M. A. Kalam

M. A. Kalam
University of Technology Sydney (Australia) · Faculty of Engineering and Information Technology

(Professor)
Looking research collaboration related to Biogas/biofuel/ biolubricant productions, characterization and testing.

About

372
Publications
262,064
Reads
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18,668
Citations
Introduction
Current works: Engine endurance test using the higher fraction (B15 and above) of biodiesel fuels to investigate brake torque and emissions variation, engine components failure.
Additional affiliations
October 2019 - September 2021
University of Malaya
Position
  • Professor
August 2015 - August 2017
University of Malaya
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
January 2008 - August 2015
University of Malaya
Position
  • Professor (Associate)
Education
April 2001 - August 2008
University of Malaya
Field of study
  • Energy

Publications

Publications (372)
Article
Full-text available
Palm oil is an incredibly efficient crop, but our dependence on this crop as a primary biodiesel feedstock has threatened food insecurity as it is still perceived as the main source for vegetable oil throughout the world rather than being utilized for fuel. Therefore, the idea of utilizing non-edible food crops and waste vegetable oils could help t...
Article
Full-text available
Alcoholic fuels have recently come to light as a sustainable source for powering today’s vehicles. Various studies have investigated the effects of alcoholic fuels on engine efficiency and emission characteristics. However, scarce literature is available for their effects on lubricant. Therefore, propanol-gasoline fuel mixtures, with concentrations...
Article
Full-text available
In this present study, cold flow properties of biodiesel produced from palm oil were improved by adding cotton seed oil into palm oil. Three different mixtures of palm and cotton oil were prepared as P50C50, P60C40, and P70C30. Among three oil mixtures, P60C40 was selected for bio-diesel production via ultrasound assisted transesterification proces...
Article
Full-text available
Over the years, due to the surge in energy demand, the use of alternative fuels has emerged as an interesting area of research. In the current work, a comparative study was conducted by employing gasoline, 6% ethanol-gasoline (E6), and 12% ethanol-gasoline (E12) in a spark-ignition engine. Performance, emissions, and lube oil damage tests were cond...
Article
Full-text available
Biodiesel is gaining recognition as a good replacement for typical diesel owing to its re-newability, sustainability, and eco-friendly nature. Transesterification is the leading route for bio-diesel generation, which occurs during homogeneous/heterogeneous/enzymatic catalysis. Besides this, the usage of heterogeneous catalysts is considered more ad...
Article
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Renewable fuels are alternative resources that find use in the power generation, agricultural, and transportation sectors. The sustainable utility of these renewable fuels mostly addresses the socio-economic issues of a country and reduces its dependency on fossil fuels. In addition, being environmentally friendly allows them to handle global warmi...
Article
Full-text available
Purpose The purpose of this paper was to investigate the lubricity of palm biodiesel (PB)–diesel fuel with plastic pyrolysis oil (PPO) and waste cooking biodiesel (WCB). Design/methodology/approach Three quaternary fuels were prepared by mechanical stirring. B10 (10% PB in diesel) fuel was blended with 5%, 10% and 15% of both PPO and WCB. The resu...
Article
The emission of carbon monoxide, greenhouse gases (e.g., carbon dioxides), hydrocarbon, and particulate matter can be reduced by applying oxygenated additives as a blend to combustible hydrocarbon fuels. However, conventional oxygenates, such as dimethyl ether and methyl t-butyl ether, are sourced from non-renewable feedstocks. This study presents...
Article
Full-text available
The development of bio-lubricant is an immerging area of research considering the rapid depletion of petroleum reserve and environmental concern. This study aims to develop non-edible jatropha oil-based bio-lubricant and investigate the tribological properties considering commonly used piston ring-cylinder liner materials of stainless steel and cas...
Article
Full-text available
Engine oil's lubricity and tribological properties are changed when it is diluted with unburned fuels. SAE40 lubricating oil (LO) samples were contaminated with known percentage (5%) of fuels (commercial diesel (B10), diesel-palm biodiesel (PB) blend (B30a), and diesel–PB–plastic pyrolysis oil (PPO)–waste cooking biodiesel (WCB) blends (B20, B30b,...
