Lynne M Harris

Lynne M Harris
Asia Pacific International College

MPsychol(Clin)(Hons); PhD

About

82
Publications
17,164
Reads
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1,956
Citations
Additional affiliations
May 2010 - present
May 2010 - December 2015
Australian College of Applied Psychology
Position
  • academic
February 1992 - December 2009
The University of Sydney

Publications

Publications (82)
Article
This study investigated whether screening for symptoms of mental disorders and referral to mental health services was associated with decreased depression symptoms among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) in Vietnam. Four hundred PLHIV (63.5% male, mean age 34.8 (SD = 6.8) years) at two outpatient clinics in Ho Chi Minh City were interviewed by ps...
Article
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The experience of obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) symptoms that have a religious theme is common. Recent research has found that religious participants with religious OCD symptoms frequently turn to religious advisors, such as imams or clergy, for help to understand and alleviate their symptoms. As such, the advice provided by imams or clergy m...
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BackgroundA high prevalence of symptoms of mental disorders (SOMD) has been found among people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). Additionally, SOMD may impact on the prevalence of high-risk health behaviours (HRB). This study investigates the relationship between SOMD and HRB in a large sample of Vietnamese HIV positive outpatients. MethodsA cross-sect...
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This cross-sectional study investigated the prevalence and correlates of symptoms of depression among 400 people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV) from two HIV clinics in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Based on the Center for Epidemiologic Studies—Depression scale, 36.5% of participants were classified as likely to be clinically depressed. Factors independe...
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Religion and religious practices can affect Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD) symptom expression and influence the way that people with OCD seek advice or treatment. This study investigated the expression of OCD symptoms and help seeking for religious OCD symptoms among practicing Muslim women. Method: Five practicing Muslim women aged 33 to 45 y...
Article
This study identified prevalence and correlates of HIV-associated dementia (HAD) among people living with HIV (PLWHA) in Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam. Four hundred PLWHA completed a self-report questionnaire and were interviewed by a trained researcher to assess HAD using the International HIV Dementia Scale (IHDS). Clinical information concerning HIV...
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Recently, death anxiety, or dread of death, has been proposed as a key transdiagnostic process underlying the anxiety disorders, depressive disorders, somatic disorders, and trauma and stressor-related disorders. In fact, it has been argued that death anxiety underlies all psychopathology, and is more fundamental than perfectionism, a process which...
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Background: Depression is believed to be under-diagnosed and under-treated in people living with HIV/AIDS (PLHIV). Early screening and referral to mental health services for treatment has been shown to enhance HIV patients' health during the course of HIV treatment. A lack of psychiatric specialist services for PLHIV at outpatient clinics (OPC) in...
Article
This study examined the presence of symptoms of mental disorders (SOMD) in 400 Vietnamese people living with HIV (PLHIV) at two HIV outpatient clinics and investigated the relationship between SOMD and stressful life experiences. Participants completed a self-report questionnaire about stressful life experiences during the last 30 days and were int...
Article
Fear of negative evaluation (FNE) is a recognised diagnostic feature of Social Anxiety Disorder (SAD). Recently, the role of fear of positive evaluation (FPE) as a factor contributing to SAD has been a focus of research: there is evidence that FPE is associated with measures of social anxiety independent of measures of FNE and that measures of FPE...
Article
This study examined relationships between religiosity, scrupulosity, cognitive beliefs and Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder (OCD) among High Religious (HR) and Low Religious (LR) Muslim women with OCD washing subtype (OCD-W) who presented for treatment in Tehran. Four groups of women were recruited for the study: HR Muslim women with OCD washing subty...
Article
Individuals with obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) experience a significant deterioration in quality of life (Fontenelle et al., 2010; Kugler et al., 2013) and marked functional impairment (Markarian et al., 2010). Despite this, a large proportion of these individuals do not seek any type of help (Goodwin, Koenen, Hellman, Guardino, & Struening,...
Article
Recent research using variants of the IAT (Implicit Association Test) paradigm and measures of explicit expectancies has found somewhat inconsistent findings with regard to the expectancies held by treatment-seeking people with alcohol dependence. The present study sought to clarify previous research that has suggested there are stronger positive i...
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Female athletes experience pressure to conform to social and sporting norms concerning body weight. This study compared general and sporting body dissatisfaction and disordered eating symptomatology among 320 elite, recreational, and noncompetitive female athletes aged 17 to 30 years competing in leanness focused sports and nonleanness focused spor...
