Lyn D. English

Lyn D. English
Queensland University of Technology | QUT

About

199
Publications
95,541
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7,186
Citations
Citations since 2016
45 Research Items
4549 Citations
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20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800
20162017201820192020202120220200400600800

Publications

Publications (199)
Article
Full-text available
Fifth-grade students applied quantitative reasoning in exploring the flow times of three simulated lavas of different viscosities down the slope of a hand-made volcano. After modeling the lava flow times for 6 km down the volcano slope, students used their quantitative models to predict the evacuation times for villagers living 10 km down. Reported...
Chapter
The pandemic has demonstrated more than ever that citizens around the world need to understand how mathematics contributes to understanding global challenges and ways of overcoming them. People need to understand that predictions are based on models that make use of assumptions and the best inputs available. They also need to learn to critically ev...
Article
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div class="page" title="Page 1"> In this brief commentary, I first overview the strengths and weaknesses of qualitative research in education and also briefly consider mixed methods. I then offer a few suggestions for reporting on particular methodological components and the results of qualitative research. I do not address the reporting on other...
Chapter
Despite the ubiquity of engineering throughout our immediate environment and the wider world, early education has yet to capitalise fully on the learning opportunities within the discipline. It is of concern that young children’s capabilities for engaging in engineering experiences have been largely overlooked. It has often been said that young chi...
Chapter
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Global disruptions emanating from developments in the STEM fields are increasingly impacting our lives. Integrated STEM experiences can provide students with a valuable foundation for dealing with these changes. This chapter focuses on design as a significant component of both innovation and STEM integration. Design processes applied to an integrat...
Article
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The recognized importance of computational thinking has helped to propel the rapid development of related educational efforts and programs over the past decade. Given the multi-faceted nature of computational thinking, which goes beyond programming and computer science, however, approaches and practices for developing students’ computational thinki...
Article
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Computational thinking is widely recognized as important, not only to those interested in computer science and mathematics but also to every student in the twenty-first century. However, the concept of computational thinking is arguably complex; the term itself can easily lead to direct connection with “computing” or “computer” in a restricted sens...
Chapter
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STEM education is relatively new in the Australasian education landscape but is beginning to forge a place in school curricula. Driving the attention to STEM education are calls for the implementation of learning experiences that prepare students for a future that relies on them being innovative problem solvers. This has posed many challenges for t...
Article
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An Australian longitudinal study of 319 Kindergartners developed, implemented and evaluated an intervention, the Pattern and Structure Mathematics Awareness Program (PASMAP). It comprised of repetitions and growing patterns, structured counting and grouping, grids and shapes, partitioning, additive and multiplicative structures, measurement and dat...
Article
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This article reports on a 4th-grade problem activity implemented as part of a 4-year longitudinal, design research study across grades 3–6. The activity integrated the four STEM disciplines through a focus on design. Following investigations of their feet measurements and shoes, two classes of 9-year-olds explored the roles of designers and enginee...
Article
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Design and design thinking are vital to creativity and innovation, and have become increasingly important in the current movement of developing and implementing integrated STEM education. In this editorial, we build on existing research on design and design thinking, and discuss how students’ learning and design thinking can be developed through de...
Chapter
This chapter provides guidance on quality publishing in mathematics education and STEM education journals and books. Consideration is given first to the selection of an appropriate journal outlet and some of the features and requirements that need to be taken into account. Next, a selection of core components of a research journal article in mathem...
Article
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Open access to this editorial: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1007/s10649-019-09908-4
Article
The collection of articles in this special issue highlights the importance of problem posing from both teachers’ and students’ perspectives. Considerable research has been conducted across several decades on students’ problem posing, as the authors of the articles indicate. In contrast, studies of teachers’ knowledge of their students’ thinking as...
Chapter
The four chapters in this third section provide an interesting and timely set of studies that primarily address students’ experiences of “flow” (Csíkszentmihályi 1990) during mathematical modelling. Factors pertaining to attitude and engagement are also featured in this section. Exploring affective components in students’ mathematical modelling is...
Chapter
This chapter examines core aspects of quality publishing in mathematics education journals, with a particular focus on the journal, Mathematical Thinking and Learning: An International Journal ([MTL] https://www.tandfonline.com/loi/hmtl20). Following an introduction to MTL, I provide recommendations for writing and submitting a research journal art...
