M. Hassan Murad

M. Hassan Murad
Mayo Clinic - Rochester · Department of Internal Medicine

About

1,013
Publications
231,841
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99,381
Citations
Citations since 2017
526 Research Items
78650 Citations
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Publications

Publications (1,013)
Presentation
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Introduction: Despite the presence of multiple effective treatments for hypertension, blood pressure control remains sub-optimal. The involvement of non-physician health care workers such as nurses, pharmacists, and community workers, in hypertension management might improve adherence to treatment thus improving blood pressure control.
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Background Reliable and field-applicable diagnosis of schistosome infections in non-human animals is important for surveillance, control, and verification of interruption of human schistosomiasis transmission. This study aimed to summarize uses of available diagnostic techniques through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methodology and princi...
Article
Objective To assess comparative effectiveness of adjuvant therapies for renal cell carcinoma and quantify the absolute benefit of adjuvant treatments by clinicopathological risk groups. Methods This ‘living’ review was conducted using Living Interactive Evidence (LIvE) synthesis framework. Results The ‘living’ results are available on an interact...
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Schistosomiasis is a helminthiasis infecting approximately 250 million people worldwide. In 2001, the World Health Assembly (WHA) 54.19 resolution defined a new global strategy for control of schistosomiasis through preventive chemotherapy programmes. This resolution culminated in the 2006 WHO guidelines that recommended empirical treatment by mass...
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Background: Dermatofibromas are common skin tumors that typically occur on the extremities and trunk and demonstrate benign behavior, frequent recurrences, and very rare metastasis. Facial dermatofibromas are rare and not well studied. We analyzed clinicopathologic features of facial dermatofibromas. Design: Considering the rarity of the conditi...
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The fragility index (FI) was proposed as a simplified way to communicate robustness of statistically significant results and their susceptibility to a change of a handful number of events. While this index is intuitive, it is not anchored by a cut-off or a guide for interpretation. We identified cardiovascular trials published in six high impact jo...
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Introduction The coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic has had significant impacts beyond physical morbidity and mortality. A mid-cycle Community Health Needs Assessment (CHNA) survey was administered in 1 community to generate data to evaluate change in community well-being since the beginning of the pandemic. Methods Surveys were mailed t...
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To compare the efficacy and safety of systemic and catheter directed thrombolysis for patients with pulmonary embolism. Pubmed and Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials were systematically searched from inception to May 31st 2020 to identify relevant studies. Outcomes of interest were in-hospital mortality and major bleeding including intr...
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Clinicians frequently must decide whether a patient's measurement reflects that of a healthy "normal" individual. Thus, the reference range is defined as the interval in which some proportion (frequently 95%) of measurements from a healthy population is expected to fall. One can estimate it from a single study or preferably from a meta-analysis of...
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Slow deep breathing (SDB) may help patients with acute pain. The primary aim of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to investigate the effects of SDB on acute pain. Secondary aims include investigating the effects of SDB on acute pain-related physical and emotional functioning. An a priori protocol was registered and a database search was c...
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Background: There is no clear consensus regarding the optimal approach for secondary prophylaxis of gastric variceal bleeding (GVB) in patients with cirrhosis. We conducted a systematic review and network metanalysis (NMA) to compare the efficacy of available treatments. Methods: A comprehensive search of several databases from each database's i...
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Small relative effect sizes are common in observational studies of exposure in environmental and public health. However, such effects can still have considerable policy importance when the baseline rate of the health outcome is high, and many persons are exposed. Assessing the certainty of the evidence based on these effect sizes is challenging bec...
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Objective To measure well-being at a community level using a valid instrument. Patients and Methods Written surveys were mailed to a random sample of residents in Olmsted County, Minnesota, in 2015 and 2019 including the 5-item World Health Organization Well-being Index (0-100; for which 100 is the best imaginable well-being or quality of life). M...
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Background: Comparative effectiveness of 7 glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) agents on weight loss (WL) in obesity remains unknown. Methods: We performed a systematic review, network meta-analysis (NMA) utilizing the following data sources: MEDLINE, EMBASE, Scopus, Cochrane Central and clinical trial registries, from inception to March 2, 2021. Th...