Article
The Australian higher education sector is looking to the increased introduction of course provided by non-university institutions. This paper presents the view of such a provider in teaching accredited courses in psychology, acknowledging the benefits to the sector and the challenges of operating within a rapidly changing regulated environment.
Article
Measures of implicit and explicit attitudes to alcohol have been used to predict drinking behavior. Early studies with the bipolar Implicit Association Test (IAT) indicated that heavy drinkers hold negative implicit attitudes to alcohol. More recent studies using the unipolar IAT have found that positive implicit attitudes to alcohol are associated...
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This paper examines the barriers to employment faced by job seekers (JS) with mental illness and additional substance-use issues. Semi-structured interviews concerning barriers to employment for JS with mental illness and substance-use problems and strategies to improve employment outcomes were conducted with stakeholders associated with an employm...
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Labour force participation of people with mental disorders varies according to the nature of their disorder. Research that compares function and psychosocial need in job-seekers with different mental disorders, however, is scant especially in the Australian setting. Identifying rehabilitation needs of job-seekers with mental disorders receiving emp...
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Recent studies have found poorer prospective remembering among students selected for elevated obsessive–compulsive disorder (OCD) checking and washing. However, as prospective memory performance also requires retrospective remembering, it is not clear from earlier work whether deficits in prospective memory in samples with OCD symptomatology are du...
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Purpose: This study identified functioning, health, and social needs in jobseekers with mental disorders independently assessed as having capacity to work and referred to disability employment services. Differences in function between jobseekers with mental illness alone and with additional drug and alcohol problems were examined with view to iden...
Article
Cognitive models propose that self-focused attention (SFA) interacts with fear of negative evaluation to maintain social anxiety. Thus, the effect of SFA on anxiety would be expected to be specific to those with existing social concerns. However, much research suggests that the effect of SFA on anxiety occurs across anxiety levels. Manipulations of...
Article
This study sought to examine the effect of high school gender composition on eating disorder symptomatology and attitudes of female Australian university students. We compared female students who had previously attended single sex (n = 52) or coeducational (n = 43) high schools on measures of eating disorder symptomatology, role concerns, figure pr...
Article
This report presents a cognitive measure of drinking expectancies based on semantic priming methodologies, and it investigates differences between high and low drinking restraint undergraduates, Reaction time to an emotion name (e.g., sociable) was measured when that word was preceded by a drinking-related word (e.g., beer) and when preceded by a n...
Article
Stated preference discrete choice modeling was used to examine the contribution of treatment effectiveness, cost, access, flexibility in scheduling and therapist contact to (a) forced-choice preference decisions; and (b) forced-choice decision to undertake preferred treatment if available. Socially fearful people were recruited from clinics (n = 43...
Article
This case study presents a longitudinal, evidence‐based approach to health science curriculum reform and evaluation. Curriculum in higher education must meet the needs of diverse stakeholders and must respond to dynamic local, national and international contexts, and this creates challenges for evaluation. The long lead time prior to the introducti...
Article
Based on findings from subclinical OCD checking samples (Cuttler & Graf, 2007; 2008), Cuttler and Graf (2009) suggested that checking may develop to compensate for prospective memory failures. The present study provides the first evidence of prospective memory problems in a clinical sample of OCD checkers (n = 26) compared to a group of healthy con...
Article
Research concerning cognition in depression has often yielded inconsistent findings. The presence of mixed melancholic and non-melancholic subtypes of major depressive disorder (MDD) in most previous research may explain some of the contradictory results (Hickie, 1996). This longitudinal study compared the cognitive performance of people with melan...
Article
To explore the factors that contribute to women's intention to avoid strenuous arm activity after breast cancer surgery. Cross-sectional survey. Three hospitals located in eastern Australia. 175 patients with breast cancer. A survey, based on Protection Motivation Theory, was used to assess whether treatment variables, demographic variables, arm ad...
Article
The extent to which a university education prepares graduates for the workplace has become an important issue in the health science literature internationally. New challenges in the workplace suggest that physiotherapists need knowledge and skills additional to those pertaining to the client-therapist interface. However, there are few data on which...
Article
Blood-Injection-Injury (BII) phobia is associated with distress and avoidance in response to blood, injury, or receiving injections. BII phobia can therefore create problems for those receiving medical procedures such as chemotherapy. The prevalence rate of BII in the general population has been estimated to be less than 5% but as many as 19% of ou...
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This study aimed to document the self-reported trauma-related appraisals and coping strategies of injured workers with and without symptoms of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and to explore relationships between these cognitive variables and work potential. Sixty-nine (55% males) respondents previously admitted to a teaching hospital following...
