M-Concepción Aristoy

M-Concepción Aristoy
Spanish National Research Council | CSIC · Instituto de Agroquímica y Tecnología de Alimentos

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98
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4,245
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Citations since 2017
9 Research Items
1864 Citations
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20172018201920202021202220230100200300
20172018201920202021202220230100200300

Publications

Publications (98)
Article
Full-text available
In this study, orange seed proteins were hydrolyzed by Alcalase enzyme at different enzyme concentrations 1-3% (v/w) and hydrolysis times (2-5 h), to obtain bioactive peptides showing antioxidant, Angiotensin-converting enzyme (ACE) -inhibitory, and hypoglycemic activities. The highest biological activities (p < 0.05) were achieved by using a hydro...
Article
Peptidyl post-translational modifications (PTMs) could influence the final quality of processed meat. In this study, the peptide oxidative phenomena in Spanish dry-cured ham (Biceps femoris muscle) were evaluated at different ripening times (9, 12, 15, 18 and 24 months of processing) as evidence of interactions amongst the lipid and protein oxidati...
Article
Peptides and free amino acids are naturally generated in dry-cured ham as a consequence of proteolysis phenomenon exerted by muscle peptidases. The generation of bioactive peptides in different types of dry-cured ham produced in Spain, Italy and China is reviewed in this manuscript. Major muscle proteins are extensively hydrolysed firstly by endoge...
Chapter
Analytical methodologies have been developed for the qualitative and quantitative determination of the chemicals in foods. Due to the large amount of samples to be analysed, high-performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) offers the possibility of relatively rapid analysis for a good number of chemicals. HPLC is being used for a large number of appli...
Article
Large amounts of peptides are naturally generated in foods through the proteolysis phenomena taking place during processing. Such proteolysis is carried out either by endogenous enzymes in ripened foods or by the combined action of endogenous and microbial enzymes when fermented. Food proteins can also be isolated and hydrolysed by peptidases to pr...
Article
Histidine-containing dipeptides carnosine, anserine, and balenine are natural constituents in mammalians, which are known to contribute to relevant bioactive functions during postmortem processing of muscle foods. The knowledge of the content of these dipeptides in meat, poultry, and seafood is very important for the characterization of its biologi...
Article
Bioactive peptides are known to contribute relevant bioactive functions during postmortem processing of muscle foods. They can influence the metabolism and prevent diseases exerting their functions on the cardiovascular, immune, gastrointestinal, and nervous systems in human bodies. The identification and quantitation of these peptides in foods are...
Article
Amino acids are natural constituents of proteins and peptides present in foods that are known to contribute to many relevant functions in an organism. The knowledge of the amino acid profile or the essential amino acids contents in foods and the limiting amino acids in a protein is very important for the characterization of their biological value a...
Article
This study is focused on the characterization of the proteolysis occurred during the processing of Pastirma, a traditional Turkish dry-cured meat product, which is responsible for its final characteristics. Thus, the evaluation of naturally generated free amino acids and peptides present at 0, 2, 5, 10, and 21. days of processing and the bioactivit...
Article
Full-text available
The effects of amino acid composition and peptide molecular mass on ACE-inhibitory and antioxidant activities of protein fragments obtained from tomato waste fermented using Bacillus subtilis were evaluated. The addition of B. subtilis increased the relative amounts of aromatic and positively-charged amino acids which have been described to influen...
Article
This study evaluates the effect of dietary selenium (Se) supplementation source (organic, Se-enriched yeast; SY vs. inorganic, sodium selenite; SS), dose (0.2: L vs. 0.4: H mg/kg) and the combination of Se and vitamin E (VITE + SS) for 26 days on drip loss, TBARS, colour changes, myofibrillar protein pattern and proteolysis in pork. The lowest wate...
Article
Angiotensin I-converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory peptides have been searched in thornback ray (Raja clavata) muscle hydrolysed with Bacillus subtilis A26 proteases until a hydrolysis degree of 18.35%. The hydrolysate showed an IC50 of 0.83 mg mL−1. To identify peptides responsible for this activity, the extract was eluted through size-exclusion chr...