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Background: Complete removal of melanoma is a primary goal of excision, and local recurrence is one measure to evaluate the efficacy of surgical technique. Objective: To compare published local recurrence rates for melanoma treated with Mohs micrographic surgery (MMS) or staged excision versus wide local excision (WLE). Methods and materials:...
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Context Lymphocytic hypophysitis (LyHy) is characterized by inflammation of the pituitary and or neuroinfundibulum and is uncommon. Treatment options include observation, high-dose glucocorticoids (HD-GCs) or surgery. Optimal first-line management strategy, however, remains unknown. Objective This work aimed to assess response to first-line treatm...
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Introduction Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) and Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) are chronic inflammatory diseases associated with a higher risk of cardio-metabolic comorbidities compared to the general population. Individual studies examining mortality in these patients have produced conflicting results. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis to...
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Hypertension is a major cause of cardiovascular disease and deaths worldwide especially in low- and middle-income countries. Despite the availability of safe, well-tolerated, and cost-effective blood pressure (BP)-lowering therapies, <14% of adults with hypertension have BP controlled to a systolic/diastolic BP <140/90 mm Hg. We report new hyperten...
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This is the 24th in the ongoing series of articles describing the GRADE approach for assessing the certainty of a body of evidence in systematic reviews and health technology assessments and how to move from evidence to recommendations in guidelines. Guideline developers and authors of systematic reviews and other evidence syntheses use randomized...
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In Reply In response to our systematic review about acute treatments of migraine,¹ Dr Hagan draws attention to timolol, 0.5%, eye drops and Dr Moisset and colleagues highlight eletriptan as potential acute treatments of migraine. Both of these medications were evaluated in our systematic review; however, due to the space limitations, we presented t...
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While the full impact of COVID-19 is not yet clear, early studies have indicated that upwards of 10% of patients experience COVID-19 symptoms longer than 3 weeks, known as Long-Hauler's Syndrome or PACS (post-acute sequelae of SARS-CoV-2 infection). There is little known about risk factors or predictors of susceptibility for Long-Hauler's Syndrome,...
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Introduction: Hypercalcaemia of malignancy (HCM) is the second most common cause of hypercalcaemia and is associated with significant morbidity and mortality. Several treatment options are available including pharmacological therapy with bisphosphonates, denosumab, glucocorticoids and calcimimetics, as well as conventional therapy with hydration a...
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BACKGROUND: Cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the standard of care for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC). OBJECTIVE: To compare the efficacy and safety of the two most commonly used cisplatin-based regimens; gemcitabine, and cisplatin (GC) vs. accelerated (dose-dense: dd) or conventional methotrexate, vinblastine, adriamycin, and cisp...
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Background Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) is a common cause of chronic liver disease. There is a major need to understand the efficacy of different pharmacological agents for the treatment of NASH. Aim To assess the relative rank-order of different pharmacological interventions in fibrosis improvement and NASH resolution. Methods A comprehen...
Article
Background: Sickle cell disease (SCD) is a life-limiting inherited hemoglobinopathy that results in significant complications and affects quality of life. Hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT) is currently the only curative intervention for SCD; however, guidelines are needed to inform how to apply HSCT in clinical practice. Objective: The...
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Background The development of rigorous, high-quality clinical guidelines increases the need for resources and skilled personnel within guideline-producing organizations. While collaboration between organizations provides a unique opportunity to pool resources and save time and effort, the collaboration presents its own unique challenges.Objective T...
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Introduction Corticosteroid dosing in the range of 0.5-2mg/kg/day of methylprednisolone equivalents have become a standard part of the management of ICU patients with COVID-19 pneumonia based on positive results of randomized trials and a meta-analysis. Alongside such conventional dosing, administration of 1gm of methylprednisolone daily (pulse dos...
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Cycle threshold (CT) values are correlated with the amount of viral nucleic acid in a sample and may be obtained from some qualitative rtPCR tests used for diagnosis of most patients with SARS-CoV-2. However, CT values cannot be directly compared across assays and they must be interpreted with caution as they are influenced by the sample type, timi...