Article
Attentional biases have been proposed as maintaining and causal factors in anxiety, and it has been suggested that training attentional bias can impact on emotional responding. Given the severity of obsessive compulsive disorder (OCD) and the considerable number of clients who do not respond to traditional therapies, understanding the factors that...
Article
To compare the effects of a leaf spring ankle-foot orthosis (LAFO) and a hinged AFO with plantar flexion stop with that of shoe only on weight-bearing and function in children with hemiplegia. The study used an experimental single-subject alternating treatment design with replication. Outcomes measured were weight-bearing symmetry, weight-bearing o...
Article
This study examined responsiveness of the dot probe measure of attentional bias to standard cognitive-behaviour group therapy (CBGT) for social phobia. People who met criteria for social phobia were randomly allocated to either an immediate treatment condition or a waiting list control (WLC). All participants completed self-report measures of socia...
Article
Although cognitive variables have been shown to be useful in predicting outcomes in late-life depression, there has not yet been a comprehensive study in younger persons with depression. The clinical symptoms and cognitive performance of participants were evaluated at admission to one of two university teaching hospitals and again at 3 months after...
Conference Paper
This study examined the extent to which workplace stress and state anxiety are associated with self-reports of cognitive errors among allied health professionals (n=139). The sample comprised social workers, psychologists, occupational therapists, physiotherapists, speech pathologists and a small number of other allied health professionals. Regress...
Article
This paper discusses the development of a defensible, generalisable curriculum framework for implementing and evaluating interdisciplinary learning experiences in the context of health professional education provided in Australia. Interdisciplinary learning encourages 'breaking the disciplinary moulds' to develop educational experiences that cross...
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This study reports findings of an online survey of 139 health professionals. Health professionals were asked about the degree and type of workplace stress they encountered, as well as general perceived stress, psychological distress, and life satisfaction. The sample comprised social workers, psychologists, occupational therapists, physiotherapists...
Article
In the present study, responses of 197 people who were receiving chemotherapy at two outpatient clinics and who completed a questionnaire about the presence and origin of blood-injection-injury (BII) fear were examined. From this sample, 36 participants (18.9%) reported ‘strong feelings of fear, disgust or discomfort’ towards the sight of blood, re...
Article
Conflicting findings concerning the nature and presence of attentional bias in social anxiety and social phobia have been reported in the literature. This paper reports the findings of two studies comparing people with high and low social anxiety on dot probe tasks using words, faces photographed in front view, and faces photographed in profile as...
Article
This study evaluated a brief screening instrument for predicting psychological distress in patients undertaking magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The scale is adapted from Wolpe and Lang's (1964) Fear Survey Schedule (FSS; see Lukins, Davan, & Drummond, 1997). Noise and/or confinement were identified as the most unpleasant feature of the MRI...
Article
This paper presents a framework for evaluating curriculum changes undertaken in the University of Sydney's Faculty of Health Sciences. In a climate of shrinking resources for higher education in Australia and an international move away from 'mono-disciplinary' educational practices, the Faculty of Health Sciences has undertaken curriculum reform to...
Article
The present study investigated the association between self-reported state anxiety, trait anxiety and performance on losely matched prospective and retrospective memory tasks and on a working memory (reading span) task. Eysenck and alvo's (1992) processing efficiency theory suggests that the deleterious effects of anxiety on cognitive task erforman...
Article
The impact of anxiety on the accuracy of diagnostic decision-making is a neglected area of research despite its clear implications for the welfare of clients receiving health care. This paper presents the findings of two studies examining the effects of experimentally-induced performance anxiety (Study 1) and naturally-occurring state anxiety (Stud...
Article
This study examined the usefulness of a score derived from nine items of Wolpe and Lang’s (1964) Fear Survey Schedule (FSS) in predicting the number of symptoms consistent with panic reported by a large outpatient sample undertaking magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans. The items were those identified by Lukins, Davan, and Drummond (1997) as like...
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Full-text available
The association between responsibility for a negative outcome, perceived severity of the outcome and perceived likelihood of the outcome was examined in a sample of 70 undergraduate students. Participants were asked to rate the likelihood and severity of 10 negative outcomes, five related to contamination and five related to checking. Thirty-eight...
Article
Recent investigations of the aetiology and treatment of specific phobias have focused on clarifying the concerns underlying phobic anxiety. It has been proposed that claustrophobic fear is comprised of separable confinement and suffocation components. This paper presents data from 78 general medical outpatients undergoing magnetic resonance imaging...