Article
The purpose of this study is to improve the tribological characteristics of cotton-biolubricant by adding nanoparticles at extreme pressure (EP) conditions in comparison with commercial lubricant SAE-40. This research involved the synthesis of cotton-biolubricant by transesterification process and then the addition of nanoparticles in it to improve...
Article
Full-text available
The present study investigates the effect of palm biodiesel blends with and without oxygenated alcohol dimethyl carbonate (DMC) on compression ignition engines. H2 SO4 was used to treat crude palm oil. Furthermore, acid-treated palm oil was converted into palm biodiesel via ultrasound-assisted transesterification process at operating conditions of...
Article
Full-text available
The environmental concerns associated with artificially formulated engine oils have forced a shift towards bio-based lubricants. The deposition of hard coatings on engine components and migrating to environmentally friendly green lubricants can help in this regard. Chemically modified forms of vegetable oils, with better low-temperature characteris...
Article
Full-text available
This study is designed to examine the feasibility of the solar water heating (SWH) system for sustainable tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan (GB) of Pakistan. A tourist resort is taken as a base case. Hot water demand, solar irradiance and economic feasibility are the key parameters considered to investigate the potential of SWH systems using simulation t...
Article
Full-text available
Diesel Plastic pyrolytic oil Carbon nanotube Titanium dioxide Performance Emission The performance and emissions of diesel engines using titanium oxide (TiO2) nanoparticles and carbon nanotube (CNT) as fuel-based nanoparticle additives in the plastic pyrolytic oil (PPO)-diesel mixture (B30) were investigated in this work. The fuel mixes were prepar...
Article
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Liquid fossil fuels are the main source of energy in transportation vehicles and aviation for many decades. This dependence on fossil fuels can be reduced by liquid biofuels blended with fossil fuels or utilized purely. The purpose of this research is to authenticate a method for different fuels for measurement of injection rate based on the spray...
Article
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The prevailing massive exploitation of conventional fuels has staked the energy accessibility to future generations. The gloomy peril of inflated demand and depleting fuel reservoirs in the energy sector has supposedly instigated the urgent need for reliable alternative fuels. These very issues have been addressed by introducing oxyhydrogen gas (HH...
Article
Full-text available
This research was aimed to examine the diesel engine's performance and emission of secondary fuels (SFs), comprising waste plastic oil (WPO) and palm oil biodiesel (POB), and to analyze their tribological properties. Their compositions were analyzed by gas chromatography−mass spectrometry (GC−MS). Five SFs (10−50% POB in WPO) were prepared by mecha...
Article
Reserves of fossil fuel are being depleted, and its use to generate energy also affects the environment. Sustainable and clean energy sources, therefore, need to be produced to meet the demands. In this research, combined blended fuels were produced from cottonseed and palm oil methyl esters with petroleum diesel fuel. To achieve the benefits of pa...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the effect of a thermal barrier coating with yttria-stabilized zirconia (YSZ) and aluminum silicate (Al2O3·SiO2) alongside an NiCrAl bond coat on the engine performance and emission analysis was evaluated by using conventional diesel and pure palm oil biodiesel. These materials were coated on the piston alloy via plasma spray coating...
Chapter
This chapter discusses all types of feedstocks used for synthesizing biodiesel and feedstock's selection criteria. Moreover, all biodiesel production methods (i.e Dilution with hydrocarbons blending, Micro-emulsion, Pyrolysis, and Transesterification) are also described in detail with their advantages and disadvantages. The major focus is given to...
Article
The corrosiveness of biodiesel affects the fuel processing infrastructure and different parts of an internal combustion (IC) engine. The present study investigates the corrosion behaviour of automotive materials such as stainless steel, aluminium, cast iron, and copper in 20% (B20) and 30% (B30) by volume second-generation Jatropha biodiesel using...
Article
This study aims to investigate the density and viscosity of ternary biodiesel blends. Fuel density and viscosity play an important role in the fuel injection system, flame propagation, and combustion process in compression ignition engine. The density and viscosity of biodiesel are higher than high-speed diesel which is an implication in the commer...
Article
Full-text available
In this study, the performance and emission of a thermal barrier coating (TBC) engine which applied palm oil biodiesel and diesel as a fuel were evaluated. TBC was prepared by using a series of mixture consisting different blend ratio of yttria stabilized zirconia (Y2O3·ZrO2) and aluminum oxide-silicon oxide (Al2O3·SiO2) via plasma spray coating te...
