Lutz Maul

Lutz Maul
Senckenberg Research Institute · Research Station of Quaternary Palaeontology

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80
Publications
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1,403
Citations

Publications

Publications (80)
Article
Full-text available
Corrosion patterns induced by gastric fluids on the skeleton of prey animals may depend on the nature of the corrosive agents (acid, enzymes) as well as on the composition of the hard parts and the soft tissues that surround them. We propose a framework for predicting and interpreting corrosion patterns on lizard teeth, our model system, drawing on...
Article
The (palaeo)biogeography of water voles is a puzzle that is not solved in detail yet. Extant species of the genus Arvicola cover a vast geographic area of the Palearctic. In this study, we collected morphometric data of extant and fossil Arvicola from Israel at the southern fringe of the water vole distribution area. The dental evolution of water v...
Article
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Obituary of Gerhard Storch
Article
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Water voles are important key fossils of the Quaternary. Given their wide distribution, regional differences were expected to exist in different areas. Early hints on possible independent evolutionary trends of water voles in Italy came from palaeontology and specifically from the comparison of enamel differentiation (SDQ value) of the first lower...
Article
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The Middle Pleistocene site Bilzingsleben II is well-known for its wealth of vertebrate and archaeological remains. Of particular importance is the record of Homo erectus bilzingslebenensis. Most palaeontologists consider the find horizon as a primary vertebrate deposit formed during human occupation, while some archaeologists attribute its formati...
Article
Obituary of Gerhard Storch (II) DOI: 10.37520/fi.2020.001
Article
Recent water voles (genus Arvicola ) display a prominent morphological diversity with a strong ecotypical background but with unclear taxonomic associations. We provide a novel synthetic view on the evolutionary history and the current taxonomic richness in the genus. Our molecular reconstruction, based on a 1143-bp-long sequence of cytochrome b an...
Article
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From the Early Villafranchian site of Milia (Grevena) in northern Greece a mandible fragment of a porcupine with part of the incisor has been recorded. Despite its fragmentary nature, morphologically the fossil has been referred unambiguously to the genus Hystrix; according to various size parameters it belongs to the species H. refossa. A compilat...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
During the Early Pleistocene, two ground squirrel species, Spermophilus nogaici (Northern Black and Azov Sea areas) and S. polonicus (Central Europe) coexisted in geographically well separated ranges. Studied samples from Tiligul (Ukraine) and Kamyk (Poland) represent early evolutionary stages of these species and have approximately the same biostr...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Dental remains of water voles, comprising all species of the genus Arvicola and their ancestor(s) among the Mimomys group, are key fossils for regional stratigraphic correlation and for understanding evolutionary processes. This is possible because they are distributed over a huge geographical area of Eurasia and display a very rapid dental evoluti...
Article
Ground squirrels were an important member of the Pleistocene steppe-tundra mammal community. They evolved ecological specialisations and exhibit behaviours that make them particularly informative subjects to study palaeoenvironmental constraints affecting species distribution and speciation. Interspecific competition and isolating geographical barr...
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The tribe Microtoscoptini, comprising the genera Microtoscoptes from Eurasia and Paramicrotoscoptes and Goniodontomys from North America, is an enigmatic group of microtoid cricetids, which was widespread during the Late Miocene. Although fossil remains have been reported from 33 localities, their evolutionary and dispersal history is still poorly...
Article
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The tribe Microtoscoptini, comprising the genera Microtoscoptes from Eurasia and Paramicrotoscoptes and Goniodontomys from North America, is an enigmatic group of microtoid cricetids, which was widespread during the Late Miocene. Although fossil remains have been reported from 33 localities, their evolutionary and dispersal history is still poorly...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Peculiarities of ecology and behaviour of ground squirrels qualify members of this group as suitable objects to study palaeoenvironmental constraints affecting species distribution and speciation. Here we propose a model describing range dynamics of various Quaternary ground squirrel species. Interspecific competition and isolating geographical bar...
Conference Paper
Full-text available
Within the last 20 years analyses of the mesowear of teeth have been used extensively in dietary and habitat reconstruction of several large mammal taxa. The mesowear signal reflects the abrasiveness of the diet consumed over weeks to months as a relatively long period of time in the life of an individual. Among small mammals, hares and rabbits (Le...
Research
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8th International Dormouse Conference, Ostritz (Germany), 22-27 September 2011. Gnawing marks on bones and nuts.
Article
We present a first look at the microvertebrate fauna of the Middle Pleistocene site of Hummal in Central Syria. Some 2,000 microvertebrate remains (1,200 mammalian; 230 reptilian; 600 unidentified) were found in unit G/layer 17 by screen-washing sediments in an area of 4 m2. The following taxa have been identified: Reptilia: Agaminae indet., Gekkot...
Article
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The workshop was concluded with a brainstorming session aimed to formulate disputable issues and ways of solving them, and to develop a plan for our future activities. To start we have launched a "pilot project" that eventually could be developed into an IFG focused on species expansion and environmental constraints over the Quaternary.
Article
Middle Pleistocene Qesem Cave, Israel, contains one of the richest known deposits of microvertebrate remains in the Near East, nearly a quarter of a million specimens. The remains have been excavated from two main concentrations, and over 16,000 have been identified to genus level. The faunal content of the two concentrations is broadly similar, an...