Article
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The rapidly evolving and global field of STEM education has placed ever-increasing calls for interdisciplinary research and the development of new and deeper scholarship in and for STEM education. In this editorial, we focus on the topic of thinking, first with a brief overview of related studies and conceptions in the past. We then problematize a...
Article
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As STEM education and STEM literacy become more prominent at the school level, the question arises as to what the beginning experiences should be that will create a foundation for students as they begin their journeys with respect to STEM. The research reported here is based on the premise that building statistical understanding and statistical lit...
Chapter
This chapter reports on eight-year-old children’s responses to data and chance investigations designed to foster their statistical literacy. Explored through the lens of modelling with data, statistical literacy involves a number of processes common to both statistics and probability, with culmination in models from which conclusions and inferences...
Article
In this article, we report on sixth-grade students’ responses to a set of problem activities that required the application of mathematics, science, and engineering knowledge in designing and constructing a paper bridge that could withstand an optimal load. Increasing students’ application and awareness of their disciplinary learning and how they ar...
Chapter
This chapter explores engineering as it applies to students in the early grades. First, we consider engineering as a STEM foundation. We then address ways in which we can provide supportive learning environments for early engineering learning. As part of such environments, we examine how we can build on intrinsically interesting problems. In explor...
Chapter
Early Engineering Learning comprises two main sections presenting a mix of research studies, theoretical advancements, and classroom empirical examples. As such, this book provides a rich resource for researchers, policy makers, curriculum developers, and classroom teachers alike. Engineering learning is a significant yet underrepresented field in...
Chapter
Full-text available
As the chapters in this book illustrate, engineering is a natural feature of early childhood learning and development. Young children have innate tendencies to participate in engineering activities, displaying sophisticated design and thinking processes in doing so. Teachers need support, however, in facilitating this early development. The need fo...
Book
This book addresses engineering learning in early childhood, spanning ages 3 to 8 years. It explores why engineering experiences are important in young children's overall development and how engineering is a core component of early STEM learning, including how engineering education links and supports children's existing experiences in science, math...
Chapter
This chapter synthesizes diverse research investigating the potential of inducting elementary grade children into the statistical practice of modeling variability in light of uncertainty. In doing so, we take a genetic perspective toward the development of knowledge, attempting to locate productive seeds of understandings of variability that can be...
Article
This article explores 6th-grade students’ modelling with data in generating models for selecting an Australian swimming team for the (then) forthcoming 2016 Olympics, using data on swimmers’ times at various previous events. We propose a modelling framework comprising four components: working in shared problem spaces between mathematics and statist...
Article
This study followed the progress of 85 Grade 6 students as they expanded their understanding and application of the practice of statistics to include comparing two groups of people: those with brown eyes and those with eyes of other colors. Based on a claim in the media that brown-eyed people had faster reaction times than others, the students coll...
Article
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This report is based on an activity completed by 89 Grade 6 students carrying out a statistical investigation with a focus on posing an initial question given a context and then refining it for a chosen data set. Having reached a conclusion based on evidence from their data analysis, students were given additional information on the context and ask...
Conference Paper
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This paper addresses the initial components of an activity in which 4th-grade students engaged in meta-questioning as they created and refined survey questions with the aim of comparing life across two Australian cities. We propose the term, meta-questioning, as a core, underrepresented feature of statistical investigations in the primary school. W...
Article
This study reports on a classroom activity for Grade 5 students investigating their reaction times. The investigation was part of a 3-year research project introducing students to informal inference and giving them experience carrying out the practice of statistics. For this activity the focus within the practice of statistics was on introducing tw...
Article
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Navigating the current STEM agendas and debates is complex and challenging. Perspectives on the nature of STEM education and how it should be implemented without losing discipline integrity, approaches to incorporating the arts (STEAM) and how equity in access to STEM education can be increased are just a few of the many issues faced by researchers...
Article
This article reports on fourth-grade students' approaches to solving an introductory engineering design-based problem, namely, Tumbling Towers, which was implemented at the beginning of a three-year, longitudinal study. Set within a civil engineering context, the problem required student groups to design and then build the tallest tower within give...
Article
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As part of a 3-year longitudinal study, 136 sixth-grade students completed an engineering-based problem on earthquakes involving integrated STEM learning. Students employed engineering design processes and STEM disciplinary knowledge to plan, sketch, then construct a building designed to withstand earthquake damage, taking into account a number of...