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More people die each year from cardiovascular diseases than from any other cause. Over three quarters of heart disease and stroke-related deaths occur in low-income and middle-income countries. Hypertension – or elevated blood pressure – is a serious medical condition that significantly increases the risk of heart, brain, kidney and other diseases....
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The high prevalence of uncontrolled hypertension in underserved populations is a major cause of health disparities in the United States and requires innovative health care delivery interventions. We conducted a systematic review of randomized controlled trials and comparative observational studies examining the effectiveness of contemporary systems...
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Background As the use of antibiotics during the peripartum period increases, the incidence of autoimmune disorders and autism spectrum disorders (ASDs) is also increasing. In this study, we aim to assess if antibiotic exposure during the peripartum period affects the incidence of autoimmune diseases and ASD in the offspring. Methods We identified c...
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To the Editor— We thank Cai et al [1] for their interest in our work [2]. Cai et al bring up the issue of overlap of study patients in systematic reviews and point out to 2 case series that overlapped in recruitment period and geographic location [3, 4]. Although patient overlap in the same analysis for the same outcome can exaggerate the weight of...
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The prominence of social media in contemporary society has extended significantly into the health care arena, where both patients and health care providers have used social media platforms to gather, communicate, learn, and share medical content and personal experience in real time. The medical literature has also seen an exponential increase in th...
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Background Several diagnostic tests and treatment options for patients with lower extremities varicose veins have existed for decades. The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the latest evidence of the diagnostic and treatments options to support the forthcoming updates of the clinical practice guidelines on the management of varicos...
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Background: Comprehensive treatment recommendations for Merkel cell carcinoma are complex. We aimed to systematically review the published data on recurrence and mortality rates associated with various treatment approaches for Merkel cell carcinoma. Methods: Search of MEDLINE, Embase, Web of Science, and Scopus from inception to August 2015. Stu...
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Objectives To evaluate the association of study design features and treatment effects in randomised controlled trials (RCTs) evaluating therapies for individuals with chronic medical conditions. Design Meta-epidemiological study. Setting RCTs from meta-analyses published in the 10 general medical journals with the highest impact factor published...
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Objective: To evaluate the effectiveness and adverse events of autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP) in individuals with lower-extremity diabetic ulcers, lower-extremity venous ulcers, and pressure ulcers. Patients and methods: We searched multiple databases from database inception to June 11, 2020, for randomized controlled trials and observati...
Article
Clinicians regularly have to trade benefits and harms to choose between testing and treatment strategies. This process is often done by making global and implicit judgments. A decision analysis is an analytic method that makes this process more explicit, reproducible, and evidence-based. While clinicians are unlikely to conduct their own decision a...
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Objectives: To evaluate the efficacy of the simultaneous hypertonic saline solution and IV furosemide (HSS+Fx) for patients with fluid overload compared with IV furosemide alone (Fx). Data sources: Electronic databases (MEDLINE, EMBASE, CENTRAL, Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, PsycINFO, Scopus, and WOS) were searched from inception to M...
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Background Immunoassays designed to detect SARS-CoV-2 protein antigens are now commercially available. The most widely used tests are rapid lateral flow assays that generate results in approximately 15 minutes for diagnosis at the point-of-care. Higher throughput, laboratory-based SARS-CoV-2 antigen (Ag) assays have also been developed. The overall...
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Importance Migraine is common and can be associated with significant morbidity, and several treatment options exist for acute therapy. Objective To evaluate the benefits and harms associated with acute treatments for episodic migraine in adults. Data Sources Multiple databases from database inception to February 24, 2021. Study Selection Randomi...
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Background and Objectives Dorsal root ganglion stimulation (DRGS) is a newer form of neuromodulation that targets the dorsal root ganglion. DRGS has superior efficacy in complex regional pain syndrome compared to spinal cord stimulation (SCS) and may have efficacy in other forms of chronic pain. While decades of safety data are available for SCS, t...
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Regenerative, cell-based therapy is a promising treatment option for diabetic kidney disease (DKD), which has no cure. To prepare for clinical translation, this systematic review and meta-analysis summarized the effect of cell-based interventions in DKD animal models and treatment-related factors modifying outcomes. Electronic databases were search...
