M. Blair Evans

M. Blair Evans
The University of Western Ontario | UWO · Department of Psychology

PhD

About

84
Publications
52,034
Reads
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1,466
Citations
Citations since 2016
60 Research Items
1401 Citations
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Introduction
My research relies on collaborations with a number of scholars, spans quantitative and qualitative methods, and mainly falls under the umbrellas of sport/exercise psychology, group dynamics, and social cognition. My interests range from social influence and interdependence in sport, the influence of social cognition related to exercise, and positive youth development in sport.
Additional affiliations
August 2014 - August 2015
Queen's University
Position
  • PostDoc Position
September 2010 - August 2014
Wilfrid Laurier University
Position
  • PhD Student

Publications

Publications (84)
Article
Objective: Models of sport development often support the assumption that young athletes’ psychosocial experiences differ as a result of seemingly minor variations in how their sport activities are designed (eg, participating in team or individual sport; sampling many sports or specialising at an early age). This review was conducted to systematical...
Article
Objectives: Through parasport, adults and young athletes with disability often report increases in well-being and related psychosocial perceptions. While researchers often attribute these benefits to the positive social experiences that go along with sport participation, optimal parasport experiences have not been comprehensively defined. Applying...
Article
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We examined athletes’ conformity to teammates’ risky behaviors through a performance-based manipulation paradigm. We hypothesized that athletes who strongly identified with their team would be at increased risk of conforming to teammates’ behaviors. Athletes (N = 379) from 23 intact NCAA teams completed surveys (e.g., social identity) and reported...
Article
Objective: How can we distinguish between a collection of individuals exercising alongside one another from group that is exercising ‘together’? This question is central to research on the extent that individuals perceive their fitness settings to entail core features of groups. To advance understanding of the nature of groupness and its implicatio...
Article
There is growing support for the claim that sport participation is commonly a social experience that is shaped by peer interactions. The current study examined how the structure of peer interactions within a large sport club were associated with social identification within that setting and predicted adherence to club activities. To understand the...
Article
Full-text available
Since sport officials constitute instrumental groups, their perceptions of, and interactions with, group members likely influence their performance, satisfaction, and retention. This warrants investigation into sport officiating groups. Rationale/Purpose: (1) Examine the relationship between sport officials' cohesion, satisfaction, and performance;...
Article
Background: Physiotherapists are often important figures in the lives of people with physical disabilities and chronic conditions, yet gaps in understanding remain regarding how therapists promote physical activity and leverage existing community-based recreation programs. Purpose: We used qualitative methods to explore experiences of physiother...
Article
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Background Non-technical skills (NTS) concepts from high-risk industries such as aviation have been enthusiastically applied to medical teams for decades. Yet it remains unclear whether—and how—these concepts impact resuscitation team performance. In the context of ad hoc teams in prehospital, emergency department, and trauma domains, even less is...
Article
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For individuals with an intellectual disability (ID), emerging adulthood (18 to 25 years) may be a disruptive time with an abrupt ending to programming and services after adolescence. This study critically explores the social environment and experiences of individuals involved in a Special Olympics (SO) paddling program for emerging adult athletes...
Article
Background: The purpose of this scoping review was to critically examine the design and quality of contemporary research involving college student physical activity participation, focusing on physical activity measurement, assessment of sociodemographic characteristics, and examination of inequities based on sociodemographic characteristics. Meth...
Article
The authors explored how sport structure predisposed a team to subgroup formation and influenced athlete interactions and team functioning. A season-long qualitative case study was undertaken with a nationally ranked Canadian track and field team. Semistructured interviews were conducted with coaches (n = 4) and athletes (n = 11) from different eve...
Article
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This review characterizes the effect of technology-supported interventions on prenatal gestational weight gain (GWG), physical activity, and healthy eating behaviors and describes intervention characteristics that may influence intervention effectiveness. A systematic search was conducted using PubMed, Web of Science, and CINHAL and identified pren...