Article
Internationally there is a need for research that focuses on STEM (Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics) education to equip students with the skills needed for a rapidly changing future. One way to do this is through designing engineering activities that reflect real-world problems and contextualise students’ learning of STEM concepts....
Article
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This commentary was stimulated by Yeping Li’s first editorial (2014) citing one of the journal’s goals as adding multidisciplinary perspectives to current studies of single disciplines comprising the focus of other journals. In this commentary, I argue for a greater focus on STEM integration, with a more equitable representation of the four discipl...
Article
With ongoing concerns about environments that push teachers toward increasingly structured assessments, thus reducing opportunities to observe young learners’ mathematical capabilities, the publication of this special issue on formative assessment is especially significant and timely. The articles illustrate how we cannot rely solely on standardize...
Article
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Contributors to the iSTEM (Integrating Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics) department share ideas and activities that stimulate student interest in the integrated fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in K–grade 6 classrooms. This article is a comprehensive Earthquake Engineering activity that includes th...
Chapter
In presenting the final chapter for this Research into Mathematics Education in Australasia (RiMEA) book, I first give consideration to the official curriculum and the operational curriculum as a basis for exploring how we might advance mathematics education research within our Science, Technology, Engineering and Mathematics (STEM) environment. Ne...
Article
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As an extension to an activity introducing Year 5 students to the practice of statistics, the software TinkerPlots made it possible to collect repeated random samples from a finite population to informally explore students’ capacity to begin reasoning with a distribution of sample statistics. This article provides background for the sampling proces...
Article
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We analyzed the development of 4th-grade students' understanding of the transition from experimental relative frequencies of outcomes to theoretical probabilities with a focus on the foundational statistical concepts of variation and expectation. We report students' initial and changing expectations of the outcomes of tossing one and two coins, how...
Chapter
The terms, models and modelling, have been used variously in the literature, including in reference to solving word problems, conducting mathematical simulations, generating representations of problem situations (including constructing explanations of natural phenomena), creating cognitive representations while solving a particular problem, and eng...
Article
Background This study was based on the premise that variation is the foundation of statistics and statistical investigations. The study followed the development of fourth-grade students' understanding of variation through participation in a sequence of two lessons based on measurement. In the first lesson all students measured the arm span of one s...
Article
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Background: Internationally, there is a growing concern for developing STEM education to prepare students for a scientifically and technologically advanced society. Despite educational bodies lobbying for an increased focus on STEM, there is limited research on how engineering might be incorporated especially in the elementary school curriculum. A...
Article
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The practice of statistics is the focus of the world in which professional statisticians live. To understand meaningfully what this practice is about, students need to engage in it themselves. Acknowledging the limitations of a genuine classroom setting, this study attempted to expose four classes of year 5 students (n = 91) to an authentic experie...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
As statistics education becomes more firmly embedded in the school curriculum and its value across the curriculum is recognised, attention moves from knowing procedures, such as calculating a mean or drawing a graph, to understanding the purpose of a statistical investigation in decision making in many disciplines. As students learn to complete the...
Article
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A sixth-grade engineering-based modeling activity asks students to select the best possible design for a reconstructed bridge.
Article
Science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) education is an emerging initiative in Australia, particularly in primary schools. This qualitative research aimed to understand Year 4 students' involvement in an integrated STEM education unit that focused on science concepts (e.g., states of matter, testing properties of materials) and mat...
Article
This chapter addresses opportunities for problem posing in developing young children's statistical literacy, with a focus on student-directed investigations. Although the notion of problem posing has broadened in recent years, there nevertheless remains limited research on how problem posing can be integrated within the regular mathematics curricul...
Article
Integrating Science, Technology, and Engineering in Mathematics authors share ideas and activities that stimulate student interest in the integrated fields of science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) in K—grade 6 classrooms. This article describes an activity that introduced fourth-grade students to the work of aerospace engineers a...
Article
Three core components in developing children's understanding and appreciation of data—establish a context, pose and answer statistical questions, represent and interpret data—lay the foundation for the fourth component: use data to enhance existing context.
Article
SCIENCE, TECHNOLOGY, ENGINEERING and mathematics (STEM) has become an educational package emerging throughout the world (e.g. United Kingdom, China, United States and Australia). Although science, technology and mathematics are taught in schools and engineering education occurs in universities, there appear to be few if any explicit engineering edu...
