), Anise (Matthew 23:23), Balm (Ezeiel 27:17, Genesis 37:25, Genesis 43:11, Genesis 37:25, Jeremiah 8:22, Jeremiah 46:11, Jeremiah 51:8), Bitter herbs such as Coriander seed, Cilantro roo...
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Background Asafoetida is dried latex which is extracted from the taproot of many species of Ferula, a perennial herb native to the East Mediterranean and Central Asian regions. It is also a common ingredient in some cuisines. Objective The goal of this manuscript is survey on medicinal values and natural benefits of Asafoetida. Methods A literatu...
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Background Medicinal plants are potential source of natural products that play an important role in preventing different human diseases. P. harmala is used traditionally as emmenagogue and an abortifacient agent in the Middle East, North of Africa and West of China. It belongs to the family of Zygophyllaceae and it is a wild growing flowering plant...
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Objective: Goji berry has been used for thousand years inTraditional Chinese Medicine (TCM) in China and other Asian countries as foods to promote health and as drugs to treat diseases. It has been claimed this important medicinal crop is the good source of compounds with valuable nutritional and bioactive properties which can also provide industr...
Book
Full-text available
Ginkgo biloba L. can date back to 300 million years ago and is considered a living fossil. Ginkgo consists of terpenoids, like diterpenes such as ginkgolides A, B, C, J, sesquiterpenes like bilobalide and triterpenes like sterols. Ginkgo biloba L. contains a vast number of flavonoids which include myricetin, kaempferol, isorhamnetin, quercetin, rut...
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Introduction: The aim of this review was to summarize the most important traditional and modern health benefits of Schisanda berry. Methods: We used PubMed, Science Direct and Google to search for and collect scientific publication for a full evaluation of current evidence in the literature indicating the potential role of Schisanda berry. Results:...
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Introduction: Star anise has traditional usages and multiple applications in botany, chemistry, pharmacology and therapy. Chinese star anise has antioxidant, antibacterial, fungicidal, anti-inflammatory, anesthetic and anti-nociceptive effects. Methods: A literature search was conducted in Medline, PubMed, Science direct and Google scholar database...
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Introduction: This edible vegetable has been used as food and traditional herbal medicine in different countries. Most population of the world, especially in developing countries relies on traditional medicine. Methods: They keywords of leek, traditional Medicine, health Benefits and A. ampeloprasum, western medicine and pharmaceutical science were...