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We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to identify risk factors for delirium in geriatric patients in the emergency department and to identify emergency department (ED)-based modifiable risk factors for developing delirium during hospitalization. We searched evidence based medicine reviews, EMBASE, MEDLINE, Scopus, and Web of Science fo...
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Background To support the development of guidelines on the management of carotid disease, a writing committee from the Society for Vascular Surgery has commissioned this systematic review. Methods We searched multiple data bases for studies addressing 5 questions: medical management vs. carotid revascularization (CEA) in asymptomatic patients, CEA...
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Management of carotid bifurcation stenosis in stroke prevention has been the subject of extensive investigations, including multiple randomized controlled trials. The proper treatment of patients with carotid bifurcation disease is of major interest to vascular surgeons and other vascular specialists. In 2011, the Society for Vascular Surgery publi...
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Objective: To maintain living, interactive evidence (LIvE) on the benefits and harms of different treatment options in adults with cancer-associated thrombosis (CAT). Methods: We have used a novel LIvE synthesis framework to maintain this living, interactive systematic review since September 19, 2018. Randomized controlled trials evaluating the...
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Objective To evaluate the magnitude of the association between risk factors and premature myocardial infarction (MI) (men aged 18-55 years; women aged 18-65 years). Patients and Methods We searched MEDLINE and other databases from inception through April 30, 2020, as well as bibliography of articles selected for data extraction. We selected observ...
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Objective Lidocaine is one of the most widely used local anesthetics with well-known pharmacological properties. The purpose of this systematic review is to investigate the effects of lidocaine on postoperative pain scores and recovery after cardiac surgery. Methods A comprehensive database search was conducted by a reference librarian for randomi...
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e16522 Background: Cisplatin-based neoadjuvant chemotherapy is the standard of care for muscle invasive bladder cancer (MIBC) in cisplatin-eligible patients. This systematic review and meta-analysis provide an updated efficacy and safety comparison between the two most commonly used cisplatin-based regimens; dose-dense (dd) or conventional MVAC ver...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background WHO-recommended prevalence thresholds for deciding schistosomiasis mass drug administration (MDA) are based on anecdotal evidence and unclear. Objectives This systematic review and meta-analysis commissioned by the WHO, as part of its new schistosomiasis evidence-based guideline development, was to generate a single and ‘global’ prevalen...
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Introduction: The inconsistent use of standardized approaches for classifying postamputation pain (PAP) has been a barrier to establishing its prevalence. Objectives: The primary objective of this systematic review and meta-analysis is to determine the prevalence of nontraumatic lower-extremity PAP using an established taxonomy. The secondary ob...
Preprint
Full-text available
Background Reliable and field-applicable diagnosis of schistosome infections in non-human animals is important for surveillance, control, and verification of interruption of human schistosomiasis transmission. This study aimed to summarize uses of available diagnostic techniques through a systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods and principal f...
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Full-text available
Objective To describe characteristics of a series of patients reporting prolonged symptoms after an infection with COVID-19. Methods This study describes the multidisciplinary COVID-19 Activity Rehabilitation Program (CARP), established at Mayo Clinic to evaluate and treat post-COVID-19 syndrome (PCS) patients, and reports the clinical characteris...
Article
The Society for Vascular Surgery (SVS) Clinical Practice Guidelines on Popliteal Artery Aneurysms (PAAs) leverage the work of a panel of experts chosen by the SVS to review the current world literature as it applies to PAAs to extract the most salient, evidence-based recommendations to the management of these patients. These guidelines focus on PAA...
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PURPOSE Multiple large clinical trials have investigated adjuvant tyrosine kinase inhibitors (TKIs) to reduce the risk of cancer recurrence and progression to metastasis in high-risk renal cell carcinoma. We sought to maintain living and interactive evidence on this topic, until a high level of certainty is reached for key clinical outcomes such th...
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Objective To summarize the best available evidence comparing open vs. endovascular popliteal artery aneurysm repair. We also summarized the natural history of popliteal artery aneurysms to support of the Society for Vascular Surgery guidelines. Methods We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Cochrane databases, and Scopus for studies of patients with poplite...