Article
Peptidomics is a necessary alternative in the analysis of naturally generated peptides in dry-fermented processing. The intense proteolysis occurred during the processing of dry-fermented sausages is due to the action of endopeptidases and exopeptidases from both, endogenous muscle origin and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) added in the starter. Sodium...
Article
Large amounts of different peptides are naturally generated in dry-cured meats as a consequence of the intense proteolysis mechanisms which take place during their processing. In fact, meat proteins are extensively hydrolysed by muscle endo-peptidases (mainly calpains and cathepsins) followed by exo-peptidases (mainly, tri- and di-peptidyl peptidas...
Chapter
Fat, composed mainly of triacylglycerols and phospholipids, and protein, composed of amino acids, constitute major components of meat. Carbohydrate, in the form of glycogen, is present in very low amounts. This article describes the main methodologies available for the analysis of these substances, discusses their advantages and disadvantages, and...
Article
The processing of dry-cured ham results in an intense proteolysis that leads to the generation of peptides of different sizes and composition, which have been shown to be biologically active. In this study, a total of ninety-three peptides mainly derived from actin, β-enolase, myosin heavy chain, and creatine kinase proteins have been identified fr...
Article
Pork meat is generally recognised as a food with relevant nutritional properties because of its content in high biological value proteins, group B vitamins, minerals especially heme iron, trace elements and other bioactive compounds. But pork meat also contributes to the intake of fat, saturated fatty acids, cholesterol, and other substances that,...
Article
Sodium intake exceeds the nutritional recommendations in most industrialized countries becoming one concern for public health. This elimination or reduction is not simple due to its role in final food sensory, quality and safety. The aim of this work is to review the possibilities of magnesium ion, due to its healthy properties, to become a partial...
Article
The capacity of Lactobacillus sakei CRL1862 to prevent the growth of pathogens and its ability to degrade sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar proteins in pork meat systems was evaluated. In addition, basic safety aspects of Lact. sakei CRL1862 such as production of biogenic amines and antibiotic susceptibility were addressed. The bacteriocin-producing La...
Article
Full-text available
This work is focused on the determination of compounds of nutritional interest that are naturally present in pork meat and how they are affected during the processing of dry-cured ham. Such compounds are creatine, creatinine, coenzyme Q(10), glutathione, carnosine, anserine, carnitine, taurine, cystine, cysteine and the essential amino acids. Their...
Article
The effect of the partial NaCl replacement by other salts (potassium, calcium, and magnesium chloride) on the formation of volatile compounds through the processing of dry-cured ham was studied using solid-phase microextraction (SPME). Three salt formulations were considered, namely, I (100% NaCl), II (50% NaCl and 50% KCl), and III (55% NaCl, 25%...
Article
Hydrophilic interaction chromatography has been used to investigate the retention characteristics of a group of polar compounds typically present in meat like carnosine (Car), anserine (Ans), creatine (Cr), creatinine (Cn), glutathione oxidised (GSSG), glutathione reduced (GSH) and nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide (NADH). These compounds were sepa...
Article
An enzyme sensor employing diamine oxidase from porcine kidney in combination with an oxygen electrode has been developed and optimised to estimate the content of total amines in dry-fermented sausages. The enzyme DAO was immobilised on a preactivated Immunodyne membrane using glutaraldehyde as cross-linking agent. The enzymatic determination was b...
Article
While muscle foods are the more commonly consumed portion of an animal, meat by-products such as the entrails and internal organs are also widely consumed. Considered high-priced delicacies or waste material to be tossed away, the use and value of offal-edible and inedible meat by-products depend entirely on the culture and country in question. The...
Article
Simultaneous brine thawing/salting process was applied as an alternative to traditional pile salting process using 51 frozen Iberian hams. The effect of this type of salting process on endogenous enzyme activity and sensory quality of Iberian dry-cured hams was analysed. The frozen hams were simultaneously thawed and salted with saturated brine, wi...
