Lyle Renecker

Lyle Renecker
Palace Hillside Farm Group · Consultant/Researcher/Farmer

Doctor of Philosophy
Looking for collaborators to assist in moose research. Opportunities to assist in food security in the north or Africa.

About

89
Publications
2,776
Reads
How we measure 'reads'
A 'read' is counted each time someone views a publication summary (such as the title, abstract, and list of authors), clicks on a figure, or views or downloads the full-text. Learn more
962
Citations
Citations since 2016
1 Research Item
244 Citations
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
201620172018201920202021202201020304050
Introduction
A main thrust of interest and work is with food security and country foods in indigenous communities in Arctic Canada and southern Africa. I have partnered with my son to initiate a new Ag Innovation venture in Saskatchewan. This will combine agronomy with wildlife management and sustainability. I hope to reconnect with the moose reindeer world in Scandinavia and Russia and collaborate.

Publications

Publications (89)
Article
Full-text available
Twenty-four reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) carcasses from male and female animals that ranged in age from calves to adults were purchased from Bering Sea Reindeer Products (BSRP), Nunivak Island, Alaska, USA. Preslaughter and abattoir procedures were observed and evaluated. Carcasses were split in half, weighed, and broke into wholesale primal cuts o...
Article
Full-text available
Alaska's reindeer (Rangifer tarandus) industry has been faced with the competitive need to increase productivity but cautioned to avoid range degradation as a result of high stocking rates. Consumer demand for lean, healthy, high quality meat has increased throughout the world and has surpassed production. For herders to tap these new domestic...
Article
Full-text available
Elk (Cervus elaphus) have recently been established as domestic livestock derived from extant wild populations and may provide insights into changes in genetic variation during domestication. We compared genetic variation at 10 microsatellite DNA loci and the mitochondrial DNA D-loop in 2 herds of domestic elk in Alaska and Canada and wild elk from...
Article
Forages used by moose, Alces alces, in the aspen-dominated boreal forest were studied to determine seasonal changes in digestibility (nylon bag technique) and chemical composition. Digestibility of all forage classes increased to 70% during spring and summer with the presence of new growth and declined to a low of 30% with plant maturation and dorm...
Article
Full-text available
In 1992 and 1993, 411 live reindeer were shipped by air from Hagemeister Island to the Anchorage area, Alaska. Reindeer were either rounded up by helicopter and then corralled or captured by net-gun fired from a helicopter. Outcome of both capture events showed that helicopter corralling of reindeer was more successful than catching them with a net...
Article
Full-text available
Reindeer (Rangifer tarandus tarandus) were introduced into Alaska 100 years ago and have been maintained as semidomestic livestock. They have had contact with wild caribou (R.t.granti) herds, including deliberate crossbreeding and mixing in the wild. Reindeer have considerable potential as a domestic animal for meat or velvet antler production, and...
Article
Full-text available
Forty captive wapiti (Cervus elaphus) and thirty-two bison (Bison bison bison) were tested in April and October 1988, respectively, for their response to the sedative R51163. Treatment animals were injected with either 0.1, 0.2, or 0.3 mg of R51163/kg and then observed for 72 hr. Behavior was significantly altered by the drug. Hyperactive, aggressi...
Article
Growth rate and potential, 25 hand-reared mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus hemionus) were examined. When possible, body weights of all animals were recorded weekly. Female deer matured faster than males, but males attained a larger body size. Regressions of winter weight loss of both sexes on peak autumn weight were highly correlated. Similarly, spri...
Article
Intake, rumen digesta pool sizes, ruminal digestion rates, passage rates of liquid and particle pools and faecal particle-size distrubutions of grass, browse and lucerne diets were compared in ruminally fistulated moose, wapiti and cattle. For each diet, ruminal digestion rates (nylon bag technique) were similar for the three ruminants. Intakes, ru...
Article
We determined diel activity budgets of 2 moose (Alces alces) in a 65-ha enclosure through an annual cycle. Feeding times averaged 10 hours/day throughout the year. Rumination time ranged from 12.6 hours in midwinter to 2.8 hours in May and was positively correlated with cell wall intake. There were 5 feeding bouts/day. The duration of feeding bouts...
Article
Daily energy expenditures of two moose (Alces alces) cows were estimated throughout an annual cycle by summing energy costs during specific activities. Energy expenditures (determined by heart rate telemetry) during specific activities changed seasonally. Total daily expenditures ranged from 285 kJ/kg0.75 in April prior to leaf flush to 1180 kJ/kg0...
Article
Moose (Alces alces) are common to the boreal forest of the Soviet Union, Scandinavia, and North America. From a world population of approximately 2.5 million animals, at least 500 000 are harvested annually through subsistence, recreational, and commercial hunting. For centuries, moose have been trained for riding or hauling loads and their apparen...
Article
Two hand-reared moose cows conceived and gave birth to calves in captivity. Parturition in one cow occurred during mid-August with the calf dying as a result of dystocia. Both cows were hand-milked for the first week of lactacion to determine yield and % lactose, protein, fat and total solids content in milk. Although milk yields were low from thes...
Article
Submitted to the Faculty of Graduate Studies and Research in partial fulfilment of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, Department of Animal Science. Thesis (Ph.D.)--University of Alberta, 1987.
Article
Metabolic rates and thermoregulatory responses were studied in adult moose (Alces alces) exposed to various ambient temperatures during winter and summer. Resting energy expenditures followed a marked annual cycle with a maximum (940 kJ kg body weight−0.75 d−1) during spring – early summer and minimum (430 kJ kg body weight−0.75 d−1) during winter....
Article
Eight captive wapiti (Cervus elaphus nelsoni) were injected with xylazine hydrochloride on two occasions during March and April 1984. Animals were grouped into a modified Latin square design and were given either successive injections of yohimbine hydrochloride and 4-aminopyridine (4-AP) to antagonize the sedative effects of xylazine hydrochloride...
Article
Four captive moose (Alces alces), 4 mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), and 5 white-tailed deer (Odocoileus virginianus) were immobilized with xylazine (0.63 to 1.29 mg/kg of body weight, IM). Mean induction times for the moose were 17 minutes and for the deer, 14 and 10 minutes, respectively. According to published data and past experience, the dosag...
Article
Foraging rates of free-ranging Alces alces in aspen Populus spp. boreal habitats in Alberta were evaluated. Consumption rates (g/min) increased asymptotically with biomass of potential forage, but both maximum rates and slopes varied seasonally. Maximum rates appeared related to forage quality since values declined from 23 g/minute in July to 11 g/...
Article
Two free-ranging moose (Alces alces) cows were used to study seasonal changes in voluntary intake between December 1982 and January 1984. Observations of each animal were made during a continuous 24-hour period every 6-8 weeks. Dry matter intake was estimated from the ratio of total dry matter in the feces to the percent indigestibility of dietary...
Article
Inhibitory effects of metabolites from balsam poplar (Populus balsamifera) and Alaskan paper birch (Betula papyrifera) on cellulose digestion in vitro were examined. Significant inhibition of cellulose digestion occurred at concentrations of 5 mg per gram of substrate for benzyl alcohol, cineole, papyriferic acid, and a steam distillate fraction fr...
Article
1.1. Metabolic rate, heart rate and respiratory rate of three adult moose were monitored simultaneously on selected days between January 1982 and October 1983.2.2. Heart rate was successfully monitored using two types of implanted radio transmitters.3.3. Metabolic rate was significantly (P < 0.001) correlated with heart rate for individual animals...

Network

Cited By