Chapter
This chapter addresses data modelling as a means of promoting statistical literacy in the early grades. Consideration is first given to the importance of increasing young children’s exposure to statistical reasoning experiences and how data modelling can be a rich means of doing so. Selected components of data modelling are then reviewed, followed...
Article
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Incorporating engineering concepts into middle school curriculum is seen as an effective way to improve students' problem-solving skills. A selection of findings is reported from a science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM)-based unit in which students in the second year (grade 8) of a three-year longitudinal study explored engineering...
Chapter
The world’s increasing complexity, competitiveness, interconnectivity, and dependence on technology generate new challenges for nations and individuals that cannot be met by continuing education as usual. With the proliferation of complex systems have come new technologies for communication, collaboration, and conceptualisation. These technologies...
Article
Help first-grade students learn to competently generate, test, revise, and represent data before being formally taught to do so.
Book
This introductory section provides an overview of the different perspectives on reconceptualizing early mathematics learning. The chapters provide a broad scope in their topics and approaches to advancing young children’s mathematical learning. They incorporate studies that highlight the importance of pattern and structure across the curriculum, st...
Article
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This article focuses on problem solving activities in a first grade classroom in a typical small community and school in Indiana. But, the teacher and the activities in this class were not at all typical of what goes on in most comparable classrooms; and, the issues that will be addressed are relevant and important for students from kindergarten th...
Chapter
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In modern societies in the 21st century, significant changes have been occurring in the kinds of “mathematical thinking” that are needed outside of school. Even in the case of primary school children (grades K-2), children not only encounter situations where numbers refer to sets of discrete objects that can be counted. Numbers also are used to des...
Chapter
The Pattern and Structure Mathematics Awareness Program (PASMAP) was developed concurrently with the studies of AMPS and the development of the Pattern and Structure Assessment (PASA) interview. We summarize some early classroom-based teaching studies and describe the PASMAP that resulted. A large-scale two-year longitudinal study, Reconceptualizin...
Chapter
This chapter argues for the need to restructure children’s statistical experiences from the beginning years of formal schooling, with a particular focus on data modelling. An increasingly important component of young children’s mathematical development, data modelling draws upon their abilities to impose structure on complex data, detect relationsh...
Article
Targeting females at high school or earlier may be a key towards engaging them in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) education. This ethnographic study, part of a three-year longitudinal research project, investigated Year 8 female students' learning about engineering concepts associated with designing, constructing, testing, a...
Article
Implementing educational reform requires partnerships, and university-school collaborations in the form of investigative and experimental projects can aim to determine the practicalities of reform. However, there are funded projects that do not achieve intended outcomes. In the context of a new reform initiative in education, namely, science, techn...
Article
This paper reports on some findings from the first year of a three-year longitudinal study, in which seventh- to ninth-graders were introduced to engineering education. Specifically, the paper addresses students’ responses to an initial design activity involving bridge construction, which was implemented at the end of seventh grade. This paper also...
Article
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This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling. Results are reported from the first year of a 3-year longitudinal study in which three classes of first-grade children (6-year-olds) and their teachers engaged in data modelling activities. The t...
Book
At what age do young children begin thinking mathematically? Can young children work on mathematical problems? How do early childhood educators ensure young children feel good about mathematics? Where do early childhood educators learn about suitable mathematics activities? A good early childhood start in mathematics is critical for later mathemat...
Article
This study investigated children's and adults' ability to solve logical and illogical syllogisms, the latter involving unconnected premises. In Expt 1, 58 5- and 6-year-olds were individually presented with logical syllogisms set within a fantasy context involving toy play and child play, the latter in the absence of toys. Results showed that a hig...
Article
Seventy-two children aged 4 to 9 years were individually administered a set of six combinatorial problems involving the dressing of toy bears in all possible combinations of clothing items. Because the problem domain was novel, the children had to use their existing general strategies to help them solve the problems. Analyses of the children's resp...
Chapter
This chapter argues for a future-oriented, inclusion of Engineering Model Eliciting Activities (EngMEAs) in elementary mathematics curricula. In EngMEAs, students work with meaningful engineering problems that capitalise on and extend their existing mathematics and science learning, to develop, revise and document powerful models, while working in...
Article
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g , University of Washington h BACKGROUND Engaging future engineers is a central topic in everyday conversations on engineering education. Considerable investments have been made to make engineering more engaging, recruit and retain aspiring engineers, and to design an education to prepare future engineers. However, the impact of these efforts has...