Chapter
Amino acids are the basic components of the muscle protein structure of seafood. However, not all proteins have the same nutritional value, because protein quality strongly depends on its amino acid composition and digestibility.¹ Fish and, in general, seafood proteins are considered as highquality proteins because of their balanced content in amin...
Article
An enzyme sensor employing diamine oxidase from porcine kidney in combination with an oxygen electrode has been developed and optimised to estimate the content of total amines in dry-fermented sausages. The enzyme DAO was immobilised on a preactivated Immunodyne membrane using glutaraldehyde as cross-linking agent. The enzymatic determination was b...
Article
Sodium intake above nutritional recommendations may involve harmful consequences to health such as the increased risk of cardiovascular diseases. Dry-cured ham constitutes a product with a relatively large amount of sodium. Thus, to obtain a healthier product for consumers with reduced sodium content, two formulations containing KCl alone (formulat...
Article
This work describes the correlation found along 10 days between potentiometric measurements obtained by using an electronic tongue and the variation in certain physicochemical, microbial and biochemical parameters measured on a whole piece of pork loin stored under refrigeration. The electronic tongue consists of a set of six electrodes made of Au,...
Article
Several muscle compounds (creatine, creatinine, hypoxanthine, inosine, inosine 5' monophosphate, xanthine, adenosine monophosphate, guanosine, and uridine) were studied as possible biological markers of a minimum dry-cured ham processing time. A correlation between the concentration of the compounds and the time of processing was found. The ratios...
Article
HPLC methods based on hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) have been recently applied to the analysis of biochemical compounds, related to the quality, in meat and poultry as well as meat products like cooked ham and dry-cured ham. This type of chromatography has also been successfully used for the analysis of antibiotic residues in meat...
Article
The use of dielectric spectra to detect quality defects in porcine muscle during postmortem period was evaluated. The changes in dielectric spectra during meat ageing were also studied. For these purposes, dielectric spectra were measured by using an Agilent 85070E Open-ended Coaxial Probe connected to an Agilent E8362B Vector Network Analyzer from...
Article
This work aimed to investigate the effect of pre-cure freezing Iberian hams on proteolysis phenomena throughout the ripening process. Non-protein nitrogen (NPN), peptide nitrogen (PN) and amino acid nitrogen (AN) as well as amino acid and dipeptide evolution followed the same trend in both refrigerated (R) and pre-cure frozen (F) Iberian hams durin...
Chapter
The origin of dry-cured ham is lost in ancient times, when humans used salting as a useful preservation tool for times of scarcity. The evolution of this product has followed a traditional route over the centuries, with oral transmission of the techniques involved from generation to generation but it was produced very empirically, with a rather lim...
Article
The effect of partial replacement of NaCl by KCl in the dry-curing of loins has been evaluated by biochemical and sensory analysis of the final products. Endoproteolytic enzymes like cathpesins B and B + L appeared to be more active when more KCl and less NaCl were present in the curing salt while cathepsin H remained unaffected. Proteolysis was re...
Article
Full-text available
Relevance of nitrate and nitrite in dry-cured ham and their effects on aroma development. Potassium and sodium salts of nitrite (E 249 and E 250) and nitrate (E 251 and E 252) are authorised for use under certain levels in several foodstuffs such as non-heat-treated, cured and dried meat products, other cured meat products, canned meat products and...
Article
This study is focused on the effect of sodium chloride alternative salts (KCl, MgCl2 and CaCl2) on porcine muscle proteases (cathepsins, dipeptidylpeptidases and aminopeptidases). In general, KCl exerted a very similar effect to NaCl for all the studied enzymes, while the effect of divalent salts (CaCl2 and MgCl2) was more pronounced. Cathepsins, d...
Article
The use of frozen/thawed raw material in the processing of Iberian dry-cured ham has been studied to determine its effect on the sensory quality of the final product. The proteolysis and lipolysis processes were measured by the proteolytic and lipolytic enzyme activities and free amino acids and free fatty acids. The thawed Iberian hams had lower s...