Article
Full-text available
Dilution of engine oil with unburned fuels alters its lubricity and tribological properties. In this research paper, SAE-40 lubricating oil samples were contaminated with known percentages (5%) of fuels (diesel, palm-sesame biodiesel blend (B30), B30 + ethanol, B30 + dimethyl carbon-ate, B30 + carbon nanotubes and, B30 + titanium oxide). The effect...
Article
Full-text available
Depletion of mineral reservoirs along with health and environmental concerns have led to a greater focus on bio-lubricants. The purpose of this study was to analyze and optimize the reaction conditions of the transesterification process for cotton biolubricant synthesis by using Response Surface Methodology (RSM). In RSM, Rotatable central composit...
Article
Full-text available
The demand for renewable energy sources is gradually escalating due to the spontaneously growing population and global economic development. The access to fossil fuels is gradually declining due to the limited available reserves. Hence, renewable energy resources, technology choice, and energy policy are always being revised due to the modernizatio...
Article
Full-text available
This study focused on evaluating the lubricity of diesel–biodiesel fuel with oxygenated alcoholic and nano-particle additives. Fuel injection system lubrication depended primarily on the fuel used in the diesel engine. Palm–sesame oil blend was used to produce biodiesel using the ultrasound-assisted technique. B30 fuel sample as a base fuel was ble...
Article
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The demand for renewable energy is steadily increasing due to rapid population growth and economic development worldwide. An additional reason is that fossil fuel reserves are limited, and this situation results in their non-uniform availability globally. Furthermore, the attitudes of the society, energy policies and technology choices are constant...
Article
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Gas-turbines are widely utilized in the power generation sectors as these require low operational cost, have very good efficiencies among other turbines, and produce less pollution but required to improve their performances further. This study used efficient and simple optimization methods of grey Taguchi and ANN to enhance gas turbine performance....
Article
Full-text available
This research work focuses on investigating the lubricity and analyzing the engine characteristics of diesel-biodiesel blends with fuel additives (titanium dioxide (TiO2) and dimethyl carbonate (DMC)) and their effect on the tribological properties of a mineral lubricant. A blend of palm-sesame oil was used to produce biodiesel using ultrasound-ass...
Article
Full-text available
Rapid depletion in fossil fuels, inflation in petroleum prices, and rising energy demand have forced towards alternative transport fuels. Among these alternative fuels, diesel-ethanol and diesel-biodiesel blends gain the most attention due to their quality characteristics and environmentally friendly nature. The viscosity and density of these biodi...
Article
Cottonseed oil-based biolubricant was synthesized by the TMP-based transesterification process. 10–50% by volume blends of TMP-based cotton-biolubricant and SAE-40 were prepared and tested on the high-frequency-reciprocating-rig with engine cylinder-liner and piston-ring combination to investigate their tribology. While tribological characteristics...
Article
The purpose of this study was the improvement of cold flow and lubricity characteristics of biodiesel produced from the palm-sesame oil blend. Extreme learning machine (ELM) and response surface methodology (RSM) techniques were used to model the production process and the input variables (time, catalyst amount, methanol to oil ratio, and duty cycl...
Article
This study aims to investigate a CI diesel engine characteristic of diesel-biodiesel blend with oxygenated alcohols and nanoparticle fuel additives. Biodiesel was synthesized from a complementary palm-sesame oil blend using an ultra-sound-assisted transesterification process. B30 was mixed with fuel additives as the base fuel to form ternary blends...
Article
This paper presents the experimental results carried out to evaluate the fatty acid methyl ester (FAME) obtained from cotton-seed oil and palm oil on fuel-injector wear characteristics. The cottonseed oil methyl ester (COME) and palm oil methyl ester (POME) were produced in the laboratory using alkaline transesterification. Gas chromatography based...
Article
Full-text available
The demands for eco-friendly bio-lubricants are growing due to the environmental concern and the rapid depletion of petroleum oil. This paper outlines the tribological evaluation of jatropha methyl ester (JME) based bio-lubricant by analyzing its anti-wear (AW) and extreme pressure (EP) characteristics. The AW and EP tests were conducted using a fo...