Article
This study considered the relationship between mood states, prospective memory, and retrospective memory among a non-clinical sample of undergraduate students. Multiple regression analyses with simultaneous entry of variables were undertaken to examine the unique contributions of the alternate memory test and the emotional states to memory test per...
Article
The Phobic Origins Questionnaire (POQ) [Öst, L.-G. & Hugdahl, K. (1981). Acquisition of phobias and anxiety response patterns in clinical patients. Behaviour Research and Therapy, 19, 439–447.] is the most commonly cited instrument for determining the origins of phobic anxiety and data obtained using this instrument strongly support the role of con...
Article
Recently, educational policymakers have emphasized the need for undergraduate programs to develop in their graduates generic skills and attributes beyond discipline-specific skills and knowledge. The generic skills and attributes should mesh with the requirements of the workplaces where the graduates will find employment. The present study examined...
Article
Community expectations of a university education are high. New graduates are expected to possess ‘generic’ skills in addition to skills specifically related to the workplace. While it is generally agreed that graduates should acquire generic skills common across disciplines and fields of study, it has also been recognised that generic attributes mu...
Article
The growth and development of physiotherapy is influenced significantly by the professional abilities and potential of its new graduates. Physiotherapy graduates need to have skills and attributes relevant to their day-to-day practice to enable them to be confident and competent. They also need skills and attributes that will enable them to adapt t...
Article
The health care environment is undergoing rapid change. This has major implications for health science education programmes. The extent to which university education prepares graduates for the requirements of the workplace has become an important issue in the health science literature. The present study investigated the perceptions of 144 graduate...
Article
Studies conducted over the last decade have demonstrated the occurrence of attentional biases towards anxiety-relevant verbal information in people with anxiety disorders and those with high trait anxiety. Studies investigating the existence and significance of attentional bias in anxiety disorders have shown attentional bias to be a reliable corre...
Article
The research reported in this article was undertaken to assess the perceptions of health science graduates in the fields of health information management, occupational therapy, orthoptics, physiotherapy, and speech pathology regarding their perceptions of the adequacy of undergraduate preparation in meeting the demands of a changing health care env...
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This study questions the validity of the assumption that the workplace culture and experiences of health personnel are largely similar. The study compares nurses, occupational therapists, physiotherapists and speech therapists concerning their perceptions of professional issues within their own profession, and their perceptions of professional issu...
Article
This study examined the relationship between fear level and memory for fear-relevant and fear-irrelevant stimuli. Memory was assessed with an explicit measure (verbal free recall) and an implicit measure (priming on picture identification). Ten nonclinical volunteers high on reported insect fear were compared to ten individuals selected for low rep...
Article
How long a dementia patient is cared for in the home before admission to a nursing home depends on the state of the patient and the state of the caregiver. Using 5-year follow-up data, the times until entry to nursing home and until death are modeled using a Cox survival model in which patient and caregiver variables at entry to study as well as ch...
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The prognosis of depression in the elderly was investigated in a mixed-age sample of 242 consecutive referrals, with DSM-III defined unipolar major depressive episode, to a specialist unit for mood disorders. Subjects were followed up at about 1 and 3.8 years. There was no significant difference in outcome between younger (under 40 years), middle a...
Article
To determine which variables best predict prognosis--time to nursing home admission (NHA) and death--in patients with dementia. Survival analysis employing the Cox proportional hazards model with the use of risk variables pertaining to dementia severity and its rate of progression and caregiver functioning. Patients and their caregivers participati...
Article
Specialist treatment centres, such as the Mood Disorders Unit (MDU) at Prince Henry Hospital, Sydney, have developed in response to the high prevalence of mood disorders and their frequent persistence and treatment resistance. The MDU's assessment and treatment of patients from a state-wide catchment area and its teaching and research effectiveness...
Article
To examine the rates of suicide by firearms in the five larger Australian States during 1968-1989, and to relate them to differences between those States. We hypothesised that (i) restrictive gun legislation will have reduced the firearms suicide rate in South Australia after 1980, and (ii) firearms suicides would be shown to be more common in Stat...
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Full-text available
Th e Faculty of Health Sciences at the University of Sydney has recently undertaken signifi cant undergraduate curriculum reform aimed at reducing the number of similar, overlapping units of study and increasing the opportunities for disciplinary mingling at an undergraduate level. Th is paper presents some preliminary fi ndings concerning the impa...