Article
The purpose of this research was to develop a better understanding of the underlying mechanisms that shape athletes’ perceptions and experiences of subgroups, with the purview of advancing a sport subgroup conceptualisation. We employed a four-phase qualitative design grounded in critical realism, whereby we: (1) conducted six focus group interview...
Chapter
The chapter can be found online open access at: https://kinesiologybooks.org/index.php/stork/catalog/book/10
Article
Full-text available
The purpose of this study was to utilize a behaviour observation coding system to evaluate athletes’ real-time interactions among emerging adults with disabilities in recreational sport programs, and to qualitatively explore how peers influenced those observed behaviours and transitions into adult sport. Expanding on a validated coach behavioural c...
Article
The purpose of this study was to explore athletes’ perceptions of how coaches shaped their experiences in disability sport throughout development. Athletes with physical disabilities (N = 21) participated in life history interviews. Participants outlined their sport history and responded to questions targeting the roles that coaches played in their...
Article
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The transition from adolescence into emerging adulthood is marked by changes in both physical activity and substance use. This systematic review characterized associations between movement behaviors (physical activity, sedentary behavior) and frequently used substances (alcohol, cannabis) among adolescents and emerging adults to inform lifestyle in...
Article
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Purpose: Physical distancing measures to combat the spread of the novel coronavirus have presented challenges for the mental health and well-being of college students. As campus activities ceased, student-athletes abruptly became isolated from teammates and were no longer able to participate in sport activities that are often central to their iden...
Article
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Abstract Background: The current approaches used to develop coaches within many sport organisations extend beyond merely the professional knowledge related to sport-specific aspects. Effective coaching notably entails intrapersonal skills related to learning through experience and developing one’s own approach, and these skills are often targeted i...
Article
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Background: Groups are often a source of social identification that may elicit subjective well-being. When joining and maintaining membership of groups such as sport clubs, it is anticipated that members will experience varying trajectories of identification strength, but it is unclear how these trajectories may relate to well-being. Method: Par...
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Social norms positively predict college students' alcohol use, but it is critical to explore heterogeneity in these patterns to identify which students are most susceptible to normative influences. The current study explored the nature of drinking norms within college student peer sport clubs. We examined the association between self-reported alcoh...
Article
Background Limited research has focused on longitudinal interrelations between perceived social support, perceived stress, and depressive symptoms beyond the first postpartum months. This article tested an alternative primary hypothesis within the stress process model examining whether perceived stress mediated the association between perceived soc...
Article
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Sport may protect against symptoms of mental disorders that are increasingly prevalent among adolescents. This systematic review explores the relationship between adolescent organized sport participation and self-reported symptoms of anxiety and depression. From 9,955 records screened, 29 unique articles were selected that included 61 effect sizes...
Article
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Background: Students' alcohol use behaviors are shaped by the attitudes and behaviors of others, especially the peers within students' proximal social groups. Explaining the association between perceived drinking norms and alcohol use, researchers propose contradicting pathways that focus on conformity (i.e., social norms predict alcohol use) and...
Chapter
Researchers spanning fields such as sport psychology, rehabilitation, and education examine youths’ experiences in disability sport with the hope of reducing barriers and promoting lifelong participation. Sport is an appealing context to deliver opportunities for physical activity and social integration for youth with physical disabilities. Focusin...
Article
Purpose: Recreational sport programs are a critical but overlooked pathway for enhancing social participation of emerging adults with disabilities. Specifically, the experiences of recreational sport program members is important for continued community engagement among emerging adults. To address this gap, this scoping review examined the published...
Article
Given the prevalence of group contexts in sport and the importance of the social environment for motivating youth participants, understanding and enhancing group dynamics are critical to facilitate youths’ participation in, and development through, sport. The current objective was to report on a scoping review that was employed to summarize researc...
Article
Objective: With the underlying rationale that social identification is related to psychological health and well-being, we aimed to understand how social connections and group structure within college club sport teams relate to students' perceptions of social identification. Method: We sampled 852 student-athletes from 35 intact same-sex college...