Article
Full-text available
High demand for crop oils is anticipated in the lubricant industry because of their renewable, non-toxic, environment-friendly nature. Crop oils typically offer high viscosities, viscosity indexes, and flashpoints. The unique structure of crop oils provides good lubrication, high flammability, and anti-corrosion ability. In contrast, petroleum-base...
Article
The present study reports the tribological characteristics of trimethylolpropane trioleate (TMPTO) additivated with anti-friction and anti-wear additives which are; ionic liquid (IL), glycerol monooleate (GMO) and molybdenum dithiocarbamate (MoDTC). In addition, to obtain the ideal composition that results in the minimal coefficient of friction (CO...
Article
Full-text available
Growth in electronic devices comes with a challenge to engineers to provide proficient cooling mechanism in order to evade performance decline. Minichannel heat sinks are one among type of cooling devices to absorb heat formed in the electronic devices. Air is largely employed as cooling fluid in minichannels, but innovative methods are also adopte...
Article
This study investigates the performance of three ILs; trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium bis(2,4,4-trimethylpentyl)phosphinate, trihexyl(tetradecyl)phosphonium decanoate, and 1-butyl-3-methylimidazolium tetrafluoroborate as lubricant additive in synthetic oil polyalphaolefin (PAO8) and bio-based oil trimethylolpropane trioleate (TMPTO). The ILs were a...
Conference Paper
Biodiesel is an alternative fuel source for diesel, prepared from fore stand agricultural by-products. As a renewable energy source, biodiesel can be a feasible option for sustaining long term energy needs if they are managed competently. Large quantity of energy resources are being expended by the transportation and power generation sector leading...
Article
In this study, a study of the effects of Moringa Oil Biodiesel (MOB) biodiesel-diesel blends on the engine's performance, exhaust particulate matter, gaseous emissions and combustion characteristics was carried out in a multi-cylinder high-pressure common-rail diesel engine. The experiment involved the use of baseline diesel and several MOB blends...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Surface textured and DLC coated (hydrogenated amorphous carbon) samples were assessed for their coating performance at 40 ºC, 80 ºC and 125 ºC. As a result, textured a-C:H DLC demonstrated higher but stable coefficient of friction (COF) at high temperatures as compared to un-textured DLC samples. However, textured DLC samples showed higher wear res...
Article
Tribological properties of tetrahedral diamond-like carbon (ta-C DLC) coating were investigated to assess the effects of the counter surfaces under the boundary condition in the presence of biodegradable oil. The tribological tests were performed using steel/steel, steel/DLC and DLC/DLC contacts, and found that the coefficient of friction was 0.062...
Article
In this article, wear performance of patterned and non-patterned tetrahedral carbon thin film (ta-C) is compared in the presence of various lubricants. For this purpose, wear tests were conducted at temperatures (40 °C–125 °C) which are normally found during automotive engine operation. Wear test were conducted at 100 N load and 120 min. The result...
Article
Diesel engine is widely used as prime mover due to its high thermal efficiency. Usage of renewable biodiesel in diesel engine is also widely studied due to its potential in reducing emission and as a replacement of conventional diesel. Biodiesel performance could be improved by blending it with petroleum diesel besides introducing appropriate injec...
Article
In this work, the effects of adding of inedible Calophyllum Inophyllum biodiesel to diesel fuel on performance, gaseous emissions, particulate matter (PM) and combustion characteristics were studied in a medium-duty, high-pressure common-rail turbocharged four-cylinder diesel engine under different speed and torque conditions. The key physicochemic...
Article
Purpose There is a continuous drive in automotive sector to shift from conventional lubricants to environmental friendly ones without adversely affecting critical tribological performance parameters. Because of their favorable tribological properties, chemically modified vegetable oils such as palm trimethylolpropane ester (TMP) are one of the pote...
Article
The exhaustion of fossil fuels and sharp rise in crude oil prices has led to the development of various alternative fuels. Alternative fuels are a necessity to meet rising energy consumption rates and to ensure eco-friendly growth. Alternative fuels that can be regenerated, are sustainable and have clean burning capacity to help promote an eco-frie...