Article
The proteases A (PrA; EC. 3.4.23.25) and D (PrD; EC. 3.4.24.37) of Debaryomyces hansenii CECT 12487 were characterised after their isolation by fractionation with protamine sulfate followed by three chromatographic separations, which included two anion exchange and one gel filtration chromatographic steps. The whole procedures for PrA and PrD resul...
Article
One of the fields where the idea of developing artificial electronic mammalian sense devices might be widely applied is in food analysis. In this field, one very complex attribute yet of great importance is that of freshness. For instance, freshness is one of the most significant parameters of fish quality in most markets. The state of fish freshne...
Article
Freshness in one of the main quality attributes for fish commercialization and consumption. The traditional method for fish freshness evaluation is sensory analysis. However, instrumental methods such as electrical, texture and colour measurements, image analysis, VIS spectroscopy and electronic noses have been widely studied as objective alternati...
Chapter
The final quality of a fermented meat product depends on many factors, including the quality of the initial raw materials, ingredients, and additives, the processing conditions (such as fermentation conditions and extent of drying and ripening), packaging, and the storage conditions at the factory and during commercial distribution. It is necessary...
Article
The activities of subcutaneous adipose tissue lipases and esterases were assayed at different stages (0 to 15 months) in the processing of dry-cured ham. The formation of free fatty acids during the process was also determined. Maximal generation of free fatty acids occurred during the first 10 months. Simultaneously, the triglyceride content decre...
Article
The effect of endogenous dipeptides (carnosine and anserine) and peptidic fractions from meat extracts on aminopeptidase activity, alanyl and arginyl aminopeptidases purified from porcine skeletal muscle, was studied. Carnosine inhibited the activity of porcine arginyl aminopeptidase (RAP); the inhibition being stronger with the purified form of th...
Article
Free amino acids have been analyzed in biceps femoris muscle and adipose tissue from raw and dry-cured ham. A high increase was observed for all amino acids except glutamine and taurine. Major increases were in glutamic acid, arginine, alanine, valine, leucine, and lysine. A survey of five aminopeptidase activities of muscle and adipose tissue from...
Article
The effect of biogenic polyamines (agmatine, cadaverine, putrescine, spermidine, and spermine) on the activity of pork muscle aminopeptidase and alanyl aminopeptidase was investigated. Agmatine (5 mM) showed a powerful inhibitory effect for both enzymes (more than 50% inhibition). Cadaverine and less intensely putrescine showed similar inhibitory e...
Article
Following long dry-curing periods, Spanish “Serrano” ham develops a specific “dry-cured ham” flavor. To determine the effects of length of curing on flavor generation, replicate hams were processed for 7 or 12 mo prior to amino acid, peptide, and flavor evaluation by reverse phase HPLC, capillary zone electrophoresis, and sensory analysis, respecti...
Article
A water-soluble extract of dry-cured ham was fractionated by gel filtration chromatography. Collected fractions (below 1200 Da) were sensory-analyzed and subjected to amino acid analysis with and without previous acid hydrolysis, in order to determine the amino acid and peptide distribution. Those fractions with the highest peptide amount were furt...
Article
In a previous study, the brine thawing/salting operation using frozen hams as raw material was studied as a valid alternative for the accelerated processing of dry-cured hams. But no information was available on how this treatment could affect some important biochemical mechanisms and the sensory quality of hams. The aim of this work was to study t...
Article
The effects of nutrient sources and growth phase of Debaryomyces hansenii on the protease (PrA and PrB) and aminopeptidase (prolyl-[PAP] and arginyl-[AAP] aminopeptidases) activities were investigated. These activities were also monitored during growth on a whole sarcoplasmic muscle protein extract (WSPE) and on an equivalent medium but free of com...