Article
Moving in and out of voluntary groups is an important feature of our social lives. We integrated theory on the functional benefits of group membership with a process termed the innuendo effect (Kervyn et al., 2012) to test how the absence of warmth or competence information shapes desire for group membership. Across three studies (Study 1a, N = 185...
Article
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Objectives: Collegiate student-athletes often engage in health-risk behaviors such as alcohol misuse and hazing, but the literature in this domain lacks evidence pertaining to how peers shape attitudes towards such behaviors. We investigated how peer acceptance and social cohesion relate to attitudes towards alcohol use, marijuana use, drinking an...
Article
Objective There is extensive support for the developmental benefits associated with sport participation, yet research highlights the need to consider how outcomes of sport involvement differ depending on sport types, settings, and amount of involvement. The purposes of the two interrelated studies were to explore the natural diversity of youth spor...
Preprint
Full-text available
Objective: With the underlying rationale that social identification is related to psychological health and well-being, we aimed to understand how social connections and group structure within college club sport teams relate to students’ perceptions of social identification.Method: We sampled 852 student-athletes from 35 intact same-sex college club...
Article
Background Although health promotion efforts to increase exercise behavior often emphasise long‐term outcomes, sustained action in service of a distal reward is challenging. These studies examined how focusing on the proximal benefits of exercise, compared to distal outcomes or more general outcomes, may strengthen individuals’ self‐regulatory self...
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Background: Entering college is associated with significant lifestyle changes and the potential adoption of a lifelong lifestyle. This study examined the longitudinal relationship between physical activity (PA) and fruit and vegetable consumption (FVC) in the hopes that findings could inform student health promotion. Methods: A total of 369 unde...
Article
Athletes are expected to enjoy sport and continue participating over time, when they hold relatively high incremental beliefs (i.e., growth mindsets) and relatively low entity beliefs (i.e., fixed mindsets). Although there is empirical support for these direct links with athletes’ beliefs, it is unclear how an athletes’ experiences in sport may als...
Article
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Group contexts such as fitness classes are popular forms of physical activity, and studying them can uncover new ways to promote exercise adherence. Focusing on the potential for group fitness experiences to vary from class-to-class, we examined how exercisers’ dynamic perceptions of groupness relate to recalled perceptions of exercise enjoyment, a...
Article
Background: Due to the numerous barriers people with a physical disability face to being physically active, emphasis in practice and research is often placed on creating opportunities for participation. As such, the quality of the experience is often ignored once an individual is participating. Purpose: An understanding of how to create quality phy...
Article
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Objective: To investigate directionality of the association between alcohol use and physical activity in a college student sample, longitudinally across three time points. Participants: A total of 396 undergraduate students from a large university in the United States (62% females) participated in this study. Methods: Self-report data of alcoh...
Article
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Objective. To compare the prevalence of anxiety/depression and overweight/obesity (Aim 1) and the multimorbidity of these conditions (Aim 2) in a sample of adults with and without SCI. Aim 3 was to examine whether overweight/obese individuals with SCI differ on prevalence of anxiety/depressive disorders compared to non-overweight/obese individuals...
Article
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Sport participation frequently involves prosocial behavior among in-group members (i.e., teammates), yet the competition found in sport often breeds hostility toward out-groups (i.e., opponents). Using sport as a lens to better understand associations among group-relevant moral behaviors, we conducted four meta-analyses to aggregate existing findin...
Article
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Understanding factors that influence sport officials’ performance is vital to ensuring fair sport competition. Through semi-structured interviews (N = 17), we explored officials’ perceptions of group processes that occurred among ice hockey officiating teams. Participant responses revealed numerous ways that group processes were present within offi...
Article
Whereas running is an inherently independent form of exercise, it is often a social endeavor conducted in groups. We tested how group membership and social contexts were associated with running identities and behavior. In Study 1, 103 running group members read vignettes where they imagined training on their own or within their group. Group imagery...
Article
Embedded within coaching development, coach development programmes are conducted to change coach behavior in a specific domain. To facilitate understanding of this growing field, the current synthesis review of coaching literature was conducted to generate classifications of coach development programme types. To identify coach development programme...