Article
Microvertebrates are generally well suited for drawing inferences on past environmental conditions because they are closely bound to the areas in which they lived. In this paper, we discuss palaeoecological implications of two microvertebrate concentrations in the Middle Pleistocene site Qesem Cave in Israel. The ecological preferences of the neare...
Article
In recent years, various methods have been developed to infer from mammal tooth wear patterns the abrasiveness of the food they consumed, which reflects the amount of dust in their habitat and thus the environment they inhabit. One of these methods is mesowear analysis, which is applied particularly to fossils in order to reconstruct palaeoenvironm...
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The rich and diverse fossil mammalian assemblage from Gratkorn (Middle Miocene, Austria) is of primary im-portance for the understanding of the faunal evolution in Central Europe. Besides large mammals, the fauna comprises: Schizogalerix voesendorfensis, Galericinae gen. et sp. indet., Desmanodon fluegeli, Dinosorex sp., cf. Myotis sp., "Cricetodon...
Article
Qesem Cave is a unique Middle Pleistocene, hominin-bearing site in Israel that contains a rich microvertebrate accumulation. The microvertebrates are highly unusual in that half of them are from small reptiles, and most of the reptiles are chameleons, which are otherwise rare in the fossil record. Analysis of the lower vertebrate component shows un...
Article
The Arternian Interglacial has been established on the basis of a pollen record within the Muschelton (= Shell Clay) horizon near Voigtstedt (type locality) in the surroundings of Artern in Central Germany. This horizon is older than the early Middle Pleistocene Voigstedt/Lehmzone (= Loam Zone) layers, which overlie the Muschelton. Due to the lack...
Article
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Very few data are available on fossil bats of the Near East, a region of great biogeographic significance for that group in the Western Palaearctic. Here, we report on a collection of fossil bats from the Middle Pleistocene site Qesem Cave, Israel, famous for lithic artifacts, hominin remains and rich vertebrate faunas. We identified five microchir...
Article
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Arvicola materials from Mosbach 2, including the types ofA. mosbachensis housed at the Forschungsinstitut Senckenberg Frankfurt am Main, are described. Six specimens display incipient root development. This population is therefore one of the oldest of the genusArvicola. This is confirmed by SDQ and tooth length values indicating a primitive evoluti...
Article
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The mandible of Homo heidelbergensis was found 1907 in the sand pit Grafenrain at Mauer in coarse fluvial sands 24 m below the surface, deposited in a former course of the Neckar River. These ‘Mauer sands’ are overlain by a series of glacial-climate loess deposits with intercalated interglacial palaeosols, which can be correlated with Quaternary cl...
Article
Preliminary results of the investigation of the microfauna at the Acheulo-Yabrudian Middle Pleistocene site of Qesem Cave, Israel, are presented. Thus far the assemblage includes ca. 10,000 bone and tooth fragments, of which 50% could be identified to the generic and some hundreds to the species level. Based on the current material, the fauna inclu...
Article
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In response to environmental changes in the Northern hemisphere, several lines of brachyodont-bunodont cricetid rodents evolved during the Late Miocene as "micro-toid cricetids." Major evolutionary trends include increase in the height of cheek tooth crowns and development of prismatic molars. Derived from a possible Megacricetodon or Democricetodo...
Article
In this paper, the small mammals recovered from sediments associated with the West Runton Elephant have been analysed and compared with sites in other parts of Europe. Major taxonomical problems are indicated and we suggest ways of utilising such morphological complexity to refine biostratigraphical and chronostratigraphic attributions.The micromam...
Article
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Voles of the genus Microtus underwent a rapid diversification during the Early and early Middle Pleistocene in Europe and have provided the basis for detailed stratigraphical subdivision during this time period. Pronounced evolutionary changes in their dental morphology include: 1) a progressive increase in complexity of the occlusal surface in the...
Article
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Because of their rapid evolution and abundant fossil record, arvicolid molars are commonly employed in Quaternary biostratigraphy. In addition, with their extensive geographical ranges these fossils often permit interregional faunal correlations. However, as a pre-condition for such correlations it has to be established that the occurrences are rea...
Article
The Sant’Arcangelo Basin is located in the southern part of the Apennine chain (Basilicata). It is filled by a siliciclastic sequence 3500 m thick, dated to the Late Pliocene–Middle Pleistocene time interval. In this basin an Early Middle Pleistocene fluvio-lacustrine sequence, known as San Lorenzo Cycle, has been recognised. In the upper part of t...
Article
Full-text available
Several changes in the dental evolution of arvicolids can be documented by morphometric ratios of the lower first molar. Such data expressing the changes in enamel thickness, the relative length of the anteroconid complex and the height of the sinuids are used to compile a chronological scheme for several German and Italian arvicolid populations. W...

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Projects

Projects (3)
Project
♦ to create a network for better data dissemination by increasing access for experts to fossil materials on groups of the Pleistocene small mammals that are rare or difficult to identify (in the present case: Ground Squirrels). ♦ to achieve more reliable species identification of available Ground Squirrel fossils. ♦ to improve and broaden the database of fossil Ground Squirrel records. ♦ to reconstruct trophic niches of extinct Ground Squirrel species.
Archived project
aim is to shed light on the impact of geographical barriers on species distribution, evolution and expansion. Suitable test subjects have to be organisms with apparent respond to these barrier changes (i.e., neither humans, megafauna nor vegetation, with their high abilities to disperse, but, e.g., ground squirrels)