Article
The simultaneous brine thawing/salting operation has been proposed as an effective alternative for the accelerated processing of frozen cured hams. The aim of the present study was to study the effect of this new technology on the lipolytic and proteolytic enzymes responsible for the generation of flavour precursors during the salting and post-salt...
Article
Dry-cured ham is a traditional food requiring a long processing period for development of its appreciated texture and flavour characteristics. During this time, there is an intense degradation of muscle proteins due to the action of endogenous proteolytic enzymes. This gives rise to an important generation of free amino acids and oligopeptides that...
Article
A porcine kidney enzyme extract containing high levels of cathepsins B and L activities has been successfully immobilised onto porous glass beads. Cathepsins showed improved stability when immobilised, exhibiting a half-life of 97.5 h at 30 °C vs 5.6 h for the free enzyme in solution. Immobilised reactors were incubated at 30 °C and fed with a 0.2%...
Article
The protease B (PrB; EC. 3.4.21.48) of Debaryomyces hansenii CECT 12487 was purified by selective fractionation with protamine sulfate followed by three chromatographic separations. The whole procedure resulted in 324-fold purification with a recovery yield of 1.0%. PrB was active at neutral-basic pH ranging from 6.0 to 12.0 with an optimum at pH 8...
Article
The present work is focused on the use of the relative amounts of carnosine and anserine for detecting the presence of proteins of mammalian origin in feeds for ruminants. The methodology is cheap and simple and may serve for the rapid screening of feeds. Animal protein additions to feeds as low as 0.5% can be easily detected based on the cation ex...
Article
A simple methodology, consisting in cation exchange HPLC separation combined with OPA postcolumn detection, has been succesfully applied to the analysis and detection of histidine dipeptides in feeds. The use of the proposed methodology, which is very simple and relatively fast, allows the detection of 2.63 ppm and 0.58 ppm of carnosine and anserin...
Article
Full-text available
While the majority of meat flavor is lipid in origin, the contribution of peptides and amino acids to overall meat flavor should not be overlooked. Amino acids and peptide levels have been shown to change with postmortem aging in muscle and with dry-curing, a process similar to PMA. Variation in protein, peptide, and amino acid composition have als...
Chapter
Proteins have many functions in the organism and constitute key compounds for survival of animals and humans. Proteins are naturally constituted by 20 amino acids, which act as basic components of the polymeric structure. Once proteins are ingested, amino acids are released by enzymatic digestion and absorbed into the body. So, protein quality stro...
Article
A metallo arginyl aminopeptidase (EC 3.4.11.6) activated by Co(2+) was isolated from Debaryomyces hansenii CECT 12487. The enzyme was purified after precipitation with protamine sulphate, followed by a weak anion exchange chromatography, gel filtration chromatography and a strong anion exchange chromatography. The arginyl aminopeptidase (AAP) was p...
Article
A prolyl aminopeptidase (PAP) (EC 3.4.11.5) was isolated from the cell extract of Debaryomyces hansenii CECT12487. The enzyme was purified by selective fractionation with protamine and ammonium sulfate, followed by two chromatography steps, which included gel filtration and anion-exchange chromatography. The PAP was purified 248-fold, with a recove...
Article
The effect of the common curing conditions used during the manufacture of dry fermented sausage on the proteolytic activity of Lactobacillus casei CRL705 against meat proteins was investigated. Hydrolysis of pork muscle sarcoplasmic and myofibrillar proteins was evaluated by SDS-PAGE and reverse phase-HPLC analysis. Ascorbic acid exerted a stimulat...
Article
Strains of Debaryomyces hansenii originally isolated from sausages were screened for proteinase and aminopeptidase activity towards synthetic substrates. On the basis of these results, D. hansenii CT12487 was selected for further assays. The activities of the whole cells (WC), cell-free extracts (CFE) and a combination of both from the selected str...
Article
Twenty pork carcasses were classified in different pork meat qualities: red, firm and non-exudative (RFN), pale, soft and exudative (PSE), red, soft and exudative (RSE) and dark, firm and dry (DFD) meat. The content of peptides and free amino acids during the ageing process was analysed and compared within quality classes. Four peptide fractions we...