Article
Objectives: An important consideration for physical activity (PA) participation for individuals with a physical disability, including veterans, is that opportunities exist for full participation. Full participation can be understood as both the quantity and quality of participation. The objective of this study is to explore perceptions of a quality...
Article
The purpose of the current study was to determine whether psychological collectivism could predict enjoyment and intentions to return in athletes on individual sport teams. In addition, structural interdependence and age were used as moderator variables for the proposed relationships. A total of 142 youth (Mage = 14.44 years; SD = 1.63; 62% female)...
Article
Within the context of physical disability, participation has typically been conceptualized in terms of one’s performance of different roles and activities. This perspective, however, ignores the meanings and satisfactions that a person derives from participating. Without an accepted conceptualization of participation that accounts for people’s subj...
Article
Competitive engineering is a process whereby sport organizations modify the rules, facilities, and equipment involved in sport to facilitate desirable athlete outcomes and experiences. Competitive engineering is being increasingly adopted by youth sport organizations with empirical evidence positively supporting its influence on skill development a...
Article
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Socialization tactics are often used to manage initial group member interactions in a way that facilitates transition experiences. Although this process is heavily researched in organizational contexts, we sought to extend this line of inquiry to sport by examining the nature of socialization tactics used to integrate new members into existing team...
Article
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The importance of identifying and understanding subgroups within teams has been highlighted in the sport literature for a number of years (e.g., Eys, Loughead, Bray, & Carron, 2009; Fletcher & Hanton, 2003). Despite a tendency for previous research to focus on undesirable outcomes associated with their presence, recent work from an athlete perspect...
Article
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When reminded of the impending end to their athletic career, it may benefit athletes to prioritize other identities and goals that will be more important in the future. However, by applying a general process model of psychological threat and defense (Jonas et al., 2014), we conducted two studies to test the idea that individuals may actually report...
Article
Purpose: Bullying is a specific pattern of repeated victimization explored with great frequency in school-based literature, but receiving little attention within sport. The current study explored the prevalence of bullying in sport, and examined whether bullying experiences were associated with perceptions about relationships with peers and coache...
Article
A previous meta-analysis examining the relationship between cohesion and performance (Carron & Eys, 2002) revealed that this relationship was significantly stronger for female teams as compared with male teams. The purpose of the current study was to explore perceptions of the cohesion-performance relationship by coaches who have led teams of both...
Data
This is the RE-AIM coding scheme used to evaluate coach development programs in the review: Evans, M. B., McGuckin, M., Gainforth, H., Bruner, M. W., & Côté, J. (In Press). Informing programs to improve interpersonal coach behaviours: A systematic review using the RE-AIM framework. British Journal of Sport Medicine. doi:10.1136/bjsports-2015-0946...
Article
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Although evidence supports the effectiveness of interpersonal Coach Development Programmes (CDPs), which are designed to foster coach-athlete relationships, an intervention's impact is shaped by numerous factors over and above effectiveness. The purpose of this systematic review was to examine the extent that published articles describing interpers...
Article
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The degree to which team members believe that they rely on one another to perform successfully and achieve collective outcomes may relate to perceptions about the extent that they integrate the group within their own identity. This study examined the relationship between interdependence and social identity among 422 high school team sport athletes....
Article
Background: Despite evidence that outcomes are highly valued when they are expected sooner rather than further into the future (Ainslie, 1975), limited research effort has been devoted to understanding the role of exercise outcome proximity. The purpose of this study was to examine how temporal proximity to positive outcomes influences exercisers'...
Article
Athletes' precompetitive appraisal determines which emotion they experience with regard to an upcoming competition. Such precompetitive emotions have powerful and potentially destructive consequences for performance. To control and optimise these consequences, it is important to examine precompetitive appraisal. Currently, such efforts are hampered...
Article
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This study investigated whether temporal distance to a future self in a year’s time moderated the exercise intention–behavior relationship. Eighty adult regular cyclists, runners, and group exercisers completed an online survey that assessed exercise intentions and closeness to a future self, as well as a 4-week follow-up survey to report exercise...