Luz María Alliende

Luz María Alliende
University of Chicago | UC · Department of Psychiatry and Behavioral Neuroscience

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12
Publications
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67
Citations

Publications

Publications (12)
Article
22q11.2 deletion syndrome (22q11.2DS) is a genetic neurodevelopmental disorder that represents one of the greatest known risk factors for psychosis. Previous studies in psychotic subjects without the deletion have identified a dopaminergic dysfunction in striatal regions, and dysconnectivity of striatocortical systems, as an important mechanism in...
Article
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The 22q11 deletion syndrome is a genetic disorder associated with a high risk of developing psychosis, and is therefore considered a neurodevelopmental model for studying the pathogenesis of schizophrenia. Studies have shown that localized abnormal functional brain connectivity is present in 22q11 deletion syndrome like in schizophrenia. However, i...
Article
Previous studies have suggested that subjects participating in schizophrenia research are not representative of the demographics of the global population of people with schizophrenia, particularly in terms of gender and geographical location. We here explored if this has evolved throughout the decades, examining changes in geographical location, ge...
Article
Although people with schizophrenia (PSZ) exhibit robust and reliable deficits in working memory (WM) capacity, the neural processes that give rise to this impairment remain poorly understood. One reason for this lack of clarity is that most studies employ a single neural recording modality—each with strengths and weaknesses—with few examples of int...
Article
Background Cognition heavily relies on social determinants and genetic background. Latin America comprises approximately 8% of the global population and faces unique challenges, many derived from specific demographic and socioeconomic variables, such as violence and inequality. While such factors have been described to influence mental health outco...
Article
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Background: Cannabis use among young people in Chile has increased significantly in the last years. There is a consistent link between cannabis and psychosis. Aim: To compare cannabis use in patients with a first episode of psychosis and healthy controls. Material and Methods: We included 74 patients aged 20 ± 3 years (78% males) admitted to hosp...
Article
Background Social and environmental factors such as poverty or violence modulate the risk and course of schizophrenia. However, how they affect the brain in patients with psychosis remains unclear. Aims We studied how environmental factors are related to brain structure in patients with schizophrenia and controls in Latin America, where these fact...
Article
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Resting-state functional MRI activity is organized as a complex network. However, this coordinated brain activity changes with time, raising questions about its evolving temporal arrangement. Does the brain visit different configurations through time in a random or ordered way? Advances in this area depend on developing novel paradigms that would a...
Article
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Background Social and environmental factors such as poverty or violence, modulate the risk and course of schizophrenia, but how they affect the brain in patients with psychosis remains unclear. We here studied how they are related to brain structure in schizophrenia and healthy controls in Latin America, where these factors are large and unequally...
Article
Full-text available
Background Several studies have associated cannabis use in young people with a higher risk of developing a psychotic disorder. At the same time cannabis consumption has increased globally. Recent data shows that this risk depends on the type of cannabis used. Chile has shown a hike in cannabis use making it an interesting case study for the effects...
Article
Social and environmental factors are known risk factors and modulators of mental health disorders. We here conducted a nonsystematic review of the neuroimaging literature studying the effects of poverty, urbanicity, and community violence, highlighting the opportunities of studying non-Western developing societies such as those in Latin America. So...
Article
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Attentional mechanisms have been studied mostly in specific sensory domains, such as auditory, visuospatial, or tactile modalities. In contrast, attention to internal interoceptive visceral targets has only recently begun to be studied, despite its potential importance in emotion, empathy, and self-awareness. Here, we studied the effects of shiftin...

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