Article
Thirty-six carcasses from 6-month-old pigs were classified in different exudative groups based on measurements of pH2h, pH24h, the colour parameter L∗ and drip loss. A fraction containing polypeptides between 66 and 21 kDa was analysed by reverse phase chromatography at 2-h post-mortem and the evolution of 8 polypeptide fractions followed during ag...
Article
The content of nucleotide metabolites in the muscle L.dorsi from 9 exudative and 9 acceptable quality pork carcasses was determined during 7 d of aging in order to establish a period postmortem for detecting exudative meats. Hypoxanthine and inosine levels in exudative meats were different (p < 0.05) from those of normal meats up to 3 days of aging...
Article
Muscle proteins, peptides and free amino acids were analysed at 2 h post-mortem as potential markers of different pork meat qualities. The meat quality classification was based on the measurements: pH2h, pH24h, the colour parameter L, and drip loss. The measurement of proteolytic fragments by SDS-PAGE revealed that the nebulin band was different am...
Article
The activity of muscle aminopeptidases (alanyl, arginyl, leucyl and pyroglutamyl aminopeptidases) have been assayed along the processing of dry-cured ham. The generation of free amino acids resulting from aminopeptidase action on N-terminal of proteins and peptides has been also analyzed. The assayed aminopeptidases, except pyroglutamyl aminopeptid...
Article
The content of nucleotide metabolites in the muscle L. dorsi was analyzed for the detection of pale, soft and exudative (PSE) pork meats at just 2 h postmortem. PSE meat was characterized by significantly lower (p < 0.05) amounts of adenosine 5′-triphosphate (ATP) and higher adenosine 5′-monophosphate (AMP), inosine 5′-monophosphate (IMP), inosine...
Article
Proteolytic enzyme activities of whole cells and cell free extracts (CFE) of Lactobacillus curvatus CECT 904 and Lactobacillus sake CECT 4808 were characterised using synthetic chromogenic compounds and myofibrillar proteins as substrates. The hydrolytic action was monitored by SDS–PAGE and reverse phase-HPLC analyses. The CFE of L. sake partially...
Article
Lactobacillus casei CRL 705 was screened, among other meat isolates, for its proteinase and aminopeptidase activities toward synthetic substrates and, according to that, selected for specific assays on muscle proteins. The hydrolytic effects of whole cells, cell free extracts (CFE), and the combination of both on muscle sarcoplasmic and myofibrilla...
Article
Five sire types, namely Danish Duroc (DU), Dutch Large White (LWD), English Large White (LWE), Belgian Landrace × Landrace (BL × LR) and Belgian Landrace (BL), were mated with LR × LW crossbred sows. Dipeptidylpeptidase and aminopeptidase activities and free amino acid and natural dipeptide contents were compared between the offspring of each sire...
Article
 Alanyl aminopeptidase from porcine skeletal muscle was purified and its activity against alanine oligopeptides studied using capillary electrophoresis. The purpose was to determine the effect of the chain length of alanine oligopeptides on aminopeptidase activity. The enzyme showed high specificity against penta- and tetraalanine and absence of ac...
Article
Full-text available
Lactobacillus curvatus CECT 904 and Lactobacillus sake CECT 4808 were selected on the basis of their proteolytic activities against synthetic substrates. Further, the effects of whole cells, cell extracts, and a combination of both enzymatic sources on muscle sarcoplasmic proteins were determined by sodium dodecyl sulfate-polyacrylamide gel electro...
Article
Muscle longissimus dorsi excised at 2hr post mortem was utilised to study the effect of post-mortem meat quality, and their content of nucleotide metabolites, on the sensory characteristics of cooked loin. Four different post mortem meat qualities were defined: pale soft exudative (PSE), red soft exudative (RSE), red firm non-exudative (RFN) and da...