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In a large cohort of US healthcare personnel (HCP) without prior COVID-19 infection, 94,382 doses of mRNA COVID-19 vaccine were administered to 49,220 individuals. The adjusted vaccine effectiveness following two doses of each of the two available brands of mRNA vaccine exceeded 96%.
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Objective: To provide practical principles and examples to help GRADE users make optimal choices regarding their ratings of certainty of evidence using a minimally or partially contextualized approach. Study design and setting: Based on the GRADE clarification of certainty of evidence in 2017, a project group within the GRADE Working Group condu...
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Context Identifying the most effective first-line treatment for metastatic renal cell carcinoma (mRCC) is challenging as rapidly evolving data quickly outdate the existing body of evidence, and current approaches to presenting the evidence in user-friendly formats are fraught with limitations. Objective To maintain living evidence for contemporary...
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Several strategies are available to address the obesity epidemic and range from noninvasive lifestyle interventions to medications and bariatric surgical procedures. Endoscopic bariatric techniques, such as intragastric balloons, have become an attractive alternative as a tool for weight loss that can augment the effect of lifestyle interventions....
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Objective To assess the risk of venous thromboembolism (VTE) in patients treated with Janus kinase (JAK) inhibitors in clinical trials. Patients and Methods We performed a literature search of Ovid MEDLINE and ePub Ahead of Print, In-Process & Other Non-Indexed Citations, and Daily; Ovid EMBASE; Ovid Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials;...
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Background and aims: Endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP), percutaneous transhepatic biliary drainage, and endoscopic ultrasound (EUS)-guided biliary drainage are all established techniques for drainage of malignant biliary obstruction. This network meta-analysis (NMA) was aimed at comparing all 3 modalities to each other. Materi...
Article
Background Lifestyle interventions are pivotal for successful management of type 2 diabetes (T2D), however, the proportion of people with T2D adhering to physical activity advice has not been thoroughly studied. Objectives The purpose of this systematic review was to summarize the evidence on adherence to exercise or physical activity components i...
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Objective To describe the presentation and outcomes of patients with adrenal ganglioneuromas (AGN). Design Single‐center retrospective cohort study (January 1st, 1995 to December 31st, 2019) and systematic review of literature (January 1st, 1980 to November 19th, 2019). Patients Diagnosed with histologically confirmed AGN. Measurements Baseline...
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Objectives The aim of this study was to examine the effect of CYP2C19 genotype on clinical outcomes in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) who predominantly underwent percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI), comparing those treated with ticagrelor or prasugrel versus clopidogrel. Background The effect of CYP2C19 genotype on treatment outc...
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Objective : To identify and suggest strategies to make insufficient evidence ratings in systematic reviews more actionable. Study Design and Setting : A workgroup comprising members from the Evidence-Based Practice (EPC) Program of the Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality convened throughout 2020. We conducted iterative discussions consideri...
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Objective To characterise the potential association of hyperlipidaemia (HLP) versus no HLP with all-cause mortality among patients hospitalised for pneumonia. Design Propensity score matched retrospective study. Participants The study cohort consisted of consecutive 8553 adults hospitalised at a large academic centre with a discharge diagnosis of...
Article
INTRODUCTION: Decompression sickness (DCS) can occur during unpressurized flight to altitudes >18,000 ft (FL180; 5486 m). To our knowledge, this has not been studied in general aviation (GA). This knowledge gap may have public health and safety implications because the most popular models of GA aircraft by sales volume are capable of flying >FL180....
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335 Background: Systematic reviews are outdated quickly when the evidence is rapidly evolving as the process is laborious and there is little incentive for primary author team of an index SRMA to update the evidence. Consequently, there is an epidemic of redundant SRMAs performed by different teams—sometimes with conflicted results—for treatment of...
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Background /Aims Glycogenic hepatopathy (GH) in type 1 diabetes‐mellitus (T1DM) is characterized by hepatomegaly and perturbations of liver chemistries (LC) that have not been well studied. Furthermore, misdiagnosis with other hepatic complications of T1DM, such as nonalcoholic fatty liver disease, has been described. We perform a systematic review...