Article
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BACKGROUND Engaging future engineers is a central topic in everyday conversations on engineering education. Considerable investments have been made to make engineering more engaging, recruit and retain aspiring engineers, and to design an education to prepare future engineers. However, the impact of these efforts has been less than intended. It is...
Article
Full-text available
Women are underrepresented in science, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) university coursework, reflecting long-standing gender issues that have existed in core middle-school STEM subject areas. Using data from a survey and written responses, we report on findings following the introduction of engineering education in middle school cla...
Article
Introducing engineering-based model-eliciting experiences in the elementary curriculum is a new and increasingly important domain of research by mathematics, science, technology, and engineering educators. Recent research has raised questions about the context of engineering problems that are meaningful, engaging, and inspiring for young students....
Chapter
Although four years old, Frank Lester’s chapter On the Theoretical, Conceptual, and Philosophical Foundations for Research in Mathematics Education is a highly relevant and significant publication today—and it will be for many years to come. The three basic questions Lester addresses are fundamental to advancing our discipline now and in the future...
Chapter
Much has been written about the 2008 National Mathematics Advisory Panel Report released in the United States. Although this report addresses mathematics education in the US, one cannot ignore its ramifications for research and policy development in other nations. Of particular concern is the Panel’s adoption of a narrow and strict definition of sc...
Article
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An educational priority of many nations is to enhance mathematical learning in early childhood. One area in need of special attention is that of statistics. This paper argues for a renewed focus on statistical reasoning in the beginning school years, with opportunities for children to engage in data modelling activities. Such modelling involves inv...
Article
This article examines elementary students' perspectives on the engagement potential of particular mathematical problems and students' views on their general classroom problem activities. Third-, fifth-, and seventh-grade children from different reform-oriented classrooms were individually interviewed about (a) how they would improve their classroom...
Article
You, too, can design and implement math trails to promote active, meaningful, real-world mathematical learning beyond your classroom walls.
Article
A recent study in the United Kingdom provides strong evidence that well-organized activities outside the classroom contribute significantly to the quality and depth of children's learning, including their personal, social, and emotional development. Outdoor math trails supply further evidence of such enhanced learning. This article focuses on the c...
Article
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This chapter explores mathematical modeling for the primary grades with a focus on real-world problems involving complex data. To illustrate the diverse range of models children can create independently in working such problems, I report on some findings from two studies involving 7 classes of fourth-grade children (8-9 year-olds). Two of the probl...
Chapter
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In this chapter we tackle increasingly sensitive questions in mathematics and mathematics education, particularly those that have polarized the community into distinct schools of thought as well as impacted reform efforts. We attempt to address the following questions: What are the origins of politics in mathematics education, with the progressive...
Book
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This inaugural book in the new series Advances in Mathematics Education is the most up to date, comprehensive and avant garde treatment of Theories of Mathematics Education which use two highly acclaimed ZDM special issues on theories of mathematics education (issue 6/2005 and issue 1/2006), as a point of departure. Historically grounded in the The...
Article
This article examines one approach to promoting creative and flexible use of mathematical ideas within an interdisciplinary context in the primary curriculum, namely, through modelling. Three classes of fifth-grade children worked on a modelling problem, The First Fleet (Australia’s settlement), situated within the curriculum domains of science and...
Article
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Mathematical problem solving has been the subject of substantial and often controversial research for several decades. We use the term, problem solving, here in a broad sense to cover a range of activities that challenge and extend one’s thinking. In this chapter, we initially present a sketch of past decades of research on mathematical problem so...
Article
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Any theory of thinking or teaching or learning rests on an underlying philosophy of knowledge. Mathematics education is situated at the nexus of two fields of inquiry, namely mathematics and education. However, numerous other disciplines interact with these two fields which compound the complexity of developing theories that define mathematics educ...
Article
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This paper first describes a new three-year, longitudinal project that is implementing engineering education in three middle schools in Australia (grade levels 7-9). This important domain is untapped in Australia. Hence, as a starting point, we conducted a context analysis to help situate engineering education in a school system. We report on this...
Article
This article presents one approach to addressing the important issue of interdisciplinarity in the primary school mathematics curriculum, namely, through realistic mathematical modelling problems. Such problems draw upon other disciplines for their contexts and data. The article initially considers the nature of modelling with complex systems and d...