Article
Full-text available
Referencia OEPM: P9602524 .-- Fecha de solicitud: 29/11/1996.-- Titular: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). El objeto de la invención es la evaluación de la actividad enzimática exopeptidasica mediante técnicas colorimétricas y fluorescentes. El problema técnico que resuelve es la predicción de la intensidad y calidad del sabor...
Article
Alanyl and arginyl aminopeptidases from porcine skeletal muscle were purified, and the effect of free amino acids on their activities was studied. Both aminopeptidases were inhibited by free amino acids via the competitive mode and were more strongly inhibited in the pure form than when they were in the meat extract. Arginyl aminopeptidase (RAP)was...
Article
Free amino acids and natural dipeptides, have been analyzed in pork muscles having different metabolic type (masseter, trapezius, semimembranosus and longissimus dorsi). Carnosine and anserine showed significantly higher (p < 0.05) concentrations with the glycolytic activity of the muscle while taurine and glutamine were significantly higher in the...
Article
 The effect of curing agents (salt, nitrite, nitrate, ascorbic acid, glucose and polyphosphates) on the main pure aminopeptidases involved in the release of amino acids during the processing of cured meat products has been studied. Salt strongly inhibited alanyl aminopeptidase and pyroglutamyl aminopeptidase: about 40–50% of their original activiti...
Article
Samples of muscle Semimembranosuswere removed from light and heavy pork hams 3 days after slaughtering and analysed for chemical composition and proteolytic and lipolytic enzyme activity. Light hams were higher in moisture content and cathepsin (B and B+L) activity, and lower in peptidase (pyroglutamyl and dipetidyl IV) activity; the absence of fur...
Article
The activity of muscle aminopeptidase B, alanyl aminopeptidase, acid lipase and acid esterase were assayed in pork muscles of different metabolic type. The muscles were Masseter,Trapezius,Semimembranosus,Biceps FemorisandLongissimus dorsiand some significant differences (P>0·05) were found in enzyme activities. Alanyl aminopeptidase showed lower ac...
Article
Proteolytic events taking place during prok meat ageing and curing processes are described. Muscle cathepsins and calpains provide suitable substrate for muscle peptidases and aminopeptidases which ultimately generate small peptides and free amino acids. The levels of small peptides and free amino acids in all meats are higher after processing than...
Article
Many flavor peptides in raw pork meat and dry-cured ham are generated as a consequence of muscle protein degradation. Low molecular mass peptides (Mr<3000 Da) of the water-soluble extract from both pork meat and dry-cured ham were fractionated by gel filtration chromatogrpahy. The fractions were found to have a wide range of flavors as revealed by...
Article
An aminopeptidase B from porcine skeletal muscle was successfully purified by ammonium sulphate fractionation and HPLC anion-exchange. The purified aminopeptidase B eluted at 0.18 M NaCl, had a relative molecular mass of 76,000 Da and was markedly stimulated in the presence of 0.2 M chloride anion. The enzyme exhibited maximum activity for the hydr...
Article
Different deproteinization techniques have been tested for free amino acids analysis in fresh pork muscle and dry-cured ham. These techniques include chemical precipitants (trichloroacetic acid, perchloric acid, sulfosalicylic acid, phosphotungstic acid, picric acid, and acetonitrile) and ultrafiltration through 10 000 and 1000 M(r) cutoff membrane...
Article
Full-text available
Referencia OEPM: P9900811.-- Fecha de solicitud: 20/04/1999.-- Titular: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC). El objeto de la invención es la determinación de las carnes exudativas (tipo PSE y RSE) basado en la medida rápida (a 2 horas postmortem) del contenido en adenosin trifosfato (ATP) o inosin monofosfato (IMP) muscular cuant...
Article
Full-text available
Referencia OEPM: P9801502 .-- Fecha de solicitud: 14/07/1998.-- Titular: Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Científicas (CSIC) Un método para la determinación del tiempo de proceso de fabricación de jamones curados basado en el análisis de los aminoácidos libres que se caracteriza porque se realiza en las etapas siguientes: Preparación de un extra...